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97.3上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试参考答案

时间:2005-12-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:dianasha   字体: [ ]
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参考答案:
SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. government success 2. talk about
3. press conferences 4. alert foreign correspondents
5. local officials 6. write their stories
7. eye witness 8. opposition1 politicians
9. check information 10. close to it
11. inform other people 12. in an interesting way
13. only one chance 14. element of repetition
15. at the start of a report 16. shorten
17. match the subject matter 18. royal wedding
19. plane crash 20. making it difficult to understand
Part B: Listening Comprehension
1-5 D B D C B 6-10 C A D A D
11-15 B A C A B 16-20 D A C B B
SECTION 2: READING TEST
1-5 A B A B C 6-10 B C C D B
11-15 C D C D B 16-20 C B D C B
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST
自达尔文以来,生物学家们一直坚信,大自然的运作是没有计划的或者是没有意义的,
它不会通过直接的设计途径去追求目标。但是,今天我们知道,这一信念是个严重错误。
为什么恰如达尔文所理解和描述的进化就该是无计划、无理性的呢?当飞机设计工程师们
利用风洞对大量的、根据统计数据制造的机体模型的耐用性能进行检试,以从中选出功能
最佳的设计时,物理学家经过上万次的计算机运算,试图找出是哪些材料、以怎样的结合
方式、以及什么的结构形式才最适宜用于原子核反应堆的建造时,我们能够说这中间没有
自然选择的过程么?他们也未进行事先设计的适应性调节,而是根据选择原理开展工作
的。但是人们从未认为这种方法是无计划、无理性的。
SECTION 4:LISTENING TEST
Part A:Note taking and Gap filling
1. labor2 saving 2. vacuum
3. electrical 4. dishwasher
5. time-consuming 6. models/types/kinds
7. twelve 8. water
9. cutlery 10. detergent3
11. turn/switch 12. saucepans/pans
13. solid 14. dries
15. medium-sized 16. once
17. enough 18. meals
19. noisy 20. last
Part B:Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
(1)这是本世纪内袭击该地区的最严重的飓风,但是至今未收到有关破坏或伤亡的报告。
(2)我刚收到香港办事处迈克尔的电话,他需要最新的销售数字,你能否明天上午一上
班就把数字传真给他?
(3)如果你能在周末以前约个时间来见我们,我们将能告诉你我们的决定。
(4)在今年剩下的这段时间里,美国经济将有稳定的发展,失业率下降,通货膨胀得到
控制。
(5)总统说政府正在鼓励大企业在该国、特别是在东南沿海地区投资。
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
(1)伦敦的旅游季节过去主要是夏季数月,现在已全年如此。每年约有1500万人来英国,
其中大部分游客在伦敦至少要住几天。但伦敦不仅所旅游城市,它是行政中心,女王
的住地。它还是英国的金融中心。
(2)加拿大幅员辽阔,其面积仅次于俄罗斯。可是它只有2600万人口,是联合王国人口
的一半还不到。国土的三分之一覆盖着森林,还有大片的草原,无数的湖泊和河流。
其气候差异甚大。除了温哥华以外,冬天异常寒冷。温哥华由于地处西海岸,气候较
温和。加拿大的夏天总的来说天气暖和,特别是内陆地区,因此你只需要轻薄的衣服。
SECTION 5:READING TEST
1. Because the chatline company provides sex lines to British callers and it breaks industry
rules of advertisement.
2. The company offers sex line to callers from Britain without using the British 0898 numbers.
The callers have to ring phone numbers in the Virgin4 Isles5 first and then they are given
Guyanan numbers for the chatline service, thus the company earns more money in the
process. The company didn’t give the countries of origin in their advertisement.
3. Because the routing between Britain and Guyana is relatively6 simple and direct, BT could
not isolate7 the 52 numbers involved. The High Court also prevents BT from taking such
action until a full hearing is heard from both sides.
