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97.9a上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write
your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear
the passage only once.
Today I'm going to consider very briefly1 a problem concerned with the competition for land
use, that is, whether crops should be used to produce food or should be used to _________(1)
and in considering this problem I will look at ________(2): the historical background to the
problem, the economic involved in the competition for land use, some examples, and
________(3) to a potential problem.
In considering the historical background we should ___________(4) of the 1970s due to the
rapid trend in increasing oil prices. Many countries have looked for ____________(5) to make
them independent of other countries' _____________(6). Examples of alternative energy sources
include such things as solar power. the ____________(7), and also the production of biogas.
Biogas is methane2 which is produced from _____________(8).
A particularly interesting possibility for many developing countries has been the
___________(9) to alcohol. This is interesting because in many developing countries there is a
____________(10) and at the same time a small industrial sector3 and thus the ____________(11)
the agricultural sector to produce fuel is of interest to those countries.
Research is going on ___________(12), for example, from sugar and there are two main
economic reasons for this. First of all, the world price of sugar _________(13) or the world price
of sugar has fallen in very real terms __________(14). This has caused a problem for those
economics which are ____________(15) their sugar production, as it gives them an alternative
possibility for ______________(16). And secondly4 sugar is the most efficient source of alcohol,
therefore, it is __________(17) to make fuel by distilling5 alcohol from it.
In addition to sugar there are _______(18) that can be used to make alcohol, for example,
____________(19) such plants as the cassava plant and the sweet potato are good sources from
which alcohol can be made and in non-tropical countries you have such things as
__________(20).
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
1. (A) Blue. (B) Green.
(C) Red. (D) Yellow.
2. (A) "Swimming". (B) "Wills's Woodbines".
(C) A petrol company badge. (D) "Tidy".
3. (A) In the early 1900s. (B) In the early 1950s.
(C) Around 1945. (D) After 1955.
4. (A) "Smoked by Millions". (B) "Bought by Millions."
(C) "Love for Humankind". (D) "I've been to Disneyland."
5. (A) Two (B) Three
(C) Four (D) Five
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
6. (A) 25% (B) 35%
(C) 45% (D) 75%
7. (A) Inadequate6 pay.
(B) Short-staffing at air-traffic control centers.
(C) Certain government welfare policies.
(D) The company pension scheme proposals.
8. (A) There was a substantial increase in the number of employment.
(B) Just over 12,000 people were still unemployed7 last month.
(C) The unemployment situation has got a little better.
(D) There is no real reduction in unemployment.
9. (A) More than fourteen-million-pound worth of jewellery.
(B) Over forty-million-pound worth of jewellery.
(C) Over one-quarter million pound of cash.
(D) A very large but unspecified amount of money.
10. (A) A woman and a child. (B) Three men.
(C) Three men and a woman. (D) Three men, a woman and a child.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following intervies.
11. (A) A South African Businessman.
(B) A British diamond supplier.
(C) An American writer and journalist.
(D) A chief executive officer of De Beers Corporation.
12. (A) Because they are difficult to mine.
(B) Because they are rare.
(C) Because they are sort of marriage license8.
(D) Because they are controlled by a monopoly.
13. (A) An advertising9 agency for diamonds (B) A South African diamond company.
(C) A Belgian diamond cutter. (D) A Japanese diamond designer.
14. (A) Russia. (B) Japan.
(C) Israel. (D) Belgium.
15. (A) Diamonds are a good investment.
(B) Diamonds are expensive because there is a monopoly.
(C) Diamonds are an international symbol of marriage.
(D) Diamonds are rare and therefore precious.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. (A) The dangers of computer use to health.
(B) The dangers and benefits of computer use.
(C) Computer use and personal privacy.
(D) Computer use and national or industrial security.
17. (A) Less than 25%. (B) About 35%.
(C) More than 45%. (D) Around 55%.
18. (A) USA. (B) UK.
(C) Australia. (D) Denmark.
19. (A) Disturbance10 to vision. (B) Increased stress.
(C) Abnormality in pregnancy11. (D) Skin disease.
20. (A) Because they stay longer hours in front of the terminal screen than do professional users.
(B) Because they use computers in places without safeguards against potential risks.
(C) Because they usually use computers of an inferior quality.
(D) Because they use computers only for interest or pleasure.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that
passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
British Aerospace12 is planning to set up its own university because it cannot recruit the
skilled graduates it needs from existing institutions.
BAe has a team drafting a range of options for the university, which would award its own
degrees. Work on the scheme is expected to start in the next few months.
