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97.3b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

时间:2005-12-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:dianasha   字体: [ ]
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SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking And Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on your ANSWER BOOKLET afterwards.
You are required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank:
In the past fifty years the invention of ______(1) devices and appliances has made
housework much easier. Among these devices and appliances are _______(2) cleaners, electric
irons, washing machines, and some others. Probably the most important piece of ________(3)
equipment which has been widely used in the last twenty years is the _______(4). Washing up
by hand is not only _______(5) but also extremely boring. Dishwashers are of different sizes and
________(6). Their capacity ranges from six to ______(7) placesettings. After the dishwasher is
plumbed into the mains __________(8) supply, all you have to do is to load dirty dishes, glasses
and ____________(9) into the machine, pour in some special _____________(10), close the
door and _____________(11) it on. The machine will wash almost everything except the large
___________(12) and dishes with scraps1 of ___________(13) food. It also __________(14) the
plates and glasses with its own heat. If your dishwasher is ___________(15) or larger, probably
you need to wash up only ______________(16) a day. Of course this means you have to have
___________(17) dishes, glasses and cutlery to last three or four ___________(18). Remember
that dishwashers can be quite ________________(19), so you may prefer to use the machine just
once a day, preferably _____________(20) thing at night.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate in into Chinese and write your version
in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
(3)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(4)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(5)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passage only once.
After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passage and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Question 1~3
BRITISH Telecom has been thwarted2 in its attempt to cut telephone links to a South
American city that is operating a sex chatline service in Britain.
Direct dialing services to Georgetown, Guyana, were due to be suspended after the
One-to-One Contacts company ignored an ultimatum3 from BT to close down.
But the chatline company, which is based in Dublin, Manchester and Guyana, has secured an
injunction from the High Court to prevent the threatened action taking place. The matter will be
resolved before a judge at a full hearing later this month. A preliminary hearing due yesterday
was postponed4 until Friday.
The One-to-One Contacts service, which is advertised in the national press, breaches5 the
strict guidelines set down by ICSTIS, the information line watchdog, because of the sexual
nature of the calls.
The company does not use British 0898 numbers. Callers from Britain are directed to ring
telephone numbers in the Virgin6 Isles7. and then given Guyanan number for the chatline service,
ringing up pounds in international calls in the process. The countries of origin were not stated in
the advertisements.
BT wanted to end the services, but because of the relatively8 unsophisticated routing
between Britain and Guyana, it could not isolate9 the 52 numbers involved. The company told
Guyana Telecom and Telephones that it would block direct dialling from Britain to every number
in Georgetown, the capital, if the recorded sex lines were not put out of business. But the
chatline company claimed that BT acted unfairly.
A High Court judge has granted an injunction preventing BT from taking action until he can
hear both sides of the story.
The chatline company broke industry rules by advertising10 a sex line outside top-shelf
publications--in the Daily and Sunday Sport newspapers.
A BT spokeswoman explained: "The stop on IDD calls to Georgetown would have lasted
two or three days while we found ways to block the relevant numbers. In the meantime, calls to
other numbers would have been put through the operator at international direct dialling costs."
1. Why does the British Telecom plan to end the One-to-One Contacts service?
2. Introduce briefly11 in your own words the practice of the One-to-One Contacts company.
3. Why didn't the British Telecom cut the chatline service immediately?
Question 4~6
Summer is coming, and woe12 is you. You'd like to bake in the blazing sun and get a deep,
dark tan. but worries about skin cancer may keep you indoors. Tanning salons14 are an alternative,
but they're awfully15 expensive (and so artificial). What to do? Before long you may be able to
acquire the perfect tan from the inside of your body out. No sun or sunlamps will be needed.
Researchers at the University of Arizona have discovered a synthetic16 peptide hormone17 that
stimulates certain skin cells to produce melanin, a pigment18 that darkens the skin and protects it
from ultraviolet radiation. The hormone could be useful not only in acquiring a tan but also in
preventing aging of the skin. In addition, it might help to cure vitiligo--a disease that causes a
progressive depigmentation of the skin and afflicts19 1 to 2 percent of the world's population.