4. Tanning in the sun may cause skin cancer while a tanning salon8 may be awfully9 expensive.
5. The hormone11 may also prevent aging of skin. In addition, it might hep to cure vitligo, a
disease that causes a progressive depigmentation of the skin.
6. After application (taken orally or applied12 topically), the hormone (Melano-Tan) would enter
the bloodstream and systematically13 tan the entire body; Initial tanning would begin in two or
three days and a dark, uniform tan could be achieved within two weeks.
7. Professor Ordman found that taking vitamin C twice a day (one 500mg dose every 12 hours)
can keep blood levels of the vitamin continuously high. He was not definte/certain about
vitamin C’s anti-oxidant properties.
8. Because Pauling’s book on vitamin C popularized the idea of taking large doses of vitamin
C. He is also known for taking huge doses/megadoses of vitamin C every day.
9. The sentence can be paraphrased14 as;However, most of the vitamin taken becomes/is
useless//has no effects//brings no obvious effects.
10. Megadoses of vitamin C have some protective effect against the common cold. However
there is no evidence of a beneficial effect against other diseases (such as heart disease,
cancer and ageing process.)
SECTION 6:TRANSLATION TEST
In October 1995, another bridge flew to span the Huangpu River, connecting Punan with
Fengxian. This Fengpu Bridge is the fourth Huangpu River bridge completed and open to traffic
after the Xupu, Nanpu and Yangpu bridges.
The Fengpu Bridge is the first bridge across the Huangpu River built with funds totaling
446 million yuan jointly15 raised by the departments concerned and enterprises of Fengxian
County and urban districts of the City. It was successfully completed in one year and 7 months
only. The completion of the bridge has solved the problem of crossing the Huangpu River that
bothered the residents in Fengxian and Punan for a long time. It has also improved the
investment environment in the area and laid a good foundation for the development and
construction on the north bank of the Hangzhou Bay.
In the golden autumn of October, the Xupu, Nanpu, Yangpu and Fengpu Bridges on the
Huangpu River, bathed in the golden sunshine, show their distinctive16 features and enhance each
other’s magnificence, adding more luster17 to Shanghai, a cosmopolis that is full off charm and
vitality. In the near future, Shanghai is going to build more facilities across the river to link both
banks of the Huangpu River closer.
听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST
Part A:Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write
your answer in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Remember you will hear the
passage only once. Now let’s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
News can be something the authorities want you to know, or something they would rather
keep secret. An announcement of a government success, a denial of a ailure, or, a secret scandal
that nobody really wants you to talk about.
If the authorities want to tell the world some good news, they issue statements,
communiqués, and call press conferences. Or politicians make speeches. Local newspapers,
radio and television help to alert foreign correspondents to what is going on. And by making
contacts with local officials, journalists can ask for more information or explanation to help them
write their stories.
Unless the correspondent is an eye-witness, it’s rare to trust any single source. Officials
have a policy to defend, and opposition politicians want to attack it. Rumor18 and gossip can also
confuse the situation. So, you have to check information as much as possible using common
sense and experience as final checks to help establish just what’s likely to be the truth, or close
to it.
Just getting the news is only half the job. A correspondent may be well-informed, but his
job is to inform other people, the public. So once the information is available it has to be written
in an interesting way which is also easily understood. Particularly for radio, since, while a
newspaper reader can turn back and re-read a sentence or two, the radio listener has only one
chance. This also means that only a limited number of facts can be contained in a sentence, that
there should be an element of repetition. And vital information necessary to understand the latest
development should be presented at the start of a report-in case the producer of a news program
decides to shorten an item, by cutting for example the last sentence or two.
Finally, the style of presentation must match the subject matter. A cheerful voice might be
perfect for a royal wedding. But it would be sadly out of place for a report of a plane crash. And
this would also confuse and distract the listener, probably making it difficult to understand just
what had happened and to whom.
Part B:Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet.
Now let’s begin Part B with Listening Comprehension.
Questions 1~5 are based on the following conversation.
