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97.9上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试参考答案

时间:2005-12-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:lauguna   字体: [ ]
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参考答案:
SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST
PART A:Spot Dictation
1. produce fuel 2. four main areas
3. a possible solution 4. look at the oil crisis
5. alternative energy sources 6. fossil fuels
7. harnessing of wind and waves 8. human and animal waste
9. conversion1 of plant material 10. a large agriculture sector2
11. possiblility of using 12. in the production of alcohol
13. has fallen dramatically 14. in the last decade
15. dependent on 16. using their sugar
17. relatively3 economical 18. other starchy plants
19. in tropical countries 20. corn and sugar beet4
PART B: Listening Comprehension
1-5 B D C A B 6-10 D B C A B
11-15 C D B A B 16-20 A B B D B
SECTION 2: READING TEST
1-5 B C B D B 6-10 C C D B B
11-15 D C C B B 16-20 D C B D C
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST
对美国文化常见的批评,是说美国人过分热衷于物质产品而忽视人的精神。据称,美
国人只崇拜“万能的美元”。我们美国人在生活上竞相攀比。美国人钟情于汽车,这一直
是国内外批评家嘲笑美国人的话。他们说,美国人以数量作为人生的伦理。东西是越大越
好,无论是炸弹还是轿车。大多数美国人已不在乎彬彬有礼、和睦相处、量入为出的古典
美德。其结果,我们美国人被说成吞噬着世界上不可再生的自然资源。美国人占世界人口
的百分之六,却消大海屉上三分之一以上的能源。这些是我们现在常常听到的抱怨。的确,
在某些方面,美国人可能信奉“追求幸福”就是追求物质享受。
SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
1. urbanization 2. uncontrolled
3. common 4. unemployment
5. peculiar5/unique 6. industrialization
7. consequences 8. migrate/move
9. desirable 10. populated
11. pressure 12. health
13. excess 14. stop/stem/check
15. developing 16. land
17. motivated/willing 18. rural
19. financial 20. Landowners
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
1. 纽约市的主要部分是个岛,你只能通过隧道或桥才能接近它。
2. 在中心城区泊车收费十分高昂,因此大多数人对驱车进城要犹豫再三。
3. 我是伦敦总公司来的销售代表,我想与你详细讨论一下销售合同。
4. 中国是世界上第三大国,仅次于俄罗斯和加拿大,有4000 多年不间断的历史。
5. 由于政府采取的新措施,在过去5 年内,该国的旅游业年平均增长率为10%。
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
1. 终生教育的想法是可行的,因为我们决不会因年纪太大而不能继续学习。当然,这里
会有某些限制,但不是年龄上的限制。例如,有人年过60 还想学踢足球。他这样做
是愚蠢的,但这仅仅因为是他的身体太老了,而不是智力的退化。
2. 现在,很难知道该去哪儿投资。不断变化的利率、银行收费以及各种不同的投资账户,
让人感到十分困惑。所以当您知道,在北方银行有友好、专业水准的服务,保证使您
对如何处置自己的钱财作出正确的决策,岂非一件大好事?我们可以在诸如保险、抵
押和退休金等一系列项目上向您提供咨询。请随时光临北方银行各分行。我们将高兴
地见到您!
SECTION 5:READING TEST
1. Because they set fire to a neighbour’s house, causing 4000 pound and damage destroying
everything the family owned.
2. The corporal punishment mentioned in this passage refers to beating of children/pupils
youngsters as a form of punishment when they behave badly. The examples cited in the
passage are flogging/whipping, cuffing6 round/slapping the ear and smacking7 on the hand.
3. According to Judge Rodwell, minor8 forms of corporal punisnment are “swift” and direct,
which can easily lead children to understand their misdemeanour/bad behavior and stop
“minor incidents escalating9”.
4. Here, “suspension is hardly a sanction”means “ordering the pupil to leave school for a
short period is not an effective punishment.”It can not stop the minor incidents/ offence and
is of no educational/ disciplinary significance to children. As a result, it has almost no
impact on many children.
5. Because these train companies put up very high bidding price and profit target in order to
win the bids. Therefore, even the 16 percent increase of revenue over seven years will not be
enough to cover the bidding cost and profit target they promised.
