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98.3a上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write
your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear
the passage only once.
Business people spend quite a lot of time in meetings and meetings come in all shapes and
sizes: ranging from ___ ___(1) to informal one-to-one meetings. There are _________(2)
why meetings are held: reaching decisions in a meeting means that all the participants can
________ (3) the decision: more information is available; and different ideas can be contributed.
Meetings can lead to more_ ___(4):—often more courageous1 decisions than one
person might feel brave enough to make.
But meetings also_______ ___(5): more time is required; there's more talk,
sometimes irrelevant3 and repetitive; and_________ _____(6).
The more people there are at a meeting, the longer it may take to reach a decision.
There______ ___(7) for meetings, depending on the purpose—a meeting where
information is being given to people can be quite large, as questions______ ___(8) may
be asked by a few individuals on everyone else's behalf.
The way a committee operates often depends on_____ ______(9) or chairperson:
he or she may control the proceedings4 or__ _________(10) whenever they want. An
effective chairperson should be flexible. In some meetings the mernbers have to_____ ___(11)
before a decision can be made: formal proposals or “motions” may have to be
tabled,_________ (12) before a vote can taken. Other meeting may require____ ___(13)
—everyone has to agree.
Most meetings have an agenda. For a formal meeting, this document may be____ ____(14)
to all participants. For an informal meeting, the agenda may simply be__ ______(15) that
have to be dealt with. The purpose of an agenda______________(16) the meeting and keep
everyone to the point. The agenda for a formal meeting must be organized________ ___(17).
Often the agenda shows not only the topics but also ________ __ (18) regarding each topic.
All items on which a decision is to be taken should appear on the agenda.
One-to-one small informal meetings also tend to be ______ ___ (19). They are
different from ________ __ (20) in a corridor or over coffee. Small informal meetings may
also take place or continue during a meal.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, comversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.
1. (A) The comparison in cost of living between different countries.
(B) The advantages and disadvantages of working in different places.
(C) Where to spend their forthcoming holidays.
(D) Which university their eldest6 son should attend.
2. (A) Hamburg. (B) Frankfurt.
(C) Munich. (D) Berlin.
3. (A) It is the highest.
(B) It is the lowest.
(C) It comes in between the other two jobs.
(D) No such comparison is made in the conversation.
4. (A) One year. (B) Around two years.
(C) No more than five years. (D) Between five and ten years.
5. (A) The cost of living Germany is approximately the same as in Britain.
(B) They agree that Munich would be the best city to live in.
(C) The Frankfurt job will help the man's career most.
(D) Their children don't like winter sports.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
6. (A) The project will go ahead whatever happens.
(B) The project has to be cancelled because it's too expensive.
(C) The project will stop if the U.S. and Russia reach a new arms agreement.
(D) The project will be debated in Congress before he approves it.
7. (A) The United Kingdom. (B) Belgium.
(C) The United States. (D) Russia.
8. (A) 7.5% (B) 8%
(C) 12% (D) 13%
9. (A) He visited an exhibition of robots.
(B) He talked with a group of car manufacturers.
(C) He chaired an industrial meeting.
(D) He opened a new car factory.
10.(A) Water pollution.
(B) Hot weather.
(C) An excessive demand for water.
(D) Bad management of the local water authorities.
Question 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
11.(A) She had originally been trained at college for that job.
(B) She has been suffering from serious anorexia7.
(C) She found the job terribly enjoyable.
(D) She went into the job more or less by chance.
12. (A) An infant teacher. (B) A child psychologist.
(C) An exercise teacher. (D) A hypnotist.
13. (A) Because she thought the job wasn't very exciting.
(B) Because the pay wasn't so good as she had expected.
(C) Because she has developed a serious eating problem.
(D) Because she was going to leave America.
14. (A) Because she has made a mistake in teaching exercises.
(B) Because she was impressed by his skill.
(C) Because she has got a minor8 eating problem.
(D) Because she intended to go into this profession.
15. (A) People with various sleeping problems.
(B) Peoople who has very low self images.
(C) People who were putting on weight.
(D) People who wanted to go into the profession.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. (A) The board of directiors.
(B) The company shareholders9.
(C) The department managers of the company.
(D) A group of investment analysts10.
17. (A) The company's past performance.
(B) The company's expansion plan.
(C) The promotion11 of the company's new product.
(D) The improvement of the company's management.
18. (A) Advertising12. (B) Market analysis and counselling.
(C) Home security systems. (D) Grass mowers.
19. (A) Bad market conditions. (B) Competition from rivals.
(C) Faulty products. (D) Inadequate13 after-sales service.
20. (A) 1.1 million dollars. (B) 5.5 million dollars.
(C) 5.6 million dollars. (D) 6.6 million dollars.
SECTION 2: READING GEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that
passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Question 1~5
The final irony16 in the case of the Bridgewater Three is that they might have has a far better
chance of a new life if they had committed a crime. As Michael and Vincent Hickey and James
Robinson try to come to terms with the last 18 years, they will receive none of the help or
rehabilitation that convicted criminals could expect.