FRED: Well, Vic, I’m sure all our listeners would love to be brought up to date on the latest in
tiny television.
VIC: It’s an expanding market, Fred, that’s for sure, and they seem to be getting smaller
every year.
FRED: Which countries are dominating the market?
VIC: At the moment it’s Japan, principally. In the spring of 1982 Sony introduced the
passage only once. Now let’s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
News can be something the authorities want you to know, or something they would rather
keep secret. An announcement of a government success, a denial of a ailure, or, a secret scandal
that nobody really wants you to talk about.
If the authorities want to tell the world some good news, they issue statements,
communiqués, and call press conferences. Or politicians make speeches. Local newspapers,
radio and television help to alert foreign correspondents to what is going on. And by making
contacts with local officials, journalists can ask for more information or explanation to help them
write their stories.
Unless the correspondent is an eye-witness, it’s rare to trust any single source. Officials
have a policy to defend, and opposition politicians want to attack it. Rumor and gossip can also
confuse the situation. So, you have to check information as much as possible using common
sense and experience as final checks to help establish just what’s likely to be the truth, or close
to it.
Just getting the news is only half the job. A correspondent may be well-informed, but his
job is to inform other people, the public. So once the information is available it has to be written
in an interesting way which is also easily understood. Particularly for radio, since, while a
newspaper reader can turn back and re-read a sentence or two, the radio listener has only one
chance. This also means that only a limited number of facts can be contained in a sentence, that
there should be an element of repetition. And vital information necessary to understand the latest
development should be presented at the start of a report-in case the producer of a news program
decides to shorten an item, by cutting for example the last sentence or two.
Finally, the style of presentation must match the subject matter. A cheerful voice might be
perfect for a royal wedding. But it would be sadly out of place for a report of a plane crash. And
this would also confuse and distract the listener, probably making it difficult to understand just
what had happened and to whom.
Part B:Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet.
Now let’s begin Part B with Listening Comprehension.
Questions 1~5 are based on the following conversation.
FRED: Well, Vic, I’m sure all our listeners would love to be brought up to date on the latest in
tiny television.
VIC: It’s an expanding market, Fred, that’s for sure, and they seem to be getting smaller
every year.
FRED: Which countries are dominating the market?
VIC: At the moment it’s Japan, principally. In the spring of 1982 Sony introduced the
VIC: Yes, Casio—that’s C—A—S—I—O. Their latest is a calculator-sized TV about
one-third the bulk of the Watchman and with 1983 production figures of 2000 units a
month.
FRED: I see.
VIC: And, according to a spokesman, they hope to match their calculator sales, which are
about 25 million units per year.
FRED: Very impressive. And no doubt other Japanese companies will jump on the
bandwagon.
VIC: Most likely.
FRED: Now, could you tell us about other countries making these tiny TVs?
VIC: Of course. From Sinclair in England there’s one similar in size to the Casio, and their
production levels were 1 million for 1983.
FRED: Obviously they’re planning on backing a winner!
VIC: How right you are. A representative said they expect a mass-market response, not just
as a novelty item.
FRED: And just which market are the manufacturers aiming at?
VIC: Mainly the commuters who spend hours going to and from work. These tiny TVs will
provide relief from the monotonous20 train and bus rides.
FRED: Well, Vic, thanks for keeping us in touch with this extremely popular gadget21.
VIC: My pleasure, and happy viewing to all of you with those wee TVs.
Question No.1. What is being discussed in the talk?
Question No.2. When was this product recommended to the public?
Question No.3. Which of the following companies first introduced this product?
Question No.4. Which group of people are most likely to form the main market for this
product?
Question No.5. According to the talk, which of the following is true about its market?
Questions 6~10 are based on the following conversation.
Male: How many different countries do you think you’ve been to?
Female: Once I made a count of how many countries I’d hitchhiked through and it came to
twenty eight. So if you add on a few more for those where I haven’t hitched22, I imagine
it comes to about forty by now.
