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99.9上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试参考答案

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参考答案:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. the majority of employees 2. that affect them
3. two-way communication 4. within the company
5. set in motion 6. between managers and staff
7. value consultation1 with our workforce2 8. to perform effectively
9. know the basic facts 10. more efficient
11. give you one example 12. new products
13. some outline about a company’s profit 14. its competitors
15. future product plans 16. hear about it
17. ignore the face 18. communicate with supervisors3
19. what is going on 20. they haven’t been told formally
Part B: Listening Comprehension
1-5 B D C A C 6-10 C B C A C
11-15 C A D A D 16-20 A B D A C
SECTION 2: READING TEST
1-5 D D B C B 6-10 B C B D A
11-15 C D B A D 16-20 D B C C B
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST
如果各公司断然采取西立国家裁员的做法以增加利润,日本一度令人羡慕的失业率将
上升至两位数。虽然日本的终生雇佣制明显地在解体,但是鉴于大幅度裁员刺激经济的动
机同要求保留工作岗位的社会压力和政治压力相冲突,许多经济学家仍无法断定日本是否
会出现失业率急剧上升的局面。以一个较为仁兹和温和的做法调整经济,可以缓解社会的
动荡不安,因为许多人担心早已创记录的失业率如再增长一倍就会导致社会不安定。
评论家们认为,高失业率还会限制利润的增长和抑制经济活力,特别是如果不采取大
胆步骤为增长型产业敞开大门的话。一些经济学家认为,用不用的方法计算,按美国标准,
日本的失业率早已接近7%,同1992 年美国7.8%的最高失业率相去不远,而当时美国开
始走出两年的经济衰退期。
SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
1. technology 2. materials
3. electronic 4. economical
5. subways 6. Buses
7. comfortable 8. movies/films
9. meal 10. above
11. 300 12. quieter
13. cleaner 14. plastic
15. pilots 16. sleeping
17. television/radio. etc. 18. often/frequently, etc.
19. farther 20. cultures/nations/countries
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
1. 我们能否简单谈一下有关这次销售会议的情况?我想确保本月底一切准备就绪。
2. 现在中国妇女同工同酬,90% 的中国妇女有工作,担任卡车司机、科学家和其他大多
数传统由男子承担的工作。
3. 20 世纪之前,大多数黑人住在美国南部。因此,人们往往把对黑人的偏见与南方联系
在一起。
4. 1997 年,贫穷白人的数目增至11.5%。28%的黑人家庭被认定是贫穷的,定期收到食
品券。
5. 这一年龄群的人不得不借款买房子或公寓,他们还不得不花很多钱用来添置家具和其
他器具。
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
1. 我们美国人懒得让人难以置信。我们不会准备简单又有营养的饭菜,而公仅仅是把冷
冻食品送进炉子。我们不去细读日报,而是满足于网络上的浓缩新闻。最糟糕的是,
我们甚至不愿意走几个街区去附近的便利商店,而干脆跳进汽车。依赖汽车,甚至短
途出行也依靠汽车的习惯剥夺了我们可贵的步行体验。如果我们少坐汽车,多步行,
我们就能节省金钱,变得更健康,还能发现周围环境中颇具魅力的事物。
2. 体育活动是孩子们的事。成年人没有时间打棒球,或绕场奔跑,或在体育馆内做有氧
操和举重。他们必须挣钱养家,为退休而存钱。他们可以把锻炼留给自己的孩子。我
坚信这种说法,直到有一天,我因为怕迟到而追赶一辆公共汽车,我的心脏砰砰跳动,
(肺部)上气不接下气,头也晕了起来。这时我认识到,除非我养成做点体力活动的
习惯以保持健康,我将无法干活养家或享受退休生活。定期锻炼会使你的身心重新焕
发活力和朝气,开拓你的兴趣爱好。
SECTION 5: READING TEST
1. Because both plumbers/builders and lawyers use technical/professional terms which are often
misleading/difficult to lay/ordinary people/to people who are “inexperienced” in such fields.
In this sense their interests can/could be affected4/weakened.
2.The organization has been working over the past decades for the simplification of legal
language. The major target is to use plain English to replace difficult legal jargon/Latin words
and phrases and help people understand law/proceedings more easily. The major measure is to
install all county courts in England and Wales with software to provide the new
vocabulary/legal terms and other (necessary) changes which will provide/give lawyers/court
users/judges easy access to the new vocabulary.
3.On the whole/Generally speaking, lawyers welcome the changes/reforms in legal
terms/vocabulary. They also show some worry over possible technological5 failures. Some of
them feel sorry/sad about the end of a language which they have worked hard to understand.
