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98.9a上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your
answer in the corresponding space in your NASWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the
passage only once.
The earth's moon, which has always been an object of worship and mystery to people of all
cultures and religions, is located an average of 239,000 miles from the earth. It has a diameter of
2,136 miles, and its gravity is _________ (1) that of the earth's. Scientists know that the moon,
as well as the sun, affects _________ (2). It is also possible that the moon is related to
_________ (3). But today we are going to discuss another fascinating question with respect to
the moon. Does it _________ (4)?
To begin with, many observers say that the _________ (5) definitely affect the behaviour of
animals. For example, fishermen know that fish are _________ (6), depending on that stage the
moon is in. But what about people? Carl Sagan, the _________ (7), says, “I have no doubt the
moon _________ (8) on human behaviour.” There are stories in almost every society about
people who do _________ (9) things during the time of the full moon, which comes
approximately every twenty-nine days. Is there _________ (10)?
In Los Angeles, some members of the _________ (11) departments agree that the full moon
is associated with more _________ (12). According to the fire department, the highest number of
_________ (13) occurs on two occasions: when _________ (14) are distributed and when the
moon is full.
A Los Angeles police sergeant1 named Bob Kenney _________ (15) that the full moon has
some effects on people, though he agrees that is _________ (16). Still, according to the Los
Angeles Times of January 20, _________ (17), he says that most of the police officers he knows
believe that there is a connection between _________ (18).
Many airline pilots, waitresses, bartenders, and newspaper reporters, all of whom
_________(19) the public, agree that people behave oddly during periods of the full moon,
though they can't _________ (20) how or why it happens.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen care fully3 and choose the right answer to each question you have heard
and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
1. (A) Advertising4 an apartment in a newspaper.
(B) The furnishing of an apartment.
(C) The renting of an apartment.
(D) The renovating5 of an apartment.
2. (A) Two. (B) Three. (C) Four. (D) Five.
3. (A) More then 500 dollars. (B) A bit more than 400 dollars.
(C) 35 to 40 dollars. (D) Around 50 dollars.
4. (A) Around five-thirty this afternoon.
(B) Tomorrow morning.
(C) Sometime next week.
(D) It's not mentioned in the talk.
5. (A) The apartment rent includes heat and electricity.
(B) There is an elevator in the apartment building.
(C) The building is just behind the shopping centre.
(D) Tenants6 are not allowed to keep pets.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
6. (A) Because Palestine is not happy about the peace deal proposed by the US.
(B) Because Israel has refused to accept the U.S. deal.
(C) Because a fresh explosion of violence has broken out in Middle East.
(D) Because the Israeli government is under severe criticism from the Opposition7.
7. (A) To disrupt a meeting of world trade leaders.
(B) To protest against the free trade policy of the government.
(C) To defend themselves against police violence.
(D) To demand that the arrested protester be released.
8. (A) More than 3.3. billion U.S. dollars.
(B) Around 1.3 billion U.S. dollars.
(C) 70 million U.S. dollars.
(D) 80 million U.S. dollars.
9. (A) The present mayor of Paris. (B) The former Paris mayor.
(C) A former Paris City Hall employee. (D) President Jacques Chirac.
10. (A) Two paintings by Cezanne.
(B) Three paintings by impressionist masters.
(C) Four valuable ancient pictures by unknown painters.
(D) Five paintings by Van Gogh.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
11. (A) The manager of a well-known theatrical8 company.
(B) A British Council staff member.
(C) One of the singers touring abroad.
(D) One member of the airport security staff.
12. (A) Rome. (B) Katmandu. (C) Dehli. (D) Tokyo.
13. (A) One of the singers was lost a Delhi.
(B) Their travelling documents were missing at Cairo.
(C) The flight case was sent to the wrong place.
(D) Their luggage was partially9 damaged at Heathrow Airport.
14. (A) It had been stolen.
(B) It had been kept at Heathrow Airport.
(C) It had been dispatched to Bangkok.
(D) It had been sent to Tokyo.
15. (A) They decided10 to wait for the equipment to arrive.
(B) They postponed11 the whole schedule.
(C) They cancelled the first concert.
(D) They borrowed musical instruments and costumes.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. (A) 6 to 9 hours. (B) no more than 9 hours.
(C) 12 to 18 hours. (D) Over 20 hours.
17. (A) Science majors stay longer hours in the classroom.
(B) Science majors do more reading and writing.
(C) Science majors pay more money for their education.
(D) Science majors take more difficult examinations.
18. (A) Two.
(B) Three.
(C) Four.
(D) The number varies from subject to subject.
