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赖世雄高级美国英语 lesson 31

时间:2005-05-06 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:gdwangzhihua   字体: [ ]
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  Hi, everybody. Welcome again to Radio English on Sunday.
This is Bruce,/ and this is Peter.
/ Today we're on page two hundred sixty with you, unit thirty one, The Fine Art of Giving.
/ Fine art, 本来有美术的意思,/ Let's find out how to give to others in today's article. We'll read through the first paragraph which is a situation, which will help us to understand how (nopt) to give.
本 Pan 听写的赖世雄高级美语网上首发http://www.mypda.com.cn http://www.mypda.com.cn/forum/boardlist.asp?id=18 />
Ralph is all excited. When his poor wife Lisa comes home after a hard day's work in the office, he enters the living room beaming, "Happy birthday, Darling!" he exclaims while thrusting the neatly1 packed gift at her. Momentarily delighted as she quickly unwraps the package, Lisa murmurs2, "oh, Ralph, I thought you'd forget my birthday again this year. Gee3, thanks, sweet..." Her voice trails off as she lifts the cover of the box to disclose its contents: steak knives. Ralph, still beaming, then pulls the trigger of the rifle aimed at his own foot: I bought some steaks, so you can use your new birthday gift to get us dinner ready!"/ Oh, what a husband!
/ haha/ Actually, "Ralph" here should be Peter, but these are real people that we know and love. Well, Ralph is the kind of person who will (find) something really for himself, but he thinks that he is buying it for somebody else. And the situation is, Lisa of course is not too pleased to get some kitchen utensils4 as her personal birthday gift. Because as she has finished (it the paragraph), she will simply have to do more work. Is this a real gift? Is this the art of giving? (Well, stay tune) and will let you know.
/ kitchen utensils.
pot, 锅子,但常常呢我们中国人炒菜的锅子叫wok5, 铲子叫 spatula,Well, let's continue and find out what happens to Ralph and Lisa.
Most women, of course, would use the knives on Ralph, not the steaks. What did poor Ralph do wrong? He certainly meant well; he noted6 his wife's birthday carefully, sacrificed time and money to buy a gift on time, and even had the box gift wrapped. Where did he go wrong? Long before Ralph bought the knives, he should have paid more attention to those things Lisa expressed or showed an interest in. While walking or shopping, many people notice things that obviously interest them. This is the time to make a mental note of what of what those items are for future purchase. While talking, too, many people reveal "wish list" items they dream of having. Noting these items and turning them into gifts at a later time, whether for a Christmas, birthday, anniversary, graduation, or any other important occasion, distinguishes just another item on the shelf in a department store or a in a catalogue from the perfect gift.
So, let's find out what happens here. Ralph was thinking the right way, that is he cares for his wife, he loves his wife and wants to give her something, but he didn't pay attention to what she wanted. He thought steak knives was a great idea because that's what he wanted. But if he had listened more carefully during the year, as his wife was watching TV, looking at the newspaper or just chatting, either with him or her friends, he might have paid attention and noticed that she said something like, "oh, I wish I could have one of those" or "isn't that cute? Wouldn't it be nice to have one of those?" to her friends or even to herself or to Ralph. At this time, we should pay attention and make a mental note of. In other words, we should "uhh-hah" , I am not going to say anything but I am going to remember this, when I get home I am going to write it down; when I have some free time, I'll go back to that store and buy it, and hide it, and then for her birthday, or anniversary or Christmas, I'll have the gift ready. If you do this, you've got the perfect gift.
/ make a mental note of something, 看到什么东西马上记在脑海里头, take notes, 记录,摘记,you should take notes in class.
但如果讲take note + of, 代表“要注意”的意思, Hey, you should take note of this behavior.
take heed7 of, take notice of,I meant well, 我原来是好心耶,...I didn't mean to hurt you, I meant well, don't misunderstand me.
