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VOA慢速英语2020 旅游衰退意外给泰国稀有海洋生物带来生机

时间:2020-05-02 23:50来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]

Drop in Tourism Makes Space for Rare Sea Creatures in Thailand

It is rare to see a dugong, a threatened sea mammal, in southern Thailand’s shallow waters. But thanks to travel restrictions1 that have left popular travel spots empty, a large group of them recently made their presence known.


Drone video released this week by Thailand’s Department of National Parks shows about 30 dugongs off Libong island. The animals were feeding on sea grass. Every so often, they came up to the surface of the water to breathe.


Dugongs are closely related to the manatee2, or sea cow. They can grow up to 3.4 meters in length. An estimated 250 dugongs live in the waters off the Thai coast. They are a protected species under Thai law.


Human activity and water pollution have made dugong sightings in southern Thailand rare in recent years. And last year, a record number of dead dugongs were found in Thai waters.


Marine3 scientist Thon Thamrongnawasawat said of the dugong sightings, “This species of mammal is very sensitive to speed boats and people. When they are gone, they feel free to gather in a large group and come close to shore.”


The animals gained media attention last year after images spread of Thai animal doctors holding a sick baby dugong and hand-feeding her milk and sea grass. Even with such care, the baby died two months later.


An examination of her body after her death found a large amount of plastic waste in her intestines4. This led to severe stomach problems and a blood infection.


Naturalists5 report that other rare marine animals have also been seen recently in shallow Thai waters.


Thon said there have been reports of large numbers of sharks coming unusually close to land in several places in southern Thailand. Video from park workers on Phi Phi island shows between 70 and 100 blacktip sharks in the shallow waters of the Maya Bay. The area was made famous by the Leonardo DiCaprio movie “The Beach.” The bay was closed to visitors two years ago for environmental recovery. The island’s national park has been shut since March to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus.


Park workers there also counted 10 to 15 false killer6 whales, another protected species, near the popular tourist island of Koh Lanta. It marked the first time the animals have been seen in that area.


Words in This Story

shallow - adj. having a small distance to the bottom from the surface or highest point

drone - n. a type of small aircraft that flies without a pilot

marine - adj. of or relating to the sea or the plants and animals that live in the sea

sensitive - adj. easily affected7 by something in a way that is not pleasant or good

shore - n. the land along the edge of an area of water (such as an ocean, lake, etc.)


1 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
2 manatee Donzde     
  • We watched dolphin,manatee,sea lion and whale shows.我们看了海豚、海牛、海狮和鲸的表演。
  • One of the most extraordinary river creatures is Amazonian manatee.其中河里最特别的生物之一要数亚马孙海牛。
3 marine 77Izo     
  • Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
4 intestines e809cc608db249eaf1b13d564503dbca     
n.肠( intestine的名词复数 )
  • Perhaps the most serious problems occur in the stomach and intestines. 最严重的问题或许出现在胃和肠里。 来自辞典例句
  • The traps of carnivorous plants function a little like the stomachs and small intestines of animals. 食肉植物的捕蝇器起着动物的胃和小肠的作用。 来自辞典例句
5 naturalists 3ab2a0887de0af0a40c2f2959e36fa2f     
n.博物学家( naturalist的名词复数 );(文学艺术的)自然主义者
  • Naturalists differ much in determining what characters are of generic value. 自然学者对于不同性状决定生物的属的含义上,各有各的见解。 来自辞典例句
  • This fact has led naturalists to believe that the Isthmus was formerly open. 使许多自然学者相信这个地蛱在以前原是开通的。 来自辞典例句
6 killer rpLziK     
  • Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心脏病已成为英国的头号致命疾病。
  • The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量证据证明是他杀死她的。
7 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
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