英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

99.9b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

时间:2005-12-12 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:1234567890   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You are
required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your ANSWER
BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk.
Many changes are expected to take place in transportation ________(1) in the twenty-first
century. The present forms of transportation will be very different in design, ________(2) and
technology. The automobile2 will remain the most important method of travelling, but it will
become totally _________(3) and have a telephone. It will be smaller and more _________(4).
Gasoline mileage3 may rise to one hundred miles per gallon. Other methods of transportation in
cities will include __________(5) and other rapid transit4 systems, buses and “people movers.”
__________(6) will still be the cheapest way for long-distance travelling between cities, but they
will be more ___________(7), with sleeper5 seats, video games, ___________(8) and even
___________(9) services. Trains will change even more: they will move ___________(10) the
tracks and will probably at a speed of ___________(11) miles per hour. The airplanes of the
future will be _____________(12), faster, _________(13) and more economical, because they
will be made of _____________(14). They will carry as many as 1,000 passengers and have
computers as __________(15). In the passenger area, ____________(16) arrangements will be
more comfortable and each passenger will have a private ____________(17). So in the new
century our world will become smaller, because people will travel more ___________(18) and
___________(19) than they do today. There will be much more contact between people from
different __________(20).
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, your will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the
sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your
version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(3)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(4)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(5)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only
once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_______
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passages and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~3
Centuries of baffling legal terminology6 will be laid to rest next week in one of the biggest
shake ups in civil court history. From Monday, people bringing cases will be known as claimants
not “plaintiffs” while a “writ1” will become a claim form. Lay people will no longer have to
struggle with baffling Latin words and phrases in an already confusing legal system. The
changes, part of the “big bang” in civil legal procedure, are being driven by the Lord
Chancellor's Department after recommendations from Lord Wolf, the Master of the Rolls.
A spokesman for the department said “This will make the law easier to follow ,taking out
the more difficult language and replacing it with words and phrases which people can
understand.” He likened the problem to receiving a quote from a plumber7 or builder where
those inexperienced in such matters tended to go along with the technical detail without really
understanding what is being proposed. As an illustration he added :“People don't like declaring
that they don't understand something, so that when a lawyer says they have to sign an affidavit8 (a
written statement in the new language) they agree without knowing what it is.”
Chrissie Maher, founder9 director of the Plain English Campaign, has been lobbying for 30
years to get the courts to simplify their language. Two thousand Plain English members will be
in court on Monday to make sure that the lawyers sick to the new language. Ms Maher said
many people who spent years involved in litigation could not understand the outcome of their
case because it was told to them in legal jargon10. She said: “It's humiliating for people who have
to pay for the privilege of listening to lawyers.” And she added: “It cannot stop here, the
criminal courts must change now.”
Monday's changeover includes new procedures which will allow court users a “fast-track”
option for small cases and a more hands-on approach by the judges aimed at saving time and
money. Ian Magee, chief executive of the Court Service, said: “We hope the civil justice
reforms will make courts easier to use. The replacement11 of legal and Latin terms with plain
English phrases is part and parcel of that process. Many current terms are confusing and difficult
to understand for people who do not use courts regularly and we hope the new phrases will help
people follow proceedings12 more easily.”
For the first time, all 226 county courts in England and Wales will be closed tomorrow to
allow installation of software to accommodate the new vocabulary and the other changes.
Ian Walker, president of the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers, said that while he
welcomed the reforms he thought Monday would cause many problems for lawyers not fully
acquainted with the new procedures. “It's all very well expecting us to be proactive and
dynamic but if the technology can't deal with the changes then there will be problems.”
Some lawyers have expressed sadness at the end of a language they have spent all their
working lives getting to understand. But there will be a period of grace for those who find
difficulty in breaking old habits and cannot adjust immediately to speaking in plain English.
1. Why does the spokesman for the Lord Chancellor's Department make the comparison between
plumber / builder and lawyer?
2. Explain briefly13 the Plain English Campaign and the major procedures of the civil justice
reforms.
3. What are the responses of lawyers to the language reform?
Questions 4~6
Legs are a funny business. Especially if you are trying to turn them on an expensive,
computerised Italian wood-working machine but do not have the skills to program it properly—
as one small Essex company found to its cost.
Until Dr. David Hall took over as director, the 20 employee Thames Gateway14
Technology Centre—manufacturer of reproduction furniture in Loughton—was about to spend a
fortune on diamond-tipped tools to keep the machines running.
Working the machines at the wrong speeds was destroying conventional tools and the
company knew in ,but could not afford to send its staff to Italy for training.
Dr. Hall had the answer. The university of East London had technology students who were
learning exactly the computer aided design skills the company needed.