6. In the earlier bidding of these franchises10, the bidding conditions were more favourable11 to the
bidders. The train services were either “free of charge” or sold at a very low price.
7. It has caught the party off-hand and forced its transport team into embarrassing U-turns./
They would/will make big changes in their rail policy and would have to pay more subsidy
to some train services.
8. As the price of singles flat is on the rise, it is time for prospective12 buyers to make quick
decisions when they find both the price and the flat are acceptable.
9. Buyers often choose two-bed flats so that the other bed can be let to a friend. In this way,
they can use the rent collected to pay the mortgage and to lower their own burden.
10. This example shows the effects of rising price of singles flat. When the price was still quite
low, people felt the shell sizes of 1200 to 1400 sq ft were quite small. With the rising price,
they felt such sizes were acceptable (otherwise they would have to pay much more for their
“ideal”sizes)
SECTION 6:TRANSLATION TEST
Like a bright pearl set on the Taihu Lake and situated13 in the center of the beautiful and
fertile Changjiang Delta14 in southern Jiangsu Province, Wuxi is one of China’s major tourist
cities, with its pleasant climate, rich natural resources and picturesque15 scenery. Cutting through
the city is the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, an ancient project equal in fame to the Great Wall.
A trip along the river will enable the visitor to get to know the customs and life styles of the local
people.
Seven kilometers from downtown Wuxi is a popular scenic16 area known as Meiliang. There,
the Taihu Lake is at its best: the vast expanse of blue waters is dotted by fishing boats against an
enchanting background of mist-shrouded hills. Of the scenic spots in the area, the huge rock
named Yuantouzhu resembles a turtle’s head. The rock commands a distant view of the
boundless Taihu Lake. It is lauded17 by Guo Moruo, a renowned18 Chinese poet, as the “best spot of
the Taihu Lake”.
听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write
your answer in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Remember you will hear the
passage only once. Now let’s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
Today I’m going to consider very briefly19 a problem concerned with the competition for land
use, that is, whether crops should be used to produce food or should be used to produce fuel and
in considering this problem I will look at four main areas: the historical background to the
problem, the economies involved in the competition for land use, some examples, and a possible
solution to a potential problem.
In considering the historical background we should look at the oil crisis of the 1970s due to
the rapid trend in increasing oil prices. Many countries have looked for alternative energy
sources to make them independent of other countries’ fossil fuels. Examples of alternative
energy sources include such things as solar power, the harnessing of wind and waves, and also
the production of biogas. Biogas is methane20 which is produced from human and animal waste.
A particularly interesting possibility for many developing countries has been the coversion
of plant material to alcohol. This is interesting because in many developing countries there is a
large agricultural sector and at the same time a small industrial sector and thus the possibility of
using the agricultural sector to produce fuel is of interest to those countries.
Research is going on in the production of alcohol, for example, from sugar and there are
two main economic reasons for this. First of all, the world price of sugar has fallen dramatically
or the world price of sugar has fallen in very real terms in the last decade. This has caused a
problem for those economies which are dependent on their sugar production as it gives them an
alternative possibility for using their sugar. And secondly21 sugar is the most efficient source of
alcohol, therefore, it is relatively economical to make fuel by distilling22 alcohol from it.
In addition to sugar there are other starchy plants that can be used to make alcohol, for
example in tropical countries such plants as the cassava plant and the sweet potato are good
sources from which alcohol can be made and in non-tropical countries you have such things as
corn and sugar beet.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet.
Now let’s begin Part B with Listening Comprehension.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation
F: Er… roughly, Mr. Andrew Simpson, when did you begin collecting badges?
M: At my primary school, I think. The teachers used to give out badges to pupils who were
particularly good at certain things. So I got a little blue badge with the word “swimming”
on it, and then another one I remember—it was green—which had the word “Tidy” on it!
Ha!
F: And have you still got those badges in your collection?
M: No… well, I’ve got the swimming badge, but I think I was so untidy that I must have lost
the tidy badge years ago!
F: And you started collecting badges, then, from that, the age of about nine?
M: Er, yeah, I guess so… eight or nine or so. That’s right. In those days—we’re talking about
the early fifties—there weren’t so many cars around as there are today. So filling stations
didn’t have so many customers. So the petrol companies used to give out badges. I suppose
they thought that kids whose parents had a car would keep asking them to go to a particular
filling station so that they could get another free badge. My dad bought our first car in 1954.
