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97.3a上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your
answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the
passage only once.
News can be something the authorities want you to know, or something they would rather
keep secret. An announcement of a ___________(1), a denial of a failure, or, a secret scandal
that nobody really wants you to ____________(2). If the authorities want to tell the world some
good news, they issue statements, communiques, and call _____________(3). Or politicians
make speeches. Local newspapers, radio and television help to ___________(4) to what is going
on. And by making contacts with ________(5), journalists can ask for more information or
explanations to help them _________(6).
Unless the correspondent is an ________(7), it is rare to trust any single source. Officials
have a policy to defend, and __________(8) want to attack it. Rumour1 and gossip can also
confuse the situation. So, you have to __________(9) as much as possible, using common sense
and experience as final checks to help establish just what's likely to be the truth, or
____________(10).
Just getting the news is only half the job. A correspondent may be well-informed, but his
job is to ______________(11), the public. So, once the information is available it has to be
written _______________(12) which is also easily understood. Particularly for radio, since,
while a newspaper reader can turn back and re-read a sentence or two, the radio listener has
_______(13). This also means that only a limited number of facts can be contained in a sentence.
That there should be an __________(14). And vital information necessary to understand the
latest development should be presented ___________(15) in case the producer of a news
programme decides to ____________(16) an item, by cutting for example the last sentence or
tow.
Finally, the style of presentation must ____________(17). A cheerful voice might be perfect
for a _____________(18). But it would be sadly out of place for a report of a ____________(19).
And this would also confuse and distract the listener, probably ______________(20) just what
had happened and to whom.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen care fully2 and choose the right answer to each question you have heard
and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Question 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
1. (A) A compact car. (B) A wrist watch.
(C) A walkman. (D) A small television.
2. (A) Eight year ago. (B) In the spring of 1982.
(C) At the end of 1982. (D) In 1983.
3. (A) Sinclair. (B) Casio.
(C) Hattori. (D) Sony.
4. (A) People who show great interest in novelty items.
(B) People who work at railway or bus stations.
(C) People who travel on trains and buses regularly.
(D) People who have monotonous3 work.
5. (A) It's getting smaller every year.
(B) It's increasing rapidly.
(C) It's expanding only in Japan.
(D) It started in the 70's.
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following conversations.
6. (A) About fourteen. (B) Twenty-eight.
(C) Around forty. (D) Over fifty.
7. (A) The west coast of Canada.
(B) A British seaside resort.
(C) The Rocky Mountains.
(D) A quiet, unspoilt place in Asia.
8. (A) She travels only to safe places.
(B) She usually hitchhikes during the journey.
(C) She very often travels by day.
(D) She avoids travelling alone as much as possible.
9. (A) She stayed in a prison in Norway.
(B) She was robbed on a train in Hungary.
(C) She was once arrested in Germany.
(D) She chose to go to the Middle East to cover the war.
10. (A) She wants to enjoy mild climates and hectic4 life.
(B) She feels completely alive while she's travelling.
(C) She can have a lot of experience with others.
(D) Both (B) and (C).
Question 11 to 15 are based on the following news.
11. (A) She's considering holding a general election.
(B) No general election is to be held very soon.
(C) A quick election is in the best interests of the nation.
(D) There might be a general election in the near future.
12. (A) A strong earthquake hit this area one might.
(B) Hundreds of people were killed in the earthquake.
(C) Many families have been made homeless by the avalanches5.
(D) Five people were missing in the earthquake.
13. (A) In north London. (B) In south London.
(C) In central London. (D) In west London.
14. (A) 250,000 pounds. (B) 500,000 pounds.
(C) 750,000 pounds (D) 1,000,000 pounds.
15. (A) The hospitals are obviously overstaffed.
(B) More people are waiting to be hospitalized.
(C) There is a sharp shortage of qualified6 nurses.
(D) The hospitals are charging too much from the patients.
Question 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. (A) Well over 50,0000. (B) Approximately 50,000.
(C) Less than 400,000. (D) More than 400,000.
17. (A) Some insurance companies are refusing to provide cover for burglaries in high-risk
areas.
(B) Insurance agents are selling more and more burglary policies.
(C) Insurance premiums7 rose considerably8 last year.
(D) Insurance companies are planning to offer more insurance products.