Male: About forty! And are there any of these that you feel you really would like to go back
to?
Female: Two that I could actually live in I think. One would be the west coast of Canada
because I think that had everything to offer. It was rich culturally, it was very bright, it
had a very pleasant climate, slightly improved on Britain. It had the Rocky Mountains
behind, loads of coastline, um, a lot going on both day and night, a large university,
and it was just near America if you felt like crossing the border. The other place I liked,
but more for a holiday, was Sardinia, which I found was one of the quietest, most
unspoilt parts of Europe that I’ve seen.
Male: What is it about traveling that makes you want to keep doing it?
Female: I think it’s the one time when I feel completely alive every minute of the day. I also
feel I have a tremendous amount of experience to bring back every time I’ve traveled,
there’s so much to share with other people. I feel I’ve got, sort of, two hundred per
cent of me to give once I come back. But when I’m actually doing it, you’re free from
all the bounds of routine, you’re free from the assumptions people make about you.
You’re free from the inhibitons that cause you not to fully10 be yourself and enjoy
yourself because of what people might think and so on.
Male: But it can also be a little bit dangerous at times too, can’t it?
Female: It can certainly be dangerous if you’re doing it alone. I avoid traveling alone whenever
I can. I mostly go with people I know very well and this is part of the traveler
discovering the person you’re traveling with and discovering the differences in taste
and the similarities in taste. But, um the most dangerous situation I found myself in
was nearly being knifed here in Devon, in Tlfracombe. But apart from that, I was on a
train in Hungary where there was a murder in the loo, and we were kept for 10 hours
while they investigated why somebody had been stabbed in the loo. I’ve also slept,
voluntarily, in a prison in Norway and another prison in Germany. Um and in one of
them we were locked in and heard the other prisoners shouting and banging on the
doors and that felt quite frightening. Um I managed to get right into the center of the
Middle East war through no choice of my own. They wouldn’t let us out of the plane
and we were caught throughout the whole war in the country and couldn’t get around
at all. That felt as if you were living on a knife edge; we were lying there
contemplating23 quite coolly whether, if you were living on a knife edge; we were lying
there contemplating quite coolly whether, if there was an air raid, we should actually
go into the shelter or allow ourselves to be killed on the spot. And, er there are
certainly risks and I think more so when you do travel alone, so I try and avoid it.
Question No.6. How many countries has the woman been to?
Question No.7. Which place does the woman seem to like most?
Question No.8. Considering that traveling can be dangerous at times, what does the woman
do?
Question No.9. Which of the following is true about the woman?
Question No.10. Why does the woman want to keep traveling?
Questions 11~15 are based on the following news.
Here is a summary of the news.
“No general election yet” says the Prime Minister.
Five people die in an earthquake in central Italy.
And one-fourth million pounds is stolen from a security van.
And one-fourth million pounds is stolen from a security van.
In a speech in the city of London last night, the Prime Minister announced that there will be
no general election in the near future. Talk of a quick elction was pure speculation24, she said. A
general election would be held when it was in the best interests of the nation to do so.
In central Italy, several small towns and villages are still cut off by avalanches25 following the
earthquake during the night which killed five people. It was central Italy’s strongest earthquake
for several years and hundreds of people have been made homeless. In Rome, as well as in
Florence, Naples and Perugia, gas pipes were broken, windows shattered and electric cables
thrown onto the streets.
Thieves got away with almost one-fourth million pounds after security van was ambushed
in central London early this morning. The security van was rammed26 by a lorry as it was taking a
short cut through a narrow street off Piccadilly. Three masked men then threatened the driver
and his assistant with shotguns and forced one of them to unlock the van. The thieves made their
escape in a car parked nearby. This car was later found abandoned in south London. The driver
of the van and his assistant were badly shaken but not seriously hurt.
Hospital waiting lists in the southwest of England have gone up by a quarter in the last five
years. While the number of doctors, nurses and other staff have increased, the demand on the
service has grown even faster.
