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常春藤解析英语【8】Love Makes the World Go Round爱让

时间:2010-12-16 02:57来源:互联网 提供网友:uf1348   字体: [ ]

by Christine Newton

Love is a splendid thing. It can make us laugh and cry. Love can even move mountains. No wonder countries around the world devote an entire day every year _(1)_ this exhilarating emotion.

Love may be the universal language, but its expression varies widely from one culture to _(2)_. On Valentine's Day in Japan, girls give their sweethearts gifts of chocolate. Store-bought sweets are considered insincere and many girls will make their own. A month later, on White Valentine's Day, it is the boys' _(3)_ to give something back.

In Scotland, Valentine's Day is celebrated1 with a festival, attended by an equal number of unmarried men and women. The women draw men's names from a hat and pin their partner's name over their heart or on their sleeve. Scottish lovers may also _(4)_ love knots with each other, which symbolizes3 two lives closely connected. Britons are famous _(5)_ their love poems while Danish men write silly rhymes for their valentines, which they send unsigned. The lady who receives the card then must try to guess the sender.

Perhaps the most unusual Valentine's Day tradition _(6)_ between young lovers in tribal4 New Guinea as they test their compatibility at a private party called a kango. _(7)_ by the girl's mother, a couple will spend hours in her hut singing high-pitched songs, holding hands, and swaying together. When a young man finds the right girl, he asks his father or older brother to kill a pig for her parents. This gives a Valentine's Day twist to the expression "bringing home the bacon."

1. (A) honor (B) to honoring (C) in honoring (D) to honor
2. (A) another (B) other (C) the other (D) the rest
3. (A) time (B) moment (C) turn (D) point
4. (A) replace (B) purchase (C) transfer (D) exchange
5. (A) as (B) for (C) by (D) on
6. (A) holds (B) is happened (C) takes place (D) is occurred
7. (A) Supervised (B) Supervising (C) Supervise (D) Supervises


1. ...devote an entire day every year to honoring this exhilarating emotion.
a. 本空格测试下列固定用法:
devote...to + V-ing  奉献……做……
例: I want to devote the rest of my life to becoming a better person.

b. honor vt. 庆祝;表扬
例: We honored the fallen police officer with a rifle salute5.

c. 根据上述,可知 (B) 应为正选。

2. ...but its expression varies widely from one culture to another.
a. 本空格测试下列固定用法:
one...another (...)  (用于非限定的两者)一个……另一个(……)
例: It seems that her health problems vary from one month to another.

b. one...the other (...)  (用于限定的两者)一个……另一个(……)
例: The microwave has two knobs. One is for setting the temperature, and the other is for setting the timer.

c. 根据上述,可知应选 (A)。

3. A month later, on White Valentine's Day, it is the boys' turn to give something back.
a. (A) time n. 时候
it's time to V  该是(做)……的时候了
例: It's time to get ready for the party. Please go change your clothes.
(B) moment n. 时刻
(C) turn n. 轮到;轮流
it's sb's turn to V  轮到某人(做)……
例: It's your turn to clean out the litter box today.
(D) point n. 点;重点

b. 本空格在测试 "it's sb's turn to V" 的固定用法,故选 (C)。

4. Scottish lovers may also exchange love knots with each other...
a. (A) replace vt. 取代;替换
replace A with B  用 B 取代 A
例: In modern cities, buses are being replaced with subways.
(B) purchase vt. 购买
例: The company purchased a new computer system last year.
(C) transfer vt. 转移;转(帐)
例: When can you transfer the money into my account?
(D) exchange vt. 交换,调换
exchange sth with sb  和某人交换某物
例: Every Christmas, I exchange gifts with my coworkers.

b. 根据语意、用法,可知应选 (D)。

5. Britons are famous for their love poems while Danish men write...
a. 本空格测试下列固定用法:
be famous for sth  因某事物而闻名
be famous as + 身分  因某身分而闻名
例: That city is famous for its beautiful beach resorts.
例: South Africa is famous as a major source of diamonds.

b. 由空格后的 their love poems(他们的情诗)得知,可知应选 (B)。

6. Perhaps the most unusual Valentine's Day tradition takes place between young lovers...
a. 本空格在测试表『发生』的动词或动词词组用法:
take place  (事件)发生
= happen
= occur
例: Several surprising incidents took place shortly before the elections.

b. 根据上述,选项 (C) takes place 置入后符合语意、用法,故为正选;happen 与 occur 为不及物动词,无被动语态,因此若改为主动则亦可选。

c. (A) holds(举办)为及物动词,因此若改为被动 is held 则亦可选。
例: The conference was held with the utmost secrecy6.