Gifts do not have to be objects. 7:15 Doing house chores for parents or spouses8 which normally are theirs, taking someone out on the town or wheeling an invalid9 round the block, or taking the time and effort to create one's own personalized handicraft can bring smiles as wide as those aroused by the giving of expensive presents. Many a child would prefer to have an afternoon at the cinema, and an evening in their favorite restaurant with Dad than another of his expensive gifts, some with the price tag still on them. Many parents would rather happily settle for a full day with their children at home or on a picnic than with a mail check or happy birthday greeting on their answering machine. Perhaps the expression "time is money" really is true. Time spent with those who we do not often see is indeed precious. Sacrificing time from one's busy schedule to give to another is often more meaningful than a pricy gift from an upscale department store.
___________upscale,Of, intended for, or relating to high-income consumers:
高消费的,高级的高消费阶层的,为高消费阶层服务的:
an upscale neighborhood; upscale fashions.
高消费阶层居住区;高级时装This whole paragraph tells us that not all gifts can be bought, not all gifts are things. Now you can buy things, you can buy your gifts or you can make your gifts, but sometimes doing things for other people can be a gift. Helping10 them out with their work or in a case of someone who is an invalid, just spending some time with them. Passing the time with an older person is a kind of gift, too. Many kids don't really need another gift than even if they get an expensive gift, it might make them happy for a day or two, but then they'll forget all about it. Whereas if you take the time to, spend time with your kids, or with your loved ones even doing simple things, those memories usually last a much long time because they are more meaningful. So don't worry when anniversary or birthday or some other holiday comes around, "uhh-ohh", I don't have a lot of money right now, what kind of gift should I buy? Well, you can really think gift giving, it doesn't have to be a pricy gift or expensive gift from an expensive department store.
/ What about this? I don't see ..with you, I'd like you ..things, I want ..object, you know, for my birthday stead of abstract things, ok.
/ I know. Diamond ring,/ yeah.
/ VNW ..simple things..simple things.
/ ..it is the thought that counts.
/ I well, I tried that with my last girlfriend. ..and it didn't work--again.
Let's go ahead.
Of course there is nothing wrong with buying gifts; everyone has needs, including material needs. Close friends or family members often know what their loved ones need even before they do. Few compliments can make us happier than "you always know what to give me." For those who never seem to know what to prepare for others but who would like to learn, observing this successful giving of gifts to others is as good place to start as any. In any class, family or crowd, someone always seems to know their right gift to give at the right time. Making mental notes of these occasions and then write them down in a special note book can make the difference between a future present, well-received, and one politely accepted.
I think we are here, 倒数第二行,crowd, here does not mean a crowd of strangers or a lot of people at the train station, for example. Here "crowd" means "my crowd", means my groups of friends, the people I usually hang out with, or people I usually do things with.
/ 我那些死党的意思。
Few compliments can make us happier than ...这里compliment是名词,这个字也可以作动词用。
to compliment someone on something, 一定要用on 连。
/ We complimented Peter on his new T shirt at the wedding.
/ 还有一个字,congratulate someone + on something的用法, 也是要跟on连。
/ We congratulated him on passing the test.
Ok, let's finish up with our concluding paragraph. 15:30Still, only a social incompetent11 would criticize or refuse a gift from another. Being gracious even in disappointment is a sign of good manners. Besides, a gift is an expression of thoughtfulness and a token of love. We should never question the judgement of the donor12, instead, as we say in English, it's the thought that counts. Learning to appreciate whatever little surprises life prepares for us is a sure sign of maturity13 and poise14. When the giving of symbols of our appreciation15 and love to others becomes an art form to the giver, these profound words can be understood: It is more blessed to give than to receive.
So here we find that, again, when giving a gift, it's the thought that counts, it's your intention. If you mean well, the person to whom you give the gift should appreciate it, even if they don't really need or even watch your gift, they should be thankful for your idea. Still, it's better to give gifts, whether they are things that are bought, or made or just time spent with other people, knowing that the person who receive them really wants or needs them. So, be thoughtful when giving a gift. Don't just run out to a department store, and find something that you like. You should know the people to whom you are giving gifts, and care about them enough to pay attention to their wants and needs. That's really what this whole article is reminding us.
/incompetent, 在这段里是当名词来用的。当然还可以当形容词用。He is incompetent, he is competent, -> he is able to handle that problem or to do that work, then we say he is competent. If he can't do anything well, then we say he's incompetent.