Sir Richard Evans, chief executive of British Aerospace, has already launched a recruiting
drive for engineers on the Continent because of a shortage of high-calibre domestic candidates.
Advertising campaigns in France, Germany and other European countries will seek to attract
students expecting to graduate in the summer.
Other engineering employers are expe3cted to follow suit. The move to take on overseas
graduates comes after BAe left one in five of its graduate places unfilled last year, blaming
shortcomings in the education system.
If the scheme is approved, BAe will either build a full university or incorporate sites at its
main research and manufacturing centres at Farnborough, Surrey, and Warton, Lancashire. The
company would have to convince the education authorities that the university had sufficient
teaching capacity and autonomy for it to be allowed to award degrees. BAe said it was setting up
its own education system and recruiting staff abroad because "there is a shortage of engineering
graduates, both in terms of quantity and quality".
The Engineering Employers' Federation13 said that skill shortages were an urgent problem.
Rolls-Royce, another large engineering employer, said there was a general skill shortage,
although it had filled its graduate quota14. Rolls will soon recruit internationally to reflect its
expanding international operations.
Engineering's failure to attract students has been attributed to poor pay and long-term
prospects, given the decline in British manufacturing. BAe would not reveal how much it pays
graduates, but Lucas Variety, a large engineering employer, paid a starting salary of £14,200
last year. That compares with an average graduate starting salary of £15,300, according to
Income Data Services.
British universities have found it increasingly difficult to recruit well-qualified
undergraduates. Even Oxford15 and Cambridge fail to meet their quotas17 in many engineering
subjects.
Alan Smithers, whose Centre for Education and Employment Research, at Brunel
University, produced a report on the supply of science and engineering graduates early this year,
said that the discipline had been over expanded. "There is now a lack of quality to withstand
competition in an increasingly international sphere. Companies go where they can find the best
candidates."
Engineering does not enjoy the high status in Britain that it occupies in other parts of the
world. Courses in other parts of Europe and the Far East command among the highest entry
requirements of all degree subjects and take five years, rather than the norm of three in Britain.
1. British Aerospace is recruiting engineers on the Continent ______.
(A) as the pay for them can be much lower
(B) as there are not enough well-qualified candidates at home
(C) to compete with France, Germany and other European countries
(D) to set up a university of its own.
2. In the passage, the expression "to follow suit" in the sentence "Other engineering employers
are expected to follow suit" (para. 4) can best be paraphrased18 as _______.
(A) to join BAe in its recruiting scheme (B) to take the unanimous action
(C) to recruit graduates overseas (D) to establish universities
3. Which of the following is NOT the reason that engineering courses fail to attract British
students?
(A) The decline of British manufacturing industry.
(B) The recruitment of engineers abroad.
(C) The lower pay for engineering graduates.
(D) The long and slow process of success and promotion19 after graduation.
4. "Oxford" and "Cambridge" are mentioned in the passage to show that _______.
(A) they are the world famous universities.
(B) they are not cooperating with British Aerospace
(C) they are reforming the engineering education
(D) they can not fulfil their recruitment quotas in engineering
5. Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of the passage?
(A) There should be further cooperation between British Aerospace and Higher Institutions
(B) Shortage of engineers leads BAe to plan its own university
(C) British Higher Education has recently been reevaluated
(D) British Engineering education is severely20 criticized for its lack of quality
Question 6~10
In an unprecedented21 trans-European strike, Renault workers yesterday staged simultaneous
stoppages in France, Belgium and Spain to protest against the car maker's decision to close its
factory at Vilvoorde in Belgium and cut 6,000 jobs.
Despite union fury and a storm of criticism from French politicians and the European
Commission, Louis Schweitzer, the Renault chairman, insisted that the closure of the Belgian
factory in July with the loss of 3,100 jobs was traumatic but necessary. "It's a brutal23, hard and
painful decision," Mr. Schweitzer said. "If we do nothing, the company will be."
Up to one third of workers downed tools for one hour during each shift in Paris and other
parts of France, while Belgian demonstrators from the threatened Vilvoorde plant massed
outside the French Embassy in Brussels and threw a car chassis24 across police barricades25. Belgian
Renault dealers26 across the country joined the protest by shutting up shop.
The Renault board has approved a plan to shed an additional 2,764 jobs in France, where
stoppages began overnight at the Renault factory in Le Mans, and continued yesterday at plants
in Cleon, Sandouville and Douai.
About 90 per cent of workers at four Renault plants in Spain downed tools for one hour and
employees at factories operated in Belgium by General Motors, Volkswagen, Ford16, Opel and
Volvo also staged one-hour strikes in solidarity27 with their Renault counterparts.
