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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 3

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]


Alter v.改变 同:change
If the coat is too large , the tailor can alter it to fit you.

Doom1 n.命运;劫数 同:fate
As the ship sank, they faced their doom.

Fragile adj.易碎的 同:breakable
This old dish is in a very fragile condition.

Fruitful adj.有收获的 同:profitable
We had a very fruitful discussion in the classroom.

Garrison2 n.要塞 同:fort
The japanese garrison on wake surrendered at the end of World War Ⅱ.

Hurl3 v.用力投掷 同:cast
The hunter hurled4 a long, sharp spear at the bear.

Jail n.监狱 同:prison
The judge sent him to jail for six days.

Quest n.探询 同:pursuit
She went to the library in quest of something to read.

Refrain v.抑制 同:abstain
In order to lose weight, she refrained from eating candy.

Script n.字迹 同:handwriting
I could easily recognize my father’s careful script.

Shabby adj.简陋的 同:worn
You look rather shabby in those clothes.

Temporary adj.暂时的 同:transient
Many students find temporary jobs during their summer holidays.

Urgent adj.紧急的 同:imminent
The refugees are in urgent need of medical supplies.

Alert adj.留心的 反:heedless
A good hunting dog is alert to every sound and movement in the field.

Artificial adj. 1.人造的 反:natural 2.虚伪的
The artificial flowers were made of paper and cloth.
She welcomed us with an artificial smile on her face.

Ascend5 v.上升 反:descend
He watched the airplane ascend higher and higher.

Disgrace n.耻辱 反:honor
A doctor like him is a disgrace to our hospital.

Grudge6 n.怨恨 反:favor
I always feel she has a grudge against me, although I don’t know what wrong I have done to her.

Nun7 n.修女;尼姑 反:monk
My aunt is a nun; she can’t get married, and has to live a life of prayer and worship.

Random8 adj.随便的 反:deliberate
The room was filled with a random selection of furniture.

Steadfast9 adj.坚定的 反:inconstant
He was so steadfast to his principles that we couldn’t move him.

Subordinate 1. adj.下级 反:superior 2. n.属下
A clerk in a business occupies a subordinate position to that of the owner.
A good leader is the one that is respected by his subordinates.

Thrift10 n.节俭 反:waste
Her thrift saved them enough money to buy a hourse.

Treacherous11 adj.叛逆的 反:loyal
The treacherous soldier carried some important pieces of information to the enemy.

Troublesome adj.麻烦的 反:pleasing
He is a troublesome child; he is not obedient to his parents.

Alternative n.二选一 adj. alternate
Her father gave her the alternative of staying in high school or going to work.

Bulge12 n.凸出 adj. bulgy
The bag of candy made a bulge in the child’s pocket.

Congratulate v.祝贺 n. congratulation
Let me congratulate you on the birth of your son.

Contradiction n. 1.反驳 2.矛盾 adj. contradictory
Contradiction by the students always makes my teacher angry.
It is a contradiction tosay you support the government but would not vote for it in an election.

Detect v.发现 n. detection
Small quantities of poison were detected in the dead man’s stomach.

Execute v.实现 n. execution
The plan was good in every respect, but it was badly executed.

Intervene v.插入;介于其间 n. intervention
A week intervenes between Christmas and New Year’s Day.

Monster n.怪物 adj. monstrous
That dog is a real monster; I have never seen such a big one.

Paralyze v.使麻痹 n. paralysis
His arm was paralyzed as the result of the accident.

Revive v.复活;苏醒 n. revival
He was nearly drowned, but we revived him.

Stagger v.蹒跚 adj. staggering
The boy staggered and fell under the heavy load of books.

Subsequent adj.后来的 n. subsequence
The story will be continued in subsequent issues of the magazine.

Cling v.粘着
The two friends cling together wherever they go.

Countenance13 n.面容;表情
The actor had a handsome and distinguished14 countenace.

Dimension n.尺寸
He ordered wallpaper for a room of the following dimensions; 16ft. long, 12ft. wide, and 8ft. high.

Erase15 v.抹去
He erased16 the wrong answer and wrote in the right one.

Growl17 v.咆哮
The dog was angry and growled18 at the stranger.

Lick v.舔
The cat licked up the drops of milk from the floor.

Postage v.邮资
The postage for airmail is greater than that for regular mail.

Poultry19 n.家禽
This market has fresh poultry for sale at the beginning of every month.

Prick20 v.刺
When she was sewing she pricked21 her finger and made it bleed.

Skim v. 1.掠去(液体上不要的漂浮物) 2.掠过
The cook skimmed the fat from the soup.
I watched many seabirds skimming the waves looking for food.

Stitch n.一针
She made a neat row of stitches along the edge of her skirt.

Undergo v.承受
She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital according to the doctor’s order.

Wharf22 n.码头
Passengers were waiting on the wharf to board the ship.


1. He _____ curses at the unfortunate man who had made the mistake.
2. We have to buy a new suit for Mary; her suit is too _____.
3. When you read at night,you read by _____ light.
4. She has had a(an) _____ against me ever since I disagreed with her.
5. A man who is sent to prison brings _____ on himself and his family.
6. The nurse _____ her duty according to the doctor’s order.
7. We have to do what he wants; there is no _____ for us in that matter.
8. The president was asked to _____ in the coal strike.
9. She _____ to the hope that her son was not dead.
10. The student _____ his mistake on the examination paper.

