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99.9a上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: spot Direction
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your
answer in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the
passage only once.
Um ... if I could just take this opportunity to briefly1 summarize the company's attitude to
the question of providing information for our employees. Well … er ... we know that
________(1) would like more opportunity to let the company know how they feel on things
___________(2). And certainly from the surveys that we've done, they seem to emphasize the
value of _________(3) ... er ... especially at a time of change and uncertainty2 __________(4) and
in the outside world. Anyway, action has been ___________(5) to increase face-to-face
communication ____________(6) and to improve the flow of upward communication.
Um ... you also know how much we ____________(7) and so we continue to provide
training facilities to enable employees who are elected to consultative committees
____________(8) in their new role.
Now, when it comes to informing the workforce3. Um ... well, employees, we believe,
have a right to (9) about the company, whether or not the information makes them
___________(10).
And ... um ... and “In formation Programme” makes this possible. Well, let me just
___________(11). Er ... supervisors4, for instance, may need informing about
______________(12) before they go into production.
And supervisors should also be given _____________(13) and marketing5 objectives, and
about its performance related to ____________(14). At the same time, of course, we are
naturally aware of the problems of giving too much information on ____________(15). Well,
er ... the competition may get to _____________(16) too soon!
But ... um ... but in the end we shouldn't ___________(17) that even if the management
does not ____________(18), that they and even the workers themselves will know a great deal
about _____________(19), even, you know, even if they haven't been ______________(20).
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen care fully6 and choose the right answer to each question you have heard
and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
1. A. Faulty goods. B. Late deliveries.
C. Inadequate7 after-staffing. D. Over-pricing.
2. A. A union strike. B. Inconvenient8 transportation.
C. Under-staffing. D. Excessive demand.
3. A. Toy cars. B. Cassette recorders.
C. Radio sets. D. Sports bicycles.
4. A. Having a new factory equipped. B. Expanding the present factory.
C. Making extra workers redundant9. D. Adopting new technology.
5. A. The buyers were not informed about the problem.
B. The company can't solve the problem by getting extra workers.
C. The company is offering a 10% discount on all future orders.
D. The discount will mean a bigger profit for Mr. Olsen's retailers11.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
6. A. The inflation rate has been rising in the past few months.
B. The inflation rate is expected to drop in May.
C. The inflation rate fell to 8.0% in April.
D. The inflation rate could rise to 8.7% in the next few months.
7. A. 3.9%. B. 4.2%.
C. 4.3%. D. 4.5%.
8. A. Fewer than Five. B. Around fifty.
C. At least 100. D. Over 1,000.
9. A. To prevent possible looting. B. To help the rescue work.
C. To look for anything to salvage12. D. To restrict electricity supply.
10. A. Taking bribes13. B. Offering bribes.
C. Providing secret documents. D. Resigning from his post.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
11. A. Lack of a clear marketing strategy.
B. Failure to maintain quality control.
C. Loss of market share due to over-pricing.
D. No new products being pushed onto the market.
12. A. Aiming solely14 at the middle range of the market.
B. Competing with cheap foreign imports.
C. Concentrating on lower-priced goods.
D. Selling products to the Japanese.
13. A. To promote sales. B. To increase production.
C. To save on materials. D. To improve quality.
14. A. About two years ago.
B. Three years after he finished college.
C. Last year.
D. Six months ago.
15. A. Heavy losses will be slightly reduced.
B. Share prices will rise sharply.
C. A dividend15 will be paid to shareholders16.
D. Income from sales will equal costs.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. A. People in different parts of North America speak English differently.
B. Canadians and Americans are mutually intelligible17 despite differences in spoken English.
C. Of all three types of differences in spoken English, differences in accent are the most
obvious.
D. Written English is the same everywhere in North America.
17. A. Bostonians. B. New Yorkers.
C. The British. D. Canadians.
18. A. There is less variation in vocabulary than in grammar.
B. Differences in grammar are more obvious that those in pronunciation.
C. People are more concerned with spoken grammar than with written grammar.
D. Some variation in spoken grammar is more acceptable in certain areas.
19. A. Economic class. B. Social class.
C. Geography. D. History.
20. A. Written English.
B. Educated English.
C. English spoken by the social elite18.
D. English adopted by the Government.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that
passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
The horror story closest to Alfred Hitchcock's heart was never told. A Hollywood studio
brutally killed off the film the director had nurtured19 for years because it feared he was becoming
too controversial.
Hitchcock planned the film, Provisionally entitled Kaleidoscope, as the most provocative
and daring in his glittering career. If made, it would have featured a style, content and level of
violence not attempted before in mainstream20 cinema.
It followed successes with films such as North by Northwest, made in 1959, which starred
Cary Grant in a prototype 007 role, and Psycho, made the following year, which became famous
for its spine21 chilling shower murder. Now notes and other documents left by “the master of
suspense22” have shown that Hitchcock was not content to rest on the reputation earned by such
classics and was planning to reinvent himself at the age of 68.