I think it was—a black Ford23 Popular—and every time I went out with him in it I used to ask
him to go to a different petrol station so that I could add more to my growing badge
collection. Actually, he was a very shy man, my father, and I’m sure he didn’t like asking
for free things…
F: So petrol company badges were the first ones in your collection, weren’they?
M: After “swimming” and “tidy”, yeah… But soon all sorts of companies started making
badges to advertise their products, even cigarette companies. I’ve got one in my collection
for Wills’s Woodbines—they were the cheapest cigarettes in those days—and on the badge,
at the bottom, it says, “Smoked by Millions”—no health warnings in those days…
F: How did you start collecting foreign badges?
M: I started traveling! Actually, I have to say that as a teenager I rather lost interest in badges
and in fact I threw away a lot… or, er lost quite a lot… ones which would be rather
valuable today. But when I left university I got a job in Austria and whenever I had a
holiday, I used to take cheap trips to countries in Eastern Europe. Badges are very popular
there and I soon started collecting again. I’ve got some really beautiful badges from
Czechoslovakia and the Soviet24 Union, and some lovely ones from Yugoslavia, too.
F: Do people in Eastern Europe wear badges or do they just collect them?
M: Oh, they wear them just like we do.
F: Why do you think people do wear badges?
M: Well, I think there are probably three main reasons. I think some people wear them to show
that they belong to something. You know, like a group or a club or an association of some
sort… like the Rotary25 Club or a trade union. And then I think people wear badges for they
have something to say to the world. To tell people what they think—political or religious
badges—which show what kind of person the wearer is, what he or she believes in, what
they want to communicate… or badges which say things like, er, “Please don’t smoke near
me” or “I’m a vegetarian26”. I think that sort of badge is very popular these days.
F: You said you thought there were three main reasons why people wear badges…
M: Oh, yes. Well, the third reason, I think, is to show everyone else where you’ve been… you
know, badges which say things like “I’ve been to Disneyland”. A lot of people put
stickers like that on their cars, too. There are other reason, of course but I think they’re the
main ones.
Question No.1. What colour was the “Tidy”badge?
Question No.2. Which badge does Andrew Simpson think he has lost?
Question No.3. When do you think Andrew Simpson was born?
Question No.4. What is the slogan on the Wills’s Woodbines badge?
Question No.5. How many main reasons are given by Andrew Simpson for people to wear
badges?
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following news
It’s 12 noon and here are this lunch-time’s main stories.
The work-to-rule by air-traffic controllers is now affecting the majority of Britain’s airports.
Some 75% of all flights leaving Heathrow Airport this morning were delayed, and it was a
similar story at Gatwick, Manchester, Glasgow and Edinburgh. Passengers bound for European
destinations were the worst hit. A British Airways27 spokesman claimed that they were managing
to clear a backlog28 of breakfast-time flights by mid-morning, but such large-scale delays were
causing havoc29 with schedules for later flights because aircraft were in the wrong place at the
wrong time. The spokesman praised passengers for the great patience they have shown so far.
The outlook for those traveling today or tomorrow, at least, is not very cheerful, at the advised
times. The controllers, who began their action at midnight last night, are protesting against what
they claim to be inadequate30 and potentially dangerous manning levels at the country’s main
air-traffic control centers.
Latest Government figures show a slight improvement in the unemployment situation. The
number of registered unemployed31 fell by just over 12,000 last month; the first drip there has
been in the total, this year.
The Opposition32, however, claims that when the number of students who left the register to
return to colleges and universities is taken into account, there was a substantial increase in the
number of long-term unemployed. Mr. Eric Watkins, the Shadow Employment Spokesman, said
that today’s figures present a totally unrealistic picture of the unemployment situation. “There is
no real decrease in unemployment, nor in the suffering and misery33 of thousands of families in
this country”, said Mr. Watkins. He called on the Government to take positive steps, in next
month’s budget, towards revitalizing the depressed34.
