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新概念英语第二册 lesson 1 A private conversation

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  Lesson 1 A private conversation
课文内容:
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. ‘I can't hear a word!’ I said angrily.
‘It's none of your business, ’ the young man said rudely. ‘This is a private conversation!’
Notes on the text 课文注释
1 go to the theatre,去看戏。
2 got angry,生气。
3 turn round,转身,也可用turn around。
4 pay attention,注意。
5 I could not bear it.我无法忍受。 其中的it是指上文中的那对男女大声说话又不理会作者的愤怒目光。
6 none of your business,不关你的事。
参考译文:
上星期我去看戏。我的座位很好,戏很有意思,但我却无法欣赏。一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后,大声地说着话。我非常生气,因为我听不见演员在说什么。我回过头去怒视着那一男一女,他们却毫不理会。最后,我忍不住了,又一次回过头去,生气地说:“我一个字也听不见了!”
“不关你的事,”那男的毫不客气地说,“这是私人间的谈话!”
新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
1.Last week I went to the theatre.上星期我去看戏。
(1)句首的“Last week”点明叙述的事情发生的时间是上星期。因此整篇课文的时态基本上应是过去时(包括过去进行时),直接引语部分的时态除外。
(2)动词go的原义是离开一个地方去另一个地方,与介词to连用后,常加上主语所要去的目的地来代表主语的动作目的。课文中go to the theatre = go to the theatre to see a play,即去剧场看戏。类似的还有go to the cinema = go to the cinema to see a film(去电影院看电影)。这种表达方式简明扼要。请注意在以下的短语中名词前通常不加冠词:
go to school上学
go to bed上床,睡觉
go to church上教堂,去做礼拜(cf.第1册第68课at school, at church;第1册第85课have been to school/church)
2.had a very good seat,座位很好。
seat一般指戏院、汽车等配置的固定座位,也可以抽象地表示“座位”或“位子”的概念:
the front seat of a car汽车的前座
Take a seat, please.
请坐。
3.The play was very interesting. 戏很有意思。
interesting属于现在分词形式的形容词,意思是“使人感兴趣”。
它通常与非人称主语连用或修饰某个事物:
This is an interesting book/idea.
这是一本有趣的书/一个令人感兴趣的主意。
4.…were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly.……坐在我的身后,大声地说着话。
这两句的时态为过去进行时。(cf.第7课语法)
5.I got very angry. 我非常生气。
get在这里有“逐渐变得”的含义,接近become,是个表示过程的动词,表示状态的变化。而I was very angry则仅表示当时的状态是生气,并不暗示过程。
6.in the end, 最后,终于。
表示一段较长的时间之后或某种努力之后:
She tried hard to finish her homework by herself. In the end, she had to ask her brother for help.
她试图自已完成家庭作业,但最后她不得不请她兄弟帮忙。
7.none of your business, 不关你的事。
(1) sb. 's business指某人(所关心的或份内)的事:
It is my business to look after your health.
我必须照顾你的身体健康。
This is none of his business.
这根本不关他的事。
(2)表示否定的代词none意义上相当于not any或no one,但语气较强:
She kept none of his letters.
他的信件她一封也没有保留。
None of my friends left early.
我的朋友没有一个早离开的。
none of这个短语有时可以表达一种断然、甚至粗暴的口气,
尤其是在祈使句中:
None of your silly remarks!
别说傻话了!
8.a private conversation,私人间的谈话。
在西方文化中人们对private(私人的,个人的)这个概念很看重。这个词的名词形式privacy1有“隐私(权)”的意思。所以课文中的小伙子会振振有词地说“This is a private conversation!”不过他忘了他是在一个public place(公众场合),而且他们的说话声太大,已经影响了别人。


  语法 Grammar in use
简单陈述句的语序(Word order in simple statements2)
主语一般为名词、代词或名词短语,通常位于动词之前。动词必须与主语“一致”,所以主语决定动词的单复数形式(如I am, you are, he has)。宾语一般为名词、代词或名词短语。在主动句中,宾语一般位于动词之后。一个句子不总需要有宾语。状语的位置比较灵活。当一个句子里有一种以上的副词时,地点副词的一般位置是在方式副词之后、时间副词之前,如上面的最后一个例句。时间状语可以在句尾,也可以在句首:
Last night Lucy went to the theatre.
昨晚露西去剧院看戏了。
I heard a voice at the door just now.
我刚才听到门口有声音。
Sam listened to the story quietly.
萨姆静静地听着故事。
The man ran away quickly.