1. hurled 2. shabby 3. artificial 4. grudge 5. disgrace
6. executed 7. alternative 8. intervene 9. clung 10. erased


1 doom gsexJ     
  • The report on our economic situation is full of doom and gloom.这份关于我们经济状况的报告充满了令人绝望和沮丧的调子。
  • The dictator met his doom after ten years of rule.独裁者统治了十年终于完蛋了。
2 garrison uhNxT     
  • The troops came to the relief of the besieged garrison.军队来援救被围的守备军。
  • The German was moving to stiffen up the garrison in Sicily.德军正在加强西西里守军之力量。
3 hurl Yc4zy     
  • The best cure for unhappiness is to hurl yourself into your work.医治愁苦的最好办法就是全身心地投入工作。
  • To hurl abuse is no way to fight.谩骂决不是战斗。
4 hurled 16e3a6ba35b6465e1376a4335ae25cd2     
v.猛投,用力掷( hurl的过去式和过去分词 );大声叫骂
  • He hurled a brick through the window. 他往窗户里扔了块砖。
  • The strong wind hurled down bits of the roof. 大风把屋顶的瓦片刮了下来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 ascend avnzD     
  • We watched the airplane ascend higher and higher.我们看着飞机逐渐升高。
  • We ascend in the order of time and of development.我们按时间和发展顺序向上溯。
6 grudge hedzG     
  • I grudge paying so much for such inferior goods.我不愿花这么多钱买次品。
  • I do not grudge him his success.我不嫉妒他的成功。
7 nun THhxK     
  • I can't believe that the famous singer has become a nun.我无法相信那个著名的歌星已做了修女。
  • She shaved her head and became a nun.她削发为尼。
8 random HT9xd     
  • The list is arranged in a random order.名单排列不分先后。
  • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.经抽查,发现肉变质了。
9 steadfast 2utw7     
  • Her steadfast belief never left her for one moment.她坚定的信仰从未动摇过。
  • He succeeded in his studies by dint of steadfast application.由于坚持不懈的努力他获得了学业上的成功。
10 thrift kI6zT     
  • He has the virtues of thrift and hard work.他具备节俭和勤奋的美德。
  • His thrift and industry speak well for his future.他的节俭和勤勉预示着他美好的未来。
11 treacherous eg7y5     
  • The surface water made the road treacherous for drivers.路面的积水对驾车者构成危险。
  • The frozen snow was treacherous to walk on.在冻雪上行走有潜在危险。
12 bulge Ns3ze     
  • The apple made a bulge in his pocket.苹果把他口袋塞得鼓了起来。
  • What's that awkward bulge in your pocket?你口袋里那块鼓鼓囊囊的东西是什么?
13 countenance iztxc     
  • At the sight of this photograph he changed his countenance.他一看见这张照片脸色就变了。
  • I made a fierce countenance as if I would eat him alive.我脸色恶狠狠地,仿佛要把他活生生地吞下去。
14 distinguished wu9z3v     
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
15 erase woMxN     
  • He tried to erase the idea from his mind.他试图从头脑中抹掉这个想法。
  • Please erase my name from the list.请把我的名字从名单上擦去。
16 erased f4adee3fff79c6ddad5b2e45f730006a     
v.擦掉( erase的过去式和过去分词 );抹去;清除
  • He erased the wrong answer and wrote in the right one. 他擦去了错误答案,写上了正确答案。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He removed the dogmatism from politics; he erased the party line. 他根除了政治中的教条主义,消除了政党界限。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 growl VeHzE     
  • The dog was biting,growling and wagging its tail.那条狗在一边撕咬一边低声吼叫,尾巴也跟着摇摆。
  • The car growls along rutted streets.汽车在车辙纵横的街上一路轰鸣。
18 growled 65a0c9cac661e85023a63631d6dab8a3     
v.(动物)发狺狺声, (雷)作隆隆声( growl的过去式和过去分词 );低声咆哮着说
  • \"They ought to be birched, \" growled the old man. 老人咆哮道:“他们应受到鞭打。” 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He growled out an answer. 他低声威胁着回答。 来自《简明英汉词典》
19 poultry GPQxh     
  • There is not much poultry in the shops. 商店里禽肉不太多。
  • What do you feed the poultry on? 你们用什么饲料喂养家禽?
20 prick QQyxb     
  • He felt a sharp prick when he stepped on an upturned nail.当他踩在一个尖朝上的钉子上时,他感到剧烈的疼痛。
  • He burst the balloon with a prick of the pin.他用针一戳,气球就爆了。
21 pricked 1d0503c50da14dcb6603a2df2c2d4557     
刺,扎,戳( prick的过去式和过去分词 ); 刺伤; 刺痛; 使剧痛
  • The cook pricked a few holes in the pastry. 厨师在馅饼上戳了几个洞。
  • He was pricked by his conscience. 他受到良心的谴责。
22 wharf RMGzd     
  • We fetch up at the wharf exactly on time.我们准时到达码头。
  • We reached the wharf gasping for breath.我们气喘吁吁地抵达了码头。
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