18. (A) To fit a burglar alarm.
(B) To fix good locks and bolts on doors and windows.
(C) To leave milk bottles on the doorstep.
(D) To check callers' credentials9.
19. (A) Burglaries always happen while you're out.
(B) A burglary may take only a little time to finish.
(C) You should keep your curtains drawn10 in the day to avoid a burglary.
(D) Milk bottles left on the doorstep are a warning to burglars.
20. (A) A Rising Number of Burglaries.
(B) How to Prevent Household Burglaries.
(C) Crime and Punishment.
(D) Police--an Effective Force to Cut Burglaries.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
(B) No general election is to be held very soon.
(C) A quick election is in the best interests of the nation.
(D) There might be a general election in the near future.
12. (A) A strong earthquake hit this area one might.
(B) Hundreds of people were killed in the earthquake.
(C) Many families have been made homeless by the avalanches.
(D) Five people were missing in the earthquake.
13. (A) In north London. (B) In south London.
(C) In central London. (D) In west London.
14. (A) 250,000 pounds. (B) 500,000 pounds.
(C) 750,000 pounds (D) 1,000,000 pounds.
15. (A) The hospitals are obviously overstaffed.
(B) More people are waiting to be hospitalized.
(C) There is a sharp shortage of qualified nurses.
(D) The hospitals are charging too much from the patients.
Question 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. (A) Well over 50,0000. (B) Approximately 50,000.
(C) Less than 400,000. (D) More than 400,000.
17. (A) Some insurance companies are refusing to provide cover for burglaries in high-risk
areas.
(B) Insurance agents are selling more and more burglary policies.
(C) Insurance premiums rose considerably last year.
(D) Insurance companies are planning to offer more insurance products.
18. (A) To fit a burglar alarm.
(B) To fix good locks and bolts on doors and windows.
(C) To leave milk bottles on the doorstep.
(D) To check callers' credentials.
19. (A) Burglaries always happen while you're out.
(B) A burglary may take only a little time to finish.
(C) You should keep your curtains drawn in the day to avoid a burglary.
(D) Milk bottles left on the doorstep are a warning to burglars.
20. (A) A Rising Number of Burglaries.
(B) How to Prevent Household Burglaries.
(C) Crime and Punishment.
(D) Police--an Effective Force to Cut Burglaries.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
(B) No general election is to be held very soon.
(C) A quick election is in the best interests of the nation.
(D) There might be a general election in the near future.
12. (A) A strong earthquake hit this area one might.
(B) Hundreds of people were killed in the earthquake.
(C) Many families have been made homeless by the avalanches.
(D) Five people were missing in the earthquake.
13. (A) In north London. (B) In south London.
(C) In central London. (D) In west London.
14. (A) 250,000 pounds. (B) 500,000 pounds.
(C) 750,000 pounds (D) 1,000,000 pounds.
15. (A) The hospitals are obviously overstaffed.
(B) More people are waiting to be hospitalized.
(C) There is a sharp shortage of qualified nurses.
(D) The hospitals are charging too much from the patients.
Question 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. (A) Well over 50,0000. (B) Approximately 50,000.
(C) Less than 400,000. (D) More than 400,000.
17. (A) Some insurance companies are refusing to provide cover for burglaries in high-risk
areas.
(B) Insurance agents are selling more and more burglary policies.
(C) Insurance premiums rose considerably last year.
(D) Insurance companies are planning to offer more insurance products.
18. (A) To fit a burglar alarm.
(B) To fix good locks and bolts on doors and windows.
(C) To leave milk bottles on the doorstep.
(D) To check callers' credentials.
19. (A) Burglaries always happen while you're out.
(B) A burglary may take only a little time to finish.
(C) You should keep your curtains drawn in the day to avoid a burglary.
(D) Milk bottles left on the doorstep are a warning to burglars.
20. (A) A Rising Number of Burglaries.
(B) How to Prevent Household Burglaries.
(C) Crime and Punishment.
(D) Police--an Effective Force to Cut Burglaries.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
inspectors11 and academics. The inspectors said the course content was too vague and that
assessments, done mainly by teachers, were unreliable.
However, the GNVQs will be modelled closely on those for over-16s, which have six units.
Pupils will study three of the six, and will also have to reach agreed standards in three "core
skills" of literacy, numeracy and information technology, which will account for 40 per cent of
the marks.