4. The sentence implies that the manufacturing of furniture legs can be quite “costly6” when
(they are) produced with computerized machine but the proper skills are not mastered by
workers. The first paragraph serves as evidence/gives an example showing the
significance/importance of the theme of the passage-technology transfer.
5. The center is founded with the help of government fund/grant, It is mainly involved in
technology transfer, linking/connecting universities in east London with London with local
enterprises and providing business advice, training, technology support and financial backing.
6. It mainly refers to the integration/combination of academic learning/research in universities
and application of high-tech7 in enterprises and the development of local industry/employment
(in east London area).
7. The sentence means that the courses/subjects offered in schools and the academic
learning/study do not attract/are not very attractive to students/young people.
8. The author holds this view because he thinks the American high school today separates young
people from the outside/adult world, it discourages the development of individuality and
independent thinking. Besides, the quality of teacher training is poorer and the young people
mature much earlier. So when students leave school, they cannot adapt themselves to the
outside world quickly and smoothly8.
9. The author thinks young people today reach maturity9 two years earlier “biologically”, and
they have easier access to the “information and images” of adulthood/adult world/life.
Therefore, the shortening of secondary education can/will suit/meet the
biological/cultural/psychological development of young people.
10. The author means the artificial/superficial/separate/untouchable culture/“definitions”/
“values” differ greatly/are quite different from the outside/real/adult world/real society. The
implication is students/young people can/will not benefit much from such education/school
life.
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST
The Huangpu River flows across Shanghai from north to south, dividing the city into two
parts. Historically, Pudong got its name from its location on the east bank of the Huangpu Priver.
In the 20’s and the 30’s of this century when the finance and Business trade district with the
Bund as its center was established, foreign businessmen and Chinese national capitalists began
to extend their economic activities to the Pudong area. However, inconvenient10 transportation
occasioned by river crossing greatly affected the economic development of Pudong. The long
stretch of foreign concessions11 frequented by thousands of merchants on one side of the Huangpr
River and the vast patch of natural crops on the other side formed a striking contrast.
Since 1990 when the Central Government announced the opening up and development of
Pudong, the Pudong New Area has seen astonishing progress and rapid changes in construction
and has achieved outstanding successes in economic development. High-rises have mushroomed,
combining idyllic12 scenery and modern building, which brings a brand-new Pudong into the new
century.
听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write
your answer in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Remember you will hear the
passage only once. Now let’s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
(Man) Um…if I could just take this opportunity to briefly13 summarize the company’s
attitude to the question of providing information for our employees, Well…er…we know that the
majority of employees would like more opportunity to let the company know how they feel on
things that affect them. And certainly from the surveys that we’ve done, they seem to emphasize
the value of two-way communication…er…especially at a time of change and uncertainty14 within
the company and in the outside world. Anyway, action has been set in motion to increase
face-to-face communication between managers and staff and to improve the flow of upward
communication.
Um…you also know how much we value consultation with our workforce and so we
continue to provide training facilities to enable employees who are elected to consultative
committees to perform effectively in their new role.
Now, when it comes to informing the workforce. Um…well, employees, we believe, have a
right to know the basic facts about the company, whether or not the information makes them
more efficient.
And…um…and “Information Programme” makes this possible. Well, let me just give you
one example. Er…supervisors, for instance, may need informing about new products before they
go into production.
And supervisors should also be given some outline about a company’s profit and marketing15
objectives, and about its performance related to its competitors. At the same time, of course, we
are naturally aware of the problems of giving too much information on future product plans.
Well, er…the competition may get to hear about it too soon!
But…um…but in the end we shouldn’t ignore the fact that even if the management does not
communicate with supervisors, that they and even the workers themselves will know a great deal
about what is going on, even, you know. Even if they haven’t been told formally…
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet.
Now let’s begin Part B with Listening Comprehension.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
F: Hello, da Rosa speaking.
M: Hello, Miss Rosa. This is Jesper Olsen from Dansk Electric in Copenhagen.
F: How are you, Mr. Olsen? What can I do for you?
M: I’m afraid it’s a problem about your deliveries. The last delivery you made was more than
three weeks late. We’ve had a lot of complaints from our retailers18 about this.
F: I’m sorry to hear that. Did you receive notification from our Sales Department that the
delivery was going to be late?
M: No, we didn’t. What’s the problem?
F: Really, it’s a result of our success. Demand for our radios has been so great that production
just can’t keep up with it.
M: I see. So can we expect such delays with future orders for your radio products?
F: Yes, at least for the next six months. We’re having a new factory equipped at the moment
and it should start producing then.
M: There’s no way you can increase production until then?
F: We’ve taken on some extra workers but it won’t make much difference. It’s just a question
of production capacity given the present size of our factory.
M: Yes, I can see your problem. I’ll just have to warn our retailers about that.