The hormone, which the Arizona researchers have dubbed20 Melano-Tan, is a chemical
variation (or analog) of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) that some animals, such as
frogs or chameleons21, secrete22 from their pituitary glands23, causing them to change color. It was
discovered as part of a U.S. government-sponsored study of ways of reverse or cure vitiligo. "In
the process of these studies," says Mac Hadley, an endocrinologist at the University of Arizona,
"we discovered that if this molecule24 was delivered across the skin of a certain strain of mice, the
skin would turn dark brown. And not just where we placed the chemical, but all over." What's
more, says Hadley, another research center has just demonstrated that the hormone will cause in
vitro human skin to tan as well, "which is pretty close to saying this product will work."
If Melano-Tan becomes commercially available--and a large American pharmaceutical
company is now funding studies toward that end--it could be taken orally or applied25 topically.
After application. it would enter the bloodstream and systematically26 tan the entire body.
Depending on the concentration, initial tanning would begin in two or three days and a dark,
uniform tan could be achieved within two weeks. When the hormone is no longer applied, the
tanned skin could be peeled off. There are already tanning pills on the market, such as French
Bronze Tablets (with carotene), but Hadley dismisses them as "gimmicks27" that merely dye the
skin unevenly28, like Easter eggs.
According to Hadley, Melano-Tan could lower the incidence of skin cancer by allowing
fair-skinned people to tan before going out in the sun. It could also help those who suffer from
vitiligo or hyperpigmentation, and those who are allergic29 to sun screens.
4. What are the disadvantages of tanning in the sun or in a tanning salon13?
5. In what other ways can the synthetic peptide hormone be useful to people apart from
acquiring a tan?
6. How will the hormone work when taken orally or applied topically?
Questions 7~10
IF VITAMIN C is good for you, does more mean better? Millions of people think so but
scientists have been divided on the issue. Despite a huge research effort, there is little evidence
that megadoses of vitamin C, up to 100 times the recommended daily amounts, have beneficial
effects.
Now an American scientist has come up with an explanation of the lack of effect--and a
simple remedy. Millions of Americans take supplements of the vitamin in the belief that its
anti-oxidant properties help prevent heart disease, cancer and the ageing process. Most of it,
however, goes straight down the pan: the body cannot deal with excess vitamin C, which is
rapidly excreted. Even large doses are eliminated in 12 hours and slow-release ones in 16.
The way to keep blood levels of the vitamin continuously high, according to Roc Ordman,
Professor of Biochemistry at Beloit College, Wisconsin, is to take it twice a day--one 500
milligram does every 12 hours.
"If vitamin C really does work as an antioxidant, then taking a supplement once a day might
be like wearing a condom half the time." Professor Ordman said. "Nobody has ever thought to
look at how much you have to take to keep the level elevated."
In a study published in the current issue of the gerontology journal Age, Professor Ordman
gave varying doses of vitamin C at different times to students and measured the amount excreted
in their urine. He found a 500 mg dose was needed every 12 hours "to enrich the blood just
enough to ensure there is a little bit leaking out all the time." This compares with the
US-recommended adult daily allowance of 60 mgs.
Recommended levels of vitamin C, and other vitamins, have been raised following
recognition of their role in mopping up "free radicals30" in the blood linked with a range of
diseases. However, the British figure of 40 mgs daily for vitamin C is still below the U.S. figure
and likely to be raised again.
Research on megadoses of vitamin C of 10 and 20 times this level have shown it to have
some protective effect against the common cold taken at the first sign. But there is no evidence
of a beneficial effect against other diseases of doses vastly higher than the recommended daily
amounts.
LINUS PAULING, the Nobel Laureate, whose book on vitamin C and the common cold in
1970 popularised the idea of taking fistfuls of supplements, is said to have swallowed 10,000
mgs a day. It is because it is water-soluble and quickly excreted that vitamin C is safe in such
quantities; it does not build up in the tissues.
Professor Ordman's twice-daily regime may help keep blood levels of the vitamin high. But
dosing on the scale followed by Pauling, who died last August aged31 93, will seriously damage
your bank balance--at $ 2,500 a year.
7. What do you know about Professor Ordman's view towards vitamin C from the passage?
8. Why was the Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling mentioned in the passage?
9. Explain in your town words the sentence from paragraph 2 "Most of it, however, goes straight
down the pan".
