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97.9b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

时间:2005-12-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:lauguna   字体: [ ]
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SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You are
required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your ANSWER
BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk.
I want to discuss problems of ___________(1) and three possible policies which could stop
________(2) urbanization in developing countries.
Certain urban problems are ____________(3) to both developed and developing countries,
for example, poor housing, __________(4), traffic congestion1 and pollution. But there are
problems which are __________(5) to developing countries and this is due to the need of these
countries to provide a basic infrastructure2 necessary for ____________(6). The provision of this
infrastructure is the urbanization process itself.
There are five main _____________(7) of this uncontrolled urbanization: Firstly, people
__________(8) from the country to the city because they see the city as a more __________(9)
place to live. Secondly3, rural areas thus become less ______________(10) and this causes a
decrease in the production of food. Thirdly, There is a high urban population growth rate.
Fourthly, There is a dramatic __________(11) on the supply of social services, especially those
services related to education and ___________(12), and finally uncontrolled urbanization leads
to an ___________(13) of labour supply in the cities.
There are three policies which could __________(14) this kind of uncontrolled
urbanization in ____________(15) countries. Firstly, to promote a more equal _________(16)
distribution. In this way farmers would be more __________(17) to stay on the land. Secondly,
to improve the supply of social services in the __________(18) areas, particularly in the field of
health and education. And thirdly, to give _________(19) assistance to agriculture, especially to
the small _________(20).
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, your will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the
sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate is into Chinese and write your
version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(3)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(4)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(5)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passages
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are
listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passages and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~4
A judge condemned4 European Union laws against corporal punishment and the rise in
single-parent families as he sent two young arsonists6 to a secure unit yesterday.
Sentencing the boys, aged7 ten and 13, to two and a half years, Judge Rodwell QC said in
Luton Crown Court that the abolition8 of corporal punishment in schools had left teachers unable
to discipline unruly youngsters, leading to an increase in delinquency.
The boys, who cannot be named for legal reasons, set fire to a neighbour's house as they
roamed the streets of a council estate after being expelled from school.
Judge Rodwell said: "With the best intention in the world corporal punishment has been
abolished and indeed that is a requirement of the EU".
"But this has resulted in an extremely unsatisfactory situation. Nobody wants children to be
flogged but it is no longer possible for a teacher to deal with even a minor9 incident by a cuff
round the ear or a smack10 on the hand, which is swift and and something the child entirely
understands and stops minor incidents escalating11.
"If the child does not respond to being told not to bring gin into school or beat his mates up
the teacher has to go through discipline procedures. If the correct procedures are followed a great
deal of verbiage12 comes out which may satisfy the intelligent niceties of educationists but has no
impact on a great number of children. Suspension is hardly a sanction."
The judge expressed concern over single-parent families, and said that children needed two
parents. The boys had both come from broken homes. He said:"Both children come from homes
where a father for a lot of the time was not present. It is often said that in single-parent homes
children can be given as much love as they need but that is not the entire answer."
During their trial last month the court was told that the two boys were among a gang of
children who harassed13 the Smith family on the Downside estate, Dunstable, Bedfordshire.
One day, the boys put paper through the letter box and tried to set light to it, but failed.
Then a woman neighbour, described by the judge as "the neighbour from hell". lent them a
lighter so they kicked the door in and started a fire a on a hall table.
The blaze left the house uninhabitable, causing £4,000 damage to the building and
destroying virtually everything the family owned. The boys denied arson5.
1. Why were the two boys sent to a secure unit?
2. What is corporal punishment referred to in this passage? Cite examples of corporal
punishment from the passage.
3. What are the advantages of corporal punishment, according to Judge Rodwell?
4. Explain in your own words the statement "suspension is hardly a sanction" (para. 6)?
Question 5~7
Five train companies will have to ask for more cash from the next government to run
services, according to a report out yesterday.