Psychologists and probation17 officers say the effect on those wrongfully convicted can be
compared to hostages held in the Middle East. Many face severe depression and post-traumatic
stress disorder18. "No amount of compensation will pay for what they've been through," said David
Boag, a chartered forensic19 psychologist who has in prisons for nearly 30 years. "This would
devastate anybody. It is likely to have very, very negative effects on their life for a very long
time.
"At the moment they will be very excited about being released, but after a while they could
be overwhelmed by feelings of depression."
People who were wrongfully held often did suffer post-traumatic stress disorder:"They keep
on going over and over the case. They can't get shot of it. They keep reliving the experience."
He said there were four main stages people went through: "Sometimes they go into denial
and can't believe it's happened that they have actually been released. Then there is anger and
resentment that it happened in the first place. After that they may become emotionally drained
and depressed20. They feel like they are disappearing down the black hole. Then there is the final
adjustment and acceptance but you don't know how long it can take."
It is a familiar tale to previous victims of injustice21. A year after his release Paddy Hill, one
of the Birmingham Six, said in a newspaper interview:"Sometimes I feel like bursting into tears,
or I have just to walk away... There are times when I wish I was back in jail."
In the cases of the Guildford Four, they found different ways of adjusting. While Gerard
Conlon achieved fame and money through his best-selling autobiography22, In the Name of the
Father, and Paul Hill married into the Kennedy clan23, the other two, Patrick Armstrong and
Carole Richardson, have quietly faded into anonymity24.
In purely25 practical terms the Bridgewater Three will have to adjust to a very different world
to the one they left in 1979. Since then the Cold War has ended, the Berlin Wall has come down
and Nelson Mandela has been released. In day-to-day life back in 1979, simple electronic
calculators were prized pieces of advanced technology, office workers used typewriters and the
equivalents of desk-top PCs took up small rooms. Remote controls for televisions were still a
thing of the future as were hole-in-the-wall cash dispensers."There have been major changes in
society," said Dr. Gisli Gudjonsson, reader in forensic psychology26 at the University of London.
"They will not be used to the increased traffic or the differences in technology. They may find it
terrifying to get on a bus or a train or the Tube. And if people are let out suddenly they have no
opportunity to adjust."
This is the major problem psychologists agree that the Bridgewater Three face. They will
not have had any preparation which long-term prisoners normally receive and they will not be
supervised by the probation service on their release. For the convicted criminal, the probation
service must make sure there is accommodation arranged, that prisoners are signed on at social
security and are connected to employment serices. With no such service for the wrongfully
convicted, they could even have problems even with tasks such as opening a bank account.
1. According to passage, which of the following is NOT true about the Bridgewater Three?
(A) They were jailed eighteen years ago.
(B) They were released after the completion of their prison terms.
(C) They have been found not guilty after 18 years of imprisonment27.
(D) They are victims of injustice.
2. The statement "They can't get shot of it."(para.4) can be paraphrased28 as "_________"
(A) They do not know how to face the future.
(B) They are too excited to believe they are free.
(C) They are unable to rid themselves of the emotional disorder.
(D) They do not learn the lesson from their imprisonment.
3. It can be concluded that all of the foolowing statements about the Bridgewater Three, the
Birmingham Six and the Guidford Four are true EXCEPT that _______.
(A) they are the victims of injustice
(B) they face the difficulty of adjustment after release
(C) they were wrongfully held in prison for a number of years
(D) they win their freedom through their own struggle
4. The author listed (in para. 8) a number of changes in political, social and day-to-day life
mainly to show ______.
(A) how difficult it is for the Bridgewater Three to adjust to the world today
(B) how fast the world will have been changing when crimes are under control
(C) how advanced the modern technology has become
(D) how close the relationship is between politics and science
5. In writing the last paragraph of the passage the author ______.
(A) gives the summery of the article
(B) lists more examples of the injustice done to the Bridgewater Three
(C) shows the different treatments the Bridgewater Three and convicted criminals receive
(D) criticizes openly the injustice imposed on the Bridgewater Three
Question 6~10
Displaying a giant banner protesting global warming, Greenpeace, the confrontational
environmental group that has known better days, on Wednesday brought its campaign against oil
exploration in the arctic to downtown Los Angeles.
Two activists29 climbed 13 stories up Atlantic Richfield's 51-story building before unfurling a
banner featuring a polar bear and reading "Arctic oil:Global Warming, Chill the Drills."
Greenpeace has chosen the bear as a symbol because of scientific concerns about the
vulnerability of arctic wildlife to global warming as icebergs30 melt and the northern habitat heats.
Five people were arrested at the demonstration31, which caused police to temporarily close
portions of two streets and snarled32 downtown traffic for hours as Fire Department personnel
positioned huge air bags on the ground in case the climbers fell.
For Greenpeace, the demonstration was one of several recent protests, after a reorganization
over the summer, that mark a reemphasis of the sort of dramatic direct action that made the
group famous.