F: I’m very sorry our Sales Department didn’t contact you about the problem. I’ll get onto
them about this. Because of the problems this has caused you, I would like to offer you a
10% discount on this and future orders until our new factory opens.
M: That’s very reasonable of you, Miss Rosa. As this will mean a bigger profit margin19 for our
retailers, I’m sure they’ll be much happier about the situation.
F: I’m glad to hear that. I’ll confirm these details to you in a letter. Is there anything else I can
do for you at the moment ?
M: No, that’s fine. I’ll inform our retailers about the situation. And thanks very much for your
help.
F: Not at all. I’m sorry about the problem. but, as I say, things should be considerably20 better
soon.
M: Right. Well, goodbye for now.
F: Goodbye, Mr. Olsen. Thank you for your call.
Question No.1. What does Mr. Olsen complain about?
Question No.2. What has caused the problem?
Question No.3. Which product does the company turn out?
Question No.4. What is the company doing to solve the problem?
Question No.5. Which of the following statements in NOT true, according to the dialogue?
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
MANILA—Philippine inflation eased in April as a bumper21 harvest stabilized22 food costs
and interest rates fell, but could edge up again due to rising fuel and beer prices, officials and
analysts23 said yesterday.
The inflation rate as measured by the consumer price index fell to 8.0 per cent year-on-year
in April from 8.7 pre cent in March, government data showed. The decline was credited to a
bumper harvest and the easing of interest rates, which reduced production costs and resulted in
stable commodity prices.
Food items account for 55 per cent of the index. Interest rates for the benchmark 91-day
treasury bills declined from 13.459 pre cent in January to 10.051 per cent this week.
However, analysts said an impending24 increase in power rates by the state-run National Power
Corp., a recent uptick in retail17 gasoline prices could push inflation up in May.
DETROIT—General Motors, the leading US automaker on Tuesday reported a 4.2 pre cent
decline in total vehicle sales to 433,723 in April compared with the same month in 1998. Car
sales feel 4.5 per cent and truck sales 3.9 per cent, the company said in a statement here. Despite
the April performance, GM vice-president for North America sales Roy Roberts said:“We’re
going into the summer season with excellent momentum25.”
LAGOS—An outbreak of cholera26, measles27 and tuberculosis28 has claimed at least 100 lives
in Kano, northern Nigeria, in the past month, hospital sources said in reports yesterday. An
outbreak of cholera was first reported early in April when five people lost their lives, the
independent newspaper The Guardian29 reported, citing hospital sources. Mansur Mohammadu, a
medical officer in charge of the state infectious diseases hospital, said over 1,000 people have
been admitted for treatment of the three diseases in the past month. “In all honesty, the figure is
probably above that, More than 100 people have lost their lives in the outbreak,” he said.
OKLAHOMA CITY—Oklahomans spend another grim day yesterday tallying30 losses from
a devastating31 series of tornadoes32 which killed at least 43 people in the US heartland.
Governor Frank Keating, who spent much of Tuesday surveying ripped and shattered
neighbourhoods around Oklahoma City,was planning visits to several smaller, outlying towns
which appeared to have been almost wiped off the map by Monday’s furious storms.
In Mulhall, to the north, and Bridge Creek33, to the east, stunned34 townsfolk picked their way
through the rubble35 of schools, markets, and houses looking for anything to salvage36. One teacher,
surveying what had once been her mathematics classroom, choked back the tears.
In Oklahoma City’s hard-hit southern suburbs, police and National Guard troops enforced
an all-night curfew to prevent possible looting.
SYDNEY—International Olympics Committee member Phil Coles denied yesterday he
supplied the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics bid team with secret documents on IOC members,
including notes identifying some members as being open to excessive gift-taking or bribes37.
The documents, revealed in reports on Tuesday by the Australian Broadcasting Corp.,
provided Salt Lake City with a virtual blueprint38 of Sydney’s successful bid for the 2000 games
and included detailed39 notes written by Coles and his partner about individual IOC members.
The continuation of the saga40 led to new calls yesterday for Coles to resign from the Sydney
Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games (SOCOG) to prevent it acting41 as a further
deterrent to much-needed new sponsors and from hurting ticket sales, both vital to the Sydney
games budget.
Question No.6. Which of the following statements is true about recent Philippine inflation?
Question No.7. By what percentage did the total vehicle sales decline as reported by General
Motors?
Question No.8. How many people have died in a recent outbreak of infectious diseases in
Nigeria?
Question No.9. Why was an all-night curfew enforced in Oklahoma City?
Question No.10. What did an International Olympics Committee member deny doing?
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
F: Mr. Angelo, you took over running this firm when it was in a very bad way. Can you tell us
what kind of problems you had to deal with?
M: Basically, the faults were management ones. A clear marketing strategy has been developed.