19. (A) A research paper can substitute for an exam.
(B) Many exams are take-home projects.
(C) Most exams consist of both objective and essay questions.
(D) Some exams have additional questions for outstanding students.
20. (A) To ask his professor in class.
(B) To seek help from a student affairs consultant12.
(C) To visit his instructor13 only during regular office hours.
(D) To make an appointment to see his teacher immediately.
SECTION 2: READING TEXT (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that
passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
A surprise delay in slapping extra tax on cigarettes could cost the Exchequer15 a packet —
of more than &600m in lost revenues.
But Customs and Excise16 said yesterday that the decision to stall for more than seven
months the extra 21p duty and tax on 20 cigarettes was a “hangover” from the old November
Budgets, when Kenneth Clarks had increased tobacco duty from 1 December.
Similarly, Cordon17 Brown, the Chancellor18 of the Exchequer, had held back the increase in
drink— a penny on a pint19 of beer and 4p on a bottle of wine — until New Year's Day, 1999.
That timing20 had been settled by Mr. Clarks in his November Budget because he had not
wished to be dubbed21 a “Scrooge” for putting extra duties on drink in time for Christmas.
But the distinction between the immediate14, overnight increase in petrol duty, and the extra
“holiday” for tobacco, will disturb the health lobby.
December's increase in duty amounts to 5 per cent in real terms — over and above
inflation — because “the Government maintains its commitment to protecting health”.
Last year's July Budget increase was also stalled until December, and it was estimated that
in addition to “lost” revenue of &300m, the Chancellor had handed the manufacturers ample
time to maximise production and profits in advance of the tax hike.
A spokesman for Customs and Excise yesterday played down any suggestion of lost
revenue. Treasury22 calculations show a remorselessly steady increase in the tax “take” from
tobacco; up from &8bn in 1996-97 to &8.9bn in the coming year.
But the yield from next December's increase in duty will be &25m for the rest of the new
financial year — compared with a full year yield of &710m in 1999-2000.
As for any suggestion of profiteering on the back of the delayed increase, Customs and
Excise said that there was always stockpiling of cigarettes and tobacco in advance of a tax
increase. “That is what happens every year, anyway,” the spokesman said. “That is a fact of
life.”
But John Carlisle, the former Conservative MP who now works for the Tobacco
Manufacturers' Association, told The Independent that the delayed increase in duty was “a sort
of crumb23 of comfort for me and my industry, and the poor smoker”
“Like last year, it seems to be creating a precedent24 as to the time the duty goes up, but from
our point of view it won't make any difference to the basic problem; that the smuggler25 will be
delighted by the news that the price is going up by that amount in the future.”
He said there were limits on how much the manufacturers could produce and stockpile.
“Yes, there is always stockpiling by retailers26, but they have to pay the full price, and therefore
cannot do all that much.” There was also a certain amount of stockpiling by smokers28, too.
But he added: “Probably it pushes consumption up a bit because people tend to store stuff
and if it's there, they are tempted29 to smoke it.”
(This article was published in March, 1998.)
1. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
(A) The relationship between production and consumption of tobacco.
(B) The significance of the timing of tobacco tax increase.
(C) The relationship between lost revenues and the delay of tobacco tax increase.
(D) The effects of the delaying of tobacco tax increase.
2. The phrase “played down” in the sentence “A spokesman for Customs and Excise yesterday
played down any suggestion of lost revenue.” (para. 8) can be replaced by _________.
(A) laid emphasis on (B) paid no attention to
(C) reduced the significance of (D) spoke2 highly of
3. The spokesman's statement “That is a fact of life.” (para. 10) means which of the following?
(A) People smoke more cigarettes in advance of a tax increase.
(B) Smugglers are pleased with the news of tobacco tax increase.
(C) People store more cigarettes and tobacco before a tax increase.
(D) Manufacturers produce more cigarettes and tobacco before tax is increased.
4. It can concluded from the passage that John Carlisle _________.
(A) fully supports the delayed increase in tobacco tax
(B) thinks the news of delayed increase in tax is welcome
(C) is against the decision to delay tax increase
(D) is indifferent to the timing of tax increase
5. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
(A) The rate of tax increase for tobacco, drink and petrol will be the same.
(B) The delayed increase in tobacco tax will cost the government a huge loss of revenue.
(C) The timing to tobacco and drink tax increase can be more sensitive than that of petrol tax
increase.
(D) The decision to delay the increase of tobacco tax will arouse much concern among some
people.
Questions 6~10
Positive effects of the Government's welfare-to-work policies could be “swamped” by
worsening poverty among people who remain dependent on benefits, ministers are today
warned.