那人很快跑掉了。(无宾语)


  词汇学习 Word study
1.enjoy vt.
基本意义为“欣赏”、“享受”、“喜爱”,后面一般跟名词、代词(包括反身代词)或动名词形式。
(1)Jane doesn't enjoy swimming. She enjoys going to the theatre.
简不喜欢游泳。她喜欢去剧院看戏。
(2)Enjoy yourself!
好好玩吧!
We always enjoy ourselves.
我们总是玩得很开心。
2.pay
(1)vt., vi.支付(价款等):
Have you paid the taxi-driver?
你给出租车司机钱了吗?
You can pay a deposit3 of thirty pounds…
您可以先付30英镑的定金……
I paid 50 dollars for this skirt.
我花50美元买了这条裙子。
I'll pay by instalments.
我将分期付款。
(2)vt., vi. 给予(注意等);去(访问):
They did not pay any attention.
他们毫不理会。
We paid a visit to our teacher last Sunday. 上星期天我们去拜访了老师。
(3)n. 工资,报酬:
I have not received my pay yet.
我还没有领到工资。
3.bear vt.
(1)承受,支撑,承担,负担:
Can the ice bear my weight?
这冰能承受我的体重吗?
Who will bear the cost?
谁来承担这笔费用?
(2)忍受(一般与can/could连用于疑问句及否定句中):
She eats too fast. I can't bear to watch/watching her.
她吃得太快。我看着受不了。
How can you bear living in this place?
你怎么能受得了住在这个地方?
In the end, 1 could not bear it.
最后,我忍不住了。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
A I (1) got (2) very angry (3) .
I (1) could not hear (2) the actors (3) .
I (1) turned round (2) .
I (1) looked at (2) the man and the woman (3) angrily (4) .
They (1) did not pay (2) any attention (3) .
In the end (6), I (1) could not bear (2) it (3).
I (1) turned round (2) again (6) .
‘I (1) can't hear (2) a word (3)! ’
I (1) said (2) angrily (4) .
‘It (1) is (2) none of your business (3) , ’
the young man (1) said (2) rudely (4) .
‘This (1) is (2) a private conversation (3)!’
B 1 I enjoyed the film yesterday.
2 I listened to the news carefully.
3 The man played the piano well.
4 The children played games quietly in their room yesterday.
5 He opened the door quietly.
6 He left immediately.
7 He planted a tree in the corner of the garden.
8 He read the letter quickly in his office before lunch.
9 I borrowed a book from the library this morning.
10 The cook spoilt4 the soup.
11 We stay at home on Sundays.
12 There are a lot of people at the bus stop.
13 The little boy ate greedily an apple in the kitchen this morning.
14 She draws beautifully.
15 I like music very much.
16 They built a new school in our village last year.
17 The match ended at four o'clock.
18 She received a letter from her brother last week.
2.多项选择题答案
1 b  2 c  3 b  4 d  5 c  6 a
7 d  8 b  9 a  10 c  11 c  12 c


  课堂笔记
NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS】生词和短语
★private  adj.私人的
it's my private letter/house ;private school:私立学校
public:公众的,公开的
public school ; public letter 公开信 ;public place :公共场所
privacy:隐私  it's a privacy. adj.
Private Ryan》 private soldier:大兵
private citizen 普通公民  private life:私生活
★conversation n.谈话
subject of conversation:话题
talk.可以正式,也可以私人的
conversation. 比较正式一些
let's have a talk
They are having a conversation.
conversation 用的时候比talk正式,意思上往往不非常正式.
talk: 可正式可不正式
dialogue:对话
China and Korea5 are having a dialogue. 正式
chat: 闲聊
gossip6:嚼舌头
have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词
★theatre  n.剧场,戏剧
cinema: 电影院
★seat  n.座位
have a good seat(place)
take a seat : 座下来,就座
take your seat/take a seat
Is the seat taken? 这个座位有人吗?no/yes
sit sit down ,please
seat take your seat,please
be seated,please 更为礼貌
seat是及物动词,后面有宾语
sit是不及物动词,后面不加宾语
seat后面会加人; seat sb; seat him; seat:让某人就座
sit   he is sitting there.
you seat him;


  〖语法精粹〗
4.When all those present(到场者)_D_ he began his lecture.(重点题)
A.sit  B.set C.seated  D.were seaed
sit,sit down; seat,be seated;take a seat
★play  n.戏
★loudly adv. 大声的
★angry adj. 生气的
cross=angry ; I was angry.He was cross.
annoyed7: 恼火的;
I was annoyed.
I was angry/cross.