Whereas before we aimed to sell our electrical products both in the lower and middle range
of the market, now our marketing is aimed solely42 at the middle range. We are not able to
compete with cheap foreign imports, so our production and marketing has been
concentrated on higher priced. Higher-profit-margin goods. Of course, to compete in this
market good quality is essential. Therefore, improving quality has been stressed very
strongly.
F: What exactly has been done to improve quality?
M: Firstly, quality control circles were introduced. Meetings of groups were held at which
suggestions were put forward about how to improve quality. As a result of one suggestion
incentive43 schemes have been introduced whereby staff receive bonuses if certain quality
targets are reached. Also a vastly increased training programme has been developed in areas
where quality was poor.
F: You’ve been in charge of the company for two years now, Mr. Angelo; what is the
company’s present situation?
M: We’ve begun to turn the corner. After several years of heavy lonsses we hope to break even
this year. To do this we’ve had to reduce the work-force considerably but now we can offer
greater job security to our remaining staff. We’re also hoping to pay a dividend44 next year if
the present improvement continues.
F: So would you say the future prospects45 of the company are good?
M: We are hopeful. A lot remains46 to be done, of course, but we think that the new products we
are developing will greatly improve our prospects. For example, a great deal of interest has
already been shown in our satellite TV dish which has just been placed on the market. I
think those investors47 who’ve continued to support us will be rewarded by a substantial rise
in the company’s share price in the near future.
F: Thank you very much of your comments, Mr. Angelo.
M: You’re welcome.
Question No.11. Which of the following is NOT a problem faced by the company, when Mr.
Angelo took over?
Question No.12 What measure has been taken in relation to marketing?
Question No.13 Why have incentive schemes been introduced, according to Mr. Angelo?
Question No.14 When did Mr. Angelo take over the management of the firm?
Question No.15 What is expected of the company’s situation this year?
Question 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
The North American continent consisting of the United States and Canada covers an area of
approximately 7,300,000 square miles. Within this area live about 266 million people. 240
milion in the United States and 25 and a half million in Canada. So many people, living in such a
great area, are naturally different in many ways. If you have traveled around North American or
if you have talked with people from different parts of this continent, then surely you have
obvious differences are in people’s pronunciation, but there are also some differences in
grammar and many differences in vocabulary from region to region. In today’s lecture we are
going to look at some interesting examples of all three types of differences, beginning with
pronunciation, or what you might call “accent”.
Certain accents are easy to recognize because they contain features that are unique to a
particular region of the continent. Let me give you three examples. You can almost always
recognize English-speaking Canadians because they have a special way of pronouncing the
sound that is usually spelled o-u. so, while people in the United States say out, about and around,
Canadians pronounce these words as owt, abowt, and arownd. Can you hear the difference?
Another accent that is fairly easy to identify is that of New York City. Many New Yorkers
pronounce the / a / sound almost as if it were spelled / owu /. Listen to the difference: coffee, / ;
dog, / dowug / ; because / becowuz /. Some New Yorkers also add an / r / sound to many vowel
sounds, such as law and order, pronouncing it/ lawr en order. New Yorkers also say ideer instead
of idea and Afriker instead of Africa. People from Boston, on the other hand say aant and haaf
the way the British do, but in most other places people say aunt and half. Bostonians also drop
most of their r’s. Have you ever heard someone say he was going to pahk the cah? This person
was probably from the Boston area.
Let’s go on now to some differences in grammar. Actually there isn’t much variation in
grammar from region to region. Some variation in spoken grammar, as in the use of the simple
past tense, is acceptable; for example, in some areas it’s normal for people to say I ketched a fish
instead of I caught a fish. But I want to emphasize that we are dealing49 here with spoken grammar,
since, as you know, written English is the same everywhere; it is what we call standard English.
Finally, let’s talk about some vocabulary differences. These are fun to examine. For
example, when you go to the supermarket, what do you carry your groceries home in? In
California, your answer would be a paper bag. In the eastern United States, you would call it a
paper sack; but in the area of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, you would call it a poke16! Another
example: For dinner, do you like to eat green beans, string beans, or snap beans? They are, in
fact, the same thing, but each name is used in different geographical50 areas. As you can see, in
North America differences in the names of objects are determined51 by geography and not by
social or economic class as they are in some other countries.
I want to say, in conclusion, that I have given you just a handful of examples of regional
differences in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary in the United States and Canada. There
are naturally hundreds of such differences. But in spite of these differences, North Americans do
not have much trouble understanding one another, even if they come from places that are as far
apart as, say, the northern part of Canada and south Texas. The linguistic52 differences are simply
not great enough to interfere53 with our ability to communicate with one another.
Question No.16. Which of the following statements best summarizes the lecture?