A report for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation says that pensioners30, lone31 parents with
preschool children and some long-term sick and disabled people will grow relatively32 poorer if
the Government continues to raise benefits only in line with prices.
The report, by John Hills of the London School of Economics, updates the 1995 findings of
an inquiry33 into income and wealth, set up by the foundation.
Professor Hills says the income gap between rich and poor, which had widened greatly
during the 1980s, started to narrow under the premiership of John Major. But it could widen
again if the real value of earnings34 accelerated away from the real value of prices-linked benefits.
In terms of the numbers living with low incomes relative to the average, this effect could
swamp all of the positive effects of the other initiatives.
“In some sense, what we may see is a race between the positive effects of measures to
increase incomes from work at the bottom, including lower unemployment, and the negative
effects of falling relative incomes for those remaining largely dependent on benefits.”
The report throws into stark35 relief how the growth of income inequality in the 1980s —
when the poorest tenth of the population suffered a net cut in real income — contrasts with
trends both before and since.
During the 1960s and 1970s, and again after 1992, the poorest groups fared best. The
reversion to this pattern under Mr. Major is attributed to tax changes and the fact that economic
growth fed into falling unemployment rather than higher real earnings.
But the gap between rich and poor which opened in the 1980s had so far narrowed only
marginally. “Even if we continue that rate of progress, it will take more than a decade to get
back to where we were in the 1970s.”
Moreover, a resumption of rapid growth in real earnings would set back even the slight
progress that had been made — unless benefits were raised by more than prices.
The report was written before the Budget, which included an extra increase in benefit rates
for families with young children. Ministers have also promised future real increases in benefits
for severely36 disabled people.
But the phasing out of benefit premiums37 for lone parents is hitting one of the biggest groups
of people relying on social security.
Sir Peter Barclays, the foundation's chairman, said it was vital that the Government took
advantage of the “breathing space” created by the halt in the growth of inequality. Ministers
were acting38 on many of the original inquiry's recommendations, particularly in terms of helping
working families.
“But it remains39 to be seen whether the Government will follow through with other
initiatives to help other low-income groups, including pensioners.” Six Peter said.
Professor Hills, who is head of the LSE's center for analysis of social exclusion40, is calling
on the Government to set explicit41 targets for tackling poverty in addition to the 32 indicators
proposed in last week's welfare reform green paper. “Given that so much of the emphasis of
government policy is towards the reduction of poverty, it would be useful if the Government was
to nail its colours to the mast and set itself some kind of target.”
The foundation has commissioned the New Policy Institute to develop a model poverty
audit. A report is due in the autumn.
6. The word “swamped” used in the first paragraph can be replaced by which of the following?
(A) greatly heightened (B) much weakened
(C) largely consolidated42 (D) totally counteracted
7. According to the passage, the income gap between rich and poor could widen again as
_________.
(A) the unemployment rate is lowered
(B) the increase of benefits is independent of price increase
(C) the income tax rate is increasing
(D) the increase of benefits is only based on prices
8. The expression “fared best” in the sentence “During the 1960s and 1970s, and again after
1992, the poorest groups fared best.” (para. 8) can be paraphrased43 by which of the following?
(A) obtained higher income (B) lived a better life
(C) enjoyed more equality (D) paid lower income tax
9. The expression “phasing-out” in the sentence “But the phasing-out of benefit premiums for
lone parents is hitting one of the biggest groups of people relying on social security.” (para.
12) can best be replaced by _________.
(A) gradual withdrawal44 (B) slow continuation
(C) large increase (D) sudden stoppage
10. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
(A) The extra increase in benefit rates for families with young children is more important than
other issues.
(B) To reduce poverty, the most important thing is to lower unemployment.
(C) To narrow the gap between rich and poor, the benefit rates should be raised higher than
inflation rate.
(D) The government's welfare reform programme has met strong criticism and opposition.
Questions 11~15
Astronomers45 have witnessed the biggest bang since the big bang — the moment about 15
billion years ago when the universe was created in a massive explosion.
The huge burst of energy from the edge of the universe is estimated to the second only to
the moment of creation in its explosive fore27, releasing more energy in two seconds than the sun
will give out in its lifetime.
Scientists hope the explosion — known as a gamma-ray burst because it emits energy in the
form of gamma radiation — will shed light on the earliest stages in the evolution of the stars
and galaxies46.
Gamma-ray bursts cannot be seen by the human eye but if they could the sky would light up
like a camera flash each time they occurred. They are by far the most energetic events in the
universe and, until now, have remained largely a mystery.
