英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

新概念英语2 lesson 8 The best and the worst

时间:2005-04-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:鱼尾巴   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

lesson 8 The best and the worst

Joe Sanders has the most beautiful garden in our town. Nearly everybody enters for 'The Nicest Garden Competition' each year, but Joe wins every time. Bill Frith's garden is larger than Joe's. Bill works1 harder than Joe and grows more flowers and vegetables, but Joe's garden is more
interesting. He has made neat paths and has built a wooden bridge over a pool. I like gardens too, but I do not like hard work. Every year I enter for the garden competition too, and I always win a little prize for the worst garden in the town!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

competition n. 比赛,竞赛
neat adj. 整齐的,整洁的
path n. 小路,小径
wooden adj. 木头的
pool n. 水池

参考译文

乔.桑德斯拥有我们镇上最漂亮的花园。几乎每个人都参加每年举办的“最佳花园竞赛”,而每次都是乔获胜。比尔.弗里斯的花园比乔的花园大,他比乔也更为勤奋,种植的花卉和蔬菜也更多,但乔的花园更富有情趣。他修筑了一条条整洁的小路,并在一个池塘上架了一座小木桥。我也喜欢花园,但我却不愿意辛勤劳动。每年的花园竞赛我也参加,但总因是镇上最劣的花园而获得一个小奖!

 

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
1.Nearly everybody enters for‘The Nicest Garden Competition’each year, but Joe wins every time. 几乎每个人都参加每年举办的“最佳花园竞赛”,而每次都是乔获胜。
(1)nearly和almost意义相似,表示“几乎”、“差不多”、“差点儿”的意思:
I'm nearly/ almost ready.
我快准备好了。
I have nearly forgotten his name.
我差点把他的名字忘了。
He nearly missed the train.
他差点没赶上火车。
(2)each和every均可译为“每一个”,二者常常可以互相代替使用:
Every/ Each time I wash the car it rains.
每次我擦洗汽车,天总是下雨。
但是each更强调个体。它常用以指一个确定的并通常是有限的数目:
Each child in the school was questioned.
学校里的每个孩子都被询问过了。
every却不那么强调个体,常用来指一个大的、不确定的数目:Every child enjoys Christmas.
所有的/每个孩子都喜欢过圣诞节。
另外,each既可以作形容词又可以作代词,但every只能作形容词:
They each have a share.
他们每人都有一份。
Each of us has his own work to do.
我们每个人都有自己的工作要干。
2.Bill Frith's garden is larger than Joe's. 比尔·弗里斯的花园比乔的花园大。
名词加-'s表示所属关系,构成名词的所有格。这类名词往往指有生命的东西,特别是人。所有格的语法作用相当于形容词,限定后面的名词。这个被限定的名词在上下文中第二次被提到时可以省略,只要不引起误解:
This is Mary's boy friend, not Jane's.
这是玛丽的男朋友,不是简的。
My pen is lost. This one is my brother's.
我的钢笔丢了。这枝是我兄弟的。
John's handwriting is better than Mary's and Catherine's.
约翰的书法比玛丽的和凯瑟琳的都要好。
3.He has made neat paths and has built a wooden bridge over a pool. 他修筑了一条条整洁的小路,并在一个池塘上架了一座小木桥。
make和build在这里是同义词,都可以解释为“修建”、“建造”。与汉语的写作习惯一样,用英语写作时同一段文字中尤其是在同一句话中应尽量避免使用重复的词,以使文章显得生动(特殊的修辞手法例外)。
make和build之间的区别主要是:make的词义比较笼统、广泛,可以解释为“做”、“作出”、“制造”等,而build的意义主要限于建筑业,指“建造”、“建设”、“盖房子”、“修筑(桥梁等)”:
They have built a new house.
他们盖了一座新房子。
They have made a road along the river.
他们沿这条河筑了一条路。
Have you made the skirt by yourself?
这裙子是你自己做的吗?


