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98.3上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试参考答案

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参考答案:
SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. formal committee meetings 2. several reasons
3. feel more committed to 4. imaginative and informed decisions
5. have drawbacks 6. more group pressure
7. seem to be ideal sizes 8. from the floor
9. the style of its leader 10. let everyone speak
11. take a vote 12. seconded and discussed
13. a consensus1 of members 14. circulated in advance
15. a list of points 16. is to speed up
17. in logical order 18. the meeting’s function
19. structured and planned 20. chance conversations
Part B: Listening comprehension
1-5 B D C C B 6-10 C C C D B
11-15 D B A C B 16-20 D A C B D
SECTION 2: READING TEST
1-5 B C D A C 6-10 D B B D A
11-15 C B A A D 16-20 D B A C C
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST
“责任”、“荣誉”和“国家”这三个神圣的词庄严地责成你们应成为怎样的人,能成
为怎样的人,将成为怎样的人。这三个词要求你们在失去勇气时鼓起勇气,在失去信念时
恢复信念,在失去希望时产生希望。我认灾,这些词教导你们在真正失败时要自尊和不屈
不挠,在成功时要谦和,不要以言代行,不要寻求安逸,而要面对困难和挑战的压力;要
学会在风浪中傲然几立,而对失败者应该予以同情;要有纯洁的心灵,要有崇高的目标;
要能笑会哭;要走向未来,但不可过去;要为人持重,但不可自命不凡;要谦虚,这样就
会记住真正的伟大在于纯朴,真正的智慧在于开明,真正的刚毅在于温柔。简而言之,这
些词教导你们在成为一名勇猛之士的同时,也要成为一位谦谦君子。
SECTION 4: LISTENINGTEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
1. Ten 2. adult / adolescent
3. egocentricity 4. receive
5. object/target 6. attachment2
7. loses 8. father
9. differences 10. unconditional3
11. Net/fulfilled 12. expectation
13. relationship 14. natural
15. law 16. adventure
17. world 18. conditional4
19. positive 20. withdrawn
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
1. 就我所知,妇女几乎在所有岗位上比男性同事受到的压力小,也更善于应付。
2. 我们采访了300 多位来自试图实施办公自动化的不同机构的人,但是看来成功的实例很
少。
3. 政治分析家说,在这个非洲国家,暴力已达到一个危机点,对该国刚产生的民主体制构
成了重大威胁。
4. 暴风雨使城里大片地区数千居民的电力供应中断,使学校和许多工厂关门。
5. 一位叫约翰逊的先生从洛杉矶打来长途电话,说他们还未收到我们寄出的样品。他们等
得心急了。
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
1. 外出度假时,明智的做法是把家里的钥匙交给一位邻居或亲戚,一旦发生紧急情况可以
入内。请他们把信箱中的邮件取走,别忘记取消订的牛奶和报纸。把你住的旅馆的电话
号码留给他们。到达后,打电话告诉他们你的房间号,如果他们需要和你联系,找你就
不会发生问题。
2. 我们60%的雇员在欧洲以外的地区,在我们的了公司和联营公司工作。这可以向你们
表明我们公司的国际化的程度。我们还在美国新开设了一家研究机械,考虑到过去三四
年里我们在那个国家的经营规模和市场份额的扩大,这是不可避免的。
SECTION 5:READING TEST
1. According to the passage, the major task of MASSPIRG and other watchdog groups is to
protect consumer rights and to advocate environmental protection/conservation. They
watch/ observe the situation of environment pollution, supervise the operations of industries
and government agencies related to such issues and make suggestions on measures of
environment protection.
2. The recycling of used paper can save trees and other natural / raw materials, reduce the use
of harmful chemicals, save energy and reduce pollution / contribute to the conservation of
environment.
3. The expression / phrase “virgin5 material” refers to unused / natural material (s) such trees
and plants. The expression “phenomenal growth” means extraordinary / outstanding /
significant development / increase.
4. The teachers oppose the government’s education reforms because they think bill 60 is not
democratic and deprives them of their rights. They think / hold that teachers should be
involved in school / education policy decision-making.
5. The government is not satisfactory with the current situation, mainly the declining of
students’ peformance on international test scores, the doubling of school expenditure6 over
the past ten years and less teaching time teachers spend in the classroom. The government
is planning to adopt some measures of reform.