Why not let them work for the company half a day a week? They would get exposure to
employment skills, argued Dr. Hall, and at the same time solve the company's technical
problems.
The scheme was so successful that the university is building it into a final-year project, and
helped inspire a government-backed initiative in east London to encourage high-tech15 enterprise
in the area through technology transfer.
It is hoped this move will lead to the regeneration of a region that has been badly hit by
industrial decline, high unemployment and the lack of information technology skills to support
new businesses.
The Thames Gateway Technology Centre was founded last summer with the help of a ま
7.8m government grant from the Single Regeneration Challenge Fund. It will act as an agency to
transfer technology and skills from higher education centres in London's East End to the local
community.
The centre will make available the resources and expertise16 of three east London universities
—the University of East London, Queen Mary & Westfield College and the London Guildhall
University.
It is also working with other east London business agencies to provide start-up companies
with access to business advice, training, technology support and financial backing.
Housed at the University of East London's campus in Stratford, the centre will move to the
university's new ま40m Docklands campus opening in September, overlooking the runway of
the London City Airport.
There, 1,00 square-metre site has been set aside for a technology park, consisting of
28incubator units to house new company start-ups.
As start-ups quickly outgrow17 the units Dr. Hall hopes they will move across to the Royal
Business Park being developed next to the university campus.
“We want technology transfer to increase jobs locally, so we are looking at applied
technology—applications which can make use of the area's large semi-skilled and unskilled
workforce, rater than importing professional jobs, as happened in the development of Canary
Wharf,” says Dr. Hall.
The truth about technology transfer, he says, is shat if you shut an academic and a business
person in a room for an eternity18, such a transfer does not take place naturally. “We need an
intermediary that will act as a catalyst19 for that technology transfer. The technology centre will do
that.”
Dr. Hall became the technology centre’s first director last year after 15 years working in and
running small industrial firms. Typically, he says, many start-up companies do not have any
technology capability20. “They have a guy with a good idea who wants to get that idea to market.
What they are not doing is looking round the corner at the next product to follow and the
technology needed.”
In many areas of the country there is a pool of skilled labour they can call on later to do that.
But east London does not have that technology platform, says Dr. Hall.
4. What does the initial sentence “Legs are a funny business.” mean? What is the role of the
first paragraph in the passage?
5. Introduce briefly the Thames Gateway Technology Centre.
6. What do you know about the “technology transfer” discussed in the passage?
Questions 7~10
The national outpouring after the Littleton shootings has forced us to confront something
we have suspected for a long time: The American high school is obsolete21 and should be
abolished.
In the last month, High school students present and past have come forward with stories
about cliques22 and the artificial intensity23 of a world defined by insiders and outsiders, in which
the insiders hold sway because of superficial definitions of attractiveness, popularity and sports
prowess.
Indeed, a community's loyalty24 to the high school system is often based on the extent to
which varsity teams succeed. High school administrators25 and faculty26 members are often former
coaches, and the coaches them-selves are placed in a separate, untouchable category. The result
is that the culture of the inside elite27 is not contested by the adults in the school. Individuality and
dissent are discouraged.
But the rules of high school turn out not to be the rules of life. Often, the high school
outsider becomes the more successful and admired adult. The definitions of masculinity and
femininity go through sufficient transformation28 to make the game of popularity in high school an
embarrassment.
Given the poor quality of recruitment and training for high school teachers, it is no wonder
that the curriculum and the enterprise of learning hold so little sway over young people.
When puberty meets education and learning in the modern United States, the victory of
puberty masquerading as popular culture and the tyranny of peer groups based on ludicrous
values meet little resistance.
By the time those who graduate from high school go on to college and realize what really is
at stake in becoming an adult, too many opportunities have been lost and too much time has been
wasted. Most thoughtful young people suffer the high school environment in silence and in their
junior and senior years mark time waiting for college to begin.
But the primary reason high school doesn't work anymore, if it ever did, is that young
people mature substantially earlier in the late 20th century than they did when the high school
was invented. For example, the age of first menstruation has dropped at least two years since the
beginning of this century and, not surprisingly, sexual activity has begun earlier in proportion.
An institution intended for children in transition now holds back young adults well beyond the
developmental point for which high school was originally designed.
Furthermore, whatever constraints29 on the presumption30 of adulthood31 existed decades ago
have fallen away. Information and images, as well as the real and virtual freedom of movement
we associate with adulthood, are now accessible to every 16-year-old.
Secondary education must be rethought. Elementary school should begin at age 4 to 5 end
with the sixth grade. We Americans should entirely32 abandon the concept of the middle school
and junior high school. Beginning with the seventh grade, there should be four years of
secondary education that we may call high school. Young people should graduate at 16, not 18.