10. What is concluded about effects of megadoses of vitamin C in the passage?
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
1995 年10 月,黄浦江上又一座大桥凌空飞架,将浦南与奉贤连接起来,成为继徐浦、
南浦、杨浦三座大桥之后建成通车的第四座大桥——奉浦大桥。
奉浦大桥是首座由地方筹资兴建的黄浦江大桥,奉贤县与市区有关部门和企业共同集
资4.46 亿元,仅用1年零7 个月的时间即胜利建成。大桥的建成解决了长期困扰奉贤与浦
南地区的过江问题,同时还改善了该地区的投资环境,为杭州湾北岸的开发、建设打下了
良好的基础。
金秋10 月的黄浦江畔,徐浦、南浦、杨浦、奉浦四座大桥沐浴着金秋阳光,各显神
姿,交相辉映,为上海这座充满生机与魅力的国际大都市增添了更加夺目的风采。不久的
将来,上海还将建造更多的过江设施,把浦江两岸更紧密地连结在一起。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 scraps 737e4017931b7285cdd1fa3eb9dd77a3     
油渣
参考例句:
  • Don't litter up the floor with scraps of paper. 不要在地板上乱扔纸屑。
  • A patchwork quilt is a good way of using up scraps of material. 做杂拼花布棉被是利用零碎布料的好办法。
2 thwarted 919ac32a9754717079125d7edb273fc2     
阻挠( thwart的过去式和过去分词 ); 使受挫折; 挫败; 横过
参考例句:
  • The guards thwarted his attempt to escape from prison. 警卫阻扰了他越狱的企图。
  • Our plans for a picnic were thwarted by the rain. 我们的野餐计划因雨受挫。
3 ultimatum qKqz7     
n.最后通牒
参考例句:
  • This time the proposal was couched as an ultimatum.这一次该提议是以最后通牒的形式提出来的。
  • The cabinet met today to discuss how to respond to the ultimatum.内阁今天开会商量如何应对这道最后通牒。
4 postponed 9dc016075e0da542aaa70e9f01bf4ab1     
vt.& vi.延期,缓办,(使)延迟vt.把…放在次要地位;[语]把…放在后面(或句尾)vi.(疟疾等)延缓发作(或复发)
参考例句:
  • The trial was postponed indefinitely. 审讯无限期延迟。
  • The game has already been postponed three times. 这场比赛已经三度延期了。
5 breaches f7e9a03d0b1fa3eeb94ac8e8ffbb509a     
破坏( breach的名词复数 ); 破裂; 缺口; 违背
参考例句:
  • He imposed heavy penalties for breaches of oath or pledges. 他对违反誓言和保证的行为给予严厉的惩罚。
  • This renders all breaches of morality before marriage very uncommon. 这样一来,婚前败坏道德的事就少见了。
6 virgin phPwj     
n.处女,未婚女子;adj.未经使用的;未经开发的
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been to a virgin forest?你去过原始森林吗?
  • There are vast expanses of virgin land in the remote regions.在边远地区有大片大片未开垦的土地。
7 isles 4c841d3b2d643e7e26f4a3932a4a886a     
岛( isle的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • the geology of the British Isles 不列颠群岛的地质
  • The boat left for the isles. 小船驶向那些小岛。
8 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
9 isolate G3Exu     
vt.使孤立,隔离
参考例句:
  • Do not isolate yourself from others.不要把自己孤立起来。
  • We should never isolate ourselves from the masses.我们永远不能脱离群众。
10 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
11 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
12 woe OfGyu     
n.悲哀,苦痛,不幸,困难;int.用来表达悲伤或惊慌
参考例句:
  • Our two peoples are brothers sharing weal and woe.我们两国人民是患难与共的兄弟。
  • A man is well or woe as he thinks himself so.自认祸是祸,自认福是福。
13 salon VjTz2Z     
n.[法]沙龙;客厅;营业性的高级服务室
参考例句:
  • Do you go to the hairdresser or beauty salon more than twice a week?你每周去美容院或美容沙龙多过两次吗?
