英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

98.3b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

时间:2005-12-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:lauguna   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You are
required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your ANSWER
BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk.
When a child reaches the age of around eight to __________ (1), for the first time in his life
the idea of love is changed from being loved into loving. As he grows into a(n)
___________________(2) eventually, he has overcome his _______________(3). For him now,
to give has become more satisfactory and more joyous1 than to ______________________(4); to
love has become more important even than being loved.
Related to this change is the development of the ____________(5) of love. When a child
grows up, his _________________(6) to mother gradually ______________(7) some of its vital
significance and his relationship to ______________________(8) becomes more and more
important.
There are essential ___________(9) in quality between motherly love and fatherly love.
Motherly love is by nature _____________________________(10). Mother loves a child not
because the child has _________________________(11) any specific condition, or has lived up
to any specific __________________(12).
But the ________________(13) to father is quite different. Father does not represent the
______________(14) world. He represents the world of thought, of ___________________(15)
and order, of discipline, and of travel and ____________________(16). Father is the one who
shows the child the road into the ___________________(17).
Fatherly love is ___________________________(18) love. Its principle is "I love you
becuase you fulfil my expectations, because you do your duty." Fatherly love has a negative and
a ___________________(19) aspect. The negative aspect is that fatherly love can be
_________________(20) if the child does not do what is expected of him.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
(3)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(4)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
(5)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passages
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are
listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passages and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~3
Americans are recycling more paper than ever before. But for recycling to reduce the
amount of virgin3 materials used and to reduce pollution, more demand is needed for recycled
products.
The American Forest & Paper Association (AFPA) reports that 63 percent of newsprint was
recovered in 1996, up from 43 percent in 1990, to become an important new source of paper
fibers5.
"Recovered fiber4 is becoming as important a source of raw material as virgin fiber--or
trees," says Elizabeth Seiler, a recycling expert with the industry group. "Paper recycling is
experiencing phenomenal growth. We now look at recovered fibers as a raw material, and
recovered fiber now represents 30 percent of the supply of raw materials industry-wide." Ms.
Selier explains.
The AFPA estimates the overall United States paper recovery rate is 45 percent, with the
goal of 50 percent paper recovery by 2000.
But recycling advocates say that isn't enough. "The key issue remains6 demand," says Amy
Perry. Solid Wasts Program Director of MASSPIRG, a consumer and environmental watchdog
group. "We need to ensure that the economics work towards recycling's advantage. With greater
demand fro recycled paper, the mills will use more recovered material."
To that end, MASSPIRG is coordinating7 a national effort with other states with similar
watchdog groups to have state and municipal governments around the country adopt
recycled-paper puchasing requirements like those of the federal government.
A 1993 federal executive order required the government to buy recycled paper with 20
percent post-consumer materials as of Dec. 31, 1994. The standard increases to 30 percent in
1998. The U.S. government is the world's largest publisher, and the excutive order instantly
created demand.
Recycled paper has pre-and post-consumer waste in it. Post-consumer waste is derived
from recycled newspapers, magazines, and office waste. Pre-consumer waste is paper-mill
trimmings and cuttings--paper that did not ever reach end users.
Paper processing requires use of toxins8. After pulping10, the pulp9 is bleached11 with chlorine
dioxide to produce white paper. Bleaching12 yields as many as 1,000 different toxic
organochlorides, of which dioxin is the most dangerous.
Recycling paper saves trees, diverts paper from the landfills, reduces the use of toxic
chemicals, and saves energy.
According to Ted2 Vansant, president of Recycled Paper Printing Inc., a Boston-based paper
supplier that uses and sells only recycled paper, the number of different recycled papers has
increased. "There is more variety of recycled paper available within each grade," he says.
But there is still more to be done:"The challenge for the paper industry as we look to the
future, and as we reach further into the waste stream is to find more sources for clean, high
quality, not contaminated fibers," Seiler says.
1. Introduce briefly13 the nature of the organization MASSPIRG and similar watchdog groups.
2. List the advantages of paper recycling.
3. Explain the phrases "virgin material" (para. 1) and "phenomental growth" (para. 3).
Questions 4~6
A CHEER went up from most students when the announcement came over the intercom at
Centennial High School. Teachers across the province were going out on strike this morning, in
protest against the Ontario government's education reforms. But for other students, the news
could not have been worse.
"It really makes me angry," says Sarah Wright, a senior preparing for college. "This is going
to ruin my (school) year."
The showdown between teachers' unions and the government in Ontario, Canada's largest
province, will keep 2.1 million students out of class starting today.
Last minuts talks still going yesterday, with former Chief Justice of Ontario Charles Dubin as
referee.
