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新概念英语第二册lesson 11 One good turn deserves anot

时间:2005-04-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 11—One good turn deserves2 another

课文内容

I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony  saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me &20. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said,'so now you can pay for my dinner!'

课文注译

1、One good turn deserves another.这是句谚语,意思是对于别人的善意或帮助应作相应的回报。

2、gets a good salary.有一份很高的薪水。

3、never pays it back.从不归还。

参考译文

我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作,而现在正在一家银行上班,他的薪水很高,但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。托尼看见了我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。他从未向我借过钱,但他吃饭时,我提出向他借20英镑。令我惊奇的是,他立刻把钱给了我。“我还未向你借过钱。”托尼说道,“所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!”

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
1.One good turn deserves another,(标题)礼尚往来。
(1)名词turn的含义之一是“(帮助或损害他人的)举动”、“行为”:
Yesterday George did me a good/ an ill turn.
乔治昨天做了一件对我有利/不利的事。
He is always ready to do a turn for others.
他总是乐于为他人做好事。
(2)deserve1的意义为“应受”、“应得(奖赏、惩罚等)”、“值得”,通常为及物动词:
His words deserve attention.
他的话值得注意。
Mary deserves the prize.
玛丽应得这个奖。
2.He gets a good salary…他的薪水很高……
good在这里的意思是“相当大/多的”、“相当可观的”:
It takes me a good three hours to get there.
我花了整整3小时才到达那里。
3.…but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. ……但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。
(1)连词and在这句话中可解释为“并且”、“另外”(in addition)。
(2)pay在这里的意思是“偿还(债务等)”。
pay还可以解释为“付”、“支付(价款、账单等)”,如课文的最后一句话:
…so now you can pay for my dinner!
……所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!
pay 既是及物动词也可以是不及物动词:
How much did you pay for that dress?
那件衣服你花了多少钱?
I paid the bill.
我付了账。


  语法 Grammar in use
1.在前10课的语法中,我们比较了一般过去时、一般现在时、现在完成时、现在进行时和过去进行时等时态以及和它们相关的时间状语,另外还学习了被动语态。现在我们通过例句简要回顾一下所学过的内容:
2.动词+名词/代词+ 带to 的不定式
某些动词之后的带to的不定式之前可以有一个名词或代词。有些动词后的名词/代词可有可无,但有和没有经常影响整个句子的意义:
I want to speak to John.
我想和约翰谈话。(=I will speak.)
I want you to speak to John.
我希望你和约翰谈谈。(=You will speak.)
但是,还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时,其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词有:allow, advise, help, teach, tell, request等等。这类动词不但可用于主动语态,也可用于被动语态:
Mr. Turner did not allow us to see the picture.
特纳先生没让我们看那幅画。
We were not allowed to see the picture.
人们不许我们看那幅画。
He taught me to paint.
他教我绘画。
Jane helped Julie to cook the meal.
简帮着朱莉做饭。


  词汇学习 Word study
1.salary与wage
salary可译为“薪金”、“薪水”,通常指职员、脑力劳动者(如律师、教师、医生等)的收入,数额比较固定,一般按月支付:
My salary is paid on the 28th of the month.
我每月28号领工资。
wage可译为“工资”、“工钱”,通常指技工或一般体力劳动者的收入,按周或天支付。wage一般用复数形式wages:
When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low, but the tips were good.
我当侍者时工资不高,但小费可观。
Women often get low wages.
妇女的报酬通常很低。
2.borrow与lend
borrow的意思是“借”、“借入”,经常与from连用:
He borrowed my pen yesterday. He hasn't given me it yet.
他昨天借了我的钢笔,到现在他还没有还我。
Can I borrow £ 20 from you please? I'll pay/ give it back tomorrow.
我能从您这里借20英镑吗?我明天就还给您。
lend的意思是“把……借给”、“借出”,经常与介词to连用:
He refused to lend any money to Tom.
他不肯借给汤姆钱。
Can you lend me £ 20 please? I'll pay/ give it back tomorrow.
您能借给我20英镑吗?我明天就还给您。
Can you lend your car to me this afternoon?
你今天下午能把车借我用一下吗?