Question No.11. What does the Prime Minister say about the general election?
Question No.12. What happened in central Italy?
Question No.13. Where did the raid on a security van take place?
Question No.14. About how much money was stolen from the security van?
Question No.15. Which of the following statements is true about the hospitals in
south-western England
Questions 16~20 are based on the following talk.
The figures for burglaries have risen alarmingly over the last few years and are now quite
appalling. Let me quote you a few statistics about break-ins.
A house is burgled in Britain now about every two minutes, and over the past three years
the number of burglaries reported to the police has risen by approximately 50,000 to well over
400,000 this year. The insurance companies report that last year alone household burglary losses
rose by 27 per cent over the previous year to 138.2 million, and several companies are refusing
to provide burglary cover in what we might call high-risk areas.
There are, nevertheless, half a dozen measures which can be taken against burglaries, which
I will briefly27 outline for you. It really only requires some basic common sense and a small outlay,
combined with a little knowledge of the way a burglar thinks and operates. You have to put
yourself in his position, really. Most burglars are opportunists looking for an easy break-in, so
don’t make things simple for them. Don’t advertise the fact you’re out or away, or be careless
about security. Even if you’re just popping out for a quarter of an hour, don’t leave doors and
windows open or unlocked. A burglary can take less than ten minutes.
This time element leads me to my second main point, that where a house is hard to get into
and will take a long time to do so because you’ve fitted good locks and bolts on your exterior
doors and windows or even burglar alarms, the chances are that the burglar will move on to
somewhere easier. There are plenty of these, I can assure you. Milk bottles left on the doorstep,
papers by the front door, garage doors wide open, curtains drawn28 in the daytime or undrawn at
night are all indications. For comparatively little you can buy a programmed time-switch that’ll
turn on and off a light at appropriate times.
Not all burglaries happen while you are out, of course. You should always be wary29 of
callers at the door who say, for example, that they’ve come to read the gas meter; always check
their credentials30, and if in doubt don’t let them in. It’s also a good idea to keep a record of serial
numbers on electrical equipment, radios, TVs and so on, or even to take photographs of valuable
jewelry, antiques or pictures.
Question No.16. How many burglaries have been reported this year?
Question No.17. How does the insurance industry react to the rise of burglaries?
Question No.18. Which does the insurance industry react to the rise of burglaries?
Question No.19. Which of the following statements is true, according to the passage?
Question No.20. What might be the best title for this passage?
SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate answer booklet. You are required
to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your answer booklet until after
you have listened to the talk. Now listen to the talk carefully.
Over the last fifty years housework has been made considerably31 easier by the invention of
an increasing number of labor-saving devices and appliances, mostly electrical, which have
drastically cut down the amount of time and effort previously32 needed to do the everyday
household chores. For many years now there have been vacuum cleaners, electric irons, washing
machines and floor-polishers; now we have electric potato-peelers and even electric carving
knives. We can buy cookers that will switch themselves on and produce a meal that is ready to
eat the minute we get back home. If we have one of those electric pop-up toasters, we can make
toast at the breakfast table itself. Mashed33 potatoes can be quickly and effortlesslymade with a
mixer, which usually has a variety of attachments34 that enable you to make all sorts of other more
exotic things like fresh orange juice or real mayonnaise. And a tumble-drier can save you from
the frustration35 of hanging out the washing only to have to bring it in again ten minutes later
when a menacing storm-cloud looms36 over.