Workers at Renault plants in Portugal, however, did not respond to the strike call.
Union leaders last night hailed the so-called "Eurostrike" as proof of cross-border workers'
unity in the face of glaring gaps in European social legislation.
Mr. Schweitzer suggested that a new use might be found for the Vilvoorde factory and that
some workers may be transferred to other plants, but he showed no sign of backing off from the
radical restructuring plan.
Critics claim that he is callously28 taking advantage of different labour costs across Europe,
and on Thursday Karl Van Miert, the European Commissioner29, announced he was blocking
Spanish investment subsides30 for Renault on the grounds that it was "absurd" to close the
profitable Belgian plant.
The Spanish Government yesterday decided31 to suspend its request for approval of an 8
million subsidy32 it had planned to provide for a Renault investment in Valladolid.
The management of the newly-privatised French automaker claims that the Vilvoorde plant
was singled out because it has the highest production costs.
While President Chirac of France has expressed "shock" at the abrupt33 way the closure was
announced, as Mr. Schweitzer pointed34 out "the French Government has not said that the decision
should be altered, corrected or that it was not good for the company".
6. The Belgians demonstrated outside the French Embassy in Brussels ______.
(A) to protest against French President Chirac's speech
(B) to support French workers' strike at Renault plants
(C) to protest against the closure of the Vilvoorde factory by the French car maker
(D) to voice their solidarity with all Renault workers
7. It can be concluded from the passage that ______.
(A) about 6,000 jobs will be cut from the Renault factory at Vilvoorde in Belgium
(B) one third of workers in the Vilvoorde factory will lose their jobs
(C) about 6,000 workers will be laid off from Renault factories in Belgium and France
(D) the strikes at Renault plants in Belgium and France will lead to a dismissal of about 6,000
workers
8. According to the passage, the workers at factories operated in Belgium by General Motors,
Volkswagen, Ford, Opel and Volvo staged strikes _____.
(A) to protest against the closure of their plants
(B) to demand higher wages
(C) to demand more subsidies35 from their governments
(D) to support workers in Renault plants
9. The expression "was singled out" (para. 11) can be replaced by which of the following?
(A) was closed down (B) was chosen
(C) was reconstructed (D) was separated
10. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
(A) Renault workers in several European countries staged strike against the closure of the
Vilvoorde factory.
(B) The French Government planned to take action to change the decision of the Renault
board.
(C) The decision to close the Renault factory in Vilvoorde met strong criticism from different
circles.
(D) The labour costs of automobile36 industry vary greatly from country to country, even in
Europe.
Question 11~15
The Australian art world swooned when they saw the work of "Aboriginal37" painter Eddie
Burrup, whose haunting canvases depicted38 Aboriginal "Dreamtime" legends.
The only trouble is, Eddie Burrup does not exist. He is a figment of the imagination of an
82-year-old white woman whose hoax39 has embarrassed the cognoscenti and infuriated the
nation's indigenous40 artists. Not since Brisbane literary award winner, Helen Demidenko,
admitted she fooled the publishing world in 1995 by assuming a false identity, have Australia's
artistic41 elite42 been so humbled43.
The elderly painter who so successfully pulled the wool over everyone's eyes, is in fact
Elizabeth Durack, a pastoralist, author and amateur anthropologist44 who lives in the remote
Kimberley region of Western Australia. Under Burrup's fictitious45 name, she produced a range of
critically acclaimed46 work, including paintings, photographs and even an autobiography47.
Everyone assumed Burrup was recluse48 living a hermit's existence in the Outback.
"His" creations were so impressive that they even featured in a touring Aboriginal art show.
This month some of the works were due to be entered for the highly respected Sulman Prize, to
be announced on March 21. But after yesterday's revelation "Burrup's" work will almost
certainly be withdrawn49.
Durack, of Irish descent, is a member of one of the country's most famous pioneering
families. She is a well-know painter in her own right and confessed to her deception50 in an arts
magazine, but refused to explain her motivation. "It's my last creative phase," was all she would
say.
However, art historian Robert Smith, a close family friend, defended her actions. "she has
created a character, just a playwright51 or a poet or a novelist will create a character," he said. "She
hasn't appropriated any motifs52 or themes, or forms of Aboriginal art at all," he insisted.
Members of the Aboriginal art community were less forgiving, claiming she had stolen
indigenous culture. "It's the last thing left that you could possibly take away other than our lives
or shoot us all." John Mundine, an Aboriginal art curator, said. Doreen Mellor, senior curator at
Flinders Art Museum in Adelaide, said: "As an Aboriginal person I feel really offended."