还有一个很不错的用法,he is cut out for that work, to be cut out for that job as a teacher.
____be cut out for有做某事的天赋; 适合于; 与...相配合token, 一般是玩电子游戏时丢的铜板,代币,但在 as a token of ...中的意思却不是这样。
/ our appreciation,/ ..I will give you this ring...I will give you this meat ring as a token of my love.
这个时候 as a token of...就等于 as a symbol of...
appreciation, in appreciation of...
I'll give you a car,/ thank you. :P/ in appreciation of your help.
blessed, 这里的念法不是[blest], 而是 [blesit], 形容词。有福气的,如果当动词念成 ['bles] , 过去式分词都是[ blest]..
/ Right. The father blessed his son at the wedding.
/ God has blessed us human beings with the ability to talk. --->to bless sb with sth.
Fine. Now let's go back and reread the final time, the fine art of giving.
upscale, --->upmarket,_________Pan. 2003.7.
Unit 31 The Fine Art of Giving 给予的艺术Ralph is all excited. When his poor wife Lisa comes home after a hard day's work in the office, he enters the living room beaming. "Happy birthday, darling!" he exclaims while thrusting the neatly packed gift at her. Momentarily delighted as she quickly unwraps the package, Lisa murmurs, "Oh, Ralph, I thought you'd forget my birthday again this year. Gee, thanks, sweet..." Her voice trails off as shelifts the cover of the bex to disclose its contents: steak knives. Ralph, still beaming, then pulls the trigger of the rifle aimed at his own foot: "I bought some steaks, so you can use your new birthday gift to get us dinner ready!"Most women, of course, would use the new knives on Ralph, not the steaks. What did poor Ralph do wrong? He certainly meant well. He noted his wife's birthday carefully, sacrificed time and money to buy a gift on time, and even had the box gift wrapped. Where did he go wrong? Long before Ralph bought the knives, he should have paid more attention to those things Lisa expressed or showed an interest in. While walking or shopping, many people notice things that obviously interest them; this is the time to make a mental note of what those items are for future purchase. While talking, too, many people reveal "wish list" items they dream of having. Noting these tiems and turning them into gifts at a later time, whether for Christmas, birthday, anniversary, graduation, or any other important occasion, distinguishes just another item on a shelf in a department store or in a catalogue from "the perfect gift".
Gifts do not have to be objects. Doing house chores for parents or spouses which normally are "theirs", taking someone out on the twon or wheeling an invalid around the block, or taking the time and effort to create one's own personalized handicraft can bring smiles as wide as those aroused by the giving of expensive presents. Many a child would prefer to have an afternoon at the cinema and an evening in their favorite restaurant with Dad than another of his expensive gifts, some with the price tag still on them! Many parents would rather happily settle for a full day with their children at home or on a picnic than with a mailed check or "Happy Birthday" greeting on their answering machine. Perhaps the expression "Time is money" really is true: time spent with those whom we do not often see is indeed precious. Sacrificing time from one's busy schedule to give to another is often more meaningful than a pricy gift from an upscale department store.
Of course, there is nothing wrong with buying gifts. Everyone has needs, including material needs. Close friends or family members often know what their loved ones need even before they do! Few compliments can make us happier than "you always know what to give me". For those who never seem to know what to prepare for others but who would like to learn, observing the successful giving of gifts to others is as good a place to start as any. In any class, family, or crowd, someone always seems to know the right gift to give at the right time. Making mental notes of these occasions and then writing them down in a special notebook can make the difference between a future present well-received and one politely accepted.
Still, only a social incompetent would criticize or refuse a gift from another. Being gracious even in disappointment is a sign of good manners. Besides, a gift is an expression of thoughtfullness and a token of love. We should never question the judgment16 of the donor; instead, as we say in English, "It's the thought that counts". Learning to appreciate whatever little surprises life prepares for us is a sure sign of maturity and poise. When the giving of symbols of our appreciation and love to others becomes an art form to the giver, these profound words can be understood: "it's more blessed to give than to receive."