Kaleidoscope would have featured a handsome psycho path and his female pursuer. The
plot was based on the true-life story of Neville Heath, a sadistic23 28-year-old RAF officer hanged
in 1946 for the sexual assault and savage24 murder of two young women.
Film experts who have seen the detailed25 notes and preliminary footage say they show
“Hitch” was thinking of ideas that were years ahead of their time, and anticipating the
approach of movies made in the late 1960s and 1970s such as Easy Rider and Mean Streets.
Four reels of film were shot in a feasibility study but then the entire project was scuppered
by executives as Universal Studios who said it was too drastic a change in direction.
The reels, along with Hitchcock's written descriptions of the film, were found by Dan
Auiler, a film historian who was sifting26 through the huge collection of papers that Hitchcock's
daughter Patricia donated to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in Los Angles.
“If Kaleidoscope had been released it could have been one of Hitch's greatest movies,” He
said.
The preliminary reels were shot in New York in 1967. After editing, there was about 10
minutes of screen time. The first scene shows a nude27 model in her apartment and the second, in
an artist's studio, shows the young killer28 meeting the model. In a break with tradition, Hitchcock,
who turned Cary Grant and Grace Kelly into screen heart throbs29, proposed using unknown
actors.
Auiler has included a description of the film—and Hitchcock's hopes for its impact on his
career—in his new book, Hitchcock's Secret Diaries. The film director died in 1980 at the age of
80.
“Hitchcock was enormously impressed by the new wave of European film-makers and
wanted to reinvent the Hitchcock film at an age when most people are content to enjoy a quiet
retirement,” said Auiler. “He never quite forgave Universal and when he was filming the
Seventies film Frenzy30 he shot it entirely31 in London to lessen32 the studio's control.”
The discoveries are likely to generate more interest in Hitchcock at events planned to
celebrate his birth in London a hundred years ago.
1. Which of the following best expresses the meaning of the beginning sentence “The horror
story closest to Alfred Hitchcock's heart was never told”?
A. Hitchcock did not succeed in telling his last and most daring horror story.
B. Hitchcock's best horror film was never shown to the public.
C. Hitchcock was not able to complete his last horror story.
D. Hitchcock left his favorite pioneering horror film unfinished.
2. Which of the following is true about Kaleidoscope?
A. It was based on a fiction by Neville Heath.
B. It was produced in 1970s.
C. It was not accepted by the audience.
D. It was not approved by the film producer.
3. According to the passage, are all the films directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
A. Easy Rider, North by Northwest and Psycho
B. North by northwest, Frenzy and Psycho
C. Mean streets, Easy Rider and Frenzy
D. Kaleidoscope, Easy Rider and Mean Streets
4. The word “scuppered” in the clause “the entire project was scuppered by executives at
Universal Studios”(para. 6) can best be replaced by.
A. recommended B. reviewed
C. negated33 D. encouraged
5. It can be concluded from the passage that.
A. Hitchcock's daughter first discovered kaleidoscope with the help from film experts
B. Film experts and historians find great significance in Kaleidoscope in their research of
Hitchcock
C. Hitchcock won the title of “the master of suspense” because of Kaleidoscope
D. Kaleidoscope will be shown to the public soon to celebrate Hitchcock's birthday
Questions 6~10
The Police Federation34 launched an aggressive anti racism35 poster campaign yesterday,
saying it was determined36 to restore the reputation of the service in the wake of the Stephen
Lawrence inquiry37. Fred Broughton, chairman, said it was time for the federation, which has been
criticised for not addressing black issues, to “put up or shut up”.
But the Black Police Association boycotted38 the lunch and said the (30,000 campaign
“lacked credibility”. A spokesman said: “It has never been supportive to black issues, never
acted as a platform for black issues, it lacks credibility with black officers and it has a poor
image in the black community. We would say get your own house in order before you embark39 on
such a campaign.”“We don't have a problem with the message. We have a problem with the
messenger.”
The federation, Which represents rank and file officers in England and Wales, has sent
20,000 posters and leaflets to the country's 43 police forces. The campaign, similar to a
Commission for Racial Equality antiracism drive, is designed to tackle public perceptions about
black people and the police. It aims to tackle passive racism in the service and promote black
and Asian role models, Mr. Broughton said.
One poster says: “What do you call a black man in a BMW? —A police sergeant40 on
patrol.” Another shows the face of a black man with the message: “Been mugged? Tell him—
he's a police officer.”
Mr. Broughton said the posters would “encourage and stimulate41 debate about racism.”
“The service must show itself to be anti racist42 and must actively43 campaign on that basis to
restore the reputation of the service.”
Mr. Broughton said he was disappointed the BPA had boycotted the event. “We have had
close contact with the BPA for over six months at every stage of this campaign.”