Probably the most important piece of electrical equipment to become widely used in the last
twenty years is the dishwasher. Washing up by hand is not only a time-consuming task (it can
take longer than eating the meal itself), but also an extremely boring one, particularly when you
are on your own, and it also ruins your hands. Dishwashers come in a range of different sizes
and models to suit your purse, the size of your family, and the layout of your kitchen. They can
be stood up on the floor or on a worktop, or they can be mounted on a wall. And their capacity
ranges from six to twelve place-settings. If you buy one, it is worth having it plumbed37 into the
mains water supply to save you from having to connect rubber pipes to your taps each time you
use it. All you have to do is load the dirty dishes, glasses and cutlery into the racks inside the
machine, pour in some special detergent powder, close the door and switch it on; it does the rest
by itself while you get on and do more interesting things. Of course, most dishwashers can’t
accommodate large saucepan and frying pans, and you do have to scrape all scraps38 of solid food
from the dishes before you put them in to avoid blocking the filters, but the machine will wash
almost everything else and get rid of even the most stubborn egg and listick stains. When the
washing cycle is over, the machine dries the plates and glasses with its own heat, and indeed
they can be left inside until they are needed for the next meal.
If you buy a medium-sized dishwasher, you probably won’t need to wash up more than
once a day. The drawback of this, of course, is that you have to have enough dishes, cutlery, etc.
to last three or four meals. So it can happen that people who buy a dishwasher have to buy new
china and glasses, either because they haven’t got enough or because the ones they’ve got don’t
fit the machine. This extra expense may not only be necessary, but also desirable, for one has to
remember that dishwashers can be aute noisy. This means that many people prefer only to use
their machine once a day, preferably last thing at night, when you can just shut the kitchen door
on it and go to bed.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Now let’s begin Part b with Sentence
Translation.
Sentence No.1. This is the most serious hurricane to have hit the region this century, but so
far there have been no reports of damage or injuries.
Sentence No.2. I’ve just got a call from Michael in the Hong-Kong office and he needs the
latest sales figures, so could you fax them to him first thing tomorrow
morning?
Sentence No.3. If you make an appointment and see us towards the end of the week, we’ll be
able to let you know our decision.
Sentence No.4. The U S economy is going to enjoy steady growth for the remainder of the
year with unemployment rate lowered and inflation kept under control.
Sentence No.5. The president said that his government is encouraging its big enterprises to
invest in this country, especially in the south-eastern coastal39 area.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passage
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your answer booklet. You may take notes while you are listening.
Now let’s begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Passage 1:
The tourist season in London, which used to be mainly in the summer months, is now all
the year round. Around 15 million people visit Britain each year, and most of these visitors
spend at least a few days in London.
But London is more than this. It is the center of government and the home of the Queen. It
is also the financial center of Britain.
Passage 2:
Canada is huge country, second in size only to Russia. Yet it has only 26 million people,
which is less than half the population of the United Kingdom.
A third of the country is covered by forest and there are also vast grasslands40 and countless
lakes and rivers.
There are great variations in climate. Winters are extremely cold except in Vancouver,
which has a milder climate owing to its location on the west coast. Canadian summers are warm
on the whole, especially inland, so you’ll only need lightweight clothing.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
2 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
3 detergent dm1zW     
n.洗涤剂;adj.有洗净力的
参考例句:
  • He recommended a new detergent to me.他向我推荐一种新的洗涤剂。
  • This detergent can remove stubborn stains.这种去污剂能去除难洗的污渍。
4 virgin phPwj     
n.处女,未婚女子;adj.未经使用的;未经开发的
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been to a virgin forest?你去过原始森林吗?
  • There are vast expanses of virgin land in the remote regions.在边远地区有大片大片未开垦的土地。
5 isles 4c841d3b2d643e7e26f4a3932a4a886a     
岛( isle的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • the geology of the British Isles 不列颠群岛的地质
  • The boat left for the isles. 小船驶向那些小岛。
6 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
7 isolate G3Exu     
vt.使孤立,隔离
参考例句:
  • Do not isolate yourself from others.不要把自己孤立起来。
  • We should never isolate ourselves from the masses.我们永远不能脱离群众。
8 salon VjTz2Z     
n.[法]沙龙;客厅;营业性的高级服务室
参考例句:
  • Do you go to the hairdresser or beauty salon more than twice a week?你每周去美容院或美容沙龙多过两次吗?