They could then enter the real world of work or national service, in which they would take a
place of responsibility alongside older adults. They could stay at home and attend junior college,
or they could go away to college.
At 16, young Americans are prepared to be taken seriously and to develop the motivations
and interests that will serve them well in adult life. They need to enter a world in which they are
not in a lunchroom with only their peers. estranged33 from other age groups and cut off from the
game of life as it is really played.
There is nothing utopian about this idea—it is immensely practical and efficient, and its
implementation is long overdue34. We need to face biological and cultural facts and not prolong
the life of a flawed institution that is out of date.
7. Explain the statement “the curriculum and the enterprise of learning hold so little sway over
young people.”(para. 5)
8. Why does the author suggest that American high school “Should be abolished”? Give some
of the major reasons according to the passage.
9. Why does the author suggest that “Young people should graduate at16, not 18”?
10. Explain briefly the statement “the rules of high school turn out to be the rules of life.” (para.
4)
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
黄浦江纵横南北,把上海分为两部分,浦东因位于黄浦江以东而得名。本世纪20~30
年代,随着以外滩为核心的金融、商贸区的建立,外商和我国民族酱家开始把经济活动伸
向浦东地区。但黄浦江的阻隔,极大地影响了浦东的经济发展。浦江两岸形成了一边是万
商云集的十里洋场,一边是以自然农作物为主的大片农田的鲜明对照。
自1990 年中央宣布开放浦东以来,浦东新区的建设日新月异,突飞猛进。高楼大厦
如雨后春笋,拔地而地,田园风光和现代建筑交相辉映,浦东正以崭新的面貌跨入新世纪。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 writ iojyr     
n.命令状,书面命令
参考例句:
  • This is a copy of a writ I received this morning.这是今早我收到的书面命令副本。
  • You shouldn't treat the newspapers as if they were Holy Writ. 你不应该把报上说的话奉若神明。
2 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
3 mileage doOzUs     
n.里程,英里数;好处,利润
参考例句:
  • He doesn't think there's any mileage in that type of advertising.他认为做那种广告毫无效益。
  • What mileage has your car done?你的汽车跑了多少英里?
4 transit MglzVT     
n.经过,运输;vt.穿越,旋转;vi.越过
参考例句:
  • His luggage was lost in transit.他的行李在运送中丢失。
  • The canal can transit a total of 50 ships daily.这条运河每天能通过50条船。
5 sleeper gETyT     
n.睡眠者,卧车,卧铺
参考例句:
  • I usually go up to London on the sleeper. 我一般都乘卧车去伦敦。
  • But first he explained that he was a very heavy sleeper. 但首先他解释说自己睡觉很沉。
6 terminology spmwD     
n.术语;专有名词
参考例句:
  • He particularly criticized the terminology in the document.他特别批评了文件中使用的术语。
  • The article uses rather specialized musical terminology.这篇文章用了相当专业的音乐术语。
7 plumber f2qzM     
n.(装修水管的)管子工
参考例句:
  • Have you asked the plumber to come and look at the leaking pipe?你叫管道工来检查漏水的管子了吗?
  • The plumber screwed up the tap by means of a spanner.管子工用板手把龙头旋紧。
8 affidavit 4xWzh     
n.宣誓书
参考例句:
  • I gave an affidavit to the judge about the accident I witnessed.我向法官提交了一份关于我目击的事故的证词。
  • The affidavit was formally read to the court.书面证词正式向出席法庭的人宣读了。
9 Founder wigxF     
n.创始者,缔造者
参考例句:
  • He was extolled as the founder of their Florentine school.他被称颂为佛罗伦萨画派的鼻祖。
  • According to the old tradition,Romulus was the founder of Rome.按照古老的传说,罗穆卢斯是古罗马的建国者。
10 jargon I3sxk     
n.术语,行话
参考例句:
  • They will not hear critics with their horrible jargon.他们不愿意听到评论家们那些可怕的行话。
  • It is important not to be overawed by the mathematical jargon.要紧的是不要被数学的术语所吓倒.