The campaign followed the damning Macpherson report on the murder of black teenager
Stephen Lawrence and subsequent orders by the home secretary, Jack44 Straw, that forces should
recruit 8,000 officers from ethnic45 minorities within 10 years.
About 7% of the population in England and Wales is black or Asian, but they form only 2%
of police officers.
The BPA was set up in 1994, supported by Metropolitan46 police commissioner47 Sir Paul
Condon, to represent black officers despite opposition48 from within the federation.
Bob Purkiss, of the Commission for Racial Equality, called on white police officers to back
the federation's campaign against racism. but admitted the service had been badly damaged by
the Lawrence report.
6. Which of the following can be the best title for this passage?
A. The murder of Stephen Lawrence under inquiry
B. Posters upset black police
C. Anti-racism poster campaign
D. Police service damaged by Lawrence report
7. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the expression “put up or shut up” (para. 1)?
A. defend oneself or admit errors
B. assume responsibility or show indifference
C. continue as before or take a new course
D. take action or keep silence
8. The poster with the image of a black man and the message “Been mugged? Tell him—he's a
police officer.” shows people.
A. how to recognize black police
B. that they can trust black police when in danger
C. how to behave when being attacked
D. that only black police can beetsted
9. All of the following express the attitude of the BPA towards the anti-racism poster campaign
EXCEPT.
A. “... the (30.000 campaign ‘lacked credibility’”
B. “We would say get your own house in order ...”
C. “The service must show itself to be anti-racist.”
D. “We have a problem with the messenger.”
10. It can be inferred from the passage that.
A. the major problem in the restoration of police image is racism within the police force
B. the BPA is a sub-division under the Police Federation
C. the Commission for Racial Equality started the anti racism poster campaign
D. the BPA opposes the poster campaign
Questions 11~15
If ever there was a mouse that roared, it's Mickey. Universal's Islands of Adventure may
have stolen Walt Disney's thunder, But when it comes to theme parks, Mickey Mouse is sill king.
Disney's Florida theme park at Orlando covers 32,000 acres—the size of Manchester—and
attracted 40m visitors last year. The more sophisticated may feel its blend of wholesomeness49 and
kitsch is outdated50, but there is little arguing with the numbers.
In contrast, Rank and Seagram pulled 8m visitors into their Universal Studios park last year.
But with the launch of Islands of Adventure they hope to give The Mouse—as insiders call
Disney—a run for its money.
The 110-acre site at Orlando is based on five islands and aimed squarely at a more thrill
seeking, slightly older market. Three of the rides are so fast they induce zero gravity—and
vomiting. The Incredible Hulk rollercoaster—themed on Marvel51 Comics' superhero-accelerates
from 0 to 42mph in two seconds, then reaches 60mph, before flipping52 through seven loops.
The cost of building the rides is just as eye popping. The Hulk is said to have cost more
than ま50m while The Amazing Adventures of Spider Man, the park's sensational53 3D ride,
cost more. The exact figures are secret, but one thing is certain: when Disney hits back it will
spend even more.
Rank and Seagram's decision to build three hotels on the site will be the key to taking the
fight to Disney. Portofino Bay, a 750-room hotel based on the famous Italian fishing village, is
almost complete. Work has begun on a 650-room Hard Rock hotel and the 1,000-room Royal
Pacific is due to open in 2001.
The expanded complex has now been re-christened Universal Studios Escape and the
partners have signed up a number of sponsors, including Coca-Cola and Daimler-Chrysler's
Dodge division, to run joint54 marketing campaigns as well as launching a 31m advertising
campaign.
Edgar Bronfman, the chief executive of Seagram, sees Universal's more sophisticated
image as a key to its success: “This is a quantum leap away from Disney. The newness of the
park means we can deliver an experience they cannot rival,” he says.
The competition will intensify55 as Universal Studios Escape Moves into Japan and eyes
Europe. Bronfman compares the two companies to MCI and AT&T, but Bronfman believes there
is room for both Universal and Disney and that one day they will compete on more level terms.
Disney says it is not concerned—never one to sell itself short, the company says it
considers New York and Europe as its rivals. But Disney has started building on its first true
rollercoaster: the Rock and Roller Coaster. The ride will be outside and will not have its
workings hidden, as all other Disney rides do.
Walt Disney was firmly against rollercoasters and this move is seen as showing just how
seriously The Mouse is listening to its small but noisy neighbour.
11. The expression “to give The Mouse ... a run for its money”(para. 3) can be paraphrased
as_____.
A. to give The Mouse a chance to gain more profits
B. to provide The Mouse more advantages for competition
C. to press The Mouse to spend more in its competition
D. to help The Mouse with its financial planning
12. The fact that Disney has started to build its first rollercoaster shows that________.
A. it is consistent with its policies
B. it is planning to merge56 with Universal Studios Escape
C. it is pioneering in introducing new entertainments
D. it is under the strong pressure from its competitors
13. Why does Bronfman compare Universal and Disney to the two telecoms companies MCI and
AT&T?