Question No.17 Which group of people add an / r / sound to many vowels48?
Question No.18 Which of the following statements is true concerning the grammar of
English spoken in North America?
Question No.19 What determines vocabulary differences in North American English?
Question No.20. What is meant by “standard English”, according to this lecture?
SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate answer booklet. You are required
to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your answer booklet until after
you have listened to the talk. Now listen to the talk carefully.
Let’s imagine that an American businessman has to go to Paris on a business trip. On the
morning of the trip he gets into his single-seat car that gets more than a hundred per gallon. He
drives it into an automated54, moving traffic lane that takes him directly to a “railport,” or train
station. He leaves his car there and gets on a train that travels at three hundred miles per hour.
Within a few minutes, he arrives at the airport. He and a thousand other passengers get on a
plane that is made almost entirely55 of plastic.
Computers control the plane, which travels at supersonic speed, so our businessman is in
Paris in less than three hours.
Does this description sound fantastic to you? Well, according to transportation experts, we
can expect many changes in transportation technology in the twenty-first century. All the forms
of transportation that we use today will still be popular, but they will be very different in design,
materials, and technology. In today’s lecture, we’re going to look at how these familiar modes of
transportation will change in the next fifty to a hundred years.
Naturally, we will start by talking about the automobile56, which will still be the most
important method of getting around just as it is toady57. But of course, we can expect many
improvements. First of all, our cars will become totally electronic. They will routinely “talk” to
us, reminding us to turn off our lights, get gas, or fix something. Of course, every car will have a
telephone. In addition, the cars of the future will be smaller and more economical. We will
probably continue to use gasoline for fuel at least until the end of the century, but gasoline
mileage will probably go up to seventy-five or one hundred miles per gallon.
Besides the car, several other well-known methods of transportation will be very important
for traveling in cities. First, many people will use subways and other rapid transit58 systems, even
though they will be expensive. Second, bus service will increase. The new buses will look
different from today’s and will be able to carry up to a hundred and fifty people. During rush
hours, they will travel in special bus lanes or maybe even on separate roads especially for buses.
Third, for short trips, there will be many “people moves.” These are sidewalks that move at ten
or fifteen miles per hour. In fact, they already exist today in many modern airports.
Now, for long-distance traveling between cities, buses will still be the cheapest way, but
they will probably be more comfortable than they are today. Imagine a bus with sleeper60 seats,
video games, movies, and even meal service. Buses will change a lot, but trains will change even
more. For one thing, they will be extremely fast. Trains of the future will not travel on rails as
they do today; instead, they will move above the tracks, which will allow them to go as fast as
two hundred and fifty or three hundred miles per hour. With such a train, a trip between
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Chicago, Illinois, would take just half an hour. In the twenty-first
century, people will easily be able to live in one state and work in another.
We can conclude that land transportation will be faster and more comfortable than it is
today. What about air travel? First the airplanes of the future will be made of plastic. As a result,
they will be quieter, faster, cleaner, and more economical. Thy will also be larger, carrying up to
a thousand people. Planes will all have computers as pilots, although there will sleeping
arrangements will be more comfortable than they are today. In addition, each passenger will
have a private T. V. set in the back of the seat in front of him.
With all these improvements in transportation systems, we can predict that in the
twenty-first century, people will travel more often and farther than they do now. Our world will
become a smaller place, and there will probably be much more contact between people from
different cultures than there is today.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the
sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write
your version in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Now let’s begin Part B
with Sentence Translation.
Sentence No.1. Could we have a quick word about the sales conference? I’d like to see
everything will be OK by the end of this month.
Sentence No.2. Women in china now receive equal pay for equal work and ninety percent of
all Chinese women work as truck drivers, scientists and most other
traditionally “male” jobs.
Sentence No.3. Until the twentieth century, the majority of blacks lived in the southern part
of the United States. Thus, prejudice against blacks is often associated with
the south.
Sentence No.4. In 1997, the number of poor whites increased to 11.5%, while 28% of black
families were considered poor and received food coupons61 regularly.
Sentence No.5. People in this age group have to borrow money to pay for houses or
apartment, and they also spend a lot of money on furniture and appliances.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passages
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your answer booklet. You may take notes while you are listening.
Now let’s begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Passage 1:
We Americans are incredibly lazy. Instead of cooking a simple, nourishing meal, we pop a
frozen dinner into the oven. Instead of studying a daily newspaper, we are contented62 with the
capsule summaries on the network news. Worst of all, instead of walking even a few blocks to
the local convenience store, we jump into our cars. This dependence63 on the automobile, even for
short trips, has robbed us of the valuable experience of walking. If we drove less and walked
more, we would save money, become healthier, and discover fascinating things about our
surroundings.