The latest gamma-ray burst to be detected accurately47 occurred last December. Using a
network of telescopes and satellites, the astronomers were able to calculate its distance from
earth at about 15 billion light years. This means it must have happened soon after the big bang
itself, while the intensity48 of the radiation revealed it to be the biggest bang recorded by man.
Scientists from the American National Aeronautics49 and Space Administration and the California
Institute of Technology are to announce details of their analysis this week.
The huge distance between the source of the explosion and the Earth suggests gamma-ray
bursts are up to 10 times larger than previously50 thought, said Jonathan Katz, professor of physics
at Washington University in St Louis.
“Gamma-ray bursts may be the most distant things we will ever see and as such will act as
beacons to probe into the very distant regions of the universe when stars and galaxies were first
formed.”
American spy satellites looking for the radiation released from Soviet51 nuclear tests first
detected gamma-ray bursts in 1967 but the details were kept classified until 1973.
For nearly 25 years scientists were hampered52 in their efforts to find an explanation for the
huge explosions because they lasted no longer than a few seconds.
The inability to explain them led to speculation53 that gamma-ray bursts were the remnants of
nuclear battles between alien civilisations, or even the exhaust energy of extraterrestrial
spaceships going into warp54 drive.
Two satellite, the American Compton gamma-ray observatory55 and the Italian-Dutch
Bepposax satellite, have now been able to locate the precise direction of gamma-ray bursts
within seconds of them occurring.
John Quenby, professor of physics at Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
in London, said the most likely explanation for gamma-ray bursts is that they result from the
enormous energy released when two very dense56 objects— called neutron57 stars — collide.
(This article was published in May, 1998.)
11. According to the passage, “the big bang” is used to express all of the following EXCEPT
_________.
(A) the huge energy burst which created the universe
(B) the energy burst which took place in the center of the universe
(C) the explosion which took place in the form of gamma radiation
(D) the explosion which happened about 15 billion years ago.
12. According to the passage gamma-ray bursts _________.
(A) were detected accidentally
(B) were first detected by Soviet unclear experts
(C) were made known to the public after 1973
(D) were soon given clear and detailed58 explanation
13. It can be concluded from the passage that the study of the big bang will probably _________.
(A) lead to the discovery of earliest human civilisations
(B) tell how and when the universe was formed
(C) display the intensity of nuclear radiation
(D) make it possible to communicate with other civilisations
14. Which of the following is NOT directly stated but can be inferred from the passage?
(A) Gamma-ray explosion is very, very far away from the Earth.
(B) Scientists believe that the universe was formed out of the big bang.
(C) Gamma-ray bursts lasted only a very short period of time.
(D) Scientists are still working hard to find more plausible59 explanations for the big bang.
15. Which of the following can be used as the best title of the passage?
(A) Gamma-ray bursts and nuclear wars between alien civilisations.
(B) Astronomy and the creation of universe.
(C) Big bang theory explains the mystery of universe.
(D) Big bang II sheds light on evolution of universe.
Questions 16~20
Lloyds TSB, the UK's biggest high street bank, is being forced to withdraw a memo60 which
orders its branch staff not to switch customers into accounts that would pay them higher rates of
interest.
The bank will today write to every one of its 2,600 branches to “clarify” the contents of an
internal memo, which tells staff it is “unacceptable” to inform current account customers that
they could make better returns by shifting spare cash into accounts with higher returns.
The average balance in a Lloyds TSB account is understood to be 2,000 and if half of every
balance was moved into an alternative instant access account operated by Lloyds the bank would
have to pay an estimated &160 million in additional interest in a year.
Lloyds, which has 7 million customers and last year made more than &3 billion profit, pays
0.3 per cent interest on its current account. its instant access account offers 3.4 per cent.
The memo told staff they could lose out on incentive61 scheme rewards — including cash
bonuses and foreign holidays — if they were caught switching cash out of low interest
accounts.
A spokeswoman for Lloyds TSB said the memo, entitled Key Sales and Service Objectives,
was designed to improve service levels and had been “quoted out of context”.
It was written by Mike Mitchell, the bank's national sales manager, and circulated in
January. It was designed to stop its staff opening new accounts merely to receive incentive
scheme points.
Staff are allowed, however, to make other suggestions to customers, including selling them
financial services such as unit trust investments and private health insurance, which generate
substantial profits for the bank.
Branch workers who successfully sell such products receive incentive scheme rewards,
directly related to how much profit the bank makes from them.
The bank's spokeswoman said: “The spirit of this memo, of putting customers first, has
been obfuscated62 by sentences which are meant to say one thing but may be interpreted as saying
another.”