The teachers' union, in announcing the strike, said their actions were a 'political protest' as
well as a strike. At issue is who will make policy: the cost-cutting Conservative government, or
the unions that represent the 126,000 teachers.
The teachers oppose education reforms in Bill 60, legislation now before the Ontario
Legislature. They say certain sections of the bill cut them out of the decision-making process.
"Teachers across this province are concerned about the undemocratic nature of this bill,"
say Eileen Lennon, president of the Ontario Teachers' Federation14. "Schools are put into the
shared trust of teachers, parents, communities, and government. We want the parents, teachers,
and communities to have some input15 into school policy."
The government wants teachers to spend time in the classroom, to extend the school year,
and to have one standard set of examinations so students across the province are measured
uniformly. The government also wants the freedom to make significant spending cuts.
The premier16 of Ontario, Michael Harris, bought television time after the strike was
announced to explain his government's reforms. Harris, who wa elected on a promise to cut taxes,
said Ontario school taxes has doubled over the past 10 years performance on international test
scores has declined.
"Our plan is about moving the focus on education away from the blank-check spending
mentality that has failed, to a new accountability where we focus on the student in the
classrooms," said harris."Choosing an illegal strike punishes only parents and their children."
Harris criticized the time high school teachers spend in the classroom, just 3.75 hours a day.
He also wants to use people other than teachers to handle non-academic subjects, such as car
repair.
The premier moved to win the support of parents by ordering local school boards to pay
parents $ 40 a day to cover daycare costs while the teachers are out on strike.
The talks have been so acrimonious17 that earlier this month the premier fired the education
minister and appointed a new one, David Johnson, a move that has done little to placate18 the
teachers.
High school student Sarah Wright feels caught up in a political war.
"We've been listening to the teachers side of the story for the past year," she says.
"Many students go along with the teachers because they don't know any better. I don't think
they've really thought it through. If it goes on for a couple of months, I'll go to another province
to finish high school. This is stupid."
Local school boards, who employ the teachers, say they may take legal action against the
union leaders and maybe the teachers who do not show up for work today.
4. Why do Ontario teachers oppose the government's education reforms?
5. What does Ontario government say about the current education situation in high schools?
6. Why does the author cite the example of Sarah Wright?
Questions 7~10
A sharp rise in the abortion19 rate after the health scare over the contraceptive Pill will be
revealed in official figures to be released on Thursday, raising fresh criticism of ministers over
their handling of the affair.
The number of abortions20 leapt by 6.7 per cent in November in the aftermath of the 1995 Pill
scare, but the latest figures are expected to show a further worrying increase as the full impact
begins to be felt.
The release of the abortion statistics by the Government will be coupled with a report by
the Government's expert advisory21 body, the Committee on the Safety of Medicines, which is
expected to stand by the action which led to the scare.
Stephen Dorrell, the Secretary of State for Health, who will face questions today in the
Commons, was criticised for "bungling22" the release of the warnings about seven contraceptive
pills linked with a higher incidence of thrombosis in October 1995.
The CSM was criticised by the World Health Organisation23 for the way the information it
passed on about the possible link between the contraceptive pill and thrombosis was released in
Britain.
But ministers bore the brunt of t he criticism for their handling of the crisis which led to
GPs being flooded with inquiries24, and claims that women had suffered unwanted pregnancies
because they had stopped taking their contraceptives. Chris Smith, labour's spokesman for health,
said last night:"We have already seen an alarming rise in the number of abortions carried out
after some brands of the Pill were withdrawn25 in October 1995. The main culprit is the
Government, which bungled26 the announcement and failed to ensure that GPs and family
planning professionals had the news before the public did. As a result many women--unable to
get through to their doctor--simply stopped taking the Pill altogether. I fear that the new figures
will show a further rise."
The advisory committee made it clear that women should continue to take their
contraceptive pill, until they were able to see their doctor or visit their family planning clinic.
However, many women panicked after the warnings that they may be at risk.
The criticism of ministers was increased because the warnings were leaked, before GPs has
been informed. Mr. Dorrell defended his role, stressing that the advisory committee has advised
there was "an urgent need to communicate the new evidence and appropriate recommendations
to the professions and to the public prior to publication of the evidence."
The figures for the first quarter of 1996 showed a 2,688 rise in the number of abortions to a
total 42,990--the highest number sine 1990. The latest figures cover the period April to July last
year, which could spell out the human tragedy for women who told doctors the unwanted
pregnancies has ruined their lives.