After a steep decline in U.S. membership that saw the rolls drop to 420,000 from more than
1 million in 1991, the organization earlier this year closed 10 field offices across the country. It
also began calling attention to some of its less controversial work--its efforts to develop a more
energy-efficient car and its lobbying for tougher restrictions33 on the huge "factory" trawlers
widely blamed for depleting34 worldwide fish populations.
But in September, members of the group launched a small flotilla of inflatable dinghies into
Alaska's Becaufort Sea in an effort to prevent a huge floating oil rig from moving to a drill site
in coastal35 waters off the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Greenpeace has targeted Arco because of the company's plans to look for oil just off the
arctic refuge, the home of an extraordinary array of northern wildlife.
Although drilling operations could lead to spills or accidents that might harm bears, whales
and birds, Greenpeace says its main concern is the long-term climate effects of oil dependency.
The burning of fossil fuels is considered to be the primary way people contribute to global
warming.
Al Greenstein, a company spokeaman, said that Greenpeace was wrong to equate14 arctic oil
drilling with global warming.
"It's not a production issue. It's a matter of consumption," Greenstein said."As long as
people choose to depend on oil, and we think they will for decades to come, the choice is
whether to import oil or develop our own sources."
The five Los Angeles protesters were arrested on suspicion of trespassing36.
6. The expression "that has known better days"(para. 1) can mean all of the following EXCEPT
that ______.
(A) it has once achieved more successes
(B) it has once has a larger membership
(C) it has once organized more direct actions
(D) it has once been involved in more controversial issues
7. The expression "Chill the Drills" in the slogan "Arctic Oil: Global warming, Chill the Drills."
(para. 2) can possibly be paraphrased as "_______".
(A) save the polar bears
(B) stop the oil exploration
(C) reduce the consumption of fossil fuels
(D) destroy the drilling apparatus
8. Which of the following is implied, but not directly stated, in the passage?
(A) Greenpeace has had a sharp decline in membership.
(B) Greenpeace has changed its tactics.
(C) Greenpeace has resumed dramatic direct actions.
(D) Greenpeace has undergone reorganization.
9. According to the passage, the five protesters were arrested at the demonstration under the
accusation that _____.
(A) they stopped the traffic for hours
(B) they destroyed part of the building
(C) they invaded private property without permission
(D) they organised and headed up the demonstration
10.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?
(A) Greenpeace Targets Arco Building in Latest Protest
(B) Five Protesters Arrested at Greenpeace Demonstration
(C) Polar Bears: Central Concern of Greenpeace
(D) Oil Production vs. Oil Consumption: Global Warming
Questions 11~15
Oscar Wilde, the celebrated37 wit and playwright38 who ended his days in disgrace and ruin, is
finally being remembered in the way he wanted. As he put it:"Something more than a man with a
tragic39 vice15 in his life. There is so much more in me, and I always was a good father to both my
children."
A century after his release, Britain is going wild for Wilde. His comedies, such as The
Importance of Being Earnest, (which he described as "exquisitely40 trivial") and Lady
Windermere's Fan have enjoyed a consistent popularity in repertory theatres around the country,
and in the next few months his personality and cultural impact will be explored in a west End
play, two screen versions and a new biography.
The film Wilde, due out in the autumn and starring actor and author Stephen Fry, intends to
balance his homosexuality, for which he was imprisoned41, with his love for his wife, Constance,
and two sons.
The producers, brothers Marc and Peter Samuelson, said they felt that the Victorian writer's
scandalous affair with Lord Alfred "Bosie" Douglas, which led to his downfall, painted an
"incomplete" picture of the man.
Directed by Brian Gilbert, the film focuses on 15 years of Wilde's life, when most of his
great works, including The Importance of Being Earnest and An Ideal Husband, were written.
The script is adapted from Richard Ellmann's definitive42 biography, and Vanessa Redgrave plays
Wilde's mother.
Only now, says Fry, is his subject receiving the universal respect that is his due."He stands
for all people who refused to freeze themselves into a moral code," he said on BBC Radio
yesterday.
Because of today's more liberal attitudes, the film is likely to be more sexually explicit43 than
previous studies which could not focus enough on homosexuality, and instead merely alluded44 to
sexual practices which Wilde himself called "feadting with panthers."
The actor Simon Callow has been winning rave2 reviews for The Importance of Being Oscar,
a one-man show at the Savoy Theatre which opened last week, in which he attempts to humanise,
rather than eulogise the playwright.
"Wilde constructed a personality for himself, believing that on it depended his value as an
artist," Callow has said. "By personality he didn't mean in the corrupted45 sense... but the inner life
transformed into the outer self."
Wilde's grandson, Merlin Holland, has given the show his enthusiastic backing. He hinself
is working on a new book about his ancestor's life, and he said yesterday:"The British public are
happy enough to read his children's stories to their children, or clap at revivals47 of The
Importance of Being Earnest, but his private life you just didn't ask about."
"To find now that it's all been brough back together and the whole man is there is delightful48.