In some cases, she claimed, those with high sums to invest can get better returns from their
existing current accounts because the interest rate rises as the balance goes up.
But she admitted that the memo tells staff that all current account switches “must be
initiated63 by the customer”, and that staff are not allowed to advise customers their money might
earn better returns in alternative accounts.
The only time such suggestions can be made, says the memo, is in a formal one-to-one
interview with the customer.
The bank insisted that the memo was designed to improve customer service, but it has
angered branch staff, who believe they are being ordered not to operate in the customers' best
interests.
The Lloyds' spokeswoman added; “We agree that this memo may be misinterpreted.”
The bank's deputy chief executive. Michael Fairley, has intervened and will be rewriting the
memo.
16. According to the passage, Lloyds TSB is going to withdraw its internal memo circulated in
January because _________.
(A) it has been made known to the general public
(B) it has been opposed by its customers
(C) it is misinterpreted by its branch staff
(D) it is considered against customers' best interests
17. The spokeswoman for Lloyds TSB's comment that the memo had been “quoted out of
context” could be considered _________.
(A) a confession64 of the bank's malpractice
(B) a guarantee of improvement of the bank's service
(C) a response to criticisms of the memo
(D) a him to withdraw and rewrite the memo
18. It can be concluded from the passage that according to the memo, the branch staff
_________.
(A) will get no cash bonuses if they sell private health insurance to customers
(B) will receive no incentive scheme rewards if found shifting customers cash into higher
interest accounts
(C) cannot make any suggestions in a formal one-to-one interview with customers
(D) shall never tell customers the interest rates of different accounts
19. The word “obfuscated” used in paragraph 10 can be replaced by which of the following?
(A) clarified (B) strengthened
(C) obscured (D) weakened
20. According to the passage, all of the following are true EXCEPT that _________.
(A) the interest rate of an instant access account is higher than that of a current account
(B) the interest rate can rise as the balance in an account goes up to a certain level
(C) the memo does not allow account switches initiated by customers
(D) the memo encourages bank workers to sell more financial services to customers
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
What a noble medium the English language is. It is not possible to write a page without
experiencing positive pleasure at the richness and variety, the flexibility65 and the profoundness of
our mother-tongue. If an English writer cannot say what he has to say in English, and in simple
English, it is probably not worth saying. What a pity that English is not more generally studied. I
am not going to attack classical education. No one who has the slightest pretension66 to literary
tastes can be insensible to its attraction. But I confess our present educational system excites in
my mind grave misgivings67, which I cannot believe is the best or even reasonable, a system that
thrusts upon reluctant and uncompehending multitudes treasures which can only be appreciated
by the previleged and gifted few. To the vast majority of children who attend our public schools,
classical subjects are the best preparation for the study of English, I reply that by far this
preparatory stage is incomplete and without deriving68 any of the benefits which are promised as
its result.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sergeant REQzz     
n.警官,中士
参考例句:
  • His elder brother is a sergeant.他哥哥是个警官。
