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98.9b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

时间:2005-12-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:jedanly   字体: [ ]
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SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You are
required to write ONE word or figure only in each in each blank. You will not get your Answer
Booklet until after you have listened to the talk.
The American work force is changing. The most important change is from a _________ (1)
economy to a _________ (2) economy. Generally, service jobs are divided into _________ (3)
types. One, transportation and _________ (4) companies, like the phone company. Two,
_________ (5) companies. Three, _________ (6) companies. Four, finance, _________ (7) and
real estate companies. And finally, five, _________ (8) services, such as hotels, car repair,
_________ (9) and medicine. Economists1 predict that by the year 2000 _________ (10)% of the
work force will be part of the service economy.
Then what are the causes for such a change? First, American manufacturing industries are
not _________ (11) because they are faced with _________ (12) from other parts of the world.
Secondly2, because of technological3 advances, _________ (13), accounting4 and other
business services have become important.
Thirdly, more _________ (14) are now having jobs and this has increased the need for
_________ (15) and day-care centres. And finally, the number of _________ (16) people has
grown, so have _________ (17) services.
But, according to some economists, the service job explosion may create problems. The
standard of living might _________ (18) because half of the service jobs pay _________ (19)
wages.
The other problem is that some service jobs give a worker very little _________ (20).
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(2) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
(3) __________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
(4) __________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
(5) _________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only
once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passages and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~3
Federal officials announced yesterday a $3 million grant program that will allow
low-income high school students in 32 states — including Maryland and Virginia — to take
Advanced Placement tests next year without having to pay the $52 cost for each exam.
The federal aid, combined with state and local subsidies5, is enough to cover all the low
income students in those states who take the college-level tests, officials said. Their estimate was
based on the number of low-income students who took AP tests last year.
The District and the other 18 states did not apply for the grant, federal officials said. A.D.C.
schools spokeswoman said she did not know why the District has not applied6.
AP classes are high school versions of college-level courses, and most colleges give credit
to students who do well on the end-of-course exam. The AP program offers 31 tests in 18
subjects.
“I am convinced that the Advanced Placement program is an important tool in the fight to
raise standards in our schools and help defray the cost of college,” said Sen. Jeff Bingaman
(D-N.M.), who won congressional approval for the program in the fall. “We need to do
everything possible to expand this program to more schools and make sure cost does not stand in
the way of any student who wants to take an AP exam.”
Fairfax County School Superintendent7 Daniel A. Domenech, who was with Bingaman at
the Capitol Hill news conference announcing the grants, said the federal aid will make it easier
for Fairfax to implement8 its new requirement that all students in AP courses take the
corresponding tests. He said he expects the School Board to approve a $1.1 million appropriation
that would make the tests free for most or all country students, regardless of income.
Students will be eligible9 for the federal grant if they qualify for federal school lunch
subsidies. In 1997, 900,000 AP tests were taken — 72,000 by low-income students. The
exams are administered by the College Board, which charged students $74 for each test last year,
or $52 for those who qualify for school lunch subsidies.
Fairfax is one of the few school districts to require that all students enrolled10 in AP courses
take the corresponding exams. In most Washington area districts, many students decide to enroll
in the courses without taking the exams because of the fee and because they will automatically
boost their grade-point average simply by completing an AP course. Supporters of an exam
requirement say it means students will work harder and get more out of the classes.
Kathleen Wills, assistant director of planning for Arlington County schools, said the federal
grant will make it easier for teachers to require students to take the tests, but she was not sure the
Arlington district would follow Fairfax in making a blanket requirement.
Some Washington area teachers in the International Baccalaureate program, which provides
college-level courses in about 300 U.S. schools, said they also could use federal support.
“It is sort of like the federal government funding McDonald's but not Burger King,” said
Bill Bixby, the IB coordinator11 at Stonewall Jackson High in Prince William County.
1. What do you know about Advanced Placement program and tests from the passage?
2. According to the passage, what kind of students can receive federal grant for AP tests? Why
are students encouraged to take AP tests?
3. Explain Bill Bixby's statement “It is sort of like the federal government funding McDonald's
but not Burger King” (last paragraph)?
Questions 4~6
Ministers face a showdown with their nature advisers12 today over the fate of wildlife areas
where damage may be allowed for the sake of cheaper water bills.
English Nature has identified 79 sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs) that are being
sucked dry by over abstraction or are being polluted by effluent from treatment works. It says
that the water industry has a legal obligation to stop the damage, find alternative water sources
and fund improvements at treatment works to protect the rivers, fenland and wetland areas and
their rich range of wildlife.
However, the sites have become part of the price review by Ian Byatt, the water regulator,
which will set customer bills for 2000 to 2005. Environmental improvements are widely
believed to be one area where savings13 can be made.
Water companies drawing up spending plans have been advised by the Environment
Agency that only special-interest sites of European quality need to be seriously considered.
Officials admitted yesterday that the guidance had come after pressure from Whitehall.