Passage 1:
Physical activity is for kids. Adults don’t have time to hit a baseball or run around a field, or
to do aerobics64 and lift weights in a gym. They have to earn a living, raise, raise families, and
save money for retirement65. They can leave exercise to their children. I firmly believed this until
one morning, when, late for work, I ran after a bus. My heart pounded; my lungs gasped66; my
head swam. Then, I realized I wouldn’t be around to do my job, support my family, or enjoy
retirement unless I got into the habit of doing something physical to maintain my health. Regular
exercise can rejuvenate67 your body, refresh your mind, and broaden your interests.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 consultation VZAyq     
n.咨询;商量;商议;会议
参考例句:
  • The company has promised wide consultation on its expansion plans.该公司允诺就其扩展计划广泛征求意见。
  • The scheme was developed in close consultation with the local community.该计划是在同当地社区密切磋商中逐渐形成的。
2 workforce workforce     
n.劳动大军,劳动力
参考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
3 supervisors 80530f394132f10fbf245e5fb15e2667     
n.监督者,管理者( supervisor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • I think the best technical people make the best supervisors. 我认为最好的技术人员可以成为最好的管理人员。 来自辞典例句
  • Even the foremen or first-level supervisors have a staffing responsibility. 甚至领班或第一线的监督人员也有任用的责任。 来自辞典例句
4 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
5 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
6 costly 7zXxh     
adj.昂贵的,价值高的,豪华的
参考例句:
  • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.维修这么一幢房子一定很昂贵。
  • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.这本词典很有用,左不过贵了些。
7 high-tech high-tech     
adj.高科技的
参考例句:
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
8 smoothly iiUzLG     
adv.平滑地,顺利地,流利地,流畅地
参考例句:
  • The workmen are very cooperative,so the work goes on smoothly.工人们十分合作,所以工作进展顺利。
  • Just change one or two words and the sentence will read smoothly.这句话只要动一两个字就顺了。
9 maturity 47nzh     
n.成熟;完成;(支票、债券等)到期
参考例句:
  • These plants ought to reach maturity after five years.这些植物五年后就该长成了。
  • This is the period at which the body attains maturity.这是身体发育成熟的时期。
10 inconvenient m4hy5     
adj.不方便的,令人感到麻烦的
参考例句:
  • You have come at a very inconvenient time.你来得最不适时。
  • Will it be inconvenient for him to attend that meeting?他参加那次会议会不方便吗?
11 concessions 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9     
n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
参考例句:
  • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
  • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
12 idyllic lk1yv     
adj.质朴宜人的,田园风光的
参考例句:
  • These scenes had an idyllic air.这种情景多少有点田园气氛。
  • Many people living in big cities yearn for an idyllic country life.现在的很多都市人向往那种田园化的生活。
13 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
14 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
15 marketing Boez7e     
n.行销,在市场的买卖,买东西
参考例句:
  • They are developing marketing network.他们正在发展销售网络。
  • He often goes marketing.他经常去市场做生意。
16 poke 5SFz9     
n.刺,戳,袋;vt.拨开,刺,戳;vi.戳,刺,捅,搜索,伸出,行动散慢
参考例句:
  • We never thought she would poke her nose into this.想不到她会插上一手。
  • Don't poke fun at me.别拿我凑趣儿。
17 retail VWoxC     
v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格
参考例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售香烟和糖果。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
18 retailers 08ff8df43efeef1abfd3410ef6661c95     
零售商,零售店( retailer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • High street retailers reported a marked increase in sales before Christmas. 商业街的零售商报告说圣诞节前销售量显著提高。
  • Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose. 零售商有为他们提供符合要求的货品的法定义务。
19 margin 67Mzp     
n.页边空白;差额;余地,余裕;边,边缘
参考例句:
  • We allowed a margin of 20 minutes in catching the train.我们有20分钟的余地赶火车。
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
20 considerably 0YWyQ     
adv.极大地;相当大地;在很大程度上
参考例句:
  • The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  • The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
21 bumper jssz8     
n.(汽车上的)保险杠;adj.特大的,丰盛的
参考例句:
  • The painting represents the scene of a bumper harvest.这幅画描绘了丰收的景象。