Ironically, the Durack family probably has a deeper knowledge of Aboriginal affairs than
many other white settlers, having lived among Australia's indigenous people in Kimberley for
nearly 180 years. In the last century the Duracks had a reputation as the only family of
pastoralists who did not shoot Aborigines.
11. According to the passage. Eddie Burrup _______.
(A) is an 82-year-old female painter
(B) has long fascinated the Australian art world
(C) has lived in Western Australia for many years
(D) is an imaginary male Aboriginal painter
12. According to the passage, the Australian artistic circles ______.
(A) highly appreciate the work of Eddie Burrup
(B) do not cosider Durack to be an artist
(C) felt cheated by the trick of Elizabeth Durack
(D) acknowledged Durack's contribution to the Aboriginal art
13. It can be concluded from the passage that ______.
(A) Durack imitated paintings from other Aboriginal artists
(B) Durack lacked confidence in her own painting skills
(C) Durack knew much about Aboriginal culture
(D) Durack devoted53 all her life to the creation of Eddie Burrup
14. The word "appropriated" in the sentence "She hasn't appropriated any motifs or themes, or
forms of Aboriginal art at all," (para. 6) can be replaced by which of the following?
(A) made proper use of (B) used as her own invention
(C) imitated and copied (D) studied and designed
15. Which of the following can NOT be inferred from the passage?
(A) Many white men killed or injured the native people in Australia in the last century.
(B) The Durack family have been hostile to Australia's natives.
(C) The Aboriginal artists criticised Durack's deceptive54 behaviour.
(D) Some people felt sympathetic with Durack after the revelation of her deception.
Question 16~20
The medical world was thrown into confusion yesterday when a judge ruled that food and
hydration could be withdrawn from a 29-year-old woman, even though doing so would not
strictly55 follow rules laid down by the Royal College of Physicians.
The woman, known as Miss D, was suffering a "living death" and the time had come for
"merciful relief," said Sir Stephen Brown, President of the High Court Family Division.
The case breaks new ground because in previous cases where doctors have applied56 to turn
off life-support machines of seriously brain-damaged patients, the victims have been in a
"persistent57 vegetative state"(PVS).
Miss D was not considered by experts to be in a PVS because she could track movement
with her eyes and responded to cold water being poured into her ears.
James Munby QC, who was appointed to represent the woman's interests, told Sir Stephen
that the reason the Royal College had been anxious to identify what he had called a "bright line"
over which the boundaries should not be pushed was because there was always a danger of going
down a "slippery slope". But the judge, in his ruling said that all the consultants58, doctors,
medical team and family were agreed that Miss D had no awareness59 of her surroundings or
herself, and all the evidence was that there was "no possibility of any meaningful life
whatsoever". Sir Stephen said that he did not feel he was altering the boundaries of who could be
allowed to die. "I am driven to the conclusion... that it is in this patient's best interest to withdraw
the artificial feeding and hydration which is keeping her body alive."
But the judgement was condemned60 by the anti-euthanasia group. Alert, which said the
"barbaric practice" of cutting off life support systems to braindamaged patients should be banned.
Dr. Peggy Norris, chairwoman of Alert, said: "Withholding61 food and fluids from a person
capable of experiencing thirst had been used as a form of torture."
The British Medical Association took the vies, however, that the judgement did not extend
the categories of patients from whom nutrition and hydration can be withdrawn. "It is an
acknowledgment that it would be ethically64 acceptable to consider withdrawal65 of nutrition and
hydration from and individual who has permanently66 lost his or her sentience67 and awareness," a
spokesman said.
Miss D was at university when she was seriously injured in a road accident in 1989. She
recovered enough to walk round in familiar surroundings, but in 1995 was found unconscious in
her bed, probably having had an epileptic fit. She has never subsequently recovered
consciousness.
This week her feeding tube had become dislodged, and a small operation would have been
needed to replace it. Consequently the hospital trust caring for her had applied to the court for a
declaration that it was lawful68 to "discontinue all life sustaining treatment." Its request was
upheld.
A spokesman for the Royal College of Physicians said the decision had caused confusion.
"We set up a working group to produce guidelines, in order to help doctors in a difficult situation.
But they are only guidelines and the judge is not obliged to follow them. The judgement does not
change them, but it seems to be leading to some uncertainty69 among doctors."
16. The case which concerns Miss D is mainly about ______.
(A) whether she was in a "persistent vegetative state"
(B) if she should be given further medical treatment
(C) which method to be used to recover her consciousness
(D) whether the withdrawal of food and fluids from her is justifiable
17. In the passage, the expression "breaks new ground" (para. 3) can be paraphrased as which of
the following?
