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生活英语对话 Episode 72: Christmas Shopping

时间:2007-08-18 02:28来源:互联网 提供网友:zq0668   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

本单元是关于圣诞节购物的对话。

Alice: Hmm, what do you think, you two, how do I look?
Helen: Ooh, it's a gorgeous1 dress, Alice, but the other one seemed nicer.
Alice: Mmm, it is lovely, isn't it? But you're right, the blue dress looks better. Tim?
Tim: Oh yes, lovely, very nice. Can we go and look at the computer games now?
Alice: Ok Tim, you've been very patient. Let's just get Helen's shoes and then we can go to the electronics2 shop. I want to buy a camera for my brother, and then Helen wants to get a book for her Dad, don't you Helen?
Helen: Yes, and after that I expect we'll all be feeling peckish, so we'll have a quick bite to eat, and then Alice wants to look at winter coats.
Tim: Here we go...
Alice: It won't take as long as the dress, I promise!

Vocabulary:字汇

gorgeous (adj):美丽的
lovely, beautiful

peckish (adj):肚子有点饿的
a little bit hungry

a bite to eat:零食或轻食
a snack or light meal

here we go:又来了
this phrase is used to show mild annoyance3 at something happening repeatedly. In this case, Tim is expressing mild frustration4 at Helen and Alice's constant clothes shopping.

本单元语言点是关于连系动词的用法,在英语中除了 be 外,还有look, feel, seem, sound 等,请看下面的解释和例句

Verbs which take adjectives - look, feel, seem, sound

Verbs, adverbs and adjectives 动词、副词、形容词

A verb is a word which describes an action - for example, walk, work, drive. Adverbs are words which describe how the actions described by verbs are performed.

He walked slowly - (How did he walk? Slowly.)
She worked hard - (How did she work? Hard.)
He drives dangerously - (How does he drive? Dangerously.)

Some verbs can be used with adjectives, to give more information about the subject of the verb. These verbs function as a link between the adjective and a particular aspect of the subject.

Helen says:
'It's a gorgeous dress, Alice, but the other one seemed nicer.' ('nice' refers to 'the dress')

Alice replies:
'It is lovely, isn't it? But you're right, the blue dress looks better.' ('better' refers to 'the dress'; 'look' refers to an aspect of the dress - here, the way it looks)

Helen says:
'And after that I expect we'll all be feeling peckish...' ('peckish' refers to 'we'; 'feel' refers to an aspect of 'we'. In other words, we don't look peckish, we don't sound peckish, we feel peckish.)


Verbs of perception5, sense and change-of-state with adjectives 感知动词,状态动词后接形容词

Verbs which can be used with adjectives in this way are called link verbs. They are also known as copula verbs. They can be divided into groups:

Verbs of perception: seem, appear

Your plan seems realistic.
He appears older than he really is.

Verbs of sense: look, feel, taste, smell, sound

The blue dress looks better.
This fabric6 feels lovely.
I didn't enjoy the food. It tasted horrible.
These flowers smell beautiful.
That sound system sounds expensive.

Change-of-state verbs: become, grow, get, go, turn

She became very angry when she saw what they had done.
As night fell the air grew cold.
The sun got hotter and hotter.
His face went white with shock when he heard the news.
As I get older, my hair is starting to turn grey.


More about verbs, adverbs and adjectives

Link/copula verbs take adjectives. They can also function as normal verbs which take adverbs.

She looked angry (adjective) = she had an angry expression
She looked angrily (adverb) at her husband. Here, 'looked' is a deliberate7 action.

The cake tasted beautiful (adjective) = the cake had a beautiful taste.
She quickly (adverb) tasted the cake. Here, 'tasted' is a deliberate action


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 gorgeous 9fExl     
adj.华丽的,灿烂的,美丽的,宜人的,棒的
参考例句:
  • The gorgeous costume added to the brilliance of the dance.华丽的服装使舞蹈更加光彩夺目。
  • What a gorgeous day it is today!今天天气多好啊!
2 electronics 5q0xB     
n.电子器件,电子学,电子技术
参考例句:
  • About 45000 people worked in electronics in Scotland.苏格兰约有4.5万人在电子行业工作。
  • He wants to brush up his knowledge of electronics.他想温习他的电子学知识。
3 annoyance Bw4zE     
n.恼怒,生气,烦恼
参考例句:
  • Why do you always take your annoyance out on me?为什么你不高兴时总是对我出气?
  • I felt annoyance at being teased.我恼恨别人取笑我。
4 frustration 4hTxj     
n.挫折,失败,失效,落空
参考例句:
  • He had to fight back tears of frustration.他不得不强忍住失意的泪水。
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration.他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
5 perception BM6xj     
n.感知,感觉,觉察(力);认识,观念,看法
参考例句:
  • What's your perception of the matter?你对此事有什么看法?
  • He was a man of keen perception.他是一个感觉敏锐的人。
6 fabric 3hezG     
n.织物,织品,布;构造,结构,组织
参考例句:
  • The fabric will spot easily.这种织品很容易玷污。
  • I don't like the pattern on the fabric.我不喜欢那块布料上的图案。
7 deliberate 1mdzn     
adj.故意的,深思熟虑的;v.仔细考虑
参考例句:
  • You should deliberate over the question before you respond to it.回答问题之前你应该慎重考虑。
  • His actions were clearly the result of deliberate calculation.他的行动显然是精心策划过的。
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