The issue is also likely to highlight the campaign by the Pro-life Alliance, which is
threatening to field more than 50 anti-abortion candidates in the election, and within the next
two weeks will release a graphic27 film depicting28 the facts about abortion for use as an election
broadcast on British television screens.
7. Why is there a sharp rise in the abortion rate over the past few years in Britain?
8. What does the abbreviation CSM stand for? Why was it criticised by the World Health
Organisation?
9. What viewpoint do Chris Smith, Labour's spokesman for health, and Mr. Dorrell have in
common about the warning of contraception pills?
10. Explain the word "culprit" used in paragraph 7 and the phrase "spell out" in paragraph 10.
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Direcitons: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
在一个极为漫长的历史阶段中,人类只能通过音乐表演和口授来传播音乐。当人类发
明了乐谱后,音乐便开始脱离表演而演变成“文字”得以记录和传播。然后,人类音乐传
播的真正革命性里程碑的建立者无疑是科学家们。他们创造了令人叹为观止的音乐传播手
段,人最早的机械“留声机”到今天五花八门的“电子媒体”。在20 世纪诸多的音乐传播
手段中,无线电广播的发明和发展对音乐的传播起了极为重要的作用。然而,高科技的高
速发展也使我国广播音乐工作者在新世纪中面临着严峻的挑战。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 joyous d3sxB     
adj.充满快乐的;令人高兴的
参考例句:
  • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.轻快的舞蹈给这场戏渲染了欢乐气氛。
  • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他们把这一佳音很快地传递给我们。
2 ted 9gazhs     
vt.翻晒,撒,撒开
参考例句:
  • The invaders gut ted the village.侵略者把村中财物洗劫一空。
  • She often teds the corn when it's sunny.天好的时候她就翻晒玉米。
3 virgin phPwj     
n.处女,未婚女子;adj.未经使用的;未经开发的
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been to a virgin forest?你去过原始森林吗?
  • There are vast expanses of virgin land in the remote regions.在边远地区有大片大片未开垦的土地。
4 fiber NzAye     
n.纤维,纤维质
参考例句:
  • The basic structural unit of yarn is the fiber.纤维是纱的基本结构单元。
  • The material must be free of fiber clumps.这种材料必须无纤维块。
5 fibers 421d63991f1d1fc8826d6e71d5e15f53     
光纤( fiber的名词复数 ); (织物的)质地; 纤维,纤维物质
参考例句:
  • Thesolution of collagen-PVA was wet spined with the sodium sulfate as coagulant and collagen-PVA composite fibers were prepared. 在此基础上,以硫酸钠为凝固剂,对胶原-PVA共混溶液进行湿法纺丝,制备了胶原-PVA复合纤维。
  • Sympathetic fibers are distributed to all regions of the heart. 交感神经纤维分布于心脏的所有部分。
6 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
7 coordinating fc35d08ba9bb2dcfdc96033a33b9ae1e     
v.使协调,使调和( coordinate的现在分词 );协调;协同;成为同等
参考例句:
  • He abolished the Operations Coordinating Board and the Planning Board. 他废除了行动协调委员会和计划委员会。 来自辞典例句
  • He's coordinating the wedding, and then we're not going to invite him? 他是来协调婚礼的,难道我们不去请他? 来自电影对白
8 toxins 18c3f40d432ba8dc33bad8fb82873ea8     
n.毒素( toxin的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The seas have been used as a receptacle for a range of industrial toxins. 海洋成了各种有毒工业废料的大容器。
  • Most toxins are naturally excreted from the body. 大部分毒素被自然排出体外。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 pulp Qt4y9     
n.果肉,纸浆;v.化成纸浆,除去...果肉,制成纸浆
参考例句:
  • The pulp of this watermelon is too spongy.这西瓜瓤儿太肉了。
  • The company manufactures pulp and paper products.这个公司制造纸浆和纸产品。
10 pulping 68d0c0e7b6fa43e2452dce1f2818ed8d     
水果的肉质部分( pulp的现在分词 ); 果肉; 纸浆; 低级书刊
参考例句:
  • The other main type of chemical pulping is called the sulfite process. 另外一种重要的化学制浆称亚硫酸盐工艺。
  • The auto catalytic reaction of amur silver grass ethanol pulping was studied. 对荻采用自催化乙醇法制浆的反应历程进行了研究。
11 bleached b1595af54bdf754969c26ad4e6cec237     
漂白的,晒白的,颜色变浅的
参考例句:
  • His hair was bleached by the sun . 他的头发被太阳晒得发白。
  • The sun has bleached her yellow skirt. 阳光把她的黄裙子晒得褪色了。