6. The author tries to show different attitudes of students towards teachers’ strike. Although
many students are on the teachers’ side, for students preparing for college / university study,
they can be the victims of the teachers’ strike, and the example of Sarah Wright shows such
dissatisfaction.
7. Because a large number of women have stopped taking contraceptives. The warnings about
the possible link between the contraceptives and the fatal disease thrombosis has led them
to the conclusion that taking such pills would be very dangerous / harmful to their health.
8. CSM stands for the Committee on the Safety of Medicine. It was criticized by the WHO for
its improper7 way of releasing the information about the possible link between contraceptive
pills and thrombosis, which has aroused great panic among women.
9. Both of them hold the view that the general practitioners8 and family planning professionals
should be informed of the warnings and proper recommendations first.
10. The word “culprit” originally means an offender9 / one in fault / a guilty person, here it is
used to refer to someone who is responsible for something. The phrase “spell out” means
“give explicit10 / clear explanation of something / make clear the meaning of something.”
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST
For a very long period of historical development, mankind could only pass on music though
performance and oral instruction. When mankind invented musical scores, music started to break
away from the boundaries of being merely a performing art, and develop into a system of
“written symbols” that can be recorded and spread. Undoubtedly11, however, it was the scientists
who should be crowned as the founders12 of the real revolutionary milestone13 of human musical
communication. Scientists invented marvelous means of music transmission, beginning from the
earliest mechanical “record turntable” to today’s many kinds of “electronic media”. Among
the numerous means of music transmission of the 20 century, the creation and development of
radio broadcasting played an extremely important role in the industry of music transmission.
Nevertheless, the rapid development of high technology has brought serious challenges to
China’s radio music workers in the new century.
听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST
Part A:Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write
your answer in the corresponding space in your NSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear
the passage only once. Now let’s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
Business people spend quite a lot of time in meetings and meetings come in all shapes and
sizes: ranging from formal committee meetings to informal one-to-one meetings.
There are several reasons why meetings are held: reaching decisions in a meeting means
that all the participants can feel more committed to the decision: more information is available;
and different ideas can be contributed.
Meetings can lead to more imaginative and informed decisions—often more courageous
decisions than one person might feel brave enough to make.
But meetings also have drawbacks: more time is required; there’s more talk, sometimes
irrelevant and repetitive; and more group pressure.
The more people there are at a meeting, the longer it may take to reach a decision. There
seem to be ideal sizes for meetings, depending on the purpose—a meeting where information is
being given to people can be quite large, as questions from the floor may be asked by a few
individuals on everyone else’s behalf.
The way a committee operates often depends on the style of its leader or chairperson: he or
she may control the proceedings14 or let everyone speak whenever they want. An effective
chairman should be flexible. In some meetings the members have to take a vote before a
decision can be made: formal proposals or “motions” may have to be tabled, seconded and
discussed before a vote can be taken. Other meetings may require a consensus of members—
everyone has to agree.
Most meetings have an agenda. For a formal meeting, this document may be circulated in
advance to all participants. For an informal meeting, the agenda may be simply a list of points
that have to be dealt with. The purpose of an agenda is to speed up the meeting and keep
everyone to the point. The agenda for a formal meeting must be organized in logical order. Often
the agenda shows not only the topics but also the meeting’s function regarding each topic. All
items on which a decision is to be taken should appear on the agenda.
One-to-one small informal meetings also tend to be structured and planned. They are
different from chance conversations in a corridor or over coffee. Small informal meetings may
also take place or continue during a meal.
Part B:Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5 are based on the following conversation.
Arthur: Mary, you know I’ve been thinking about applying for a job in Germany. Well. I’ve
got the details about different jobs and I’d like your opinion about which would be the
best one to go for.
Mary: Where are the jobs?
Arthur: One’s Munich, one’s in Frankfurt and the other one’s in Hamburg.
Mary: Munich’s supposed to be a very nice place.
Arthur: Yes it is, and it’s also in a beautiful part of Germany, not far from the Alps.
Mary: That would be great for the kids—they’d love to be able to go skiing at weekends!
Arthur: But, one problem with Munich is that it’s growing very fast. That means the cost of
living will probably be very high.