  • This year we have a bumper harvest in grain.今年我们谷物丰收。
22 stabilized 02f3efdac3635abcf70576f3b5d20e56     
v.(使)稳定, (使)稳固( stabilize的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The patient's condition stabilized. 患者的病情稳定下来。
  • His blood pressure has stabilized. 他的血压已经稳定下来了。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
23 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
24 impending 3qHzdb     
a.imminent, about to come or happen
参考例句:
  • Against a background of impending famine, heavy fighting took place. 即将发生饥荒之时,严重的战乱爆发了。
  • The king convoke parliament to cope with the impending danger. 国王召开国会以应付迫近眉睫的危险。
25 momentum DjZy8     
n.动力,冲力,势头;动量
参考例句:
  • We exploit the energy and momentum conservation laws in this way.我们就是这样利用能量和动量守恒定律的。
  • The law of momentum conservation could supplant Newton's third law.动量守恒定律可以取代牛顿第三定律。
26 cholera rbXyf     
n.霍乱
参考例句:
  • The cholera outbreak has been contained.霍乱的发生已被控制住了。
  • Cholera spread like wildfire through the camps.霍乱在营地里迅速传播。
27 measles Bw8y9     
n.麻疹,风疹,包虫病,痧子
参考例句:
  • The doctor is quite definite about Tom having measles.医生十分肯定汤姆得了麻疹。
  • The doctor told her to watch out for symptoms of measles.医生叫她注意麻疹出现的症状。
28 tuberculosis bprym     
n.结核病,肺结核
参考例句:
  • People used to go to special health spring to recover from tuberculosis.人们常去温泉疗养胜地治疗肺结核。
  • Tuberculosis is a curable disease.肺结核是一种可治愈的病。
29 guardian 8ekxv     
n.监护人;守卫者,保护者
参考例句:
  • The form must be signed by the child's parents or guardian. 这张表格须由孩子的家长或监护人签字。
  • The press is a guardian of the public weal. 报刊是公共福利的卫护者。
30 tallying 15a874f08059a9770f1372b280d6754d     
v.计算,清点( tally的现在分词 );加标签(或标记)于;(使)符合;(使)吻合
参考例句:
  • In 2007 the state set a U.S. record, tallying 141 twisters. 该州在2007年以总计出现了141个龙卷风而创下了一个美国记录。 来自互联网
  • We charge extra fee at 100% of the rates of tallying fees. 我们按理货收费率的100%收取附加费。 来自互联网
31 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
32 tornadoes d428421c5237427db20a5bcb22937389     
n.龙卷风,旋风( tornado的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Tornadoes, severe earthquakes, and plagues create wide spread havoc. 龙卷风、大地震和瘟疫成普遍的毁坏。 来自互联网
  • Meteorologists are at odds over the working of tornadoes. 气象学者对龙卷风的运动方式看法不一。 来自互联网
33 creek 3orzL     
n.小溪,小河,小湾
参考例句:
  • He sprang through the creek.他跳过小河。
  • People sunbathe in the nude on the rocks above the creek.人们在露出小溪的岩石上裸体晒日光浴。
34 stunned 735ec6d53723be15b1737edd89183ec2     
adj. 震惊的,惊讶的 动词stun的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • The fall stunned me for a moment. 那一下摔得我昏迷了片刻。
  • The leaders of the Kopper Company were then stunned speechless. 科伯公司的领导们当时被惊得目瞪口呆。
35 rubble 8XjxP     
n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake,it took months to clean up the rubble.地震后,花了数月才清理完瓦砾。
  • After the war many cities were full of rubble.战后许多城市到处可见颓垣残壁。
36 salvage ECHzB     
v.救助,营救,援救;n.救助,营救
参考例句:
  • All attempts to salvage the wrecked ship failed.抢救失事船只的一切努力都失败了。
  • The salvage was piled upon the pier.抢救出的财产被堆放在码头上。
37 bribes f3132f875c572eefabf4271b3ea7b2ca     
n.贿赂( bribe的名词复数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂v.贿赂( bribe的第三人称单数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • corrupt officials accepting bribes 接受贿赂的贪官污吏
38 blueprint 6Rky6     
n.蓝图,设计图,计划;vt.制成蓝图,计划
参考例句:
  • All the machine parts on a blueprint must answer each other.设计图上所有的机器部件都应互相配合。
  • The documents contain a blueprint for a nuclear device.文件内附有一张核装置的设计蓝图。
39 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
40 saga aCez4     
n.(尤指中世纪北欧海盗的)故事,英雄传奇
参考例句:
  • The saga of Flight 19 is probably the most repeated story about the Bermuda Triangle.飞行19中队的传说或许是有关百慕大三角最重复的故事。
  • The novel depicts the saga of a family.小说描绘了一个家族的传奇故事。
41 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
42 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  • Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  • The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
43 incentive j4zy9     
n.刺激;动力;鼓励;诱因;动机
参考例句:
  • Money is still a major incentive in most occupations.在许多职业中,钱仍是主要的鼓励因素。