12 bleaching c8f59fe090b4d03ec300145821501bd3     
漂白法,漂白
参考例句:
  • Moderately weathered rock showed more intense bleaching and fissuring in the feldspars. 中等风化岩石则是指长石有更为强烈的变白现象和裂纹现象。
  • Bleaching effects are very strong and show on air photos. 退色效应非常强烈,并且反映在航空象片上。
13 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
14 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
15 input X6lxm     
n.输入(物);投入;vt.把(数据等)输入计算机
参考例句:
  • I will forever be grateful for his considerable input.我将永远感激他的大量投入。
  • All this information had to be input onto the computer.所有这些信息都必须输入计算机。
16 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
17 acrimonious HyMzM     
adj.严厉的,辛辣的,刻毒的
参考例句:
  • He had an acrimonious quarrel with his girlfriend yesterday.昨天他跟他的女朋友激烈争吵了一番。
  • His parents went through an acrimonious divorce.他的父母在激烈吵吵闹闹中离了婚。
18 placate mNfxU     
v.抚慰,平息(愤怒)
参考例句:
  • He never attempts to placate his enemy.他从不企图与敌人和解。
  • Even a written apology failed to placate the indignant hostess.甚至一纸书面道歉都没能安抚这个怒气冲冲的女主人。
19 abortion ZzjzxH     
n.流产,堕胎
参考例句:
  • She had an abortion at the women's health clinic.她在妇女保健医院做了流产手术。
  • A number of considerations have led her to have a wilful abortion.多种考虑使她执意堕胎。
20 abortions 4b6623953f87087bb025549b49471574     
n.小产( abortion的名词复数 );小产胎儿;(计划)等中止或夭折;败育
参考例句:
  • The Venerable Master: By not having abortions, by not killing living beings. 上人:不堕胎、不杀生。 来自互联网
  • Conclusion Chromosome abnormality is one of the causes of spontaneous abortions. 结论:染色体异常是导致反复自然流产的原因之一。 来自互联网
21 advisory lKvyj     
adj.劝告的,忠告的,顾问的,提供咨询
参考例句:
  • I have worked in an advisory capacity with many hospitals.我曾在多家医院做过顾问工作。
  • He was appointed to the advisory committee last month.他上个月获任命为顾问委员会委员。
22 bungling 9a4ae404ac9d9a615bfdbdf0d4e87632     
adj.笨拙的,粗劣的v.搞糟,完不成( bungle的现在分词 );笨手笨脚地做;失败;完不成
参考例句:
  • You can't do a thing without bungling it. 你做事总是笨手笨脚。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • 'Enough, too,' retorted George. 'We'll all swing and sundry for your bungling.' “还不够吗?”乔治反问道,“就因为你乱指挥,我们都得荡秋千,被日头晒干。” 来自英汉文学 - 金银岛
23 organisation organisation     
n.组织,安排,团体,有机休
参考例句:
  • The method of his organisation work is worth commending.他的组织工作的方法值得称道。
  • His application for membership of the organisation was rejected.他想要加入该组织的申请遭到了拒绝。
24 inquiries 86a54c7f2b27c02acf9fcb16a31c4b57     
n.调查( inquiry的名词复数 );疑问;探究;打听
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending further inquiries. 他获得保释,等候进一步调查。
  • I have failed to reach them by postal inquiries. 我未能通过邮政查询与他们取得联系。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
25 withdrawn eeczDJ     
vt.收回;使退出;vi.撤退,退出
参考例句:
  • Our force has been withdrawn from the danger area.我们的军队已从危险地区撤出。
  • All foreign troops should be withdrawn to their own countries.一切外国军队都应撤回本国去。
26 bungled dedbc53d4a8d18ca5ec91a3ac0f1e2b5     
v.搞糟,完不成( bungle的过去式和过去分词 );笨手笨脚地做;失败;完不成
参考例句:
  • They bungled the job. 他们把活儿搞糟了。
  • John bungled the job. 约翰把事情搞糟了。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
27 graphic Aedz7     
adj.生动的,形象的,绘画的,文字的,图表的
参考例句:
  • The book gave a graphic description of the war.这本书生动地描述了战争的情况。
  • Distinguish important text items in lists with graphic icons.用图标来区分重要的文本项。
28 depicting eaa7ce0ad4790aefd480461532dd76e4     
描绘,描画( depict的现在分词 ); 描述
参考例句:
  • a painting depicting the Virgin and Child 一幅描绘童贞马利亚和圣子耶稣的画
  • The movie depicting the battles and bloodshed is bound to strike home. 这部描写战斗和流血牺牲的影片一定会取得预期效果。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   真题  高级  口译  考试
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