David Blunkett, Labour's education spokesman, said it was vital that the new qualifications
were seen as high-quality.
Don Foster, the Liberal Democrats12' education spokesman, said: "There must be some
concern that the recent criticism of the new GNVQs appears not to have been taken on board. It
is vital that they are got right first time, given the crucial role they will play in achieving parity
of esteem13 between academic and vocational qualifications."
6. According to the passage, the vocational qualifications ____.
(A) constitute part of the GCSEs
(B) serve as a supplement to GCSEs
(C) are mainly for over-16s
(D) are designed as training for a particular job
7. The phrase "to run a pilot" (para. 2) can best be paraphrased14 as which of the following?
(A) to set up a vocational school
(B) to continue a training course
(C) to operate an experimental course
(D) to begin a driving class
8. The critic's view that "the arrangements will divide pupils into sheep and goats" means that
pupils ____.
(A) will be fairly separated and treated
(B) will be grouped based on their vocational abilities.
(C) will be placed either in more academic or non academic groups
(D) will be treated either cruelly or indiscrimitively
9. The last two paragraphs of the passage ____.
(A) summarize the main idea of the article
(B) convey the general plan for vocational qualifications
(C) show the opposition15 against vocational qualifications
(D) introduce responses from other parties
10. Which of the following can NOT be found in the passage?
(A) Courses for vocational qualifications will be modelled on those for over -16s.
(B) Vocational courses will not be offered in most schools before 1997.
(C) Courses in health and social care, business and manufacturing meet fierce criticisms
from school inspectors.
(D) Courses in English, math and science are required of all the pupils.
Question 11~15
One in eight students with a government loan is unlikely ever to repay the debt, a report
published today says. The figure is likely to be a further blow to government plans to privatise
the loan scheme, announced in the Queen's Speech last week.
The Student Loans Company has told the National Audit16 Office that 142 million of
outstanding debt is unlikely to be recovered. The loans company admitted recently that
outstanding loans totalled more than 1 billion.
The report also highlights questions about the loans company's competence17, and records the
collapse of its telephone system. Out of 1.1 million attempted calls by students in November
1994 only 41,000 were answered.
Sir Eric Ash, head of the Student Loans Company, has already told ministers that the banks
are unlikely to want to take over the scheme. The audit office report is likely to reinforce their
reluctance.
The audit office, the public spending watchdog, found that almost half of all students who
had received loans had been granted a deferment18 on repayments20 because their income fell
beneath the statutory threshold. Students are not required to repay a loan until a year after
completing their course and then only if their income reaches 85 per cent of national average
earnings.
The audit office found that of 269,000 students who should be repaying loans, 122,000 had
been granted deferment. The loans company told the audit office that it recognised "it may be
difficult to maintain contact with the large number of repayers in deferment".
The company admitted that £142 million, about 12 per cent of the outstanding loan
portfolio of £1.178 billion, might not be recovered due to long-term deferment, death and
default.
The audit office report says that the loans company's financial statements do not include
any record of nonrecoverable sums "because they are liable to remit21 to the Education
Department only those monies they actually succeed in recovering". As a result of the audit
office's objections, the annual accounts will in future include provision for irrecoverable loan
debt.
The report found that the loans company had improved its efficiency in the light of previous
criticism and processed 517,000 applications for loans in the last academic year. However,
35,000 students experienced significant delay in getting grants.
The Commons Public Accounts Committee will question officials on the report next month,
when the proposed privatisation is expected to come under attack as unrealistic.
Bryan Davies, Labour's education spokesman, said: "The report shows there is considerable
uncertainty in detailed22 business planning for student loans. The Government has not answered
why banks and building societies should want to handle such unpredictable loans, yet it is
rushing privatisation through Parliament." The Student Loans Bill will be debated in Parliament
on Monday.
11. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) The privatisation of the student loan project.
(B) The debate on the student loan scheme.
(C) The issue of nonrecoverable student loan debt.
(D) The development of the Student Loans Company.
12. Which of the following can be concluded from the passage?
(A) One in eight students receives government loans.
(B) Fifty percent of students repay government loans.
(C) Most students apply for government loans.
(D) Over twelve percent of loan receivers may not repay their loan debts.