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
A a he is now working (1.2)
b he gets (1.3); he always borrows (1.3); never pays it back (1.4)
c came in…worked (11.2-2); Tony saw (1.4); came and sat (1.4); I asked him (1.6); he gave me (1.7); Tony said (1.8)
d He has never borrowed (1.5); I have never borrowed (1.7)
e I was having (1.1); he was eating (1.6)
C 1 gets…got
2 have not had
3 was writing…talked/ were talking
4 am typing
5 passed/ were passing
D The Taj Mahal was built…after he became/ had become ruler, his wife…died. The Taj Mahal was built in her honour. Experts were called in…The Taj Mahal, which was begun in 1632 and (was) completed in 1654, cost a fortune…it has been visited by…
2.难点练习答案
a
A 1 The officer ordered the men to fire at the enemy.
2 He wants his wife to wear this dress.
3 She wants us to explain it.
4 I cannot allow him to enter the room.
B (sample sentences)
1 He asked me to help him.
2 We preferred her to stay at home.
3 He taught me to speak English.
4 My mother wished me to collect the laundry3.
5 Do you want her to visit you?
b
1 salary  2 lent…salary/ wages  3 borrowed  4 wages  5 wages
3.多项选择题答案
1 b  2 b  3 b  4 a  5 b  6 c
7 c  8 a  9 c  10 c  11b  12 d


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★turn n. 行为,举止
behavior:行为,举止
pay attention to your behavior
turn:对人有影响力的行为
★deserve v. 应得到,值得
He deserves praise.他应该得到表扬
Yor deserve the best.你应该得到最好的
deserve + n.
promotion4:提升
He deserved5 a promotion.
deserve to do: 应该...
She deserved to be punished.
Good work deserves good pay.
★lawyer n. 律师
lawyer's office:律师事务所
★bank  n. 银行
rob6 the bank:抢银行
★salary n. 工资
pay:工资(salary+wage) 通用
salary:工资(月薪,年薪)……有固定工作或管理阶层
wage:工资(按小时,周计算的)……不稳定的工作
bonus7:奖金,分红
collet:搜集,领取  collect salary/wage:领工资
★immediately adv. 立刻
at once:立刻,马上
right now:现在
right away:=at once,immediately 立刻,马上


  【课文讲解】
One good turn deserves another 礼尚往来,善有善报
One bad turn deserves another 恶有恶报
work for……强调工作
work in……强调in后面的地点
some/several years ago
名词-s,前面省略了some
working at a bank 比较稳定
He gets a good salary.薪水不错
The teachers in the new oriental8 school can get good salary.
borrow from:从...借
never=not 前面不需要加助动词
pay back:还钱
and连接三个并列的动词
at the same table:坐在同一张桌子旁边
at table:吃饭
at the table:坐在桌子旁边
Would you like to join us?
has never borrowed 潜台词perhaps,this time he would borrow from me
ask sb.to do请求某人做...
to my surprise:真让我惊讶
pay for:为...而付钱
ask for:问...要
I have paid for you a dinner.
I have paid 20 dollars for the book.(强调)
It's my treat.我请客
Let's go dutch9.AA制
This time is your treat. next time is my turn.


  【Key structures】
Exercises A
a.what is happening now……进行时态
b.what always happens……一般时态
c.what happened……过去时态
d.what has happened……现在完成时态
e.what was happening……过去进行时态
a. He is now working at a bank.(现阶段)
We are learning10 English.
b.(现在、过去、将来)习惯、反复
He always lent his CD to the others.(过去)
I will visit you.(将来)
I visit you(无论现在,过去,还是将来)
c.在过去的时间里,发生的事情,不强调对现在的影响和跟其它时间的比较,叫一般过去式.
过去的过去……过去完成时
有过去发生的动作,但是还强调对现在的影响……现在完成时
有(yesterday,last night)以前的事情,没有强调对现在的影响……一般过去时
d.过去的行为对现在产生的影响或者过去的行为一直延续的现在……现在完成时
e.过去某一特定时间发生的动作……过去进行时
Exercises C
1.gets...got
2.have not had (have-have had)
so far:up to now 到目前为止  现在完成时
3.was writing were talking
4.I'm typing  at the moment……标志着现在进行时;now
5.were passing
Exercises D
...动词的正确语态填空,时态
先确定主被动,然后确定时态
in the seventeenth century……一般过去时的标志
The Taj Mahal……泰姬陵
was built;
became;
died;
was built in one's honour: 为了纪念某人
were called (call in:召集)
was begun;
was completed;
cost;
has been visited; (up to the present day : up to now)
Multiple choice exercises】
4.a
at the moment:现在进行时
since:自从 点时间
for:一段  段时间
for three hours; since yesterday;  for a day; for three days
since three days ago
8.a
good salary  well:表示好的时候一般用作副词
He is well.
fine……天气好,质量好
10.c
pay back:还钱
pay something:付钱    pay again;再次付钱
pay it :付钱       once more:again
repay11 it =pay back
11.one……代词,指代上文的名词   The red one.
a different one
one……指代单数可数名词
another
He is a boy
Special difficulties】
I asked him to lend me twenty pounds.
ask somebody to do something.
want to do something  want somebody to do
会用sb to do sth的动词:
ask; want; tell; order; expect; wish; allow; advise; like; teach
一定不能说 hope somebody to do 正确用法:hope to do 或 hope that
Exercises A
1.order somebody to do
...the man to fire at the enemy
.........
Exercises B
1.He ask somebody to do something
He asked his wife to let him in.
2.prefer:宁可
I prefer him to die.
..........
b.salary wages   c.borrow from  lend to
exercises:
1.salary;
2.lend slary/wages
3.borrowed (laptop:手提电脑)
4.wages.
5.wages.
难点:
...somebody to do something