  • You can hear a lot of dirt at a salon.你在沙龙上会听到很多流言蜚语。
9 awfully MPkym     
adv.可怕地,非常地,极端地
参考例句:
  • Agriculture was awfully neglected in the past.过去农业遭到严重忽视。
  • I've been feeling awfully bad about it.对这我一直感到很难受。
10 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
11 hormone uyky3     
n.荷尔蒙,激素,内分泌
参考例句:
  • Hormone implants are used as growth boosters.激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body.这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
12 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
13 systematically 7qhwn     
adv.有系统地
参考例句:
  • This government has systematically run down public services since it took office.这一屆政府自上台以来系统地削减了公共服务。
  • The rainforest is being systematically destroyed.雨林正被系统地毀灭。
14 paraphrased d569177caee5b5f776d80587b5ce9fac     
v.释义,意译( paraphrase的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Baxter paraphrased the contents of the press release. 巴克斯特解释了新闻稿的内容。 来自辞典例句
  • It is paraphrased from the original. 它是由原文改述的。 来自辞典例句
15 jointly jp9zvS     
ad.联合地,共同地
参考例句:
  • Tenants are jointly and severally liable for payment of the rent. 租金由承租人共同且分别承担。
  • She owns the house jointly with her husband. 她和丈夫共同拥有这所房子。
16 distinctive Es5xr     
adj.特别的,有特色的,与众不同的
参考例句:
  • She has a very distinctive way of walking.她走路的样子与别人很不相同。
  • This bird has several distinctive features.这个鸟具有几种突出的特征。
17 luster n82z0     
n.光辉;光泽,光亮;荣誉
参考例句:
  • His great books have added luster to the university where he teaches.他的巨著给他任教的大学增了光。
  • Mercerization enhances dyeability and luster of cotton materials.丝光处理扩大棉纤维的染色能力,增加纤维的光泽。
18 rumor qS0zZ     
n.谣言,谣传,传说
参考例句:
  • The rumor has been traced back to a bad man.那谣言经追查是个坏人造的。
  • The rumor has taken air.谣言流传开了。
19 commonsense aXpyp     
adj.有常识的;明白事理的;注重实际的
参考例句:
  • It is commonsense to carry an umbrella in this weather.这种天气带把伞是很自然的。
  • These results are no more than a vindication of commonsense analysis.这些结果只不过是按常理分析得出的事实。
20 monotonous FwQyJ     
adj.单调的,一成不变的,使人厌倦的
参考例句:
  • She thought life in the small town was monotonous.她觉得小镇上的生活单调而乏味。
  • His articles are fixed in form and monotonous in content.他的文章千篇一律,一个调调儿。
21 gadget Hffz0     
n.小巧的机械,精巧的装置,小玩意儿
参考例句:
  • This gadget isn't much good.这小机械没什么用处。
  • She has invented a nifty little gadget for undoing stubborn nuts and bolts.她发明了一种灵巧的小工具用来松开紧固的螺母和螺栓。
22 hitched fc65ed4d8ef2e272cfe190bf8919d2d2     
(免费)搭乘他人之车( hitch的过去式和过去分词 ); 搭便车; 攀上; 跃上
参考例句:
  • They hitched a ride in a truck. 他们搭乘了一辆路过的货车。
  • We hitched a ride in a truck yesterday. 我们昨天顺便搭乘了一辆卡车。
23 contemplating bde65bd99b6b8a706c0f139c0720db21     
深思,细想,仔细考虑( contemplate的现在分词 ); 注视,凝视; 考虑接受(发生某事的可能性); 深思熟虑,沉思,苦思冥想
参考例句:
  • You're too young to be contemplating retirement. 你考虑退休还太年轻。
  • She stood contemplating the painting. 她站在那儿凝视那幅图画。
24 speculation 9vGwe     
n.思索,沉思;猜测;投机
参考例句:
  • Her mind is occupied with speculation.她的头脑忙于思考。
  • There is widespread speculation that he is going to resign.人们普遍推测他要辞职。
25 avalanches dcaa2523f9e3746ae5c2ed93b8321b7e     