Police in North London are looking for a gang of armed robbers who got away with over
$14 million-worth of jewllery in a raid on a Hampsstead jeweller’s this morning. Staff who
arrived to open the shop at 8:30 were held at gun-point by the gang, who proceeded to empty
display cabinets and the safe. They made their escape in a white Jaguar35 car which was later
found abandoned in nearby Finchley.
Three men died and woman and child were seriously injured in an accident which
happened on the A 11 near Norwich. Their car was in a head-on collision with an articulated
lorry. The lorry driver escaped with minor injuries and was released from hospital in Norwich
after treatment for cuts and bruises36. Police are appealing for witnesses to the accident, which
happened at about 7:30 this morning.
Question No.6. About what percentage of all flights leaving Heathrow Airport this morning
were delayed?
Question No.7. What are air-traffic controllers protesting against?
Question No.8. According to the government, how is the unemployment situation now?
Question No.9. According to the news, what was stolen by a gang of armed raiders in North
London?
Question No.10. Who died in the accident which happened near Norwich?
Question 11 to 15 are based on the following interview
I=Interviewer, E=Edward Epstein
I: Like me, you’ve probably always believed that diamonds—those gorgeous, brilliant,
shining— jewels—are precious because they’re both beautiful and rare. It’s the demand for
rare gems37 that makes them expensive. Well, the author of The Death of the Diamond is an
American writer and journalist, Edward J. Epstein and, when I met him in his apartment in
New York earlier this year, he soon put me right on a few things.
E: Diamonds are not rare at all. They’re one of the most common minerals in the crust of the
earth. In fact, if you think about it, there are more diamonds in America, or England, than
any other commodity, than families with children. There are more diamonds than
dishwashers or other appliances. Almost every family, a least in America, has a diamond.
I: If that’s so, why is it that diamonds should be so expensive?
E: Well, diamonds are expensive because there’s monopoly that has tried to fix the price of
diamonds and they charge a rent for getting married. It’s a marriage rent. Because you think
it’s symbolic38 and important for the marriage, you’re willing to buy a little pebble39, that you
wouldn’t buy in store if you weren’t getting married, and pay $1000. It’s sort of a private
marriage license40.
I: Edward Epstein’s book is an expose of that monopoly. The corporation in question is De
Beers; the South African company that exercises extraordinary control over the world’s
diamonds are found in many places in the world; there have recently been big finds in
Australia, for example. But, De Beer’s main suppliers outside South Africa are, surprisingly,
the Russians and, as is better known, Black African states, such as Zaire, Angola and
Tanzania. De Beer’s policy for dealing41 with these unlikely allies is very simple.
E: De Beers makes an offer to buy up all the diamonds in the world at a set price. And,
because it controls the means of cutting, the means of distribution, the means of credit and
financing for diamonds, most African countries find it worthwhile to sell to De Beers. De
Beers then puts it all in a central stockpile and then redistributes it to the diamond cutters in
Belgium, in England and Israel, and other places.
I: It seems quite extraordinary to think that black African nations, which are, presumably,
pledged to the downfall of South Africa should have this constant arrangement with a South
Africorporation.
E: Well, it’s one of the many ironies42 of the diamond business (is) that South Africa is, in a
sense, dependent on Black Africa, especially Zaire, not to compete with it. But I have a
feeling that this relationship goes deeper than merely diamonds; that South Africa is an
important economic force in all of southern Africa.
Question No.11. Who is Edward Epstein?
Question No.12. According to Edward Epstein, why are diamonds so expensive?
Question No.13. What is De Beer’s Corporation?
Question No.14. Which country is one of De Beer’s main suppliers outside South Africa?
Question No 15. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the interview?
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk
There is no doubt that the computer has enlarged man’s working capacity as well as his
intellectual capacity enormously. Er… but it brings with it dangers to match the benefits. Now
by this, I mean danger to physical and mental well-being43 of the people who wiork at computer
terminals, not the dangers to personal privacy or national or industrial security.
There’s one very alarming set of statistics which come from a survey done in the UK on
800 pregnant women, who happened to use computer terminals for a major part of their working
day. About 35% of the subjects there had some severe abnormality during the pregnancy44, enough
to make a termination necessary. Now these figures compare significantly with a control group
of pregnant women of the same age but who did not work with computer terminals. The
incidence of severe abnormalities in their case was only 16%. This survey confirms similar
investigations carried out in Denmark, Canada, Australia and the USA. Now, no one yet has a
clear idea about the exact connection between working with computer terminals and the
problems with pregnancy, but the figures at least suggest that there’s well a cause for alarm.