  • How many stripes are there on the sleeve of a sergeant?陆军中士的袖子上有多少条纹?
2 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
3 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
4 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
5 renovating 3300b8c2755b41662dbf652807bb1bbb     
翻新,修复,整修( renovate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The increased production was largely attained by renovating old orchards and vineyards. 通过更新老果园和葡萄园,使生产大大增加。
  • Renovating that house will cost you a pretty penny. 为了整修那所房子,你得花很多钱。
6 tenants 05662236fc7e630999509804dd634b69     
n.房客( tenant的名词复数 );佃户;占用者;占有者
参考例句:
  • A number of tenants have been evicted for not paying the rent. 许多房客因不付房租被赶了出来。
  • Tenants are jointly and severally liable for payment of the rent. 租金由承租人共同且分别承担。
7 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
8 theatrical pIRzF     
adj.剧场的,演戏的;做戏似的,做作的
参考例句:
  • The final scene was dismayingly lacking in theatrical effect.最后一场缺乏戏剧效果,叫人失望。
  • She always makes some theatrical gesture.她老在做些夸张的手势。
9 partially yL7xm     
adv.部分地,从某些方面讲
参考例句:
  • The door was partially concealed by the drapes.门有一部分被门帘遮住了。
  • The police managed to restore calm and the curfew was partially lifted.警方设法恢复了平静,宵禁部分解除。
10 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
11 postponed 9dc016075e0da542aaa70e9f01bf4ab1     
vt.& vi.延期,缓办,(使)延迟vt.把…放在次要地位;[语]把…放在后面(或句尾)vi.(疟疾等)延缓发作(或复发)
参考例句:
  • The trial was postponed indefinitely. 审讯无限期延迟。
  • The game has already been postponed three times. 这场比赛已经三度延期了。
12 consultant 2v0zp3     
n.顾问;会诊医师,专科医生
参考例句:
  • He is a consultant on law affairs to the mayor.他是市长的一个法律顾问。
  • Originally,Gar had agreed to come up as a consultant.原来,加尔只答应来充当我们的顾问。
13 instructor D6GxY     
n.指导者,教员,教练
参考例句:
  • The college jumped him from instructor to full professor.大学突然把他从讲师提升为正教授。
  • The skiing instructor was a tall,sunburnt man.滑雪教练是一个高高个子晒得黑黑的男子。
14 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
15 exchequer VnxxT     
n.财政部;国库
参考例句:
  • In Britain the Chancellor of the Exchequer deals with taxes and government spending.英国的财政大臣负责税务和政府的开支。
  • This resulted in a considerable loss to the exchequer.这使国库遭受了重大损失。
16 excise an4xU     
n.(国产)货物税;vt.切除,删去
参考例句:
  • I'll excise the patient's burnt areas.我去切除病人烧坏的部分。
  • Jordan's free trade zone free of import duty,excise tax and all other taxes.约旦的自由贸易区免收进口税、国内货物税及其它一切税收。
17 cordon 1otzp     
n.警戒线,哨兵线
参考例句:
  • Police officers threw a cordon around his car to protect him.警察在他汽车周围设置了防卫圈以保护他。
  • There is a tight security cordon around the area.这一地区周围设有严密的安全警戒圈。
18 chancellor aUAyA     
n.(英)大臣;法官;(德、奥)总理;大学校长
参考例句:
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
19 pint 1NNxL     
n.品脱
参考例句:
  • I'll have a pint of beer and a packet of crisps, please.我要一品脱啤酒和一袋炸马铃薯片。
  • In the old days you could get a pint of beer for a shilling.从前,花一先令就可以买到一品脱啤酒。
20 timing rgUzGC     
n.时间安排,时间选择
参考例句:
  • The timing of the meeting is not convenient.会议的时间安排不合适。
  • The timing of our statement is very opportune.我们发表声明选择的时机很恰当。
21 dubbed dubbed     
v.给…起绰号( dub的过去式和过去分词 );把…称为;配音;复制
参考例句:
  • Mathematics was once dubbed the handmaiden of the sciences. 数学曾一度被视为各门科学的基础。
  • Is the movie dubbed or does it have subtitles? 这部电影是配音的还是打字幕的? 来自《简明英汉词典》
22 treasury 7GeyP     
n.宝库;国库,金库;文库
参考例句:
  • The Treasury was opposed in principle to the proposals.财政部原则上反对这些提案。
  • This book is a treasury of useful information.这本书是有价值的信息宝库。
23 crumb ynLzv     
n.饼屑,面包屑,小量
参考例句:
  • It was the only crumb of comfort he could salvage from the ordeal.这是他从这场磨难里能找到的唯一的少许安慰。
  • Ruth nearly choked on the last crumb of her pastry.鲁斯几乎被糕点的最后一块碎屑所噎住。
24 precedent sSlz6     
n.先例,前例;惯例;adj.在前的,在先的
参考例句:
  • Is there a precedent for what you want me to do?你要我做的事有前例可援吗?