Mary: How does the salary of the job in Munich compare with the other jobs?
Arthur: It’s a higher salary than the job in Frankfurt but lower than the one in Hamburg. The
Hamburg job has the most responsibility. From the point of view of career progression
that would probably be the best job for me.
Mary: Hamburg’s the closest to Britain, too, so it would be easy to come back for long
weekends and holidays.
Arthur: That’s right, and there’s regular ferry service which would save quite a bit on fares.
Mary: What about the cost of living in Germany as a whole? How does it compare with
Britain?
Arthur: Well, it’s definitely higher than over here, but salaries are substantially higher, so we’d
certainly be better off than we are now.
Mary: And what about accommodation?
Arthur: well, actually, flats are much cheaper to rent in towns like Munich, Frankfurt and
Hamburg than they are here in London, so we’d be able to afford to live in a nice,
spacious flat, I’d think.
Mary: Mmm, that’d be nice! And do you know what the cultural facilities are like in these
cities?
Arthur: In fact, they’re quite good in all three. But, of course, Munich has an international
reputation as a cultural center.
Mary: Another thing we’ll have to consider, of course, are the educational possibilities. How
long would you want to go to Germany for?
Arthur: I think a maximum of five years. I think working overseas will be good for my career
and, of course, it’d be a good experience for you and the kids, too!
Mary: So we’d be there long enough to enable John to complete a university course.
Arthur: Well, yes we would, unless of course he preferred to go to a university in the UK. But,
yes, if he did want to go to university in Germany, there’s be no problem as each of
those cities have their own universities. Munich, in fact, has the second largest
university in Germany.
Mary: Well, It seems to me the choice must be between Hamburg and Munich. Hamburg has
the advantage of being the closest to Britain, so coming home would be relatively15 easy
and inexpensive. Munich, on the other hand, sounds like the most interesting place
from a cultural point of view.
Arthur: I agree with you. Personally, I favour Munich because it’s so near to the Alps. We all
like skiing and we could go skiing at weekends in the winter.
Mary: I think you’re right. I had thought Hamburg might be preferable because it’s the
closest to Britain. But we’ll only be abroad for five years, and if we’re going to be
away, let’s choose the most attractive place we can.
Arthur: Right. That’s agreed. Now all I have to do is get the job!
Question No.1. What are the man and the woman mainly talking about?
Question No.2. Which of the following cities is NOT mentioned in the conversation?
Question No.3. How does the salary of the Munich job compare with the other jobs?
Question No.4. How long does the man intend to stay in germany?
Question No.5. Which of the following statements is true, according to the conversation?
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
(Newscaster): Eight o’clock. Here is the news read by Andrew Viney. Good evening. First
the international news headlines:
Fighting has continued all day in Timor and there have been heavy casualties.
In the Untied16 States the President has said the Star Wars Project will not go ahead it there is
a new arms agreement with Russia.
In Brussels the Common Market countries have agreed after ten months of discussion on a
new agricultural policy. And now for the national news:
The rail strike continues. Negotiations17 between the rail workers’ union and the railway
management broke down today once again with the management offering an eight per cent pay
rise and the union still insisting on the full twelve per cent they initially18 demanded. Negotiations
will, however, resume tomorrow.
The latest inflation and unemployment figures were issued today; the current inflation rate
is seven and a half per cent—that’s one per cent up on last month. This rate is still lower than
most of our Common Market partners, but higher than the United States. Unemployment figures
have also risen—fourteen percent compared with thirteen per cent last month. This rise is due
particularly to the high numbers of school leavers coming on to the job market at present.
The Prime Minister today visited Felixstowe where he opened a new car factory. After
wishing the factory every success he said the factory’s new production patterns, which are based
on robots, should provide a model to all new industry.
The long and unusual spell of hot weather is beginning to cause water supply problems. In
parts of Yorkshire and Lancashire, water was cut for six hours today. Local water authorities,
bombarded by protests and complaints, have said that they have taken emergency measures,
which will ensure supply to hospitals and fire stations, and public pumps have been set up in all
the towns in the affected19 areas.
And, so to tomorrow’s weather—not too good, I’m afraid—it will be cloudy and humid in
all parts of the country except the south-west where there’ll be sunny periods.