  语法 Grammar in use
形容词和副词的比较级和最高级
在英语中形容词和副词一般可以有比较级和最高级。比较级相当于汉语中“比……更……”这种句型,最高级则表示在某个范围“最……”的概念。最高级在使用时前面通常要加定冠词the,并有一个短语或从句限定其范围。
(1)比较级和最高级的构成
单音节词和少数双音节词(如以辅音+-y结尾的词)在词尾加-er, -est,以辅音+-y结尾的词要先将-y变成-i,再在词尾加上-er, -est:
hard----harder----hardest                 small----smaller----smallest
young----younger----youngest         lean----cleaner----cleanest
busy----busier----busiest
以-e结尾的词加-r和-st:
large----larger----largest nice----nicer----nicest
以一个辅音字母结尾的单音节词要双写最后一个字母,然后再加-er, -ext:
big----bigger----biggest                    thin----thinner----thinnest
有一些双音节词在构成比较级和最高级形式时,既可以在单词结尾处加-er和-est,也可与more/ less和most/ least连用。如narrow, clever, common, pleasant 等。但如无把握时,双音节词用more和most则较为可靠。两个音节以上的单词如下:
interesting----more              interesting----most interesting
有些形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的构成并不规则
good/ well----better----best            bad/ ill----worse----worst
many/ much----more----most        little----less----leas
told----older/ older----oldest/ eldest2
far----farther3/ further----farthest/ furthest4
(2)在使用比较级时,如果需要把所比较的两项都提到,那么就必须在比较级后用than:
I know him better than you do.
我比你了解他。
Jane's hair is darker than Mary's.
简的头发比玛丽的黑。
My room is cleaner than the one next door.
我的房间比隔壁房间干净。
如果比较级之所指很清楚,它可独立存在:
(3)最高级的限定范围一般用of, among, in等介词短语:
John is the tallest of the three brothers.
这3个兄弟中约翰个子最高。
This is the coldest day in ten years.
这是10年来最冷的一天。
限定范围也可以是从句:
Mary is the most intelligent person I've ever met.
玛丽是我所遇到的最聪明的人。
如果范围很清楚,则可以省略:
April is the best season.
4月是最好的季节。(暗含范围“一年中”)
He is always the best.
他总是最优秀的。(暗含范围“在我们当中”)


  词汇学习 Word study
1.enter
(1)vt.,vi. 进入:
Joe entered the room quietly.
乔悄悄地走进了房间。
Always knock on the door before you enter.进入前要先敲门。
(2)vt.,vi. 参加,加入:
We've entered into an agreement.
我们已达成一项协议。
He soon entered their conversation.
他很快便加入了他们的谈话。
(3)enter for是“报名参加”的意思:
She entered (her name/ herself) for the mathematics5 competition.
她报名参加数学竞赛。
He entered his son for the English examination6.他让儿子参加英语考试。
2.every 构成的合成词
every和one, body, thing可以构成复合不定代词everyone, everybody和everything。它们一般都写成一个词。everyone和everybody一般可以替换使用,后面的代词既可以用单数,也可以用复数,但它们本身均被视为单数:
Everyone/ Everybody knows what he has to do.
每一个人都知道自己必须做什么。
Everyone/ Everybody knows what they have to do.
每个人都知道自己必须做什么。
Everything is going well.
一切都很顺利。
与every一样可以构成这类合成词的单词还有some, any和no。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
A 1 Mary's handwriting is worse than Jane's.
2 Caroline's handwriting is worse than Mary's and Jane's.
3 Caroline's dress is/ was more expensive than Jane's.
4 Mary's dress is/ was more expensive than Jane's and Caroline's.
B …has the most beautiful garden in our town…‘The Nicest Garden Competition’…garden is larger than Joe's…works harder than Joe and grows more flowers and vegetables…garden is more interesting…for the worst garden in the town!
D 1 in 2 of 3 of 4 in
2.难点练习答案
A 1 believes 2 was 3 tries
B Sentences 2, 3 and 5
3.多项选择题答案
1 d  2 b  3 b  4 a  5 c  6 c
7 b  8 b  9 a  10 d  11b  12 b


  课堂笔记
New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★competition n. 比赛,竞赛
race car race
football match
contest baby contest
beauty contest 选美
暗地里的竞争-competition
game
★neat adj. 整齐的,整洁的
neat=tidy
★path n. 小路,小径
★wooden adj. 木头的
★pool n. 水池
人工的 swimming pool
pond 天然的  good pond
good  bad  比较级-than
最高级-of all
He is the tallest of all. He is the tallest in the room.
the+ -est
more interesting  the most interesting
三个或者是三个音节以上——多音节
比较级的构成:more+原级    最高级的构成:the most+原级
单音节的词用er
双音节   以y结尾的双音节词+er
clever  cleverer  more clever
slowly  more slowly
often  more often
fun:快乐   more fun 美国人用
无规律:good  bad;  many much; few  little
many much--more most little--less least
far old  far--farther  farthest further furthest
farther:距离上的远和更远   further:程度  further more
old--older oldest  elder eldest
older:比...大    elder:做定语修饰其他名词  elder sister
She is older than somebody