13. Which of the following is NOT true about the Student Loans Company?
(A) Its telephone system is simply not adequate enough.
(B) The company improved its efficiency greatly.
(C) It is a privatised company.
(D) The company has difficulty in keeping contact with loan repayers.
14. All of the following are causes of difficulty in the repayment19 of student loans EXCEPT that
____.
(A) the Student Loans Company loses contact with repayers
(B) some students' income falls beneath 85% of national average earnings
(C) some students are granted long-term deferment
(D) banks are not directly involved in student loans
15. Which of the following is not directly stated, but implied in the passage?
(A) Students should start to repay a loan a year after graduation.
(B) The Student Loans Company expects banks' involvement in the loan scheme.
(C) The privatisation of student loans project does not receive much support.
(D) The Labour Party holds critical view towards the privatisation of the loan scheme.
Question 16~20
THE Government yesterday unveiled a "new realist" strategy against drugs and
acknowledged the failings of previous attempts to stop growing abuse. Four Cabinet ministers
announced proposals emphasizing the need to educate and inform young people of the facts and
risks, abandoning earlier shock tactics.
Michael Howard, the Home Secretary, said there was "no magic wand" that would wish
away the problem once and for all. Instead, ministers sought to co-ordinate and build on the
successes of local initiatives, while targeting suppliers. They pledged to train more teachers to
take the anti-drugs message into classrooms, including primary schools, issue guidance to head
teachers and launch a national helpline for parents.
The Home Office estimates that heroin23 users financing their habit were responsible for
thefts and robberies worth up to £864 million in 1992. In any one year, some three million
people take an illegal drug. Most police forces only caution people caught using soft drugs for
the first time.
Tony Newton, the chairman of the Cabinet sub-committee on the misuse25 of drugs,
highlighted the shift in strategy and publicly recognised the "intractable" nature of the problem.
"We always want to learn from experience. I think some of the shock tactics that have been used
in one or two earlier campaigns have not proved as effective as we would have liked."
The 114-page Green Paper, Tackling Drugs Together, has jettisoned26 earlier language about
"drug abusers" and the "war on drugs", talking instead of "drug users" while putting a premium
on pragmatic, community-led initiatives.
It concedes that contact with drugs is now part of growing up. The paper says: "As part of
adolescence and maturing, young people experiment with different values and behaviours. While
this strategy proposes a strong emphasis on preventing young people from misusing27 drugs in the
first place there will still be some who choose to experiment even if they have both the
knowledge and the skills to resist peer pressure."
Eric Forth24, the education minister, said that some schools had been inclined to ignore the
drugs problem, because even talking about it risked giving them a bad name. He said: "We hope
that by acknowledging the need to deal with this problem, saying it's something that all schools
should be doing, we will give action against drugs the seal of approval."
16. Which of the following summarizes the main idea of the passage?
(A) The government admits its failure in fighting against drugs.
(B) The Home Office will continue its policy to reduce drug-related crime.
(C) The government plans to change its strategy against drugs.
(D) Police forces fully support government's policy against drugs.
17. It can be inferred from the passage that shock tactics against drugs ________.
(A) have never received full support from all parties
(B) have laid stress on prohibition28 of drug use and punishment
(C) have often proved as effective as expected
(D) have concentrated on preventing people from misusing drugs
18. Which of the following can best replace the word "jettisoned" used in paragraph 5?
(A) Adopted. (B) Supported.
(C) Criticized. (D) Discarded.