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 neatly ynZzBp     
adv.整洁地,干净地,灵巧地,熟练地
参考例句:
  • Sailors know how to wind up a long rope neatly.水手们知道怎样把一条大绳利落地缠好。
  • The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.那孩子的衣服在领口处打着整齐的皱褶。
2 murmurs f21162b146f5e36f998c75eb9af3e2d9     
n.低沉、连续而不清的声音( murmur的名词复数 );低语声;怨言;嘀咕
参考例句:
  • They spoke in low murmurs. 他们低声说着话。 来自辞典例句
  • They are more superficial, more distinctly heard than murmurs. 它们听起来比心脏杂音更为浅表而清楚。 来自辞典例句
3 gee ZsfzIu     
n.马;int.向右!前进!,惊讶时所发声音;v.向右转
参考例句:
  • Their success last week will gee the team up.上星期的胜利将激励这支队伍继续前进。
  • Gee,We're going to make a lot of money.哇!我们会赚好多钱啦!
4 utensils 69f125dfb1fef9b418c96d1986e7b484     
器具,用具,器皿( utensil的名词复数 ); 器物
参考例句:
  • Formerly most of our household utensils were made of brass. 以前我们家庭用的器皿多数是用黄铜做的。
  • Some utensils were in a state of decay when they were unearthed. 有些器皿在出土时已经残破。
5 wok vePzEF     
n.锅,炒菜锅
参考例句:
  • I'm not teaching my students how to use a wok.我不是教我的学生们如何用炒菜的。
  • He threw the meat into his biggest wok to cook.他把肉扔到最大的一口锅里煮。
6 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
7 heed ldQzi     
v.注意,留意;n.注意,留心
参考例句:
  • You must take heed of what he has told.你要注意他所告诉的事。
  • For the first time he had to pay heed to his appearance.这是他第一次非得注意自己的外表不可了。
8 spouses 3fbe4097e124d44af1bc18e63e898b65     
n.配偶,夫或妻( spouse的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Jobs are available for spouses on campus and in the community. 校园里和社区里有配偶可做的工作。 来自辞典例句
  • An astonishing number of spouses-most particularly in the upper-income brackets-have no close notion of their husbands'paychecks. 相当大一部分妇女——特别在高收入阶层——并不很了解他们丈夫的薪金。 来自辞典例句
9 invalid V4Oxh     
n.病人,伤残人;adj.有病的,伤残的;无效的
参考例句:
  • He will visit an invalid.他将要去看望一个病人。
  • A passport that is out of date is invalid.护照过期是无效的。
10 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
11 incompetent JcUzW     
adj.无能力的,不能胜任的
参考例句:
  • He is utterly incompetent at his job.他完全不能胜任他的工作。
  • He is incompetent at working with his hands.他动手能力不行。
12 donor dstxI     
n.捐献者;赠送人;(组织、器官等的)供体
参考例句:
  • In these cases,the recipient usually takes care of the donor afterwards.在这类情况下,接受捐献者以后通常会照顾捐赠者。
  • The Doctor transplanted the donor's heart to Mike's chest cavity.医生将捐赠者的心脏移植进麦克的胸腔。
13 maturity 47nzh     
n.成熟;完成;(支票、债券等)到期
参考例句:
  • These plants ought to reach maturity after five years.这些植物五年后就该长成了。
  • This is the period at which the body attains maturity.这是身体发育成熟的时期。
14 poise ySTz9     
vt./vi. 平衡,保持平衡;n.泰然自若,自信
参考例句:
  • She hesitated briefly but quickly regained her poise.她犹豫片刻,但很快恢复了镇静。
  • Ballet classes are important for poise and grace.芭蕾课对培养优雅的姿仪非常重要。
15 appreciation Pv9zs     
n.评价;欣赏;感谢;领会,理解;价格上涨
参考例句:
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
16 judgment e3xxC     
n.审判;判断力,识别力,看法,意见
参考例句:
  • The chairman flatters himself on his judgment of people.主席自认为他审视人比别人高明。
  • He's a man of excellent judgment.他眼力过人。
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TAG标签:   赖世雄  高级  美语  赖世雄  高级  美语
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