A. Because MCI and AT&T are competing on level terms.
B. Because one is smaller than the other but dares to compete with its rival.
C. Because both are facing the opportunities for development.
D. Because MCT has defeated AT&T and set an example for Universal.
14. All of the following contribute to the strengthening of Universal's competitiveness EXCEPT.
A. the building of the Rock and Roller Coaster
B. the construction of Portofino Bay, Hard Rock and Royal Pacific
C. the completion of The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man
D. the launch of Islands of Adventure
15. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. Islands of Adventure is the key to success of Universal Studios Escape.
B. Rank and Seagram is seeking development in Japan and Europe.
C. Disney is responding quickly to Universal's challenge.
D. Universal's theme park is seriously rivalling Disney.
Questions 16~20
A radio ad for a bedding company makes an impressive offer. “Mattresses58 delivered in two
hours!” the announcer crows, calling this no waiting service “bedding for busy people.”
Once upon a less-hurried time, mattresses, like other long-term purchases, arrived at a more
deliberate pace. But that was before “wait” turned into a four-letter word, and before “Now!”
became the imperial command of a nation of impatient consumers. Today waiting is increasingly
viewed as an outmoded concept, an insult to a busy customer's time. Immediate59 service offers
instant gratification—it's the new formula for business success.
Thanks to technology, faxes and e-mail make waiting for post-office “snail60 mail”
unnecessary. Call-waiting spares a caller the indignity61 of hearing a busy signal and waiting to
redial. And credit cards eliminate the need to postpone62 shopping until cash is available. Just say,
“Charge it,” and spend freely. In a 24-hour society, eager shoppers, plastic in hand, can fulfill
their consumer desires around the clock. No waiting required.
Already the demand for immediacy has become so urgent that one express photo company
in Boston offers a “panic rush service.”
Further evidence of an increasingly wait free society appears in two current books. In
“Doing Business @ the Speed of Thought,” Bill Gates predicts that “velocity63” will be the
buzzword of the 2000s.
In “Blur64: The Speed of Change in the Connected Economy,”authors Stan Davis and
Christopher Meyer take a similar approach. “Make speed your mind-set,” they advise. “Your
customer should not have to wait for service, your supplier for needed information, your partner
for sing-offs, and so on.”
So much speed! It's enough to make a weary reader want to order a mattress57 and take a nap
when it arrives in two hours.
The prospect65 of greater efficiency can be encouraging. But what happens when a whole
generation grows up never having to wait for much of anything? When delayed gratification is
perceived as a problem to be overcome? When children—all the rest of us—approach everything
with finger tapping impatience66?
In an age of increasing impatience, what happens even to the biblical injunction to “wait
patiently on the Lord”? There's more that a little truth behind the joking prayer, “God grant me
patience, and give it to me right now.”
Even pregnancy67, once the ultimate test of patience as parents waited nine months to learn
whether their child is a girl or boy, is no longer a sweet mystery. Diagnostic tests can reveal the
sex of a fetus68 in the early months.
At its worst, waiting simply wastes time. A few years ago a lifestyle management expert,
Michael Fortino, estimated that an average American will spend five years during a lifetime
waiting in line and six months sitting at red lights. He didn't mention waiting on hold. As any
frequent flier knows, airline reservation phone lines specialize in soothing69 recorded voices that
urge callers—again and again, while long minutes tick by to “please hold for the next
available agent.” Hold--what a clever euphemism70 for wait.
Yet at its best, waiting can serve as a period of quiet preparation and expectation. As the
speed of the world increases, so will the need for people with the capacity to maintain an
unhurried pace—who know how to wait, serenely71 and expectantly.
Certain things, of course, can never be rushed, among them paydays, holidays, and seasons.
Still, given the advances of technology, even an otherwise patient waiter can be forgiven for
wishing that scientists could shorten winter and speed the arrival of spring. In such a fantasy, the
last snow would melt by late February. Tulips and daffodils would bloom on March 1, and trees
would begin leafing out the same week. Temperatures would remain balmy all month. No more
lions in March.
Scientists, are you listening? Some of us can't wait.