In more general terms, increased stress and disturbances45 to vision have been noted46 in
workers exposed for long periods to the video screen, and in many countries trade unions of
workers involved with computers have laid down their own guidelines to protect members’
health. Erm… for instance, rest periods, or a change of activity from time to time are
recommended, and the termial should be placed so that there’s a source of natural light, and
something else to look at, emm, no blank walls behind the terminal, in other words, so that the
operator has a a chance to rest his eyes from time to time.
Ironically, it seems that it’s not only those who work with computers who are at risk. Er…
there’s perhaps more danger for people who use computers for interest or pleasure in their own
homes. Now, it’s obviously not possible to impose in the privacy of people’s homes the sort of
sateguards that can be applied47 in the working environment. Most people get so fascinated by
what they are doing that they stay in front of the screen for hours on end; some are real fanatics48!
Question No.16. What is the talk mainly about?
Question No.17. During the survey mentioned in the talk, what percentage of the women
were found to suffer severe abnormality in pregnancy?
Question No.18. In which country was this survey conducted?
Question No.19. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the talk as a risk to health?
Question No.20. According to the talk, why are amateur computer users in greater danger
than professional ones.
SECTION 4:LITENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a short talk, you may take notes on the
important points so that you can have enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a
separate answer booklet. You are required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You
will not get your answer booklet until after you have listened to the talk. Now listen to the talk
carefully.
Today I want to discuss problems of urbanization and in particular I want to talk about
those problems which are peculiar to developing economies and to discuss three possible
policies which could be used to control or to stem uncontrolled urbanization in developing
countries.
Certain urban problems of course are common to both developed and developing countries,
for example, problems of poor housing, unemployment and those problems connected with
traffic, for example, congestion49, pollution and so on. However there are problems which are very
peculiar to developing economies and this is due to the fact the developing countries need to
create a basic infrastructure50 which is necessary for industrialization and consequently for
economic growth. In fact it is the provision of this infrastructure which constitutes the
urbanization process itself and this infrastructure or the provision of this infrastructure may have
undesired effects on the economy as a whole. Now it’s these consequences on these effects
which um I’d like to deal with next.
I’m going to talk about five main consequences of this uncontrolled urbanization.
In the first instance there’s the problem of the migration51 of people from the country to the
city. Of course people living in the country see the city as a more desirable place to live, whether
they are living in developing or developed countries. But the problem is much more serious in a
developing country because there are in fact often more people who wish to migrate to the city.
Now the fact of people migrating to the city causes a certain depopulation of rural areas. This is
a second consequence if you like, and the result of this is a decrease in the production of food
and in the supply of food to the country as a whole. This can in turn also lead to a rise in prices
because of the law of supply and demand.
As a result of people moving to the city you get a high urban population growth rate. Now
this is due not only to the fact of more adults moving to the city but can also be due to traditions
of these people from the country because often people from rural areas have a tradition of large
families and so on and so the population of the cities increases with these numerous children of
the large families.
This leads to a fourth consequence which is a dramatic pressure on the supply of social
services in urban areas, in particular services related to health and education. In relation a health
services we can see that there are endemic diseases which could be made worse by
overcrowding people coming from the country to the city, and in the stresses on services in
education, with more children there’s need for more schools schools and more teachers and so
on.
A fifth area which is affected52 by uncontrolled urbanization is that of the labour supply, and
often uncontrolled urbanization leads to an excess of labour supply in the cities. This can lead to,
in turn, an informal kind of labour activities of, if you like, what might be called lowproductivity
activities. For example people selling things in the streets or you often find for instance in large
urban areas in developing countries children watching cars and so on and asking for tips from
their owners when they come back. This is really a sort of undesirable53 type of labour.
So those are in fact the main consequences of uncontrolled urbanization. Now I’d like to
talk more on the three possible policies which could be developed to stem this kind of
uncontrolled urbanization in developing countries.