I'm very happy about that."
Also in progress is a film version of Wilde's play The Ideal Husband, which is about a
cabinet minister revered49 by all women as being the ideal man, yet who hides his corruption
behind a facade50.
Wilde himself has already won a kind of establishment acceptance. In 1995, he was finally
given the stamp of approval with an inscription51 on a new stained-glass window at Poets' Corner
in Westminster Abbey. Even the present Marquess of Queensberry, descendant of the man who
put Wilde behind bars for sodomy, was reported to have joined the Oscar Wilde Society.
But Professor Alan Sinfield, author of The Wilde Century, says that the image of Wilde, as a
consequence of the trials, set up the notion of the queer man of the 20th century.
"I thought at the time there's always been two Oscar Wildes-one that's synonym52 for
queerness and the one that's at the Haymarket with all sorts of knights53 and ladies." Until recently,
he said, it was quite difficult to marry the two together.
The fact that newest productions were doing so could signify an increasingly enlightened
attitude towards homosexuality--or "a technique for putting homosexuality back into a box, by
saying we recognise that, enough of it, now we'll get to the full man," Professor Sinfield said.
11. All of the following plays were written by the playwright Oscar Wilde EXCEPT_____.
(A) The Importance of Being Earnest (B) Lady Windermere's fan
(C) The Importance of Being Oscar (D) The Ideal Husband
12. The word "vice" in the expression "Something more than a man with a tragic vice in his life"
(para. 1) can best be replaced by which of the following?
(A) ill fate (B) immoral54 character
(C) vicious intention (D) mental weakness
13. The present Marquess of Queensberry is mentioned in the passage to show that ________.
(A) Wilde is still quite popular with the public
(B) Wilde is no longer condemned55 for his homosexuality
(C) people remember Wilde in the way he wanted
(D) the change of attitude toward Wilde is radical56 enough
14. It can be concluded from Professor Alan Sinfield's comment that _______.
(A) there are two contrastive images of the playwright Oscar Wilde
(B) there are two Oscar Wildes in British literary history
(C) the two Oscar Wildes could never agree with each other
(D) the playwright Oscar Wilde changed his personality later in life
15. Which of the following is NOT true about the playwright Oscar Wilde according to the
passage?
(A) Wilde has been considered a controversial figure over the past century.
(B) There is a strong revival46 of interest in both Wilde's plays and his personality.
(C) The reevaluation of Oscar Widle is more objective and humanistic.
(D) The British public fully5 accept Wilde's homosexuality.
Questions 16~20
All men can trace their ancestry57 back to one man who lived 150,000 years ago and whose
closest living relatives are a small tribe in South Africa, according to scientists who have spent a
decade searching for the original Adam.
Research into the human Y chromosome58--which sons only inherit from their fathers--has
pinpointed59 the time and place where just one man gave rise to the male genetic60 ingredients of all
men alive today.
The geneticists have also located the oldest direct descendants of this Adam, whom they say
lived alongside an African Eve who was identified in similar studies 10 years ago.
The khoisan people of South Africa, some with a hunter-gatherer tradition stretching back
thousands of years, share most of the genetic traits that first arose when Adam hunted game and
collected berries in his African Garden of Eden.
Two independent investigations62 of minute mutations on the Y chromosome pinpointed the
Khoisan people, who are also known as Bushmen or Hottentots, as the only ethnic64 group to
possess so many ancient remnants of the original Adam.
Dr. Michael Hammer, a geneticist at the University of Arizona, analysed the Y chromosome
of more than 1,500 men selected from ethnic groups around the world and found a clear line of
descendent from the African Adam to the present-day Khoisan people.
"One way of looking at this is that the Y chromosome traces back to people who lived in
Africa. We have evidence that the Y chromosomes65 in all men today trace back to one African
male at some time in the past," he said. "It is possible that this male was not anatomically
modern. He may have been more like Homo erectus, one of our hominid ancestors, but his Y
chromosome survived the change in the way we look."
By studying the variety of mutations in the Y chromosome of men alive today, Hammer's
team was able to determine how long it has taken these genetic changes to arise and where the
original source came from.
He found that the Khoisan, who speak a unique click language, preserved an ancient genetic
signal as well as an old cultural heritage. "The oldest branch of the [human family] tree that
traces all the way back to Adam is represented today by the Khoisan people," Hammer said.
"Something like 20% of the Khoisan men have this old, old Y chromosome. We don't find it at
all in European populations and it is present in very low levels, 2% or 3%, in other African
groups."
A separate study of Y chromosomes by Dr. Peter Oefner, a senior researcher at Stanford
University in California, also supports the link between Adam and the Khoisan, who now live in
South Africa but whose ancestors probably emigrated from the Rift66 Valley of east Africa where
Homo sapiens is believed to have evolved.
The scientists said the research does not support the biblical story of a single man and
woman in a Garden of Eden. "This result does not mean there was ever only one male but rather
that a unique mutation63 occurred, resulting in one son who defined the new (genetic) line and
whose male descendants eventually reached a majority in Africa. Some offspring of this lineage
left Africa to populate the entire globe," Oefner said.