16. The tone of the passage can be described as one of_________.
A. matter-of-factness B. despair and hopelessness
C. reproach and criticism D. satire72 and irony
17. Which of the following expresses the organization of the passage?
A. generalization—illustration—conclusion
B. examples—comparative analysis—counterevidence
C. questions—answers—conclusion
D. comments—comparison—generalization
18. In the passage the writer introduced two books__________.
A. to establish the basis of argument
B. to illustrate73 the relationship between technology and human civilization
C. to provide evidence for the theme of the passage
D. to show the prominence74 of these authors
19. The expression “waiting simply wastes time”(para. 12) implies that_______.
A. waiting has more advantages than disadvantages
B. waiting has more disadvantages than advantages
C. waiting has only limited disadvantages
D. waiting has numerous disadvantages
20. According to the author, the advances of technology___________.
A. will satisfy all of our wishes
B. cannot change the law of nature
C. will make no-waiting service possible
D. should not be over-exaggerated
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Japan's once enviable jobless rate will soar to double-digit levels if—and the warning is a
big one—firms opt10 for drastic Western-style layoffs75 to boost profits. While Japan's life-time
employment system is visibly unravelling76, many economists77 still doubt whether a scenario78 of
soaring joblessness will occur, given that economic incentives79 to slash80 payrolls81 clash with social
and political pressures to save jobs. A kinder, gentler approach to restructuring would soften82 the
social instability many fear would result from doubling the jobless rate, already at a record high.
Critics believe it would also cap gains in profit margins83 and stifle84 economic vitality,
especially in the absence of bold steps to open the door to new growth industries. Some
economists believe different methods of counting mean Japan's jobless rate is already close to 7
per cent by United States standards, not that far from the 7.8 per cent peak hit in the US in 1992
when it began to emerge from a two-year slump85.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
2 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
3 workforce workforce     
n.劳动大军,劳动力
参考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
4 supervisors 80530f394132f10fbf245e5fb15e2667     
n.监督者,管理者( supervisor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • I think the best technical people make the best supervisors. 我认为最好的技术人员可以成为最好的管理人员。 来自辞典例句
  • Even the foremen or first-level supervisors have a staffing responsibility. 甚至领班或第一线的监督人员也有任用的责任。 来自辞典例句
5 marketing Boez7e     
n.行销,在市场的买卖,买东西
参考例句:
  • They are developing marketing network.他们正在发展销售网络。
  • He often goes marketing.他经常去市场做生意。
6 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
7 inadequate 2kzyk     
adj.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的
参考例句:
  • The supply is inadequate to meet the demand.供不应求。
  • She was inadequate to the demands that were made on her.她还无力满足对她提出的各项要求。
8 inconvenient m4hy5     
adj.不方便的,令人感到麻烦的
参考例句:
  • You have come at a very inconvenient time.你来得最不适时。
  • Will it be inconvenient for him to attend that meeting?他参加那次会议会不方便吗?
9 redundant Tt2yO     
adj.多余的,过剩的;(食物)丰富的;被解雇的
参考例句:
  • There are too many redundant words in this book.这本书里多余的词太多。
  • Nearly all the redundant worker have been absorbed into other departments.几乎所有冗员,都已调往其他部门任职。
10 opt a4Szv     
vi.选择,决定做某事
参考例句:
  • They opt for more holiday instead of more pay.他们选择了延长假期而不是增加工资。
  • Will individual schools be given the right to opt out of the local school authority?各个学校可能有权选择退出地方教育局吗?
11 retailers 08ff8df43efeef1abfd3410ef6661c95     
零售商,零售店( retailer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • High street retailers reported a marked increase in sales before Christmas. 商业街的零售商报告说圣诞节前销售量显著提高。
  • Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose. 零售商有为他们提供符合要求的货品的法定义务。
12 salvage ECHzB     
v.救助,营救,援救;n.救助,营救
参考例句:
  • All attempts to salvage the wrecked ship failed.抢救失事船只的一切努力都失败了。
  • The salvage was piled upon the pier.抢救出的财产被堆放在码头上。
13 bribes f3132f875c572eefabf4271b3ea7b2ca     
n.贿赂( bribe的名词复数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂v.贿赂( bribe的第三人称单数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • corrupt officials accepting bribes 接受贿赂的贪官污吏