  • He hasn't much incentive to work hard.他没有努力工作的动机。
44 dividend Fk7zv     
n.红利,股息;回报,效益
参考例句:
  • The company was forced to pass its dividend.该公司被迫到期不分红。
  • The first quarter dividend has been increased by nearly 4 per cent.第一季度的股息增长了近 4%。
45 prospects fkVzpY     
n.希望,前途(恒为复数)
参考例句:
  • There is a mood of pessimism in the company about future job prospects. 公司中有一种对工作前景悲观的情绪。
  • They are less sanguine about the company's long-term prospects. 他们对公司的远景不那么乐观。
46 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
47 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
48 vowels 6c36433ab3f13c49838853205179fe8b     
n.元音,元音字母( vowel的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比辅音响亮。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Note the various sounds of vowels followed by r. 注意r跟随的各种元音的发音。 来自超越目标英语 第3册
49 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
50 geographical Cgjxb     
adj.地理的;地区(性)的
参考例句:
  • The current survey will have a wider geographical spread.当前的调查将在更广泛的地域范围內进行。
  • These birds have a wide geographical distribution.这些鸟的地理分布很广。
51 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
52 linguistic k0zxn     
adj.语言的,语言学的
参考例句:
  • She is pursuing her linguistic researches.她在从事语言学的研究。
  • The ability to write is a supreme test of linguistic competence.写作能力是对语言能力的最高形式的测试。
53 interfere b5lx0     
v.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰
参考例句:
  • If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少。
  • When others interfere in the affair,it always makes troubles. 别人一卷入这一事件,棘手的事情就来了。
54 automated fybzf9     
a.自动化的
参考例句:
  • The entire manufacturing process has been automated. 整个生产过程已自动化。
  • Automated Highway System (AHS) is recently regarded as one subsystem of Intelligent Transport System (ITS). 近年来自动公路系统(Automated Highway System,AHS),作为智能运输系统的子系统之一越来越受到重视。
55 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
56 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
57 toady CJ8zr     
v.奉承;n.谄媚者,马屁精
参考例句:
  • He flung it in my teeth that I was a toady.他责备我是个马屁精。
  • Arrogance has no defense against a toady.傲慢防不了谄媚者。
58 transit MglzVT     
n.经过,运输;vt.穿越,旋转;vi.越过
参考例句:
  • His luggage was lost in transit.他的行李在运送中丢失。
  • The canal can transit a total of 50 ships daily.这条运河每天能通过50条船。
59 tenor LIxza     
n.男高音(歌手),次中音(乐器),要旨,大意
参考例句:
  • The tenor of his speech was that war would come.他讲话的大意是战争将要发生。
  • The four parts in singing are soprano,alto,tenor and bass.唱歌的四个声部是女高音、女低音、男高音和男低音。
60 sleeper gETyT     
n.睡眠者,卧车,卧铺
参考例句:
  • I usually go up to London on the sleeper. 我一般都乘卧车去伦敦。
  • But first he explained that he was a very heavy sleeper. 但首先他解释说自己睡觉很沉。
61 coupons 28882724d375042a7b19db1e976cb622     
n.礼券( coupon的名词复数 );优惠券;订货单;参赛表
参考例句:
  • The company gives away free coupons for drinks or other items. 公司为饮料或其它项目发放免费赠券。 来自辞典例句
  • Do you have any coupons? 你们有优惠卡吗? 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 口语
62 contented Gvxzof     
adj.满意的,安心的,知足的
参考例句:
  • He won't be contented until he's upset everyone in the office.不把办公室里的每个人弄得心烦意乱他就不会满足。
  • The people are making a good living and are contented,each in his station.人民安居乐业。
63 dependence 3wsx9     
n.依靠,依赖;信任,信赖;隶属
参考例句:
  • Doctors keep trying to break her dependence of the drug.医生们尽力使她戒除毒瘾。
  • He was freed from financial dependence on his parents.他在经济上摆脱了对父母的依赖。
64 aerobics Bznzhw     
n.健身操,健美操,韵律操
参考例句:
  • Doing aerobics is a good way to improve one's health.做有氧健身操是改善健康状况的一个好方法。
  • Aren't you going to the aerobics class this morning?今天上午你不是去上有氧运动课吗?
65 retirement TWoxH     
n.退休,退职
参考例句:
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。
66 gasped e6af294d8a7477229d6749fa9e8f5b80     
v.喘气( gasp的过去式和过去分词 );喘息;倒抽气;很想要
参考例句:
  • She gasped at the wonderful view. 如此美景使她惊讶得屏住了呼吸。
  • People gasped with admiration at the superb skill of the gymnasts. 体操运动员的高超技艺令人赞叹。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
67 rejuvenate oVVxn     
v.(使)返老还童;(使)恢复活力
参考例句:
  • The mountain air will rejuvenate you.山里的空气会使你恢复活力。
  • Exercise is perhaps the most effective way to rejuvenate your skin.锻炼可能是使皮肤恢复活力的最好手段。
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