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最新版英语听力教程 Model Test10-part a

时间:2006-01-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:Ben小孩   字体: [ ]
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  [00:03.89]Section I  Listening Comprehension   Part A Directions:
[00:09.77]For Questions 1- 5,
[00:13.30]you'll hear a monologue1 of a famous chess master.
[00:18.26]While you listen,fill out the table with the information you've heard.
[00:23.72]Some of the information has been given to you in the table.
[00:29.00]Write only 1 word or number in each numbered box.
[00:35.24]You now have 25 seconds to read the table below.
[00:40.59]M:I got my first glimpse of artificial intelligence on Feb.10 1996,
[00:50.39]at 4:45 P.M.EST,
[00:54.83]when in the first game of my match with Deep Blue,
[00:59.79]the computer nudged a pawn2 forward
[01:04.16]to a square where it could easily be captured.
[01:08.55]It was a wonderful and extremely human move.
[01:12.80]If I had been playing White,I might have offered this pawn sacrifice.
[01:19.15]It fractured Black's pawn structure and opened up the board.
[01:24.72]Although there did not appear to be a forced line of play that
[01:30.36]would allow recovery of the pawn,
[01:34.01]my instincts told me that with so many loose Black
[01:38.98]pawns and a somewhat exposed Black king,
[01:43.44]White could probably recover the material,
[01:48.09]with a better overall position to boot.
[01:52.46]But a computer,I thought,would never make such a move.
[01:57.50]A computer can't see the long-term consequences of structural3 changes in the position
[02:04.66]or understand how changes in pawn formations may be good or bad.
[02:11.32]Humans do this sort of thing all the time.
[02:15.89]But computers generally calculate each line of play
[02:21.04]so far as possible within the time allotted4.
[02:25.79]Because chess is a game of virtually limitless possibilities,
[02:32.16]even a beast like Deep Blue,
[02:36.42]which can look at more than 100 million positions a second,
[02:41.99]can go only so deep.
[02:45.46]When computers reach that point,they evaluate the various resulting positions
[02:52.02]and select the move leading to the best one.
[02:56.77]And because computers primary way of evaluating chess positions
[03:02.52]is by measuring material superiority,
[03:07.09]they are notoriously materialistic5.
[03:11.45]If they understood the game,they might act differently,
[03:16.13]but they don't understand.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 monologue sElx2     
n.长篇大论,(戏剧等中的)独白
参考例句:
  • The comedian gave a long monologue of jokes.喜剧演员讲了一长段由笑话组成的独白。
  • He went into a long monologue.他一个人滔滔不绝地讲话。
2 pawn 8ixyq     
n.典当,抵押,小人物,走卒;v.典当,抵押
参考例句:
  • He is contemplating pawning his watch.他正在考虑抵押他的手表。
  • It looks as though he is being used as a political pawn by the President.看起来他似乎被总统当作了政治卒子。
3 structural itXw5     
adj.构造的,组织的,建筑(用)的
参考例句:
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
4 allotted 5653ecda52c7b978bd6890054bd1f75f     
分配,拨给,摊派( allot的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • I completed the test within the time allotted . 我在限定的时间内完成了试验。
  • Each passenger slept on the berth allotted to him. 每个旅客都睡在分配给他的铺位上。
5 materialistic 954c43f6cb5583221bd94f051078bc25     
a.唯物主义的,物质享乐主义的
参考例句:
  • She made him both soft and materialistic. 她把他变成女性化而又实际化。
  • Materialistic dialectics is an important part of constituting Marxism. 唯物辩证法是马克思主义的重要组成部分。
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TAG标签:   英语听力  教程  model  test  part
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