  【课文讲解】
Joe Bill   the writer
the most beautiful   the largest  the worst
Joe's garden is the most beautiful.
Bill's garden is the largest.
The writer's is the worst.
比较的东西都是同类的事物
enter for:报名参加,强调报名  take jpart in 真真参加
enter for the exam
win:赢   won--won I win. I lose
win something  I win the book.  I win the gold cup
win后面往往是奖品
win a prize:赢得了一个奖
win a prize for:因为...而获奖
win不能接对手
defeat+对手  I defeat you.
Key structures】
最高级的标志:of in
in+地点   of+范围
Exercises D
1.in 2.of 3.of  4.in
Special difficulties】
Everyone knows him
Exercises A
1.believes  2.was 3.tries
Exercises B
enter/enter for
1...enter his room
enter 直接使用表示进入;enter for:表示报名
2....enter for this week's...
crossward 文字游戏
3...enterd for the Olympic games...
athletes : sportsman7
4....entered...the building.
5....entered for the examination...
enter+地点名词
enter for+表示比赛、竞赛、考试的名词
Multiple choice questions】
3. ...It is...
It 指代前一句的主语,Bill Frith's garden
两者比较,不可能出现最高级
garden 可数名词
garden 单数:a garden
garden 复数:gardens
It is a larger garden.
可数名词 + a/an 或者 -s
6......C
be fond of:like
I like sth.
I love sth.
I enjoy sth.
I am fond of sth.
8.....B
对手关系不能用win
defeat v.击败
beat v.打败;打
gain:get sth.
earn:挣得:earn money
9...
grow vt.:grow sth;grow flowers...种植
grow vi.:sth.grow;flowers are growing;...生长
in the garden 地点状语
grow tall/grow big 变得...;一般不加形容词
grow up:up adv.表示向上;只和人连用,表示人的长大
10...D
sth.is interesting……是令人感兴趣的
be interested in....对——感兴趣
11....
it 作形式主语;真正的主语是to look up the garden
hard work 繁重的工作
work不可数名词/job可数名词
a hard work 错
a hard job
hard job 错
hardly a job:hardly adv.几乎不
Have you understood me?
Sorry,I have hardly understood you.
12....B
very 不单独使用
and 并列连词,不放在句子末尾
either也,表否定
also 表示也,可以放在句子末尾
often 可以放在句子末尾


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 works ieuzIh     
n.作品,著作;工厂,活动部件,机件
参考例句:
  • We expect writers to produce more and better works.我们期望作家们写出更多更好的作品。
  • The novel is regarded as one of the classic works.这篇小说被公认为是最优秀的作品之一。
2 eldest bqkx6     
adj.最年长的,最年老的
参考例句:
  • The King's eldest son is the heir to the throne.国王的长子是王位的继承人。
  • The castle and the land are entailed on the eldest son.城堡和土地限定由长子继承。
3 farther olHxM     
adj.更远的,进一步的;adv.更远的,此外;far的比较级
参考例句:
  • I can throw the ball farther than you can.这个球我能比你扔得远。
  • The farther hill is five kilometres away.那座更远的小山在五公里以外。
4 furthest Ts6z2j     
adv.(far的最高级)更远
参考例句:
  • Our house is the furthest from the school.我们家是离学校最远的。
  • Pluto is the furthest planet from the sun.冥王星是离太阳最远的行星。
5 mathematics VBgxK     
n.(用作单)数学;(用作单或复)计算(能力)
参考例句:
  • He has come out in front in the study of mathematics.他在数学方面已名列前茅。
  • She is working at a difficult problem in mathematics.她在做一道数学难题。
6 examination pn6xJ     
n.考试,考查,试题;检查,调查
参考例句:
  • Teachers always judge their students on the final examination.老师常根据期末考试来评价他们的学生。
  • He put up a good show in the final examination.他在期末考试中表现得不错。
7 sportsman fvAwL     
n.运动员
参考例句:
  • His brother is a sportsman of our school.他弟弟是我校的运动员。
  • Everybody thinks he is an all-round sportsman.大家认为他是一个全能运动员。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   新概念英语  第二册
顶一下
(2211)
72.3%
踩一下
(848)
27.7%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