And that’s the end of the news.
Question No.6. What has the U. S. president said about the Star Wars Project?
Question No.7. According to the news, which of the following countries has the lowest
inflation rate?
Question No.8. What per cent pay rise does the rail workers’ union demand?
Question No.9. What did the Prime Minister do when he visited Felixstowe?
Question No.10. What is beginning to cause the water supply problems in parts of the
country?
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
Man: How did you become a hypnotist?
Woman: Well um I’d been an er—I’d been teaching exercises for a long time; in fact when I
was at college I was going to be an infant teacher and I wanted, you know, eventually
to be a child psychologist. But once I started I didn’t find it actually terribly enjoyable
so I just left and I went into the exercise profession almost by mistake. And I’d been
doing that for about four years and it was very nice, but mentally it wasn’t stimulating
enough and I wanted to do something else…
Man: D’you mean by the exercise professioner aerobics20 and weight training?
Woman: Yeah I was teaching all kinds of things… yoga, aerobics, but I’d gone to America by
then but I wanted to do something else because mentally it just wasn’t stimulating
enough. And I was very aware especially in America that, like, one in every eight girls
has a really serious eating problem like bulimia, anorexia21 which does kill a lot of
people and it, it does make people actually go mentally deficient22 too in the end
because it’s so damaging. And I was very aware of how serious a problem it was but I
wasn’t going to do anything about it; and in fact I had a… what I guess… it was a
minor eating problem and, but finally I went to see a hypnotist just almost by mistake
actually; and I wasn’t particularly impressed with what he did but I was surprised to
find that it was working and… and so I was practicing it on myself and I went back to
see him about two weeks later and I said, you know, I’ve been doing this myself and
he said, “Well show me what you’ve been doing.”So I did, and he said that, you know,
I was very good at it and I should utilize23 it and I really didn’t need to come back to
him. And also I’d always been late… I’d been late all my life… I just could not stop
being late; and so I worked on that and that stopped, it just stopped overnight. It was
almost uncanny. So then I was so interested that I went off on a self-hypnosis course,
really just to learn how to do it for myself. And while I was on this course I just
thought you know I’m going to do this a career because I suddenly realized that I
could work with all these people in my classes that were anorexic, bulimic or had very
very low self images and I could still teach.
Question No.11. How did the woman being interviewed become a hypnotist?
Question No.12. What did the woman want to become eventually when she was at college?
Question No.13. Why did the woman give up the exercise profession?
Question No.14. Why did the woman go to see the hypnotist at first?
Question No.15. According to the woman, which type of people attended the self-hypnosis
course?
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
(Man) Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Thank you for attending this investment
analysts24’ meeting. As you may have heard, we are planning a big expansion of our company. To
give all the analysts present the background to our present strong position, I would like to outline
the company’s performance over the past years.
If you will look at this graph of our gross turnover25, you will see that at the end of our first
year, that is 1992, we had a gross turnover of 3 million dollars. This figure was better than our
expectations and shows that our home security system did find a gap in the market. This was
confirmed by the doubling of our gross turnover in 1993. We also think this rapid rise in sales
was helped by our extensive advertising26 campaign.
As the graph indicates, 1993 showed a slight decline in gross turnover of 500,000 dollars.
This was due to the fact that by this time competitors, seeing our success, had produced rivals to
our model. This led to some loss of sales.
To meet this increased competition in 1994, we introduced an incentive27 scheme for our
dealers plus very favourable28 credit terms for customers. As a result we stopped any further
reduction in sales and, in fact, we managed to increase turnover to 5, 600, 000 dollars.
The year 1995 saw the introduction of our updated product with a number of new features.
This led to a steady rise in sales throughout the year. The gross turnover figure at the end of 1995
is slightly different from that of the previous years. For it included two figures: one, the total of
sales of the new model. This amounted to 5.5 million dollars. The second part of the total for
1995 represents purchase of the new features alone, for we had designed these so they could be
added to the old model of our security system. This figure is about 1,100,000 dollars. Together,
therefore, these two sums represent a total turnover of 6,600,000 dollars. And that, ladies and
gentlemen, is the situation as it stands today. However, I can add that sales figures for the first
part of this year are very encouraging and we have high hopes for the second part of this year.