  • You can hear a lot of dirt at a salon.你在沙龙上会听到很多流言蜚语。
14 salons 71f5df506205527f72f05e3721322d5e     
n.(营业性质的)店( salon的名词复数 );厅;沙龙(旧时在上流社会女主人家的例行聚会或聚会场所);(大宅中的)客厅
参考例句:
  • He used to attend to his literary salons. 他过去常常去参加他的文学沙龙。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Conspiracy theories about Jewish financiers were the talk of Paris salons. 犹太金融家阴谋论成为巴黎沙龙的话题。 来自互联网
15 awfully MPkym     
adv.可怕地,非常地,极端地
参考例句:
  • Agriculture was awfully neglected in the past.过去农业遭到严重忽视。
  • I've been feeling awfully bad about it.对这我一直感到很难受。
16 synthetic zHtzY     
adj.合成的,人工的;综合的;n.人工制品
参考例句:
  • We felt the salesman's synthetic friendliness.我们感觉到那位销售员的虚情假意。
  • It's a synthetic diamond.这是人造钻石。
17 hormone uyky3     
n.荷尔蒙,激素,内分泌
参考例句:
  • Hormone implants are used as growth boosters.激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body.这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
18 pigment gi0yg     
n.天然色素,干粉颜料
参考例句:
  • The Romans used natural pigments on their fabrics and walls.古罗马人在织物和墙壁上使用天然颜料。
  • Who thought he might know what the skin pigment phenomenon meant.他自认为可能知道皮肤色素出现这种现象到底是怎么回事。
19 afflicts a87cd2ac4720b59fa8f9a4b517b78122     
使受痛苦,折磨( afflict的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Level 3-Afflicts a target with the Curse of the Silent. 三级-用静默诅咒折磨一个目标。
  • Level 1-Afflicts a target with the Curse of the Silent. 一级-用静默诅咒折磨一个目标。
20 dubbed dubbed     
v.给…起绰号( dub的过去式和过去分词 );把…称为;配音;复制
参考例句:
  • Mathematics was once dubbed the handmaiden of the sciences. 数学曾一度被视为各门科学的基础。
  • Is the movie dubbed or does it have subtitles? 这部电影是配音的还是打字幕的? 来自《简明英汉词典》
21 chameleons 784904f50fc7d0174debc2b422ab8886     
n.变色蜥蜴,变色龙( chameleon的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Insects, birds and baby rats are the main food of chameleons. 昆虫、小鸟和幼鼠等是避役主要的食物。 来自互联网
  • A bronze chariot ridden by chameleons radiating flaring lights. 一辆被燃烧的蜥蜴覆盖的青铜战车。 来自互联网
22 secrete hDezG     
vt.分泌;隐匿,使隐秘
参考例句:
  • The pores of your body secrete sweat.身上的毛孔分泌汗液。
  • Squirrels secrete a supply of nuts for winter.松鼠为准备过冬而藏坚果。
23 glands 82573e247a54d4ca7619fbc1a5141d80     
n.腺( gland的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a snake's poison glands 蛇的毒腺
  • the sebaceous glands in the skin 皮脂腺
24 molecule Y6Tzn     
n.分子,克分子
参考例句:
  • A molecule of water is made up of two atoms of hygrogen and one atom of oxygen.一个水分子是由P妈̬f婘̬ 妈̬成的。
  • This gives us the structural formula of the molecule.这种方式给出了分子的结构式。
25 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
26 systematically 7qhwn     
adv.有系统地
参考例句:
  • This government has systematically run down public services since it took office.这一屆政府自上台以来系统地削减了公共服务。
  • The rainforest is being systematically destroyed.雨林正被系统地毀灭。
27 gimmicks ebf13bd5f71fff192597aad2cac0592e     
n.花招,诡计,骗人的玩意儿( gimmick的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Financial institutions are also often expected yield of gimmicks. 金融机构也往往以预期收益率为噱头。 来自互联网
  • However these are just marketing gimmicks that propagate the myth. 然而这些只是噱头的营销传播的神话。 来自互联网
28 unevenly 9fZz51     
adv.不均匀的
参考例句:
  • Fuel resources are very unevenly distributed. 燃料资源分布很不均匀。
  • The cloth is dyed unevenly. 布染花了。
29 allergic 4xozJ     
adj.过敏的,变态的
参考例句:
  • Alice is allergic to the fur of cats.艾丽斯对猫的皮毛过敏。
  • Many people are allergic to airborne pollutants such as pollen.许多人对空气传播的污染物过敏,比如花粉。
30 radicals 5c853925d2a610c29b107b916c89076e     
n.激进分子( radical的名词复数 );根基;基本原理;[数学]根数
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals. 一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The worry is that the radicals will grow more intransigent. 现在人们担忧激进分子会变得更加不妥协。 来自辞典例句
31 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
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