14 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  • Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  • The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
15 dividend Fk7zv     
n.红利,股息;回报,效益
参考例句:
  • The company was forced to pass its dividend.该公司被迫到期不分红。
  • The first quarter dividend has been increased by nearly 4 per cent.第一季度的股息增长了近 4%。
16 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
17 intelligible rbBzT     
adj.可理解的,明白易懂的,清楚的
参考例句:
  • This report would be intelligible only to an expert in computing.只有计算机运算专家才能看懂这份报告。
  • His argument was barely intelligible.他的论点不易理解。
18 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  • The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  • We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
19 nurtured 2f8e1ba68cd5024daf2db19178217055     
养育( nurture的过去式和过去分词 ); 培育; 滋长; 助长
参考例句:
  • She is looking fondly at the plants he had nurtured. 她深情地看着他培育的植物。
  • Any latter-day Einstein would still be spotted and nurtured. 任何一个未来的爱因斯坦都会被发现并受到培养。
20 mainstream AoCzh9     
n.(思想或行为的)主流;adj.主流的
参考例句:
  • Their views lie outside the mainstream of current medical opinion.他们的观点不属于当今医学界观点的主流。
  • Polls are still largely reflects the mainstream sentiment.民调还在很大程度上反映了社会主流情绪。
21 spine lFQzT     
n.脊柱,脊椎;(动植物的)刺;书脊
参考例句:
  • He broke his spine in a fall from a horse.他从马上跌下摔断了脊梁骨。
  • His spine developed a slight curve.他的脊柱有点弯曲。
22 suspense 9rJw3     
n.(对可能发生的事)紧张感,担心,挂虑
参考例句:
  • The suspense was unbearable.这样提心吊胆的状况实在叫人受不了。
  • The director used ingenious devices to keep the audience in suspense.导演用巧妙手法引起观众的悬念。
23 sadistic HDxy0     
adj.虐待狂的
参考例句:
  • There was a sadistic streak in him.他有虐待狂的倾向。
  • The prisoners rioted against mistreatment by sadistic guards.囚犯因不堪忍受狱警施虐而发动了暴乱。
24 savage ECxzR     
adj.野蛮的;凶恶的,残暴的;n.未开化的人
参考例句:
  • The poor man received a savage beating from the thugs.那可怜的人遭到暴徒的痛打。
  • He has a savage temper.他脾气粗暴。
25 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
26 sifting 6c53b58bc891cb3e1536d7f574e1996f     
n.筛,过滤v.筛( sift的现在分词 );筛滤;细查;详审
参考例句:
  • He lay on the beach, sifting the sand through his fingers. 他躺在沙滩上用手筛砂子玩。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I was sifting the cinders when she came in. 她进来时,我正在筛煤渣。 来自辞典例句
27 nude CHLxF     
adj.裸体的;n.裸体者,裸体艺术品
参考例句:
  • It's a painting of the Duchess of Alba in the nude.这是一幅阿尔巴公爵夫人的裸体肖像画。
  • She doesn't like nude swimming.她不喜欢裸泳。
28 killer rpLziK     
n.杀人者,杀人犯,杀手,屠杀者
参考例句:
  • Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心脏病已成为英国的头号致命疾病。
  • The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量证据证明是他杀死她的。
29 throbs 0caec1864cf4ac9f808af7a9a5ffb445     
体内的跳动( throb的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • My finger throbs with the cut. 我的手指因切伤而阵阵抽痛。
  • We should count time by heart throbs, in the cause of right. 我们应该在正确的目标下,以心跳的速度来计算时间。
30 frenzy jQbzs     
n.疯狂,狂热,极度的激动
参考例句:
  • He was able to work the young students up into a frenzy.他能激起青年学生的狂热。
  • They were singing in a frenzy of joy.他们欣喜若狂地高声歌唱。
31 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
32 lessen 01gx4     
vt.减少,减轻;缩小
参考例句:
  • Regular exercise can help to lessen the pain.经常运动有助于减轻痛感。
  • They've made great effort to lessen the noise of planes.他们尽力减小飞机的噪音。
33 negated ef0a9e92a2a59eaf79f9020b694cfd67     
v.取消( negate的过去式和过去分词 );使无效;否定;否认
参考例句:
  • Our historical right to rule ourselves as a people had been negated. 我们被剥夺了作为一个民族治理自己国家的历史权利。 来自辞典例句
  • Thus far we have negated frictional effects in the harmonic oscillator. 到现在为止,我们一直没有考虑谐和振荡器中的摩擦效应。 来自辞典例句
34 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
35 racism pSIxZ     
n.民族主义;种族歧视(意识)
参考例句:
  • He said that racism is endemic in this country.他说种族主义在该国很普遍。
  • Racism causes political instability and violence.种族主义道致政治动荡和暴力事件。
36 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
37 inquiry nbgzF     
n.打听,询问,调查,查问
参考例句:
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
38 boycotted 6c96ed45faa5f8d73cbb35ff299d9ccc     
抵制,拒绝参加( boycott的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Athletes from several countries boycotted the Olympic Games. 有好几国的运动员抵制奥林匹克运动会。
  • The opposition party earlier boycotted the Diet agenda, demanding Miyaji's resignation. 反对党曾杯葛国会议程,要宫路下台。
39 embark qZKzC     
vi.乘船,着手,从事,上飞机
参考例句:
  • He is about to embark on a new business venture.他就要开始新的商业冒险活动。
  • Many people embark for Europe at New York harbor.许多人在纽约港乘船去欧洲。
40 sergeant REQzz     
n.警官,中士
参考例句:
  • His elder brother is a sergeant.他哥哥是个警官。
  • How many stripes are there on the sleeve of a sergeant?陆军中士的袖子上有多少条纹?