19. The statement that "contact with drugs is now part of growing up" can be paraphrased as
_____.
(A) drug use is a kind of learning process necessary for young people
(B) most young people have contact with drugs
(C) young people try to learn certain social values through drugs
(D) drug abuse is mainly related to the teenagers
20. According to the passage, some schools were inclined to ignore the drugs problem because
_____.
(A) there was no drugs problem in those schools
(B) the schools fear that their reputation would be damaged
(C) they felt it should be the government's responsibility to fight drug abuse
(D) drug abuse is mainly a social problem
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Since Darwin, biologists have been firmly convinced that nature works without plan or
meaning, pursuing no aim by the direct road of design. But today we see that this conviction is a
fatal error. Why should evolution, exactly as Darwin knew it and described it, be planless and
irrational29? Do not aircraft design engineers work, at precisely30 that point where specific
calculations and plans give out, according to the same principle of evolution, when they test the
serviceability of a great number of statistically31 determined32 forms in the wind tunnel, in order to
choose the one that functions best? Can we say that there is no process of natural selection when
nuclear physicists33, through thousands of computer operations, try to find out which materials, in
which combinations and with what structural34 form, are best suited to the building of an atomic
reactor? They also practise no designed adaptation, but work by the principle of selection. But it
would never occur to anyone to call their method planless and irrational.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 rumour 1SYzZ     
n.谣言,谣传,传闻
参考例句:
  • I should like to know who put that rumour about.我想知道是谁散布了那谣言。
  • There has been a rumour mill on him for years.几年来,一直有谣言产生,对他进行中伤。
2 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
3 monotonous FwQyJ     
adj.单调的,一成不变的,使人厌倦的
参考例句:
  • She thought life in the small town was monotonous.她觉得小镇上的生活单调而乏味。
  • His articles are fixed in form and monotonous in content.他的文章千篇一律,一个调调儿。
4 hectic jdZzk     
adj.肺病的;消耗热的;发热的;闹哄哄的
参考例句:
  • I spent a very hectic Sunday.我度过了一个忙乱的星期天。
  • The two days we spent there were enjoyable but hectic.我们在那里度过的两天愉快但闹哄哄的。
5 avalanches dcaa2523f9e3746ae5c2ed93b8321b7e     
n.雪崩( avalanche的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The greatest dangers of pyroclastic avalanches are probably heat and suffocation. 火成碎屑崩落的最大危害可能是炽热和窒息作用。 来自辞典例句
  • Avalanches poured down on the tracks and rails were spread. 雪崩压满了轨道,铁轨被弄得四分五裂。 来自辞典例句
6 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有资格的,胜任的,有限制的
参考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
7 premiums efa999cd01994787d84b066d2957eaa7     
n.费用( premium的名词复数 );保险费;额外费用;(商品定价、贷款利息等以外的)加价
参考例句:
  • He paid premiums on his life insurance last year. 他去年付了人寿保险费。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Moves are afoot to increase car insurance premiums. 现正在酝酿提高汽车的保险费。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 considerably 0YWyQ     
adv.极大地;相当大地;在很大程度上
参考例句:
  • The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  • The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
9 credentials credentials     
n.证明,资格,证明书,证件
参考例句:
  • He has long credentials of diplomatic service.他的外交工作资历很深。
  • Both candidates for the job have excellent credentials.此项工作的两个求职者都非常符合资格。
10 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
11 inspectors e7f2779d4a90787cc7432cd5c8b51897     
n.检查员( inspector的名词复数 );(英国公共汽车或火车上的)查票员;(警察)巡官;检阅官
参考例句:
  • They got into the school in the guise of inspectors. 他们假装成视察员进了学校。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Inspectors checked that there was adequate ventilation. 检查员已检查过,通风良好。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 democrats 655beefefdcaf76097d489a3ff245f76     
n.民主主义者,民主人士( democrat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The Democrats held a pep rally on Capitol Hill yesterday. 民主党昨天在国会山召开了竞选誓师大会。
  • The democrats organize a filibuster in the senate. 民主党党员组织了阻挠议事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 esteem imhyZ     