  • This is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.这是中国历史上亘古未有的奇绩。
25 smuggler 0xFwP     
n.走私者
参考例句:
  • The smuggler is in prison tonight, awaiting extradition to Britain. 这名走私犯今晚在监狱,等待引渡到英国。
  • The smuggler was finally obliged to inform against his boss. 那个走私犯最后不得不告发他的首领。
26 retailers 08ff8df43efeef1abfd3410ef6661c95     
零售商,零售店( retailer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • High street retailers reported a marked increase in sales before Christmas. 商业街的零售商报告说圣诞节前销售量显著提高。
  • Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose. 零售商有为他们提供符合要求的货品的法定义务。
27 fore ri8xw     
adv.在前面;adj.先前的;在前部的;n.前部
参考例句:
  • Your seat is in the fore part of the aircraft.你的座位在飞机的前部。
  • I have the gift of fore knowledge.我能够未卜先知。
28 smokers d3e72c6ca3bac844ba5aa381bd66edba     
吸烟者( smoker的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily. 许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
  • Chain smokers don't care about the dangers of smoking. 烟鬼似乎不在乎吸烟带来的种种危害。
29 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
v.怂恿(某人)干不正当的事;冒…的险(tempt的过去分词)
参考例句:
  • I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  • I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
30 pensioners 688c361eca60974e5ceff4190b75ee1c     
n.领取退休、养老金或抚恤金的人( pensioner的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He intends to redistribute income from the middle class to poorer paid employees and pensioners. 他意图把中产阶级到低薪雇员和退休人员的收入做重新分配。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I am myself one of the pensioners upon the fund left by our noble benefactor. 我自己就是一个我们的高贵的施主遗留基金的养老金领取者。 来自辞典例句
31 lone Q0cxL     
adj.孤寂的,单独的;唯一的
参考例句:
  • A lone sea gull flew across the sky.一只孤独的海鸥在空中飞过。
  • She could see a lone figure on the deserted beach.她在空旷的海滩上能看到一个孤独的身影。
32 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
33 inquiry nbgzF     
n.打听,询问,调查,查问
参考例句:
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
34 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
35 stark lGszd     
adj.荒凉的;严酷的;完全的;adv.完全地
参考例句:
  • The young man is faced with a stark choice.这位年轻人面临严峻的抉择。
  • He gave a stark denial to the rumor.他对谣言加以完全的否认。
36 severely SiCzmk     
adv.严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
参考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
37 premiums efa999cd01994787d84b066d2957eaa7     
n.费用( premium的名词复数 );保险费;额外费用;(商品定价、贷款利息等以外的)加价
参考例句:
  • He paid premiums on his life insurance last year. 他去年付了人寿保险费。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Moves are afoot to increase car insurance premiums. 现正在酝酿提高汽车的保险费。 来自《简明英汉词典》
38 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
39 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
40 exclusion 1hCzz     
n.拒绝,排除,排斥,远足,远途旅行
参考例句:
  • Don't revise a few topics to the exclusion of all others.不要修改少数论题以致排除所有其他的。
  • He plays golf to the exclusion of all other sports.他专打高尔夫球,其他运动一概不参加。
41 explicit IhFzc     
adj.详述的,明确的;坦率的;显然的
参考例句:
  • She was quite explicit about why she left.她对自己离去的原因直言不讳。
  • He avoids the explicit answer to us.他避免给我们明确的回答。
42 consolidated dv3zqt     
a.联合的
参考例句:
  • With this new movie he has consolidated his position as the country's leading director. 他新执导的影片巩固了他作为全国最佳导演的地位。
  • Those two banks have consolidated and formed a single large bank. 那两家银行已合并成一家大银行。
43 paraphrased d569177caee5b5f776d80587b5ce9fac     
v.释义,意译( paraphrase的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Baxter paraphrased the contents of the press release. 巴克斯特解释了新闻稿的内容。 来自辞典例句
  • It is paraphrased from the original. 它是由原文改述的。 来自辞典例句
44 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
45 astronomers 569155f16962e086bd7de77deceefcbd     
n.天文学者,天文学家( astronomer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Astronomers can accurately foretell the date,time,and length of future eclipses. 天文学家能精确地预告未来日食月食的日期、时刻和时长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Astronomers used to ask why only Saturn has rings. 天文学家们过去一直感到奇怪,为什么只有土星有光环。 来自《简明英汉词典》
46 galaxies fa8833b92b82bcb88ee3b3d7644caf77     
星系( galaxy的名词复数 ); 银河系; 一群(杰出或著名的人物)
参考例句:
  • Quasars are the highly energetic cores of distant galaxies. 类星体是遥远星系的极为活跃的核心体。