11 replacement UVxxM     
n.取代,替换,交换;替代品,代用品
参考例句:
  • We are hard put to find a replacement for our assistant.我们很难找到一个人来代替我们的助手。
  • They put all the students through the replacement examination.他们让所有的学生参加分班考试。
12 proceedings Wk2zvX     
n.进程,过程,议程;诉讼(程序);公报
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
13 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
14 gateway GhFxY     
n.大门口,出入口,途径,方法
参考例句:
  • Hard work is the gateway to success.努力工作是通往成功之路。
  • A man collected tolls at the gateway.一个人在大门口收通行费。
15 high-tech high-tech     
adj.高科技的
参考例句:
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
16 expertise fmTx0     
n.专门知识(或技能等),专长
参考例句:
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
17 outgrow YJ8xE     
vt.长大得使…不再适用;成长得不再要
参考例句:
  • The little girl will outgrow her fear of pet animals.小女孩慢慢长大后就不会在怕宠物了。
  • Children who walk in their sleep usually outgrow the habit.梦游的孩子通常在长大后这个习惯自然消失。
18 eternity Aiwz7     
n.不朽,来世;永恒,无穷
参考例句:
  • The dull play seemed to last an eternity.这场乏味的剧似乎演个没完没了。
  • Finally,Ying Tai and Shan Bo could be together for all of eternity.英台和山伯终能双宿双飞,永世相随。
19 catalyst vOVzu     
n.催化剂,造成变化的人或事
参考例句:
  • A catalyst is a substance which speeds up a chemical reaction.催化剂是一种能加速化学反应的物质。
  • The workers'demand for better conditions was a catalyst for social change.工人们要求改善工作条件促进了社会变革。
20 capability JsGzZ     
n.能力;才能;(pl)可发展的能力或特性等
参考例句:
  • She has the capability to become a very fine actress.她有潜力成为杰出演员。
  • Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability.组织整个部门是他能力以外的事。
21 obsolete T5YzH     
adj.已废弃的,过时的
参考例句:
  • These goods are obsolete and will not fetch much on the market.这些货品过时了,在市场上卖不了高价。
  • They tried to hammer obsolete ideas into the young people's heads.他们竭力把陈旧思想灌输给青年。
22 cliques 5c4ad705fea1aae5fc295ede865b8921     
n.小集团,小圈子,派系( clique的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • All traitorous persons and cliques came to no good end. 所有的叛徒及叛徒集团都没好下场。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They formed cliques and carried arms expansion and war preparations. 他们拉帮结派,扩军备战。 来自互联网
23 intensity 45Ixd     
n.强烈,剧烈;强度;烈度
参考例句:
  • I didn't realize the intensity of people's feelings on this issue.我没有意识到这一问题能引起群情激奋。
  • The strike is growing in intensity.罢工日益加剧。
24 loyalty gA9xu     
n.忠诚,忠心
参考例句:
  • She told him the truth from a sense of loyalty.她告诉他真相是出于忠诚。
  • His loyalty to his friends was never in doubt.他对朋友的一片忠心从来没受到怀疑。
25 administrators d04952b3df94d47c04fc2dc28396a62d     
n.管理者( administrator的名词复数 );有管理(或行政)才能的人;(由遗嘱检验法庭指定的)遗产管理人;奉派暂管主教教区的牧师
参考例句:
  • He had administrators under him but took the crucial decisions himself. 他手下有管理人员,但重要的决策仍由他自己来做。 来自辞典例句
  • Administrators have their own methods of social intercourse. 办行政的人有他们的社交方式。 来自汉英文学 - 围城
26 faculty HhkzK     
n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员
参考例句:
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
27 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  • The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  • We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
28 transformation SnFwO     
n.变化;改造;转变
参考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大学使她的观念发生了巨大的变化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由单身汉变为可靠的丈夫。
29 constraints d178923285d63e9968956a0a4758267e     
强制( constraint的名词复数 ); 限制; 约束
参考例句:
  • Data and constraints can easily be changed to test theories. 信息库中的数据和限制条件可以轻易地改变以检验假设。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  • What are the constraints that each of these imply for any design? 这每种产品的要求和约束对于设计意味着什么? 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
30 presumption XQcxl     
n.推测,可能性,冒昧,放肆,[法律]推定
参考例句:
  • Please pardon my presumption in writing to you.请原谅我很冒昧地写信给你。
  • I don't think that's a false presumption.我认为那并不是错误的推测。
31 adulthood vKsyr     
n.成年,成人期
参考例句:
  • Some infantile actions survive into adulthood.某些婴儿期的行为一直保持到成年期。
  • Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendships into adulthood.如今很少有人能将友谊维持到成年。
32 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
33 estranged estranged     
adj.疏远的,分离的
参考例句:
  • He became estranged from his family after the argument.那场争吵后他便与家人疏远了。
  • The argument estranged him from his brother.争吵使他同他的兄弟之间的关系疏远了。
34 overdue MJYxY     
adj.过期的,到期未付的;早该有的,迟到的
参考例句:
  • The plane is overdue and has been delayed by the bad weather.飞机晚点了,被坏天气耽搁了。
  • The landlady is angry because the rent is overdue.女房东生气了,因为房租过期未付。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   高级  口译  证书  考试
顶一下
(2)
66.7%
踩一下
(1)
33.3%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