16. The Khoisan people of South Africa are studied by scientists because ________.
(A) they have had a long hunter-gatherer tradition
(B) their ancestors built the first Garden of Eden
(C) their descendants quickly spread to the whole world
(D) they have possessed67 the earliest genetic traits of man
17. The expression "minute mutations" (para. 5) can be paraphrased as "_______."
(A) immediate68 occurrences (B) small alterations
(C) great transformations69 (D) slow evolution
18. Which of the following is NOT true about the expression "African Garden of Eden"?
(A) It is a geographical70 location in South Africa.
(B) It is coined from the Holy Bible.
(C) It is used to symbolize71 the birthplace of the human race.
(D) It is said to be the place where the legendary72 Adam and Eve lived.
19. According to Dr. Peter Oefner, the Khoisan people _______.
(A) have never left their land in South Africa
(B) have only one single man and woman as their earliest ancestors
(C) have a unique genetic line in their male descendants
(D) can find their history reflected in the Bible
20. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
(A) The Khoisan people are one of the earliest and advanced civilizations in the world.
(B) The biblical account of human history is based on the ethnic groups in South Africa.
(C) The investigation61 of genetic traits reveals that the earliest human ancestors are from
South Africa.
(D) Homo erectus and Homo sapiens are both the ancestors of the human race.
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
The three sacred words "duty", "honor" and "country" reverently73 dictate74 what you should
be, what you can be, and what you will be. They urge you to build courage when courage seems
to fail, to regain75 faith when there seems to be little cause for faith, to create hope when hope
becomes abandoned. I am convinced that these words teach you to be proud and unbending in
honest failure, but humble76 and gentle in success; not to substitute words for action; not to seek
the path of comfort, but to face the stress of difficulty and challenge; to learn to stand up in the
storm, but to have compassion77 on those who fall; to have a heart that is clean, a goal that is high;
to learn to laugh, yet never forget how to weep; to reach into the future, yet never neglect the
past; to be serious, yet never take yourself too seriously; to be modest so that you will remember
the simplicity78 of true greatness, the open mind of true wisdom, the meekness79 of true strength. In
short, these words teach you to be both a militant80 fighter and a gentleman.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 courageous HzSx7     
adj.勇敢的,有胆量的
参考例句:
  • We all honour courageous people.我们都尊重勇敢的人。
  • He was roused to action by courageous words.豪言壮语促使他奋起行动。
2 rave MA8z9     
vi.胡言乱语;热衷谈论;n.热情赞扬
参考例句:
  • The drunkard began to rave again.这酒鬼又开始胡言乱语了。
  • Now I understand why readers rave about this book.我现明白读者为何对这本书赞不绝口了。
3 irrelevant ZkGy6     
adj.不恰当的,无关系的,不相干的
参考例句:
  • That is completely irrelevant to the subject under discussion.这跟讨论的主题完全不相关。
  • A question about arithmetic is irrelevant in a music lesson.在音乐课上,一个数学的问题是风马牛不相及的。
4 proceedings Wk2zvX     
n.进程,过程,议程;诉讼(程序);公报
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
5 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
6 eldest bqkx6     
adj.最年长的,最年老的
参考例句:
  • The King's eldest son is the heir to the throne.国王的长子是王位的继承人。
  • The castle and the land are entailed on the eldest son.城堡和土地限定由长子继承。
7 anorexia PwozK     
n.厌食症
参考例句:
  • Anorexia can creep up on young girls when they least expect it.年轻女子可能在最没有防备的情況下患上厌食症。
  • Anorexia is a common eating disorder.厌食是一种常见的饮食紊乱症。
8 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
9 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
10 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
11 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
12 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
13 inadequate 2kzyk     
adj.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的
参考例句:
  • The supply is inadequate to meet the demand.供不应求。
  • She was inadequate to the demands that were made on her.她还无力满足对她提出的各项要求。
14 equate NolxH     
v.同等看待,使相等
参考例句:
  • You can't equate passing examination and being intelligent.你不能把考试及格看成是聪明。
  • You cannot equate his poems with his plays.你不可以把他的诗歌和他的剧本相提并论。
15 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
16 irony P4WyZ     
n.反语,冷嘲;具有讽刺意味的事,嘲弄
参考例句:
  • She said to him with slight irony.她略带嘲讽地对他说。
  • In her voice we could sense a certain tinge of irony.从她的声音里我们可以感到某种讥讽的意味。
17 probation 41zzM     
n.缓刑(期),(以观后效的)察看;试用(期)
参考例句:
  • The judge did not jail the young man,but put him on probation for a year.法官没有把那个年轻人关进监狱,而且将他缓刑察看一年。
  • His salary was raised by 800 yuan after his probation.试用期满以后,他的工资增加了800元。
18 disorder Et1x4     
n.紊乱,混乱;骚动,骚乱;疾病,失调
参考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他发现屋子里乱七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地装着许多信件。
19 forensic 96zyv     
adj.法庭的,雄辩的
参考例句:
  • The report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence.该报告包括他对法庭证据的诠释。
  • The judge concluded the proceeding on 10:30 Am after one hour of forensic debate.经过近一个小时的法庭辩论后,法官于10时30分宣布休庭。
20 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮丧的,抑郁的,不景气的,萧条的
参考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧时就感到完全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
21 injustice O45yL     
n.非正义,不公正,不公平,侵犯(别人的)权利
参考例句:
  • They complained of injustice in the way they had been treated.他们抱怨受到不公平的对待。
  • All his life he has been struggling against injustice.他一生都在与不公正现象作斗争。
22 autobiography ZOOyX     
n.自传
参考例句:
  • He published his autobiography last autumn.他去年秋天出版了自己的自传。
  • His life story is recounted in two fascinating volumes of autobiography.这两卷引人入胜的自传小说详述了他的生平。
23 clan Dq5zi     
n.氏族,部落,宗族,家族,宗派
参考例句:
  • She ranks as my junior in the clan.她的辈分比我小。
  • The Chinese Christians,therefore,practically excommunicate themselves from their own clan.所以,中国的基督徒简直是被逐出了自己的家族了。
24 anonymity IMbyq     
n.the condition of being anonymous
参考例句:
  • Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity. 为了姓名保密,书中的人用的都是化名。
  • Our company promises to preserve the anonymity of all its clients. 我们公司承诺不公开客户的姓名。
25 purely 8Sqxf     
adv.纯粹地,完全地
参考例句:
  • I helped him purely and simply out of friendship.我帮他纯粹是出于友情。
  • This disproves the theory that children are purely imitative.这证明认为儿童只会单纯地模仿的理论是站不住脚的。
26 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
27 imprisonment I9Uxk     
n.关押,监禁,坐牢
参考例句:
  • His sentence was commuted from death to life imprisonment.他的判决由死刑减为无期徒刑。
  • He was sentenced to one year's imprisonment for committing bigamy.他因为犯重婚罪被判入狱一年。
28 paraphrased d569177caee5b5f776d80587b5ce9fac     
v.释义,意译( paraphrase的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Baxter paraphrased the contents of the press release. 巴克斯特解释了新闻稿的内容。 来自辞典例句
  • It is paraphrased from the original. 它是由原文改述的。 来自辞典例句
29 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
30 icebergs 71cdbb120fe8de8e449c16eaeca8d8a8     
n.冰山,流冰( iceberg的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The drift of the icebergs in the sea endangers the ships. 海上冰山的漂流危及船只的安全。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The icebergs towered above them. 冰山高耸于他们上方。 来自辞典例句
31 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
32 snarled ti3zMA     
v.(指狗)吠,嗥叫, (人)咆哮( snarl的过去式和过去分词 );咆哮着说,厉声地说
参考例句:
  • The dog snarled at us. 狗朝我们低声吼叫。
  • As I advanced towards the dog, It'snarled and struck at me. 我朝那条狗走去时,它狂吠着向我扑来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
33 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
34 depleting ae23633b1a5c6c21ae0d93b205d84331     
使大大的减少,使空虚( deplete的现在分词 ); 耗尽,使枯竭
参考例句:
  • Regulations are outlawing certain refrigerants, such as chlorofluorocarbons, which contain ozone-depleting chemicals. 随后出台的政策禁用了部分制冷剂,如破坏臭氧层的氟氯碳化合物。
  • Aging, being a series of continual losses, can be keenly depleting. 老龄化,作为一个系列的连续亏损,可以清楚地消耗。
35 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
36 trespassing a72d55f5288c3d37c1e7833e78593f83     
[法]非法入侵
参考例句:
  • He told me I was trespassing on private land. 他说我在擅闯私人土地。
  • Don't come trespassing on my land again. 别再闯入我的地界了。
37 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
38 playwright 8Ouxo     
n.剧作家,编写剧本的人
参考例句:
  • Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格温·托马斯是著名的剧作家。