I was very angry.
be blue in the face; I am blue in the face.
★angrily adv. 生气的
副词修饰动词
★attention n. 注意
Attention ,please. 请注意
pay attention :注意
pay attention to : 对什么注意
You must pay attention to that gril.
pay a little attention :稍加注意
pay much attention :多加注意
pay more attention :更多注意
pay no attention  :不用注意
★bear(bore,borne) v. 容忍
bear,stand
I can't bear/stand you
endure8 :忍受,容忍
put up with :忍受
I got divorced9.I could not put up with him
bear/stand/endure
忍受的极限在加大
put up with=bear=stand
bear n.熊 white bear
bear hog10 :热情(热烈)的拥抱
give sb a bear hug
★Business n. 事
Business man :生意人
do Business: 做生意
go to some place on Business:因公出差
I went to Tianjin on Business.
thing 可以指事情,也可以指东西
It's my Business 私人事情
it's none of your Business
★rudely adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地
rude adj.


  【课文讲解】
Last week
go to the theatre
see a film,go to the cinema
go to the +地点 表示去某地干嘛
go to the doctor's 去看病
go to the dairy11 去牛奶店
go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店
go to the butcher's 买肉
go to school: 去上学
go to church: 去做礼拜
go to hospital(医院):去看病
go to the Great Wall
go home; 跟Home相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息
I am at Home
enjoy, enjoy oneself:玩的开心
enjoy+sth :喜欢,从当中得到一种享受
I like something very much./I love something.
I enjoy the class.
I enjoy the music.
I enjoy the book.
enjoy the dinner/film/progeam/game
were sitting :当时正座在
过去进行时态 :过去的某个时间正在发生的动作
一个故事的背景往往用进行时态描述
I+be+v(ing)
The girl was reading a book in the garden.A boy came to her.
got :变得,表示一种变化,got angry
I am/was angry 是一个事实
I got angry:强调变化过程
It is hot.
It got hot.
got取代be动词,got是一个半联系动词,可以直接加形容词
说话的时候喜欢用缩略.I'm not,he isn't,they aren't
写的时候会说:I am not,he is not,they are not
I didn't do sth,I did not do sth
hear:听见
hear+人:听见某人的话
I could not hear you.Beg your pardon?
I couldn't hear you./I couldn't hear a word./I couldn't catch your word.
I couldn't hear you clearly./I couldn't catch your words.
Beg your pardon? /I couldn't catch your words.
turn round:转头
pay any attention
表示注意,pay attention; 对什么加以注意,pay attention to sth
not any=no
I could not bear it./you./the noise.
I can't hear a word.
美音:肯定 .I can,否定,I can't,只能根据上下文来定
hear a word, a word 等于一句话
He didn't say a word.
May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim?
It's none of your business./None of your business/It's my Business.
I couldn't bear you.
This is private conversation!
private :私人的,不想与别人共享
I can't hear a word.
hear a word of sb (actors)
Key stuctures  : 关键句型
Summary writing : 摘要写作
answer this questions in not more than 55 words.
写作当中的第一步从完整句子开始写起
KEY STUCTURES】 关键句型
Word order in simple statements: 简单陈述句的语序
陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号
看教材第2页
6    1    2     3     4     5     6
when?   Who?   Action  Who?   How?   Where?  When?
Which?       Which?
What?        What?
Last week
1 ---主语一般有名词或代词构成
2 ---谓语由动词充当
3 ---宾语
4 ---副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much
5 ---地点状语
6 ---时间状语可以放在句首或句末 I like the girl very much in Beijing last year.
简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语
6. Immediately left he.
He left immediately.
13. The little boy; an apple; this morning; ate greedily; in the Kitchen.
The little boy ate an apple greedily in the Kitchen this morning.
4  game; played; yesterday; in their room; the children; quietly
The children played games quietly in their room yesterday.
主语——>动词——>宾语——>状语
状语: 放在最前面是副词,方式状语,表示状态/程度的状语,下面是地点,然后是时间
1.主语和动词不能少
2.如果时间和地点连在一起,先放地点,再放时间
如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配 when and where
Multiple choice questions】多项选择题
Comprehension12 理解
Strucures   句型
Vocabulary  词汇
(1)...b...
"They did not pay any attention"
pay attention: 注意(在思想上)
notice:     注意(=see 眼睛看)
(4)...
sitting behind
behind:   在...后面
in front of :在...前面 (相对静止的概念)
before :   在...前面 (+词、句子、一定和时间相连)
above:    在...上面
ahead of:  在...前面 (+时间、位置)(动态的行为)
He arrived before six o'clock.