  • We still don't know how many galaxies there are in the universe. 我们还不知道宇宙中有多少个星系。
47 accurately oJHyf     
adv.准确地,精确地
参考例句:
  • It is hard to hit the ball accurately.准确地击中球很难。
  • Now scientists can forecast the weather accurately.现在科学家们能准确地预报天气。
48 intensity 45Ixd     
n.强烈,剧烈;强度;烈度
参考例句:
  • I didn't realize the intensity of people's feelings on this issue.我没有意识到这一问题能引起群情激奋。
  • The strike is growing in intensity.罢工日益加剧。
49 aeronautics BKVyg     
n.航空术,航空学
参考例句:
  • National Aeronautics and Space undertakings have made great progress.国家的航空航天事业有了很大的发展。
  • He devoted every spare moment to aeronautics.他把他所有多余的时间用在航空学上。
50 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
51 Soviet Sw9wR     
adj.苏联的,苏维埃的;n.苏维埃
参考例句:
  • Zhukov was a marshal of the former Soviet Union.朱可夫是前苏联的一位元帅。
  • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
52 hampered 3c5fb339e8465f0b89285ad0a790a834     
妨碍,束缚,限制( hamper的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The search was hampered by appalling weather conditions. 恶劣的天气妨碍了搜寻工作。
  • So thought every harassed, hampered, respectable boy in St. Petersburg. 圣彼德堡镇的那些受折磨、受拘束的体面孩子们个个都是这么想的。
53 speculation 9vGwe     
n.思索,沉思;猜测;投机
参考例句:
  • Her mind is occupied with speculation.她的头脑忙于思考。
  • There is widespread speculation that he is going to resign.人们普遍推测他要辞职。
54 warp KgBwx     
vt.弄歪,使翘曲,使不正常,歪曲,使有偏见
参考例句:
  • The damp wood began to warp.这块潮湿的木材有些翘曲了。
  • A steel girder may warp in a fire.钢梁遇火会变弯。
55 observatory hRgzP     
n.天文台,气象台,瞭望台,观测台
参考例句:
  • Guy's house was close to the observatory.盖伊的房子离天文台很近。
  • Officials from Greenwich Observatory have the clock checked twice a day.格林威治天文台的职员们每天对大钟检查两次。
56 dense aONzX     
a.密集的,稠密的,浓密的;密度大的
参考例句:
  • The general ambushed his troops in the dense woods. 将军把部队埋伏在浓密的树林里。
  • The path was completely covered by the dense foliage. 小路被树叶厚厚地盖了一层。
57 neutron neutron     
n.中子
参考例句:
  • Neutron is neutral and slightly heavier than the proton.中子是中性的,比质子略重。
  • Based on the neutron energy,the value of weighting factor was given.根据中子能量给出了相应的辐射权重因子的数值。
58 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
59 plausible hBCyy     
adj.似真实的,似乎有理的,似乎可信的
参考例句:
  • His story sounded plausible.他说的那番话似乎是真实的。
  • Her story sounded perfectly plausible.她的说辞听起来言之有理。
60 memo 4oXzGj     
n.照会,备忘录;便笺;通知书;规章
参考例句:
  • Do you want me to send the memo out?您要我把这份备忘录分发出去吗?
  • Can you type a memo for me?您能帮我打一份备忘录吗?
61 incentive j4zy9     
n.刺激;动力;鼓励;诱因;动机
参考例句:
  • Money is still a major incentive in most occupations.在许多职业中,钱仍是主要的鼓励因素。
  • He hasn't much incentive to work hard.他没有努力工作的动机。
62 obfuscated 8e7b5619f9eab74dec707ea767d197ce     
v.使模糊,使混乱( obfuscate的过去式和过去分词 );使糊涂
参考例句:
63 initiated 9cd5622f36ab9090359c3cf3ca4ddda3     
n. 创始人 adj. 新加入的 vt. 开始,创始,启蒙,介绍加入
参考例句:
  • He has not yet been thoroughly initiated into the mysteries of computers. 他对计算机的奥秘尚未入门。
  • The artist initiated the girl into the art world in France. 这个艺术家介绍这个女孩加入巴黎艺术界。
64 confession 8Ygye     
n.自白,供认,承认
参考例句:
  • Her confession was simply tantamount to a casual explanation.她的自白简直等于一篇即席说明。
  • The police used torture to extort a confession from him.警察对他用刑逼供。
65 flexibility vjPxb     
n.柔韧性,弹性,(光的)折射性,灵活性
参考例句:
  • Her great strength lies in her flexibility.她的优势在于她灵活变通。
  • The flexibility of a man's muscles will lessen as he becomes old.人老了肌肉的柔韧性将降低。
66 pretension GShz4     
n.要求;自命,自称;自负
参考例句:
  • I make no pretension to skill as an artist,but I enjoy painting.我并不自命有画家的技巧,但我喜欢绘画。
  • His action is a satire on his boastful pretension.他的行动是对他自我卖弄的一个讽刺。
67 misgivings 0nIzyS     
n.疑虑,担忧,害怕;疑虑,担心,恐惧( misgiving的名词复数 );疑惧
参考例句:
  • I had grave misgivings about making the trip. 对于这次旅行我有过极大的顾虑。
  • Don't be overtaken by misgivings and fear. Just go full stream ahead! 不要瞻前顾后, 畏首畏尾。甩开膀子干吧! 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
68 deriving 31b45332de157b636df67107c9710247     
v.得到( derive的现在分词 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
参考例句:
  • I anticipate deriving much instruction from the lecture. 我期望从这演讲中获得很多教益。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He anticipated his deriving much instruction from the lecture. 他期望从这次演讲中得到很多教益。 来自辞典例句
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