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生活英语对话 Episode 2: In the flat

时间:2007-07-11 06:07来源:互联网 提供网友:y419245804   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

本单元是关于在公寓的对话

Tim: Alice this is my cousin Michal - our new flatmate. He's really missing1 his friends.
Alice: Oh, Michal let me take your mind off that...So, where are you from?
Michal: From near Warsaw - the Polish capital.
Alice: Oh, what do you do?
Michal: I'm a guide tourist.
Alice: So interesting! Why are you visiting London?
Michal: To improve my English.
Alice: Oh, well, why not come out with us now? Then we can cheer you up and you can practise your English at the same time.

本单元的语言点是复合词,复合词由两个(或更多)单独的词组成。可以用名词(a flatmate),形容词(lovesick)或动词(jump-start)组成复合词

Compound2 words are made up of two (or more) separate words. You can combine nouns3 (a flatmate), adjectives4 (lovesick) or verbs (jump-start) to make compound words.

Sometimes they become one word (有时它们可组成一个词):

flatmate (noun)
lovesick (adjective)

Sometimes they become two words (有时它们可组成两个词):

tourist guide (noun)
travel agent (noun)

Sometimes they become hyphenated (有时它们可以由连字号,即“-”连接起来):

low-paid (adjective)
film-goer (noun)

Note: There are no hard and fast rules about which category each compound word goes into but a good dictionary will tell you. You can also help yourself by making a note of new compound words you come across and the category they go into.

注意:复合词应该属于哪类词没有硬性规定,但查询一本好词典一般可以获得解答。平时遇到新的复合词的时候应注意记录,并了解它应该属于哪类词。

Generally the stress is on the first word (重读一般都放在头一个词上面):

phone box (noun)
smoke-free (adjective)
spoon-feed (verb)
Vocabulary (词汇):

A flatmate (n): a person who shares a rented house or flat with other people 与他人共同租住同一个住宅或单元房的人

Lovesick (adj): a feeling of such strong emotion for someone that it makes you feel almost ill (but not actually physically5 ill) 因思念某人而害相思病(并非身体真的有病)

A tourist guide (n): someone who shows visitors around places of interest 带领游客四处旅游的导游

Low-paid (adj): earning a small amount of money for working 低收入的

To spoon-feed (v): 1: to feed someone (usually a baby) with a spoon. 2: to give someone so much information or help that a task or job is very easy for them 用调羹喂某人(如婴儿、病人);娇生惯养


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 missing 3nTzx7     
adj.遗失的,缺少的,失踪的
参考例句:
  • Check the tools and see if anything is missing.检点一下工具,看有无丢失。
  • All the others are here;he's the only one missing.别人都来了,就短他一个。
2 compound MXEzZ     
n.化合物;大院;adj.化合的;vt.加重;使化合
参考例句:
  • Air is a mixture,not a compound of gases.空气是气体的混合物,不是化合物。
  • How many households in the compound?院内有几家住户?
3 nouns 8412c0b251e0c60f78bfaf0a44ac3206     
n.名词;名词( noun的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns. 法语不同于英语,所有的名词都有性。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Nouns join to form compounds. 名词和名词结合构成复合词。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 adjectives 3e63e25a20ab7d8ada2ada3ea2ad0366     
n.形容词( adjective的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • We can form nouns from adjectives. 我们可以用形容词来构成名词。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Attributive adjectives precede the noun. 定语形容词位于名词前。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
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TAG标签:   公寓伙伴  生活英语  episode  flat
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