(A) makes new discoveries (B) provides further opportunities
(C) brings new problems (D) makes breakthroughs
18. What is the major issue of the argument according to the passage?
(A) The redefinition of "persistent vegetative state."
(B) The stoppage of life sustaining treatment to non PVS patients.
(C) The ethical63 issues in treating PVS patients.
(D) The distinctions between PVS and non PVS patients.
19. It can be concluded that the author of the passage ______.
(A) gives his personal opinion about the issue in question
(B) reaches a comprehensive conclusion in the end
(C) provides a detailed70 introduction on the issue of euthanasia
(D) offers an objective report on different views towards the issue
20. According to the spokesman for the Royal College of Physicians, the judgement has ______.
(A) set a precedent22 for future cases
(B) strictly followed the guidelines set up by the Royal College of Physicians
(C) brought about certain confusion in the medical profession
(D) led to strong opposition71 in the medical world
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
A commonplace criticism of American culture is its excessive preoccupation with material
goods and corresponding neglect of the human spirit. Americans, it is alleged72, worship only "the
almighty dollar." We scramble73 to "keep up with the Joneses." The love affair between Americans
and their automobiles74 has been a continuing subject of derisive75 commentary by both foreign and
domestic critics. Americans are said to live by a quantitative76 ethic62. Bigger is better, whether in
bombs or sedans. The classical virtues77 of grace, harmony, and economy of both means and ends
are lost on most Americans. As a result, we are said to be swallowing up the world's supply of
natural resources, which are irreplaceable. Americans constitute 6 percent of the world's
population but consume over a third of the world's energy. These are now familiar complaints.
Indeed, in some respects Americans may believe the "pursuit of happiness" to mean the pursuit
of material things.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
2 methane t1Eyx     
n.甲烷,沼气
参考例句:
  • The blast was caused by pockets of methane gas that ignited.爆炸是由数袋甲烷气体着火引起的。
  • Methane may have extraterrestrial significance.甲烷具有星际意义。
3 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
4 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
参考例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见解。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要确定所作用的载荷。
5 distilling f3783a7378d04a2dd506fe5837220cb7     
n.蒸馏(作用)v.蒸馏( distil的过去式和过去分词 )( distilled的过去分词 );从…提取精华
参考例句:
  • Water can be made pure by distilling it. 水经蒸馏可变得纯净。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • More ammonium sulphate solution is being recovered in the process of distilling oil shale. 在提炼油页岩的过程中回收的硫酸铵液比过去多了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 inadequate 2kzyk     
adj.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的
参考例句:
  • The supply is inadequate to meet the demand.供不应求。
  • She was inadequate to the demands that were made on her.她还无力满足对她提出的各项要求。
7 unemployed lfIz5Q     
adj.失业的,没有工作的;未动用的,闲置的
参考例句:
  • There are now over four million unemployed workers in this country.这个国家现有四百万失业人员。
  • The unemployed hunger for jobs.失业者渴望得到工作。
8 license B9TzU     
n.执照,许可证,特许;v.许可,特许
参考例句:
  • The foreign guest has a license on the person.这个外国客人随身携带执照。
  • The driver was arrested for having false license plates on his car.司机由于使用假车牌而被捕。
9 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
10 disturbance BsNxk     
n.动乱,骚动;打扰,干扰;(身心)失调
参考例句:
  • He is suffering an emotional disturbance.他的情绪受到了困扰。
  • You can work in here without any disturbance.在这儿你可不受任何干扰地工作。
11 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
12 aerospace CK2yf     
adj.航空的,宇宙航行的
参考例句:
  • The world's entire aerospace industry is feeling the chill winds of recession.全世界的航空航天工业都感受到了经济衰退的寒意。
  • Edward Murphy was an aerospace engineer for the US Army.爱德华·墨菲是一名美军的航宇工程师。
13 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
14 quota vSKxV     
n.(生产、进出口等的)配额,(移民的)限额
参考例句:
  • A restricted import quota was set for meat products.肉类产品设定了进口配额。
  • He overfulfilled his production quota for two months running.他一连两个月超额完成生产指标。
15 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英国城市)
参考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的汇合处。
16 Ford KiIxx     
n.浅滩,水浅可涉处;v.涉水,涉过
参考例句:
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
17 quotas 56efa1d6a3d7b4abe55e080dda812715     
(正式限定的)定量( quota的名词复数 ); 定额; 指标; 摊派
参考例句:
  • In fulfilling the production quotas, John made rings round all his fellow workers. 约翰完成生产定额大大超过他的同事们。
  • Quotas of the means of production are allocated by the higher administrative bodies to the lower ones. 物资指标按隶属关系分配。
18 paraphrased d569177caee5b5f776d80587b5ce9fac     
v.释义,意译( paraphrase的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Baxter paraphrased the contents of the press release. 巴克斯特解释了新闻稿的内容。 来自辞典例句
  • It is paraphrased from the original. 它是由原文改述的。 来自辞典例句
19 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
20 severely SiCzmk     
adv.严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
参考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
21 unprecedented 7gSyJ     
adj.无前例的,新奇的
参考例句:
  • The air crash caused an unprecedented number of deaths.这次空难的死亡人数是空前的。
  • A flood of this sort is really unprecedented.这样大的洪水真是十年九不遇。
22 precedent sSlz6     
n.先例,前例;惯例;adj.在前的,在先的
参考例句:
  • Is there a precedent for what you want me to do?你要我做的事有前例可援吗?