David Withrington, senior freshwater officer a English Nature, said that meant only about
nine of the 79 sites would be saved, with the rest continuing to face harm with no real
improvement in customers' bills. Bnglish Nature calculates that saving all the sites would cost
about &200 million, or just 1 per cent of the water companies' planned spending.
The dispute will come to a head today at a conference in London organised by English
Nature and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds to be attended by Michael Meacher, the
Environment Minister, Mr. Byatt and representatives from consumer and water industry groups.
Mr. Withrington said yesterday: “It seems that the choice about sites should be helped and
which ones are less important has been based more on what are seen to be the Government's
obligations under European directives, whereas we believe there is a clear duty under the Water
Industry Act 1991 for companies to tackle all sites, SSSIs and those with European listing.”
Sarah Fowler. of the RSPB, said yesterday that improving the standard of watery14 wildlife
sites should be a priority, rather than allowing them to become marginalised during the price
review: “Schemes to protect wildlife sites were omitted from previous review of 1990-99 in
favour of schemes under the Bathing Waters Directive, the Urban Waste Water Treatment
Directive and Directives on Drinking Water.”
Ms Fowler said that damage to special sites was playing a role in the decline of
water-loving species. Over the past 25 years, lapwings have declined by 38 per cent, reed
buntings by 60 per cent and black-tailed godwits by 31 per cent. English Nature is to reaffirm its
advice that all sites, whether of international or national significance, are covered under the
Water Industry Act 1991. It will also urge the public to write to MPs, asking them to put pressure
on the Government and the regulator to protect all wildlife sites hit by overabstraction or sewage
effluent pollution.
4. What are the sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs)? What is happening to SSSIs?
5. What is the major dispute over SSSIs?
6. Give a brief summary of Sarah Fowler's view towards wildlife protection.
Questions 7~10
Radio 4 is facing the wrath15 of the literary world over claims that it is abandoning its
commitment to the short story.
Schedule changes imposed by James Boyle, Controller of the station, mean regular
short-story readings could disappear next year and writers are complaining that more stories are
being rejected.
The daily Short Story, which goes out at 4.45pm, is a valuable platform for up-and-coming
writers who often get their first break there. Distinguished16 authors such as John Mortimer and
Fay Weldon have been contributing to the slot for 20 years. Writers, who regard the short story
as the Cinderella of the publishing world, cherish it as their main radio showcase.
From April, Short Story will disappear, but Mr. Boyle has assured writers that there will be
a new slot at 3:45p.m. Insiders, however, say that new draft schedules show that the new
programme will be “miscellaneous” in content and no longer dedicated17 to short stories.
Executives have been told not to commission any more stories for it because “the tab is full”.
There are also plans to use the slot to broadcast This Sceptr'd Isle18, a contemporary history
series, when it is feared the short story could disappear.
“This was the only dedicated broadcast platform for short stories in this country,” said the
source. “It was crucial for bringing on new writers and without it we are lost.”
The Writer's Guild19 and the Society of Authors will raise their concerns at a meeting with Mr.
Boyle next week. Jonathan Myerson, of the Writer's Guild, said:“We are tearing our hair out.
Short Story is the last of a one-off, the only place where new, one-off material could be aired.
For the first time I think the BBC's Radio Drama Department is feeling like the writers have
been feeling for the past three years. You submit ideas, they get rejected and no one tells you
why. There is no nurturing20 going on any more.”
Radio 4 receives 15,000 unsolicited short stories a year, only a fraction of which can be
used. But the BBC's service of reading the work and writing back to authors is greatly valued.
Insiders believe that, because the work is so labour-intensive, it is being wound down to save
money.
Writers are already displeased21 that Woman's Hour is to lose its reading slot, which will be
replaced by a drama serial22 from April.
A BBC source said: “Morale23 is low in that department because no one can get a straight
answer about what is happening to short stories. Apparently24 they have been told no more work is
needed, but very little has been commissioned from April 1998 so the feeling is it is slowly
being wound down.”
“The only things they seem interested in buying are existing collections because they are
easier to commission and don't involve spending time on unsolicited work. And there is very
little in the way of short stories in Book at Bedtime and The Late Book.”
Fay Weldon, who has had many short stories broadcast on Radio 4, said: “If this is true, it
is extremely sad. The BBC has a duty to foster the creative talent of this country and to wind
down something like this is an abuse of public trust and confidence. It also misjudges the
listeners, who really enjoy short stories on the radio.”
She added that a year ago when she last recorded a short story at Radio 4, she noticed that it
appeared to have been downgraded. “We were in the oldest studio with the most antiquated
equipment, I noticed,” she said.
A spokesman denied that the station was abandoning the short story, adding:“Radio 4 will
remain the home of new writing.”
7. What do you know about Short Story from the passage?
8. What is the response of the literary people towards the schedule changes of short-story
readings programme?