The first one would be to promote a more equal land distribution. In this way farmers
would be more motivated to stay on the land. They would be able to work more land, and thus
be able to feed their families more adequately. Often the reasons why farmers wish to go to the
city is that they cannot grow enough food to both feed their families and earn a living. So a more
equal land distribution is one such policy to stem this kind of move to the city.
A second policy would be to improve the supply of social services in the rural areas
particularly in the field of health and education. Country people often move to the co\ity because
they feel that these services are better in the city areas and if they could compare the services
and feel that there was perhaps not much difference between the two, it would be another reson
for not moving.
A third possible policy would be to give financial assistance to agriculture especially to the
small landowners.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part or test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Sentence No.1. The main part of New York city is an island and you have to approach it
either by tunnel or bridge.
Sentence No.2. Parking in downtown areas is so dreadfully expensive, so most people think
twice about bringing their cars into the city.
Sentence No.3. I’m a sales representative from our head office in London and I’d like to
discuss the sales contract in detail with you.
Sentence No.4. China is the third largest country in the world, next only to Russia and
Canada, with an uninterrupted history going back over four thousand years.
Sentence No.5. As a result of these new measures taken by the government, this country’s
tourist industry has seen an average 10 percent annual growth rate over the
past five years.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Direction: In this part of the test, you will hear two English passages. You will hear the passages
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your answer booklet. You may take notes while you are listening.
Now let’s begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Passage 1:
The idea of permanent education is practical because we’re never really too old to go on
learning. Of course, there are certain limits, but they aren’t age limits. For example, let’s say a
man past sixty tries to learn how to play football. It’s foolish for him to do that, but only because
his body is too old, not his mind!
Passage 2:
These days, it’s difficult to know where to invest. It’s all very confusing with changing interest
rates, bank charges and different types of investment account. So isn’t it nice to know that at the
Northern Bank there is friendly, professional help available to make sure you make the right
decisions about how to handle your money? We can also advise you on a whole range of matters
such as insurance, mortgages and pensions. Pop into your Northern Bank branch. We’ll be
pleased to see you!

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 conversion UZPyI     
n.转化,转换,转变
参考例句:
  • He underwent quite a conversion.他彻底变了。
  • Waste conversion is a part of the production process.废物处理是生产过程的一个组成部分。
2 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
3 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
4 beet 9uXzV     
n.甜菜;甜菜根
参考例句:
  • He farmed his pickers to work in the beet fields. 他出租他的摘棉工去甜菜地里干活。
  • The sugar beet is an entirely different kind of plant.糖用甜菜是一种完全不同的作物。
5 peculiar cinyo     
adj.古怪的,异常的;特殊的,特有的
参考例句:
  • He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  • He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
6 cuffing 53005364b353df3a0ef0574b22352811     
v.掌打,拳打( cuff的现在分词 );袖口状白血球聚集
参考例句:
  • Thickening and perivascular lymphocytic cuffing of cord blood vessels. H and E X250. 脊髓血管增粗;脊髓血管周围可见淋巴细胞浸润,形成一层套膜(苏木精-伊红染色,原始放大倍数X250倍)。 来自互联网
  • In 1990 the agency allowed laser cuffing of soft tissue such as gums. 1990年,这个机构允许使用激光切割像牙龈这样的软组织。 来自互联网
7 smacking b1f17f97b1bddf209740e36c0c04e638     
活泼的,发出响声的,精力充沛的
参考例句:
  • He gave both of the children a good smacking. 他把两个孩子都狠揍了一顿。