7. Supervised by the girl's mother, a couple will spend hours in her hut singing...
a. 本句原为两个无连接词连接的句子变化而成:
A couple are supervised by the girl's mother, a couple will spend hours in her hut singing...
b. 两句因缺乏连接词连接,故无法同时存在,补救之道为将第一个句子依分词句构化简法变成分词词组,法则如下:
(1) 删除相同的主词,若主词不同时则要保留;
(2) 之后的动词变成现在分词;
(3) 若该动词为 be 动词时,变成现在分词 being 之后可省略。
c. 根据上述,将 A couple 删除,are 变成 being 之后再予以省略,可知 (A) Supervised 为正选。
d. supervise vt. 监督,管理
例: Could you supervise my class while I stop by the principal's office?


1. no wonder + S + V  难怪……
例: No wonder she's overweight. She eats non-stop.

2. vary from...to...  从……到……有所不同
例: Styles of clothing vary from year to year.

3. knot n.(绳)结
tie the knot  结为连理
= get married
例: After they tied the knot, Bill realized that he wasn't really in love with Sara.

4. symbolize2 vt. 象征
例: Yellow roses symbolize love between friends.

5. connect vt. 连接,连结
connect A with B  连接 A 和 B
例: It was impossible to connect the criminal with the crime, but I knew something was wrong.

6. spend vt. 花费(时间、金钱)
spend + 时间∕金钱 + V-ing  
例: Don't spend all of your time thinking about that guy. He dumped you.

7. bring home the bacon  养家活口
例: Since Matt has a good job now, he can bring home the bacon.


1. splendid a. 令人赞叹的

2. exhilarating a. 令人极度兴奋的

3. expression n. 表达方式

4. insincere a. 没诚意的

5. festival n. 庆祝活动

6. pin vt.(用别针等)把……别住 & n. 别针

7. sleeve n. 袖子

8. rhyme n. 押韵诗,韵文

9. valentine n. 情人

10. tribal a. 部落的

11. compatibility n. 兼容性

12. high-pitched a. 高音的

13. sway vi. 摇摆

14. twist n.(对文字的)另解





最不寻常的情人节传统或许是发生在新几内亚部落的年轻爱侣身上,他们要在称做 kango 的私人派对上测试彼此的速配指数。在女孩母亲的监督下,一对情人在女生的小屋中共度数小时高声唱歌,手牵着手一起摇摆。当年轻男性找到理想的女性时,他会要求父亲或兄长为女方父母宰杀一头猪,可以算是『带培根回家(养家活口)』的另解吧。

1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (D) 5. (B)
6. (C) 7. (A)


1 celebrated iwLzpz     
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
2 symbolize YrvwU     
  • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  • Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
3 symbolizes 8a0610984df5bcb77bc12be9119bcd7d     
v.象征,作为…的象征( symbolize的第三人称单数 )
  • The use of light and dark symbolizes good and evil. 用光明与黑暗来象征善与恶。
  • She likes olive because It'symbolizes peace. 她喜欢橄榄色因为它象征着和平。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 tribal ifwzzw     
  • He became skilled in several tribal lingoes.他精通几种部族的语言。
  • The country was torn apart by fierce tribal hostilities.那个国家被部落间的激烈冲突弄得四分五裂。
5 salute rYzx4     
  • Merchant ships salute each other by dipping the flag.商船互相点旗致敬。
  • The Japanese women salute the people with formal bows in welcome.这些日本妇女以正式的鞠躬向人们施礼以示欢迎。
6 secrecy NZbxH     
  • All the researchers on the project are sworn to secrecy.该项目的所有研究人员都按要求起誓保守秘密。
  • Complete secrecy surrounded the meeting.会议在绝对机密的环境中进行。
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