  • The playwright was slaughtered by the press.这位剧作家受到新闻界的无情批判。
39 tragic inaw2     
adj.悲剧的,悲剧性的,悲惨的
参考例句:
  • The effect of the pollution on the beaches is absolutely tragic.污染海滩后果可悲。
  • Charles was a man doomed to tragic issues.查理是个注定不得善终的人。
40 exquisitely Btwz1r     
adv.精致地;强烈地;剧烈地;异常地
参考例句:
  • He found her exquisitely beautiful. 他觉得她异常美丽。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He wore an exquisitely tailored gray silk and accessories to match. 他穿的是做工非常考究的灰色绸缎衣服,还有各种配得很协调的装饰。 来自教父部分
41 imprisoned bc7d0bcdd0951055b819cfd008ef0d8d     
下狱,监禁( imprison的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was imprisoned for two concurrent terms of 30 months and 18 months. 他被判处30个月和18个月的监禁,合并执行。
  • They were imprisoned for possession of drugs. 他们因拥有毒品而被监禁。
42 definitive YxSxF     
adj.确切的,权威性的;最后的,决定性的
参考例句:
  • This book is the definitive guide to world cuisine.这本书是世界美食的权威指南。
  • No one has come up with a definitive answer as to why this should be so.至于为什么该这样,还没有人给出明确的答复。
43 explicit IhFzc     
adj.详述的,明确的;坦率的;显然的
参考例句:
  • She was quite explicit about why she left.她对自己离去的原因直言不讳。
  • He avoids the explicit answer to us.他避免给我们明确的回答。
44 alluded 69f7a8b0f2e374aaf5d0965af46948e7     
提及,暗指( allude的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • In your remarks you alluded to a certain sinister design. 在你的谈话中,你提到了某个阴谋。
  • She also alluded to her rival's past marital troubles. 她还影射了对手过去的婚姻问题。
45 corrupted 88ed91fad91b8b69b62ce17ae542ff45     
(使)败坏( corrupt的过去式和过去分词 ); (使)腐化; 引起(计算机文件等的)错误; 破坏
参考例句:
  • The body corrupted quite quickly. 尸体很快腐烂了。
  • The text was corrupted by careless copyists. 原文因抄写员粗心而有讹误。
46 revival UWixU     
n.复兴,复苏,(精力、活力等的)重振
参考例句:
  • The period saw a great revival in the wine trade.这一时期葡萄酒业出现了很大的复苏。
  • He claimed the housing market was showing signs of a revival.他指出房地产市场正出现复苏的迹象。
47 revivals 27f0e872557bff188ef679f04b8e9732     
n.复活( revival的名词复数 );再生;复兴;(老戏多年后)重新上演
参考例句:
  • She adored parades, lectures, conventions, camp meetings, church revivals-in fact every kind of dissipation. 她最喜欢什么游行啦、演讲啦、开大会啦、营火会啦、福音布道会啦--实际上各种各样的娱乐。 来自辞典例句
  • The history of art is the history of revivals. 艺术的历史就是复兴的历史。 来自互联网
48 delightful 6xzxT     
adj.令人高兴的,使人快乐的
参考例句:
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我们在海滨玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲子。
49 revered 1d4a411490949024694bf40d95a0d35f     
v.崇敬,尊崇,敬畏( revere的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • A number of institutions revered and respected in earlier times have become Aunt Sally for the present generation. 一些早年受到尊崇的惯例,现在已经成了这代人嘲弄的对象了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The Chinese revered corn as a gift from heaven. 中国人将谷物奉为上天的恩赐。 来自辞典例句
50 facade El5xh     
n.(建筑物的)正面,临街正面;外表
参考例句:
  • The entrance facade consists of a large full height glass door.入口正面有一大型全高度玻璃门。
  • If you look carefully,you can see through Bob's facade.如果你仔细观察,你就能看穿鲍勃的外表。
51 inscription l4ZyO     
n.(尤指石块上的)刻印文字,铭文,碑文
参考例句:
  • The inscription has worn away and can no longer be read.铭文已磨损,无法辨认了。
  • He chiselled an inscription on the marble.他在大理石上刻碑文。
52 synonym GHVzT     
n.同义词,换喻词
参考例句:
  • Zhuge Liang is a synonym for wisdom in folklore.诸葛亮在民间传说中成了智慧的代名词。
  • The term 'industrial democracy' is often used as a synonym for worker participation. “工业民主”这个词常被用作“工人参与”的同义词。
53 knights 2061bac208c7bdd2665fbf4b7067e468     
骑士; (中古时代的)武士( knight的名词复数 ); 骑士; 爵士; (国际象棋中)马
参考例句:
  • stories of knights and fair maidens 关于骑士和美女的故事
  • He wove a fascinating tale of knights in shining armour. 他编了一个穿着明亮盔甲的骑士的迷人故事。
54 immoral waCx8     
adj.不道德的,淫荡的,荒淫的,有伤风化的
参考例句:
  • She was questioned about his immoral conduct toward her.她被询问过有关他对她的不道德行为的情况。
  • It is my belief that nuclear weapons are immoral.我相信使核武器是不邪恶的。
55 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
56 radical hA8zu     
n.激进份子,原子团,根号;adj.根本的,激进的,彻底的
参考例句:
  • The patient got a radical cure in the hospital.病人在医院得到了根治。
  • She is radical in her demands.她的要求十分偏激。
57 ancestry BNvzf     
n.祖先,家世
参考例句:
  • Their ancestry settled the land in 1856.他们的祖辈1856年在这块土地上定居下来。
  • He is an American of French ancestry.他是法国血统的美国人。
58 chromosome 7rUzX     
n.染色体
参考例句:
  • Chromosome material with exhibits of such behaviour is called heterochromatin.表现这种现象的染色体物质叫做异染色质。