  • She inclined her cheek,and John gave it a smacking kiss. 她把头低下,约翰在她的脸上响亮的一吻。
8 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
9 escalating 1b4e810e65548c7656e9ea468e403ca1     
v.(使)逐步升级( escalate的现在分词 );(使)逐步扩大;(使)更高;(使)更大
参考例句:
  • The cost of living is escalating. 生活费用在迅速上涨。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The cost of living is escalating in the country. 这个国家的生活费用在上涨。 来自辞典例句
10 franchises ef6665e7cd0e166d2f4deb0f4f26c671     
n.(尤指选举议员的)选举权( franchise的名词复数 );参政权;获特许权的商业机构(或服务);(公司授予的)特许经销权v.给…以特许权,出售特许权( franchise的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder. 电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Ford dealerships operated as independent franchises. 福特汽车公司的代销商都是独立的联营商。 来自辞典例句
11 favourable favourable     
adj.赞成的,称赞的,有利的,良好的,顺利的
参考例句:
  • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms.这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
  • We found that most people are favourable to the idea.我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
12 prospective oR7xB     
adj.预期的,未来的,前瞻性的
参考例句:
  • The story should act as a warning to other prospective buyers.这篇报道应该对其他潜在的购买者起到警示作用。
  • They have all these great activities for prospective freshmen.这会举办各种各样的活动来招待未来的新人。
13 situated JiYzBH     
adj.坐落在...的,处于某种境地的
参考例句:
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
  • She is awkwardly situated.她的处境困难。
14 delta gxvxZ     
n.(流的)角洲
参考例句:
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
15 picturesque qlSzeJ     
adj.美丽如画的,(语言)生动的,绘声绘色的
参考例句:
  • You can see the picturesque shores beside the river.在河边你可以看到景色如画的两岸。
  • That was a picturesque phrase.那是一个形象化的说法。
16 scenic aDbyP     
adj.自然景色的,景色优美的
参考例句:
  • The scenic beauty of the place entranced the visitors.这里的美丽风光把游客们迷住了。
  • The scenic spot is on northwestern outskirts of Beijing.这个风景区位于北京的西北远郊。
17 lauded b67508c0ca90664fe666700495cd0226     
v.称赞,赞美( laud的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • They lauded the former president as a hero. 他们颂扬前总统为英雄。 来自辞典例句
  • The nervy feats of the mountaineers were lauded. 登山者有勇气的壮举受到赞美。 来自辞典例句
18 renowned okSzVe     
adj.著名的,有名望的,声誉鹊起的
参考例句:
  • He is one of the world's renowned writers.他是世界上知名的作家之一。
  • She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights.她以提倡人权而闻名。
19 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
20 methane t1Eyx     
n.甲烷,沼气
参考例句:
  • The blast was caused by pockets of methane gas that ignited.爆炸是由数袋甲烷气体着火引起的。
  • Methane may have extraterrestrial significance.甲烷具有星际意义。
21 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
参考例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见解。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要确定所作用的载荷。
22 distilling f3783a7378d04a2dd506fe5837220cb7     
n.蒸馏(作用)v.蒸馏( distil的过去式和过去分词 )( distilled的过去分词 );从…提取精华
参考例句:
  • Water can be made pure by distilling it. 水经蒸馏可变得纯净。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • More ammonium sulphate solution is being recovered in the process of distilling oil shale. 在提炼油页岩的过程中回收的硫酸铵液比过去多了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
23 Ford KiIxx     
n.浅滩,水浅可涉处;v.涉水,涉过
参考例句:
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
24 Soviet Sw9wR     
adj.苏联的,苏维埃的;n.苏维埃
参考例句:
  • Zhukov was a marshal of the former Soviet Union.朱可夫是前苏联的一位元帅。
  • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
25 rotary fXsxE     
adj.(运动等)旋转的;轮转的;转动的
参考例句:
  • The central unit is a rotary drum.核心设备是一个旋转的滚筒。
  • A rotary table helps to optimize the beam incidence angle.一张旋转的桌子有助于将光线影响之方式角最佳化。
26 vegetarian 7KGzY     
n.素食者;adj.素食的
参考例句:
  • She got used gradually to the vegetarian diet.她逐渐习惯吃素食。
  • I didn't realize you were a vegetarian.我不知道你是个素食者。
27 AIRWAYS 5a794ea66d6229951550b106ef7caa7a     
航空公司
参考例句:
  • The giant jets that increasingly dominate the world's airways. 越来越称雄于世界航线的巨型喷气机。
  • At one point the company bought from Nippon Airways a 727 jet. 有一次公司从日本航空公司买了一架727型喷气机。
28 backlog bPiyc     
n.积压未办之事
参考例句:
  • It will take a month to clear the backlog of work.要花一个月的时间才能清理完积压的工作。
  • Investment is needed to reduce the backlog of repairs.需要投资来減轻积压的维修工作。