41 stimulate wuSwL     
vt.刺激,使兴奋;激励,使…振奋
参考例句:
  • Your encouragement will stimulate me to further efforts.你的鼓励会激发我进一步努力。
  • Success will stimulate the people for fresh efforts.成功能鼓舞人们去作新的努力。
42 racist GSRxZ     
n.种族主义者,种族主义分子
参考例句:
  • a series of racist attacks 一连串的种族袭击行为
  • His speech presented racist ideas under the guise of nationalism. 他的讲话以民族主义为幌子宣扬种族主义思想。
43 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
44 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
45 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
46 metropolitan mCyxZ     
adj.大城市的,大都会的
参考例句:
  • Metropolitan buildings become taller than ever.大城市的建筑变得比以前更高。
  • Metropolitan residents are used to fast rhythm.大都市的居民习惯于快节奏。
47 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
48 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
49 wholesomeness 832f51223dfde70650ea37eaeff56278     
卫生性
参考例句:
50 outdated vJTx0     
adj.旧式的,落伍的,过时的;v.使过时
参考例句:
  • That list of addresses is outdated,many have changed.那个通讯录已经没用了,许多地址已经改了。
  • Many of us conform to the outdated customs laid down by our forebears.我们许多人都遵循祖先立下的过时习俗。
51 marvel b2xyG     
vi.(at)惊叹vt.感到惊异;n.令人惊异的事
参考例句:
  • The robot is a marvel of modern engineering.机器人是现代工程技术的奇迹。
  • The operation was a marvel of medical skill.这次手术是医术上的一个奇迹。
52 flipping b69cb8e0c44ab7550c47eaf7c01557e4     
讨厌之极的
参考例句:
  • I hate this flipping hotel! 我讨厌这个该死的旅馆!
  • Don't go flipping your lid. 别发火。
53 sensational Szrwi     
adj.使人感动的,非常好的,轰动的,耸人听闻的
参考例句:
  • Papers of this kind are full of sensational news reports.这类报纸满是耸人听闻的新闻报道。
  • Their performance was sensational.他们的演出妙极了。
54 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
55 intensify S5Pxe     
vt.加强;变强;加剧
参考例句:
  • We must intensify our educational work among our own troops.我们必须加强自己部队的教育工作。
  • They were ordered to intensify their patrols to protect our air space.他们奉命加强巡逻,保卫我国的领空。
56 merge qCpxF     
v.(使)结合,(使)合并,(使)合为一体
参考例句:
  • I can merge my two small businesses into a large one.我可以将我的两家小商店合并为一家大商行。
  • The directors have decided to merge the two small firms together.董事们已决定把这两家小商号归并起来。
57 mattress Z7wzi     
n.床垫,床褥
参考例句:
  • The straw mattress needs to be aired.草垫子该晾一晾了。
  • The new mattress I bought sags in the middle.我买的新床垫中间陷了下去。
58 mattresses 985a5c9b3722b68c7f8529dc80173637     
褥垫,床垫( mattress的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The straw mattresses are airing there. 草垫子正在那里晾着。
  • The researchers tested more than 20 mattresses of various materials. 研究人员试验了二十多个不同材料的床垫。
59 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
60 snail 8xcwS     
n.蜗牛
参考例句:
  • Snail is a small plant-eating creature with a soft body.蜗牛是一种软体草食动物。
  • Time moved at a snail's pace before the holidays.放假前的时间过得很慢。
61 indignity 6bkzp     
n.侮辱,伤害尊严,轻蔑
参考例句:
  • For more than a year we have suffered the indignity.在一年多的时间里,我们丢尽了丑。
  • She was subjected to indignity and humiliation.她受到侮辱和羞辱。
62 postpone rP0xq     
v.延期,推迟
参考例句:
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未获悉详情之前我得从缓作出决定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她决定当天晚上把谈话搁一搁。
63 velocity rLYzx     
n.速度,速率
参考例句:
  • Einstein's theory links energy with mass and velocity of light.爱因斯坦的理论把能量同质量和光速联系起来。
  • The velocity of light is about 300000 kilometres per second.光速约为每秒300000公里。
64 blur JtgzC     
n.模糊不清的事物;vt.使模糊,使看不清楚
参考例句:
  • The houses appeared as a blur in the mist.房子在薄雾中隐隐约约看不清。
  • If you move your eyes and your head,the picture will blur.如果你的眼睛或头动了,图像就会变得模糊不清。
65 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,视野
参考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
66 impatience OaOxC     
n.不耐烦,急躁
参考例句:
  • He expressed impatience at the slow rate of progress.进展缓慢,他显得不耐烦。