n.尊敬,尊重;vt.尊重,敬重;把…看作
参考例句:
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • The veteran worker ranks high in public love and esteem.那位老工人深受大伙的爱戴。
14 paraphrased d569177caee5b5f776d80587b5ce9fac     
v.释义,意译( paraphrase的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Baxter paraphrased the contents of the press release. 巴克斯特解释了新闻稿的内容。 来自辞典例句
  • It is paraphrased from the original. 它是由原文改述的。 来自辞典例句
15 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
16 audit wuGzw     
v.审计;查帐;核对;旁听
参考例句:
  • Each year they audit our accounts and certify them as being true and fair.他们每年对我们进行账务审核,以确保其真实无误。
  • As usual,the yearly audit will take place in December.跟往常一样,年度审计将在十二月份进行。
17 competence NXGzV     
n.能力,胜任,称职
参考例句:
  • This mess is a poor reflection on his competence.这种混乱情况说明他难当此任。
  • These are matters within the competence of the court.这些是法院权限以内的事。
18 deferment 086f5f6cf07e6a5c21cc2415e81a7e5e     
n.迁延,延期,暂缓
参考例句:
  • The bank do not allow further deferment of his payment. 银行不容许他再次推迟付款。 来自互联网
  • Students are to refer to the regulations governing course deferment, refund and withdrawal the Student's Handbook. 学生需要参考学生手册上有关推迟入学、退费和退学的相关规定。 来自互联网
19 repayment repayment     
n.偿还,偿还款;报酬
参考例句:
  • I am entitled to a repayment for the damaged goods.我有权利索取货物损坏赔偿金。
  • The tax authorities have been harrying her for repayment.税务局一直在催她补交税款。
20 repayments f8b697bfb3107d78e4b040d051ee8608     
偿还,报答,偿付的钱物( repayment的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The repayments of the loan are spread over 10 years. 贷款可在十年内分期偿还。
  • The repayments of the loan are spread over 25 years. 这笔贷款分摊二十五年偿还。
21 remit AVBx2     
v.汇款,汇寄;豁免(债务),免除(处罚等)
参考例句:
  • I hope you'll remit me the money in time.我希望你能及时把钱汇寄给我。
  • Many immigrants regularly remit money to their families.许多移民定期给他们的家人汇款。
22 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
23 heroin IrSzHX     
n.海洛因
参考例句:
  • Customs have made their biggest ever seizure of heroin.海关查获了有史以来最大的一批海洛因。
  • Heroin has been smuggled out by sea.海洛因已从海上偷运出境。
24 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
参考例句:
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
25 misuse XEfxx     
n.误用,滥用;vt.误用,滥用
参考例句:
  • It disturbs me profoundly that you so misuse your talents.你如此滥用自己的才能,使我深感不安。
  • He was sacked for computer misuse.他因滥用计算机而被解雇了。
26 jettisoned e95b83548ffc4cdc7ec6f701acd13ed7     
v.抛弃,丢弃( jettison的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was jettisoned as team coach after the defeat. 他因这次失败被撤销了运动队教练职务。
  • They jettisoned big boxes to make the bus lighter. 他们抛弃公共汽车上的货物,使车减轻重量。 来自《简明英汉词典》
27 misusing 142193a08a0645de4073a05d1cf0ed4b     
v.使用…不当( misuse的现在分词 );把…派作不正当的用途;虐待;滥用
参考例句:
  • This means we must stop misusing them. 也就是说,我们已必须停止滥用抗菌素不可了。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 预防生物武器
  • Misusing organic fertilizer may cause a decrease in the soil's quality. 滥用有机肥料可能会导致土地的土质下降。 来自互联网
28 prohibition 7Rqxw     
n.禁止;禁令,禁律
参考例句:
  • The prohibition against drunken driving will save many lives.禁止酒后开车将会减少许多死亡事故。
  • They voted in favour of the prohibition of smoking in public areas.他们投票赞成禁止在公共场所吸烟。
29 irrational UaDzl     
adj.无理性的,失去理性的
参考例句:
  • After taking the drug she became completely irrational.她在吸毒后变得完全失去了理性。
  • There are also signs of irrational exuberance among some investors.在某些投资者中是存在非理性繁荣的征象的。
30 precisely zlWzUb     
adv.恰好,正好,精确地,细致地
参考例句:
  • It's precisely that sort of slick sales-talk that I mistrust.我不相信的正是那种油腔滑调的推销宣传。
  • The man adjusted very precisely.那个人调得很准。
31 statistically Yuxwa     
ad.根据统计数据来看,从统计学的观点来看
参考例句:
  • The sample of building permits is larger and therefore, statistically satisfying. 建筑许可数的样本比较大,所以统计数据更令人满意。
  • The results of each test would have to be statistically independent. 每次试验的结果在统计上必须是独立的。
32 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
33 physicists 18316b43c980524885c1a898ed1528b1     
物理学家( physicist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • For many particle physicists, however, it was a year of frustration. 对于许多粒子物理学家来说,这是受挫折的一年。 来自英汉非文学 - 科技
  • Physicists seek rules or patterns to provide a framework. 物理学家寻求用法则或图式来构成一个框架。
34 structural itXw5     
adj.构造的,组织的,建筑(用)的
参考例句:
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
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