29 havoc 9eyxY     
n.大破坏,浩劫,大混乱,大杂乱
参考例句:
  • The earthquake wreaked havoc on the city.地震对这个城市造成了大破坏。
  • This concentration of airborne firepower wrought havoc with the enemy forces.这次机载火力的集中攻击给敌军造成很大破坏。
30 inadequate 2kzyk     
adj.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的
参考例句:
  • The supply is inadequate to meet the demand.供不应求。
  • She was inadequate to the demands that were made on her.她还无力满足对她提出的各项要求。
31 unemployed lfIz5Q     
adj.失业的,没有工作的;未动用的,闲置的
参考例句:
  • There are now over four million unemployed workers in this country.这个国家现有四百万失业人员。
  • The unemployed hunger for jobs.失业者渴望得到工作。
32 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
33 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
34 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮丧的,抑郁的,不景气的,萧条的
参考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧时就感到完全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
35 jaguar JaPz8     
n.美洲虎
参考例句:
  • He was green with envy when he saw my new Jaguar car.看见我那辆美洲虎牌新车,他非常妒忌。
  • Should you meet a jaguar in the jungle,just turn slowly,walk away.But slowly,never look back.你在丛林中若碰上美洲虎,就慢慢转身走开,可一定要慢,切莫回头看。
36 bruises bruises     
n.瘀伤,伤痕,擦伤( bruise的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He was covered with bruises after falling off his bicycle. 他从自行车上摔了下来,摔得浑身伤痕。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The pear had bruises of dark spots. 这个梨子有碰伤的黑斑。 来自《简明英汉词典》
37 gems 74ab5c34f71372016f1770a5a0bf4419     
growth; economy; management; and customer satisfaction 增长
参考例句:
  • a crown studded with gems 镶有宝石的皇冠
  • The apt citations and poetic gems have adorned his speeches. 贴切的引语和珠玑般的诗句为他的演说词增添文采。
38 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
39 pebble c3Rzo     
n.卵石,小圆石
参考例句:
  • The bird mistook the pebble for egg and tried to hatch it.这只鸟错把卵石当蛋,想去孵它。
  • The pebble made a ripple on the surface of the lake.石子在湖面上激起一个涟漪。
40 license B9TzU     
n.执照,许可证,特许;v.许可,特许
参考例句:
  • The foreign guest has a license on the person.这个外国客人随身携带执照。
  • The driver was arrested for having false license plates on his car.司机由于使用假车牌而被捕。
41 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
42 ironies cb70cfbfac9e60ff1ec5e238560309fb     
n.反语( irony的名词复数 );冷嘲;具有讽刺意味的事;嘲弄
参考例句:
  • It was one of life's little ironies. 那是生活中的一个小小的嘲弄。
  • History has many ironies. 历史有许多具有讽刺意味的事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
43 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安乐,幸福
参考例句:
  • He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  • My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
44 pregnancy lPwxP     
n.怀孕,怀孕期
参考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
45 disturbances a0726bd74d4516cd6fbe05e362bc74af     
n.骚乱( disturbance的名词复数 );打扰;困扰;障碍
参考例句:
  • The government has set up a commission of inquiry into the disturbances at the prison. 政府成立了一个委员会来调查监狱骚乱事件。
  • Extra police were called in to quell the disturbances. 已调集了增援警力来平定骚乱。
46 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
47 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
48 fanatics b39691a04ddffdf6b4b620155fcc8d78     
狂热者,入迷者( fanatic的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The heathen temple was torn down by a crowd of religions fanatics. 异教徒的神殿被一群宗教狂热分子拆除了。
  • Placing nukes in the hands of baby-faced fanatics? 把核弹交给一些宗教狂热者手里?
49 congestion pYmy3     
n.阻塞,消化不良
参考例句:
  • The congestion in the city gets even worse during the summer.夏天城市交通阻塞尤为严重。
  • Parking near the school causes severe traffic congestion.在学校附近泊车会引起严重的交通堵塞。
50 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
51 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  • Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  • He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
52 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
53 undesirable zp0yb     
adj.不受欢迎的,不良的,不合意的,讨厌的;n.不受欢迎的人,不良分子
参考例句:
  • They are the undesirable elements among the employees.他们是雇员中的不良分子。
  • Certain chemicals can induce undesirable changes in the nervous system.有些化学物质能在神经系统中引起不良变化。
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