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 deserve owaxR     
vt.应受,值得;vi. 应受报答,值得受赏
参考例句:
  • You really deserve a good beating,you naughty boy.你这个调皮孩子真该打。
  • I do not deserve all the praises bestowed upon me.我不配得到这些赞扬。
2 deserves 059397100c3816785bce3cb425520171     
v.应受,应得,值得( deserve的第三人称单数 );应受报答;应得报酬;应得赔偿
参考例句:
  • A wilful fault has no excuse and deserves no pardon. 不能宽恕故意犯下的错误。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He is the only poet in this country that deserves the name. 他是这个国家唯一的一位名副其实的诗人。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
3 laundry P23xY     
n.洗衣店,洗衣房;已洗好的衣物,待洗衣物
参考例句:
  • Please send clothes to the laundry.请把这些衣物送往洗衣店。
  • There's a lot of laundry in the basket.筐子里有许多要洗的衣物。
4 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
5 deserved 3ec8820eb4ea03e30f2c029028c1060b     
adj.应得的,当然的v.应受,应得,值得( deserve的过去式和过去分词 );应受报答;应得报酬;应得赔偿
参考例句:
  • Some of you deserved to succeed and others only scraped through. 你们当中有些人成功是理所当然,而有些人只是勉强及格。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Don't glare at me like that, you deserved the scolding. 不要那么瞪着我,你本该受到训斥的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 rob 6XAx9     
v.抢劫;vi.抢劫,盗窃;vt.非法剥夺,使丧失,抢劫
参考例句:
  • Two men formed a plot to rob the bank.两人制定了抢劫那家银行的秘密计划。
  • They were scheming to rob the bank.他们在密谋抢劫银行。
7 bonus wtEzR     
n.奖金,红利
参考例句:
  • The workers expected to share out a year-end bonus.工人们期望年终分红。
  • The staff got a a special bonus payment.员工得到一笔特别发放的奖金。
8 oriental lJxxo     
adj.东方的,东方人的,东方文化的
参考例句:
  • China is an oriental country with a long history.中国是一个有着悠久历史的东方国家。
  • They maintain a very powerful fleet in Oriental waters.他们在远东海域保持着一支非常强大的舰队。
9 Dutch 9Zqz3     
adj.荷兰(人)的;荷兰语(或文化)的;n.[the~]荷兰人;荷兰语
参考例句:
  • The British and Dutch belong to the same race.英国人和荷兰人是同一种族。
  • Do you know anyone who speaks Dutch?你认识会讲荷兰语的人吗?
10 learning wpSzFe     
n.学问,学识,学习;动词learn的现在分词
参考例句:
  • When you are learning to ride a bicycle,you often fall off.初学骑自行车时,常会从车上掉下来。
  • Learning languages isn't just a matter of remembering words.学习语言不仅仅是记些单词的事。
11 repay 1VixH     
v.偿还,报答,还钱给
参考例句:
  • I feel honor bound to repay the money I borrowed.我觉得有责任归还我借的钱。
  • I must repay her for her kindness.我必须报答她的恩惠。
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