  • This is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.这是中国历史上亘古未有的奇绩。
23 brutal bSFyb     
adj.残忍的,野蛮的,不讲理的
参考例句:
  • She has to face the brutal reality.她不得不去面对冷酷的现实。
  • They're brutal people behind their civilised veneer.他们表面上温文有礼,骨子里却是野蛮残忍。
24 chassis BUxyK     
n.汽车等之底盘;(飞机的)起落架;炮底架
参考例句:
  • The new parts may include the sheet metal,the transmission,or the chassis.新部件可能包括钢壳,变速器或底盘。
  • Can chassis and whole-vehicle manufacturers co-exist peacefully?底盘企业和整车企业能相安无事吗?
25 barricades c0ae4401dbb9a95a57ddfb8b9765579f     
路障,障碍物( barricade的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The police stormed the barricades the demonstrators had put up. 警察冲破了示威者筑起的街垒。
  • Others died young, in prison or on the barricades. 另一些人年轻时就死在监牢里或街垒旁。
26 dealers 95e592fc0f5dffc9b9616efd02201373     
n.商人( dealer的名词复数 );贩毒者;毒品贩子;发牌者
参考例句:
  • There was fast bidding between private collectors and dealers. 私人收藏家和交易商急速竞相喊价。
  • The police were corrupt and were operating in collusion with the drug dealers. 警察腐败,与那伙毒品贩子内外勾结。
27 solidarity ww9wa     
n.团结;休戚相关
参考例句:
  • They must preserve their solidarity.他们必须维护他们的团结。
  • The solidarity among China's various nationalities is as firm as a rock.中国各族人民之间的团结坚如磐石。
28 callously dec3b5c8c8e051ec6020b11c100b4bff     
参考例句:
  • Sri Lanka has callously ignored calls for a humanitarian cease-fire. 斯里兰卡无情地忽视人道停火的呼吁。 来自互联网
  • The pendulum ticks callously, heartlessly. 这是谁的遗训? 来自互联网
29 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
30 subsides 400fe15f1aceae93cab4b312b1ff926c     
v.(土地)下陷(因在地下采矿)( subside的第三人称单数 );减弱;下降至较低或正常水平;一下子坐在椅子等上
参考例句:
  • Emotion swells and subsides. 情绪忽高忽低。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • His emotion swells and subsides. 他的情绪忽高忽低。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
31 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
32 subsidy 2U5zo     
n.补助金,津贴
参考例句:
  • The university will receive a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence.那个大学将得到一笔人工智能研究的补助费。
  • The living subsidy for senior expert's family is included in the remuneration.报酬已包含高级专家家人的生活补贴。
33 abrupt 2fdyh     
adj.突然的,意外的;唐突的,鲁莽的
参考例句:
  • The river takes an abrupt bend to the west.这河突然向西转弯。
  • His abrupt reply hurt our feelings.他粗鲁的回答伤了我们的感情。
34 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
35 subsidies 84c7dc8329c19e43d3437248757e572c     
n.补贴,津贴,补助金( subsidy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • European agriculture ministers failed to break the deadlock over farm subsidies. 欧洲各国农业部长在农业补贴问题上未能打破僵局。
  • Agricultural subsidies absorb about half the EU's income. 农业补贴占去了欧盟收入的大约一半。 来自《简明英汉词典》
36 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
37 aboriginal 1IeyD     
adj.(指动植物)土生的,原产地的,土著的
参考例句:
  • They managed to wipe out the entire aboriginal population.他们终于把那些土著人全部消灭了。
  • The lndians are the aboriginal Americans.印第安人是美国的土著人。
38 depicted f657dbe7a96d326c889c083bf5fcaf24     
描绘,描画( depict的过去式和过去分词 ); 描述
参考例句:
  • Other animals were depicted on the periphery of the group. 其他动物在群像的外围加以修饰。
  • They depicted the thrilling situation to us in great detail. 他们向我们详细地描述了那激动人心的场面。
39 hoax pcAxs     
v.欺骗,哄骗,愚弄;n.愚弄人,恶作剧
参考例句:
  • They were the victims of a cruel hoax.他们是一个残忍恶作剧的受害者。
  • They hoax him out of his money.他们骗去他的钱。
40 indigenous YbBzt     
adj.土产的,土生土长的,本地的
参考例句:
  • Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.每个国家都有自己本土的文化传统。
  • Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
41 artistic IeWyG     
adj.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
参考例句:
  • The picture on this screen is a good artistic work.这屏风上的画是件很好的艺术品。
  • These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.外国朋友很喜欢这些美术工艺品。
42 elite CqzxN     
n.精英阶层;实力集团;adj.杰出的,卓越的
参考例句:
  • The power elite inside the government is controlling foreign policy.政府内部的一群握有实权的精英控制着对外政策。
  • We have a political elite in this country.我们国家有一群政治精英。
43 humbled 601d364ccd70fb8e885e7d73c3873aca     
adj. 卑下的,谦逊的,粗陋的 vt. 使 ... 卑下,贬低
参考例句:
  • The examination results humbled him. 考试成绩挫了他的傲气。
  • I am sure millions of viewers were humbled by this story. 我相信数百万观众看了这个故事后都会感到自己的渺小。
44 anthropologist YzgzPk     
n.人类学家,人类学者
参考例句:
  • The lecturer is an anthropologist.这位讲师是人类学家。
  • The anthropologist unearthed the skull of an ancient human at the site.人类学家在这个遗址挖掘出那块古人类的颅骨。
45 fictitious 4kzxA     
adj.虚构的,假设的;空头的
参考例句:
  • She invented a fictitious boyfriend to put him off.她虚构出一个男朋友来拒绝他。
  • The story my mother told me when I was young is fictitious.小时候妈妈对我讲的那个故事是虚构的。
46 acclaimed 90ebf966469bbbcc8cacff5bee4678fe     
adj.受人欢迎的
参考例句:
  • They acclaimed him as the best writer of the year. 他们称赞他为当年的最佳作者。
  • Confuscius is acclaimed as a great thinker. 孔子被赞誉为伟大的思想家。
47 autobiography ZOOyX     
n.自传
参考例句:
  • He published his autobiography last autumn.他去年秋天出版了自己的自传。
  • His life story is recounted in two fascinating volumes of autobiography.这两卷引人入胜的自传小说详述了他的生平。
48 recluse YC4yA     
n.隐居者
参考例句:
  • The old recluse secluded himself from the outside world.这位老隐士与外面的世界隔绝了。
  • His widow became a virtual recluse for the remainder of her life.他的寡妻孤寂地度过了余生。
49 withdrawn eeczDJ     
vt.收回;使退出;vi.撤退,退出
参考例句:
  • Our force has been withdrawn from the danger area.我们的军队已从危险地区撤出。
  • All foreign troops should be withdrawn to their own countries.一切外国军队都应撤回本国去。
50 deception vnWzO     
n.欺骗,欺诈;骗局,诡计
参考例句:
  • He admitted conspiring to obtain property by deception.他承认曾与人合谋骗取财产。
  • He was jailed for two years for fraud and deception.他因为诈骗和欺诈入狱服刑两年。
51 playwright 8Ouxo     
n.剧作家,编写剧本的人
参考例句:
  • Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格温·托马斯是著名的剧作家。
  • The playwright was slaughtered by the press.这位剧作家受到新闻界的无情批判。
52 motifs ad7b2b52ecff1d960c02db8f14bea812     
n. (文艺作品等的)主题( motif的名词复数 );中心思想;基本模式;基本图案
参考例句:
  • I try to develop beyond the old motifs. 我力求对传统的花纹图案做到推陈出新。 来自辞典例句
  • American Dream is one of the most important motifs of American literature. “美国梦”是美国文学最重要的母题之一。 来自互联网
53 devoted xu9zka     
adj.忠诚的,忠实的,热心的,献身于...的
参考例句:
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
54 deceptive CnMzO     
adj.骗人的,造成假象的,靠不住的
参考例句:
  • His appearance was deceptive.他的外表带有欺骗性。
  • The storyline is deceptively simple.故事情节看似简单,其实不然。
55 strictly GtNwe     
adv.严厉地,严格地;严密地
参考例句:
  • His doctor is dieting him strictly.他的医生严格规定他的饮食。
  • The guests were seated strictly in order of precedence.客人严格按照地位高低就座。
56 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
57 persistent BSUzg     
adj.坚持不懈的,执意的;持续的
参考例句:
  • Albert had a persistent headache that lasted for three days.艾伯特连续头痛了三天。
  • She felt embarrassed by his persistent attentions.他不时地向她大献殷勤,使她很难为情。
58 consultants c6fbb5ca6219111731f9c4c4d2675810     