Before he came back
Ahead of time
He goes ahead of me.
(5) ...c...
how ——对一个方式、状态提问
特殊疑问词对后面的答案提问
angry(adj)
how(adv.)——对形容词、副词、介词短语提问
where  ——用介词,地点
when   ——用介词,时间
why   ——用because回答
(7) ...d...
any——用在否定句和疑问句中
some——用在肯定句中
none——没有任何东西、没有任何人 None knows./None of us knows.
not any=no
not——否定词,要放在非实义动词后面
He didn't pay attention
no——形容词、修饰名词
I don't have any friends./I have no friends.
I have no time./I don't have any time.
(11)...
suffer:遭受,忍受 (精神或肉体上)+痛苦
bear: 忍受=stand
I suffer the headache.
He often suffers defeat.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 privacy 5Q3xC     
n.私人权利,个人自由,隐私权
参考例句:
  • In such matters,privacy is impossible.在这类事情中,保密是不可能的。
  • She wept in the privacy of her own room.她在自己房内暗暗落泪。
2 statements f52ceeba305a64ab1e3b59fcd77fbf53     
n.声明( statement的名词复数 );(思想、观点、文章主题等的)表现;(文字)陈述;结算单
参考例句:
  • We are faced with two apparently contradictory statements. 我们面前这两种说法显然是矛盾的。
  • The report is inconsistent with the financial statements. 这个报告与财务报表内容不一致。
3 deposit Rwkx5     
n.定金,存款,矿藏;vt.使沉淀,寄存,储蓄
参考例句:
  • There is too much deposit in a bottle of wine.酒瓶里有太多的沉淀物。
  • The hotel requires a deposit for all advance bookings.旅馆规定凡预订房间都要先付订金。
4 spoilt OhSzo1     
adj.(孩子)宠坏的;惯坏的;(食物)变质的;spoil的过去式和过去分词v.变质( spoil的过去式和过去分词 );损坏;毁掉;破坏
参考例句:
  • The film is spoilt by unrealistic contrivances of plot. 这部电影被不实际的牵强情节给毁了。
  • Our camping trip was spoilt by bad weather. 天气不好,破坏了我们的露营旅行。
5 Korea dpXzcH     
n.朝鲜(亚洲)
参考例句:
  • Korea lies to the east of China.韩国位于中国东面。
  • Korea and China are separated by only the Yalu River.朝鲜和中国只隔一条鸭绿江。
6 gossip AeEzc     
n.流言蜚语,爱说长道短的人;vi.传播流言
参考例句:
  • She broadcast the gossip all over the town.她将这个流言传遍全镇。
  • They spread a lot of tacky gossip about his love life.关于他的爱情生活,他们散播了许多不堪的闲言闲语。
7 annoyed NzkzNw     
adj.烦恼的,恼怒的,生气的,恼火的
参考例句:
  • I imagine she was pretty annoyed when she found out.我想她发现此事后一定很生气。
  • He was annoyed with complaints made from outside.他因外界的种种怨言而感到烦恼。
8 endure upSxM     
vt.忍受(痛苦、困难等),耐住
参考例句:
  • If other people can endure hardship,why can't I? 人家能吃苦,我就不能?
  • You can only guess at what mental suffering they endure.你只能猜测他们忍受着多大的精神痛苦。
9 divorced Wu5z2w     
adj.离婚的;分开的;不相干的;脱离的v.与…离婚(divorce的过去式和过去分词);分离;与某人离婚,判某人离婚
参考例句:
  • Apparently they are getting divorced soon. 看样子,他们很快就要离婚。
  • Many divorced men remarry and have second families. 许多离婚的男子再婚组成了新的家庭。
10 hog TrYzRg     
n.猪;馋嘴贪吃的人;vt.把…占为己有,独占
参考例句:
  • He is greedy like a hog.他像猪一样贪婪。
  • Drivers who hog the road leave no room for other cars.那些占着路面的驾驶员一点余地都不留给其他车辆。
11 dairy jn5zA     
n.牛奶场,乳品店;adj.乳制品的
参考例句:
  • The yogurt sold by this dairy is delicious.这家乳品店出售的酸奶非常好喝。
  • He kept a few dairy cows.他养了几头奶牛。
12 comprehension MXMyH     
n.理解,理解力;领悟
参考例句:
  • The teacher set the class a comprehension test.老师对全班同学进行了一次理解力测验。
  • The problem is above my comprehension.这个问题超出我的理解力。
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TAG标签:   新概念英语  第二册
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