9. Cite possible reasons from the passage why Short Story programme will disappear soon.
10. What can we learn from the comment by the author Fay Weldon?
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
我国政府强化了对外贸的控管,强化了商会这类中介机构的服务与协调功能。我们希
望继续加强外贸体制的改革,使之逐渐走向竞争,并受到诸如关税、汇率和利率等法律和
经济手段的制约。所有这些都应助于加速中国外贸的国际化进程,为宏观经贸局面的形成
创造一个较好的环境。通过促进商贸业、制造业、农业、技术产业和银行之间更为密切的
合作,我们能够为国际市场提供更多、更好的出口产品。在这种情况下,中国自然会成为
一个大市场。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
参考例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见解。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要确定所作用的载荷。
3 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
4 accounting nzSzsY     
n.会计,会计学,借贷对照表
参考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
5 subsidies 84c7dc8329c19e43d3437248757e572c     
n.补贴,津贴,补助金( subsidy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • European agriculture ministers failed to break the deadlock over farm subsidies. 欧洲各国农业部长在农业补贴问题上未能打破僵局。
  • Agricultural subsidies absorb about half the EU's income. 农业补贴占去了欧盟收入的大约一半。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
7 superintendent vsTwV     
n.监督人,主管,总监;(英国)警务长
参考例句:
  • He was soon promoted to the post of superintendent of Foreign Trade.他很快就被擢升为对外贸易总监。
  • He decided to call the superintendent of the building.他决定给楼房管理员打电话。
8 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
9 eligible Cq6xL     
adj.有条件被选中的;(尤指婚姻等)合适(意)的
参考例句:
  • He is an eligible young man.他是一个合格的年轻人。
  • Helen married an eligible bachelor.海伦嫁给了一个中意的单身汉。
10 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
参考例句:
  • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 coordinator Gvazk6     
n.协调人
参考例句:
  • The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, headed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator, coordinates all UN emergency relief. 联合国人道主义事务协调厅在紧急救济协调员领导下,负责协调联合国的所有紧急救济工作。
  • How am I supposed to find the client-relations coordinator? 我怎么才能找到客户关系协调员的办公室?
12 advisers d4866a794d72d2a666da4e4803fdbf2e     
顾问,劝告者( adviser的名词复数 ); (指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
参考例句:
  • a member of the President's favoured circle of advisers 总统宠爱的顾问班子中的一员
  • She withdrew to confer with her advisers before announcing a decision. 她先去请教顾问然后再宣布决定。
13 savings ZjbzGu     
n.存款,储蓄
参考例句:
  • I can't afford the vacation,for it would eat up my savings.我度不起假,那样会把我的积蓄用光的。
  • By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。
14 watery bU5zW     
adj.有水的,水汪汪的;湿的,湿润的
参考例句:
  • In his watery eyes there is an expression of distrust.他那含泪的眼睛流露出惊惶失措的神情。
  • Her eyes became watery because of the smoke.因为烟熏,她的双眼变得泪汪汪的。
15 wrath nVNzv     
n.愤怒,愤慨,暴怒
参考例句:
  • His silence marked his wrath. 他的沉默表明了他的愤怒。
  • The wrath of the people is now aroused. 人们被激怒了。
16 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
17 dedicated duHzy2     
adj.一心一意的;献身的;热诚的
参考例句:
  • He dedicated his life to the cause of education.他献身于教育事业。
  • His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design.他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
18 isle fatze     
n.小岛,岛
参考例句:
  • He is from the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea.他来自爱尔兰海的马恩岛。
  • The boat left for the paradise isle of Bali.小船驶向天堂一般的巴厘岛。
19 guild 45qyy     
n.行会,同业公会,协会
参考例句:
  • He used to be a member of the Writers' Guild of America.他曾是美国作家协会的一员。
  • You had better incorporate the firm into your guild.你最好把这个公司并入你的行业协会。
20 nurturing d35e8f9c6b6b0f1c54ced7de730a6241     
养育( nurture的现在分词 ); 培育; 滋长; 助长
参考例句:
  • These delicate plants need careful nurturing. 这些幼嫩的植物需要精心培育。
  • The modern conservatory is not an environment for nurturing plants. 这个现代化温室的环境不适合培育植物。
21 displeased 1uFz5L     
a.不快的
参考例句:
  • The old man was displeased and darted an angry look at me. 老人不高兴了,瞪了我一眼。
  • He was displeased about the whole affair. 他对整个事情感到很不高兴。
22 serial 0zuw2     
n.连本影片,连本电视节目;adj.连续的
参考例句:
  • A new serial is starting on television tonight.今晚电视开播一部新的电视连续剧。
  • Can you account for the serial failures in our experiment?你能解释我们实验屡屡失败的原因吗?
23 morale z6Ez8     
n.道德准则,士气,斗志
参考例句:
  • The morale of the enemy troops is sinking lower every day.敌军的士气日益低落。
  • He tried to bolster up their morale.他尽力鼓舞他们的士气。
24 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
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