顾问( consultant的名词复数 ); 高级顾问医生,会诊医生
参考例句:
  • a firm of management consultants 管理咨询公司
  • There're many consultants in hospital. 医院里有很多会诊医生。
59 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
60 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
61 withholding 7eXzD6     
扣缴税款
参考例句:
  • She was accused of withholding information from the police. 她被指控对警方知情不报。
  • The judge suspected the witness was withholding information. 法官怀疑见证人在隐瞒情况。
62 ethic ziGz4     
n.道德标准,行为准则
参考例句:
  • They instilled the work ethic into their children.他们在孩子们的心中注入了职业道德的理念。
  • The connotation of education ethic is rooted in human nature's mobility.教育伦理的内涵根源于人本性的变动性。
63 ethical diIz4     
adj.伦理的,道德的,合乎道德的
参考例句:
  • It is necessary to get the youth to have a high ethical concept.必须使青年具有高度的道德观念。
  • It was a debate which aroused fervent ethical arguments.那是一场引发强烈的伦理道德争论的辩论。
64 ethically CtrzbD     
adv.在伦理上,道德上
参考例句:
  • Ethically , we have nothing to be ashamed about . 从伦理上说,我们没有什么好羞愧的。
  • Describe the appropriate action to take in an ethically ambiguous situation. 描述适当行为采取在一个道德地模棱两可的情况。
65 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
66 permanently KluzuU     
adv.永恒地,永久地,固定不变地
参考例句:
  • The accident left him permanently scarred.那次事故给他留下了永久的伤疤。
  • The ship is now permanently moored on the Thames in London.该船现在永久地停泊在伦敦泰晤士河边。
67 sentience 996526141849e30201dbfd5afaf277ed     
n.感觉性;感觉能力;知觉
参考例句:
  • Some people believe in the sentience of flowers. 有些人相信花有知觉能力。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • That art embodies sentience. 艺术包容了所有感受。 来自互联网
68 lawful ipKzCt     
adj.法律许可的,守法的,合法的
参考例句:
  • It is not lawful to park in front of a hydrant.在消火栓前停车是不合法的。
  • We don't recognised him to be the lawful heir.我们不承认他为合法继承人。
69 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
70 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
71 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
72 alleged gzaz3i     
a.被指控的,嫌疑的
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • alleged irregularities in the election campaign 被指称竞选运动中的不正当行为
73 scramble JDwzg     
v.爬行,攀爬,杂乱蔓延,碎片,片段,废料
参考例句:
  • He broke his leg in his scramble down the wall.他爬墙摔断了腿。
  • It was a long scramble to the top of the hill.到山顶须要爬登一段长路。
74 automobiles 760a1b7b6ea4a07c12e5f64cc766962b     
n.汽车( automobile的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • When automobiles become popular,the use of the horse and buggy passed away. 汽车普及后,就不再使用马和马车了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Automobiles speed in an endless stream along the boulevard. 宽阔的林荫道上,汽车川流不息。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
75 derisive ImCzF     
adj.嘲弄的
参考例句:
  • A storm of derisive applause broke out.一阵暴风雨般的哄笑声轰然响起。
  • They flushed,however,when she burst into a shout of derisive laughter.然而,当地大声嘲笑起来的时候,她们的脸不禁涨红了。
76 quantitative TCpyg     
adj.数量的,定量的
参考例句:
  • He said it was only a quantitative difference.他说这仅仅是数量上的差别。
  • We need to do some quantitative analysis of the drugs.我们对药物要进行定量分析。
77 virtues cd5228c842b227ac02d36dd986c5cd53     
美德( virtue的名词复数 ); 德行; 优点; 长处
参考例句:
  • Doctors often extol the virtues of eating less fat. 医生常常宣扬少吃脂肪的好处。
  • She delivered a homily on the virtues of family life. 她进行了一场家庭生活美德方面的说教。
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