The study, conducted by a former transport analyst14 with City accountants Coopers and
Lybrand for Save Our Railways, the pressure group, claimed that many private operators bid so
aggressively for train services they will be unable to meet the ambitious targets they have set
themselves.
Another four franchises15 are likely to run into financial difficulties, making losses even if
they manage to increase revenues by 16 per cent over seven years.
The loss-making franchises--Cardiff Railways, West Anglia and Great Northern and South
Wales and West, Thameslink and Thames Trains--are likely to require more than £500m in
extra subsidy16 in order to keep trains running.
"There has been concern in the rail industry for some time about the way that some of the
later franchises were let to bidders17 who were taking a gamble," said Keith Bill, national secretary
of Save Our Railways.
The City's initial concerns about rail privatisation have meant that many early bids were
"given away". South West Trains, which introduced an emergency timetable after cutting driver
numbers, is predicted to make nearly £480m if it grows at 3 per cent a year.
Also likely to make bumper18 profits are Great Western, which runs express InterCity
services from London to the west country and could make £462m, and French-based company
CGEA, in line for more than £600m from its two commuter19 services. Campaigners point out
that Opraf, the government body which let out franchises, realised that some would make money
and others would run into difficulties.
Train companies said that the growth forecasts were too low. "In two years we have
increased our takings by 50 per cent," said a spokesman for Thames Trains. "So we expect to
grow for faster than this report estimates."
The analysis should jolt20 Labour's rail policy into life. The speed sell-off of British Rail has
caught the party off-guard and forced its transport team into a series of embarrassing
U-turns--which has culminated21 in a decision not to take any bankrupt train service into public
hands.
"We will consider all the options and as a last resort we will offer a bankrupt train srvice to
private bidders in order to secure the best deal for the taxpayer," said a sopkeswoman for
Andrew Smith, the shadow Secretary of State of Transport.
Senior railway managers point out that this would mean that the Labour party would be
forced into paying more subsidy.
5. Why are some train companies likely to make losses even if they manage to increase revenue?
6. What does the sentence "many early bids were `given away'" (para. 6) mean?
7. According to the passage, what are the impacts of the speed privatisation of British Rail on the
Labour Party?
Question 8~10
The message in London's singles flat market is clear if you can find anything you like then
buy now, Dixie Nichols writes.
London is seeing "a vibrant22 and wealthy singles flat market" according to David Salvi of
the Clerkenwell agents Hurford, Salvi and Carr. The middle market flat agents Douglas &
Gordon and Chestertons both say prices in the sector23 are up 20 per cent on a year ago, both say
this sector has improved by 20 per cent in the past 12 months, and both have a backlog24 of
buyers.
Melissa Carter, of Douglas & Gordon's Battersea office, says: "What was a good offer two
months ago looks about right now. the deals are holding and valuers (who had been acting25 as a
brake) are now prepared to follow."
Buyers in the singles market come wielding26 big deposits (up to a third of the price is not
unusual), and frequently leapfrog the studio and one-bed flats starting in at two beds. Often the
second bed is let to a friend to take the sting out of the mortgage.
Although agents complain of there not being enough stock, there is a steady influx27 from the
commercial block conversions28. The new wave of developments is hitting the market now.
The market is hungry and snaps up anything well priced. The Ziggurat Building in
Clerkenwell, north London, sold all 34 units in its first phase within an hour of opening its doors,
but the price was exceptional--£140 a sq ft when most schemes hover29 at £200 to £250.
The developers' headline price may not have shot up in the past year but the amount of
space you get for your money has been shaved, When Sapcote's Beauchamp Building in Hatton
Garden, central London, was introduced last September the shell sizes of 1,200 to 1,400 sq ft
were said to be far too small. When launched in January the market was impressed by their size.
London flat agents have no problem in forecasting a 10 per cent rise over the next 12
months despite election wobbles. It may be better than that: Simon Agace of Winkworth, says:
"The top of the flat market has already followed the house market's summer spring and the
middle range will follow."