  • A segment of the chromosome may become lost,resulting in a deletion.染色体的一个片段可能会丢失,结果产生染色体的缺失。
59 pinpointed e23273e2459d3a2f113ef7cdb8d1c728     
准确地找出或描述( pinpoint的过去式和过去分词 ); 为…准确定位
参考例句:
  • His refusal to help simply pinpointed his cowardice. 他拒绝帮助正显示他的胆小。
  • Computers pinpointed where the shells were coming from. 计算机确定了炮弹发射的位置。
60 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遗传的,遗传学的
参考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
61 investigation MRKzq     
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。
62 investigations 02de25420938593f7db7bd4052010b32     
(正式的)调查( investigation的名词复数 ); 侦查; 科学研究; 学术研究
参考例句:
  • His investigations were intensive and thorough but revealed nothing. 他进行了深入彻底的调查,但没有发现什么。
  • He often sent them out to make investigations. 他常常派他们出去作调查。
63 mutation t1PyM     
n.变化,变异,转变
参考例句:
  • People who have this mutation need less sleep than others.有这种突变的人需要的睡眠比其他人少。
  • So far the discussion has centered entirely around mutation in the strict sense.到目前为止,严格来讲,讨论完全集中于围绕突变问题上。
64 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
65 chromosomes 11783d79c0016b60332bbf1856b3f77d     
n.染色体( chromosome的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Chromosomes also determine the sex of animals. 染色体也决定动物的性别。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Each of four chromosomes divide longitudinally. 四种染色体的每一种都沿着纵向分裂。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
66 rift bCEzt     
n.裂口,隙缝,切口;v.裂开,割开,渗入
参考例句:
  • He was anxious to mend the rift between the two men.他急于弥合这两个人之间的裂痕。
  • The sun appeared through a rift in the clouds.太阳从云层间隙中冒出来。
67 possessed xuyyQ     
adj.疯狂的;拥有的,占有的
参考例句:
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像着了魔似地猛然冲出房门。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行为举止像是魔怔了。
68 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
69 transformations dfc3424f78998e0e9ce8980c12f60650     
n.变化( transformation的名词复数 );转换;转换;变换
参考例句:
  • Energy transformations go on constantly, all about us. 在我们周围,能量始终在不停地转换着。 来自辞典例句
  • On the average, such transformations balance out. 平均起来,这种转化可以互相抵消。 来自辞典例句
70 geographical Cgjxb     
adj.地理的;地区(性)的
参考例句:
  • The current survey will have a wider geographical spread.当前的调查将在更广泛的地域范围內进行。
  • These birds have a wide geographical distribution.这些鸟的地理分布很广。
71 symbolize YrvwU     
vt.作为...的象征,用符号代表
参考例句:
  • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  • Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
72 legendary u1Vxg     
adj.传奇(中)的,闻名遐迩的;n.传奇(文学)
参考例句:
  • Legendary stories are passed down from parents to children.传奇故事是由父母传给孩子们的。
  • Odysseus was a legendary Greek hero.奥狄修斯是传说中的希腊英雄。
73 reverently FjPzwr     
adv.虔诚地
参考例句:
  • He gazed reverently at the handiwork. 他满怀敬意地凝视着这件手工艺品。
  • Pork gazed at it reverently and slowly delight spread over his face. 波克怀着愉快的心情看着这只表,脸上慢慢显出十分崇敬的神色。
74 dictate fvGxN     
v.口授;(使)听写;指令,指示,命令
参考例句:
  • It took him a long time to dictate this letter.口述这封信花了他很长时间。
  • What right have you to dictate to others?你有什么资格向别人发号施令?
75 regain YkYzPd     
vt.重新获得,收复,恢复
参考例句:
  • He is making a bid to regain his World No.1 ranking.他正为重登世界排名第一位而努力。
  • The government is desperate to regain credibility with the public.政府急于重新获取公众的信任。
76 humble ddjzU     
adj.谦卑的,恭顺的;地位低下的;v.降低,贬低
参考例句:
  • In my humble opinion,he will win the election.依我拙见,他将在选举中获胜。
  • Defeat and failure make people humble.挫折与失败会使人谦卑。
77 compassion 3q2zZ     
n.同情,怜悯
参考例句:
  • He could not help having compassion for the poor creature.他情不自禁地怜悯起那个可怜的人来。
  • Her heart was filled with compassion for the motherless children.她对于没有母亲的孩子们充满了怜悯心。
78 simplicity Vryyv     
n.简单,简易;朴素;直率,单纯
参考例句:
  • She dressed with elegant simplicity.她穿着朴素高雅。
  • The beauty of this plan is its simplicity.简明扼要是这个计划的一大特点。
79 meekness 90085f0fe4f98e6ba344e6fe6b2f4e0f     
n.温顺,柔和
参考例句:
  • Amy sewed with outward meekness and inward rebellion till dusk. 阿密阳奉阴违地一直缝到黄昏。 来自辞典例句
  • 'I am pretty well, I thank you,' answered Mr. Lorry, with meekness; 'how are you?' “很好,谢谢,”罗瑞先生回答,态度温驯,“你好么?” 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
80 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
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