  • He gave a stamp of impatience.他不耐烦地跺脚。
67 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
68 fetus ekHx3     
n.胎,胎儿
参考例句:
  • In the fetus,blood cells are formed in different sites at different ages.胎儿的血细胞在不同时期生成在不同的部位。
  • No one knows why a fetus is not automatically rejected by the mother's immune system. 没有人知道为什么母亲的免疫系统不会自动排斥胎儿。
69 soothing soothing     
adj.慰藉的;使人宽心的;镇静的
参考例句:
  • Put on some nice soothing music.播放一些柔和舒缓的音乐。
  • His casual, relaxed manner was very soothing.他随意而放松的举动让人很快便平静下来。
70 euphemism DPzzJ     
n.婉言,委婉的说法
参考例句:
  • Language reflects culture and euphemism is a mirror of culture.语言反映文化,而婉语则是各种文化的一面镜子。
  • Euphemism is a very common and complicated linguistic phenomenon.委婉语是一种十分常见而又非常复杂的语言现象。
71 serenely Bi5zpo     
adv.安详地,宁静地,平静地
参考例句:
  • The boat sailed serenely on towards the horizon.小船平稳地向着天水交接处驶去。
  • It was a serenely beautiful night.那是一个宁静美丽的夜晚。
72 satire BCtzM     
n.讽刺,讽刺文学,讽刺作品
参考例句:
  • The movie is a clever satire on the advertising industry.那部影片是关于广告业的一部巧妙的讽刺作品。
  • Satire is often a form of protest against injustice.讽刺往往是一种对不公正的抗议形式。
73 illustrate IaRxw     
v.举例说明,阐明;图解,加插图
参考例句:
  • The company's bank statements illustrate its success.这家公司的银行报表说明了它的成功。
  • This diagram will illustrate what I mean.这个图表可说明我的意思。
74 prominence a0Mzw     
n.突出;显著;杰出;重要
参考例句:
  • He came to prominence during the World Cup in Italy.他在意大利的世界杯赛中声名鹊起。
  • This young fashion designer is rising to prominence.这位年轻的时装设计师的声望越来越高。
75 layoffs ce61a640e39c61e757a47e52d4154974     
临时解雇( layoff的名词复数 ); 停工,停止活动
参考例句:
  • Textile companies announced 2000 fresh layoffs last week. 各纺织公司上周宣布再次裁员两千人。
  • Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs. 当公司突然宣布裁员时,股票价格便大跌
76 unravelling 2542a7c888d83634cd78c7dc02a27bc4     
解开,拆散,散开( unravel的现在分词 ); 阐明; 澄清; 弄清楚
参考例句:
  • Nail head clamp the unravelling of nail exteriorize broken nails and clean. 钉头卡钉,拆开钉头取出碎钉并清洁。
  • The ends of ropes are in good condition and secured without unravelling. 缆绳端部状况良好及牢固,并无松散脱线。
77 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
78 scenario lZoxm     
n.剧本,脚本;概要
参考例句:
  • But the birth scenario is not completely accurate.然而分娩脚本并非完全准确的。
  • This is a totally different scenario.这是完全不同的剧本。
79 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
80 slash Hrsyq     
vi.大幅度削减;vt.猛砍,尖锐抨击,大幅减少;n.猛砍,斜线,长切口,衣衩
参考例句:
  • The shop plans to slash fur prices after Spring Festival.该店计划在春节之后把皮货降价。
  • Don't slash your horse in that cruel way.不要那样残忍地鞭打你的马。
81 payrolls 6c9c6a79f750b129f50f4617a38144a8     
n.(公司员工的)工资名单( payroll的名词复数 );(公司的)工资总支出,工薪总额
参考例句:
  • Indices of employment, payrolls, and production steadied in February 1931931年2月,就业、工资额和生产指数稳定。 来自辞典例句
  • Wall Street responded to the payrolls figures with gusto. 华尔街对就业数据作出了积极的反应。 来自互联网
82 soften 6w0wk     
v.(使)变柔软;(使)变柔和
参考例句:
  • Plastics will soften when exposed to heat.塑料适当加热就可以软化。
  • This special cream will help to soften up our skin.这种特殊的护肤霜有助于使皮肤变得柔软。
83 margins 18cef75be8bf936fbf6be827537c8585     
边( margin的名词复数 ); 利润; 页边空白; 差数
参考例句:
  • They have always had to make do with relatively small profit margins. 他们不得不经常设法应付较少的利润额。
  • To create more space between the navigation items, add left and right margins to the links. 在每个项目间留更多的空隙,加左或者右的margins来定义链接。
84 stifle cF4y5     
vt.使窒息;闷死;扼杀;抑止,阻止
参考例句:
  • She tried hard to stifle her laughter.她强忍住笑。
  • It was an uninteresting conversation and I had to stifle a yawn.那是一次枯燥无味的交谈,我不得不强忍住自己的呵欠。
85 slump 4E8zU     
n.暴跌,意气消沉,(土地)下沉;vi.猛然掉落,坍塌,大幅度下跌
参考例句:
  • She is in a slump in her career.她处在事业的低谷。
  • Economists are forecasting a slump.经济学家们预言将发生经济衰退。
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