8. What is implied in the message "If you can find anything you like then buy now."?
9. Why do buyers often choose the two-bed flats?
10. What does the example of "Sapcote's Beauchamp Building in Hatton Gardon, central
London" tell us?
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
太湖明珠无锡,位于江苏省南部,地处美丽富饶的长江三角洲中心地带。这里气候宜
人,物产丰富,风景优美,是中国重点风景旅游城市。与万里长城齐名的古京杭大运河纵
贯市区,泛舟河上,能领略水乡的民俗风情。
距市区七公里的太湖梅梁景区是太湖风景之精华,碧波万顷,渔帆点点,湖光山色令
人陶醉。其中的鼋头渚巨石状如鼋头,远眺烟波浩渺的太湖,被诗人郭沫若誉为“太湖佳
绝处”。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 congestion pYmy3     
n.阻塞,消化不良
参考例句:
  • The congestion in the city gets even worse during the summer.夏天城市交通阻塞尤为严重。
  • Parking near the school causes severe traffic congestion.在学校附近泊车会引起严重的交通堵塞。
2 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
3 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
参考例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见解。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要确定所作用的载荷。
4 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
5 arson 3vOz3     
n.纵火,放火
参考例句:
  • He was serving a ten spot for arson.他因纵火罪在服十年徒刑。
  • He was arraigned on a charge of arson.他因被指控犯纵火罪而被传讯。
6 arsonists e888368392f2058a895f605964aba4ec     
n.纵火犯( arsonist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The factory was destroyed in a fire started by arsonists. 工厂在纵火犯引起的火灾中烧毀了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Australian Attorney-General Robert McClelland said suspected arsonists could face murder charges. 澳大利亚总检察长罗伯特麦克莱兰说,怀疑纵火犯可能面临谋杀指控。 来自互联网
7 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
8 abolition PIpyA     
n.废除,取消
参考例句:
  • They declared for the abolition of slavery.他们声明赞成废除奴隶制度。
  • The abolition of the monarchy was part of their price.废除君主制是他们的其中一部分条件。
9 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
10 smack XEqzV     
vt.拍,打,掴;咂嘴;vi.含有…意味;n.拍
参考例句:
  • She gave him a smack on the face.她打了他一个嘴巴。
  • I gave the fly a smack with the magazine.我用杂志拍了一下苍蝇。
11 escalating 1b4e810e65548c7656e9ea468e403ca1     
v.(使)逐步升级( escalate的现在分词 );(使)逐步扩大;(使)更高;(使)更大
参考例句:
  • The cost of living is escalating. 生活费用在迅速上涨。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The cost of living is escalating in the country. 这个国家的生活费用在上涨。 来自辞典例句
12 verbiage wLyzq     
n.冗词;冗长
参考例句:
  • Stripped of their pretentious verbiage,his statements come dangerously close to inviting racial hatred.抛开那些夸大其词的冗词赘语不论,他的言论有挑起种族仇恨的危险。
  • Even in little 140-character bites,that's a lot of verbiage.即使限制在一条140个字也有很大一部分是废话。
13 harassed 50b529f688471b862d0991a96b6a1e55     
adj. 疲倦的,厌烦的 动词harass的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He has complained of being harassed by the police. 他投诉受到警方侵扰。
  • harassed mothers with their children 带着孩子的疲惫不堪的母亲们
14 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
15 franchises ef6665e7cd0e166d2f4deb0f4f26c671     
n.(尤指选举议员的)选举权( franchise的名词复数 );参政权;获特许权的商业机构(或服务);(公司授予的)特许经销权v.给…以特许权,出售特许权( franchise的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder. 电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Ford dealerships operated as independent franchises. 福特汽车公司的代销商都是独立的联营商。 来自辞典例句