n.雪崩( avalanche的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The greatest dangers of pyroclastic avalanches are probably heat and suffocation. 火成碎屑崩落的最大危害可能是炽热和窒息作用。 来自辞典例句
  • Avalanches poured down on the tracks and rails were spread. 雪崩压满了轨道,铁轨被弄得四分五裂。 来自辞典例句
26 rammed 99b2b7e6fc02f63b92d2b50ea750a532     
v.夯实(土等)( ram的过去式和过去分词 );猛撞;猛压;反复灌输
参考例句:
  • Two passengers were injured when their taxi was rammed from behind by a bus. 公共汽车从后面撞来,出租车上的两位乘客受了伤。
  • I rammed down the earth around the newly-planted tree. 我将新栽的树周围的土捣硬。 来自《简明英汉词典》
27 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
28 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
29 wary JMEzk     
adj.谨慎的,机警的,小心的
参考例句:
  • He is wary of telling secrets to others.他谨防向他人泄露秘密。
  • Paula frowned,suddenly wary.宝拉皱了皱眉头,突然警惕起来。
30 credentials credentials     
n.证明,资格,证明书,证件
参考例句:
  • He has long credentials of diplomatic service.他的外交工作资历很深。
  • Both candidates for the job have excellent credentials.此项工作的两个求职者都非常符合资格。
31 considerably 0YWyQ     
adv.极大地;相当大地;在很大程度上
参考例句:
  • The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  • The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
32 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
33 mashed Jotz5Y     
a.捣烂的
参考例句:
  • two scoops of mashed potato 两勺土豆泥
  • Just one scoop of mashed potato for me, please. 请给我盛一勺土豆泥。
34 attachments da2fd5324f611f2b1d8b4fef9ae3179e     
n.(用电子邮件发送的)附件( attachment的名词复数 );附着;连接;附属物
参考例句:
  • The vacuum cleaner has four different attachments. 吸尘器有四个不同的附件。
  • It's an electric drill with a range of different attachments. 这是一个带有各种配件的电钻。
35 frustration 4hTxj     
n.挫折,失败,失效,落空
参考例句:
  • He had to fight back tears of frustration.他不得不强忍住失意的泪水。
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration.他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
36 looms 802b73dd60a3cebff17088fed01c2705     
n.织布机( loom的名词复数 )v.隐约出现,阴森地逼近( loom的第三人称单数 );隐约出现,阴森地逼近
参考例句:
  • All were busily engaged,men at their ploughs,women at their looms. 大家都很忙,男的耕田,女的织布。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The factory has twenty-five looms. 那家工厂有25台织布机。 来自《简明英汉词典》
37 plumbed 95a981c77848f4ae26cbaf082c951314     
v.经历( plumb的过去式和过去分词 );探究;用铅垂线校正;用铅锤测量
参考例句:
  • Magda had plumbed her own heart for answers. 玛格达在自己心中搜寻答案。 来自辞典例句
  • In the sub-zero weather, their exhausts plumbed white in the grey streets. 在严寒天气,他们的排气管在灰色的街道上吐着缕缕白烟。 来自辞典例句
38 scraps 737e4017931b7285cdd1fa3eb9dd77a3     
油渣
参考例句:
  • Don't litter up the floor with scraps of paper. 不要在地板上乱扔纸屑。
  • A patchwork quilt is a good way of using up scraps of material. 做杂拼花布棉被是利用零碎布料的好办法。
39 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
40 grasslands 72179cad53224d2f605476ff67a1d94c     
n.草原,牧场( grassland的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Songs were heard ringing loud and clear over the grasslands. 草原上扬起清亮激越的歌声。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Grasslands have been broken and planted to wheat. 草原已经开垦出来,种上了小麦。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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