16 subsidy 2U5zo     
n.补助金,津贴
参考例句:
  • The university will receive a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence.那个大学将得到一笔人工智能研究的补助费。
  • The living subsidy for senior expert's family is included in the remuneration.报酬已包含高级专家家人的生活补贴。
17 bidders 6884ac426d80394534eb58149d20c202     
n.出价者,投标人( bidder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Bidders should proceed only if they intend on using a PayPal account to complete payment. Bidders的唯一形式,应继续只当他们在使用贝宝帐户,以完成付款打算。 来自互联网
  • The other bidders for the contract complained that it had not been a fair contest. 其他竞标人抱怨说该合同的竞标不公平。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 bumper jssz8     
n.(汽车上的)保险杠;adj.特大的,丰盛的
参考例句:
  • The painting represents the scene of a bumper harvest.这幅画描绘了丰收的景象。
  • This year we have a bumper harvest in grain.今年我们谷物丰收。
19 commuter ZXCyi     
n.(尤指市郊之间)乘公交车辆上下班者
参考例句:
  • Police cordoned off the road and diverted commuter traffic. 警察封锁了道路并分流交通。
  • She accidentally stepped on his foot on a crowded commuter train. 她在拥挤的通勤列车上不小心踩到了他的脚。
20 jolt ck1y2     
v.(使)摇动,(使)震动,(使)颠簸
参考例句:
  • We were worried that one tiny jolt could worsen her injuries.我们担心稍微颠簸一下就可能会使她的伤势恶化。
  • They were working frantically in the fear that an aftershock would jolt the house again.他们拼命地干着,担心余震可能会使房子再次受到震动。
21 culminated 2d1e3f978078666a2282742e3d1ca461     
v.达到极点( culminate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • a gun battle which culminated in the death of two police officers 一场造成两名警察死亡的枪战
  • The gala culminated in a firework display. 晚会以大放烟火告终。 来自《简明英汉词典》
22 vibrant CL5zc     
adj.震颤的,响亮的,充满活力的,精力充沛的,(色彩)鲜明的
参考例句:
  • He always uses vibrant colours in his paintings. 他在画中总是使用鲜明的色彩。
  • She gave a vibrant performance in the leading role in the school play.她在学校表演中生气盎然地扮演了主角。
23 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
24 backlog bPiyc     
n.积压未办之事
参考例句:
  • It will take a month to clear the backlog of work.要花一个月的时间才能清理完积压的工作。
  • Investment is needed to reduce the backlog of repairs.需要投资来減轻积压的维修工作。
25 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
26 wielding 53606bfcdd21f22ffbfd93b313b1f557     
手持着使用(武器、工具等)( wield的现在分词 ); 具有; 运用(权力); 施加(影响)
参考例句:
  • The rebels were wielding sticks of dynamite. 叛乱分子舞动着棒状炸药。
  • He is wielding a knife. 他在挥舞着一把刀。
27 influx c7lxL     
n.流入,注入
参考例句:
  • The country simply cannot absorb this influx of refugees.这个国家实在不能接纳这么多涌入的难民。
  • Textile workers favoured protection because they feared an influx of cheap cloth.纺织工人拥护贸易保护措施,因为他们担心涌入廉价纺织品。
28 conversions 2cf788b632004c0776c820c40534398d     
变换( conversion的名词复数 ); (宗教、信仰等)彻底改变; (尤指为居住而)改建的房屋; 橄榄球(触地得分后再把球射中球门的)附加得分
参考例句:
  • He kicked a penalty goal and two conversions, ie in Rugby football. 他一次罚球得分,两次触地后射门得分(在橄榄球赛中)。
  • Few of the intermediates or enzymes involved in these conversions have been isolated from higher plants. 在这些转变中包含的少数中间产物或酶已经从高等植物中分离出来。
29 hover FQSzM     
vi.翱翔,盘旋;徘徊;彷徨,犹豫
参考例句:
  • You don't hover round the table.你不要围着桌子走来走去。
  • A plane is hover on our house.有一架飞机在我们的房子上盘旋。
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