Question No.16. To whom is the man addressing?
Question No.17. What is the main topic of the speech?
Question No.18. What products or service does the company sell?
Question No.19. What caused the slight decline in gross turnover for the year 1993?
Question No.20. What is the gross turnover for the year 1995?
SECTION 4:LISTENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You are
required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your ANSWER
BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk. Now, let’s begin Part A with Note-taking and
Gap-filling.
Today I’d like to talk about love between child and parent.
For most children before the age from eight and a half to ten, the problem is almost
exclusively that of being loved—of being loved for what one is. The child up to this age does not
yet love; he responds gratefully and joyfully29 to being loved. At this point of the child’s
development a new factor enters into the picture: that of producing love by one’s own activity.
For the first time, the child thinks of giving something to mother or to father. For the first time in
the child’s life the idea of love is changed from being loved into loving, into creating love. It
takes many years from this first beginning go the maturing of love. Eventually the child may
now be an adolescent and has overcome his egocentricity; the other person is not any more
primarily a means to the satisfaction of his own needs. The needs of the other person are as
important as his own—in fact, they have become more important. To give has become more
satisfactory and more joyous30 than to receive; to love has become more important even than
being loved.
Closely related to the development of the capacity of love is the development of the object
of love. The first months and years of the child are those where his closest attachment is to the
mother. This attachment begins before the moment of birth, when mother and child are still
one, although they are two. Although the child is now living outside of the womb, he is still
completely dependent on mother. But he becomes more independent day by day: he learns to
walk, to talk and to explore the world on his own; the relationship to mother loses some of its
vital significance, and instead the relationship to father becomes more and more important.
In order to understand this shift from mother to father, we must consider the essential
differences in quality between motherly and fatherly love. We have already spoken about
motherly love. Motherly love by its very nature is unconditional. Mother loves the newborn
infant because it is her child, not because the child has fulfilled any specific condition, or lived
up to any specific expectation.
The relationship to father is quite different. Mother is the home we come from. She is
nature, soil, the ocean; father does not represent any such natural home, he has little connection
with the child in the first years of its life, and his importance for the child in this period cannot
be compared with that of mother. But while father does not represent the natural world, he
represents the other pole of human existence. He represents the world of thought, of law and
order, of discipline, and of travel and adventure. Father is the one who teaches the child, who
shows him the road into the world.
Closely related to this function is one which is connected with socio-economic development.
When private property came into existence, and when private property could be inherited by one
of the sons, father began to look for that son to whom he could leave his property. Naturally, that
was the one whom father thought best fitted to become his successor, the son who was most like
him, and consequently whom he liked the most. Fatherly love is conditional love. Its principle is
“I love you because you fulfil my expectations, because you do your duty, because you are like
me.”In conditional fatherly love we find a negative and a positive aspect. The negative aspect is
the very fact that fatherly love has to be deserved, that it can be lost if one does not do what is
expected. In the nature of fatherly love lies the fact that obedience31 becomes the main virtue32, that
disobedience is the main sin—and its punishment is the withdrawal33 of fatherly love
Part B: Listening and translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now let’s begin Sentence Translation
WITH sentence No. 1.
Sentence No.1. Women in almost all jobs are less stressed and cope better than their male
colleagues, as far as I can tell.
Sentence No.2. We have interviewed more than 300 people from different organizations
attempting to automate34 their offices, but there are few success stories.
Sentence No.3. Violence is this African country is reaching a crisis point and poses a major
threat to the country’s infant democracy, political analysts say.
Sentence No.4. The storm left thousands of people without electricity in large parts of the
city, forcing the closure of schools and many factories.
Sentence No.5. A Mr. Johnson called on long-distance from Los Angeles, saying they’ve
still not received the samples we sent. They’re getting impatient.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passage
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.. You may take notes while you are
listening. Now let’s begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Passage 1:
When you’re out on holiday, it’s wise for you to give the keys of your house to a neighbour
or relative, so that they can get in in case there is an emergency. Ask them to remove any post
from your letter-box and don’t forget to cancel any deliveries of milk or newspapers. Leave the
telephone number of the hotel you are staying in and call to let them know your room number
when you arrive so that if they need to get in touch with you, they won’t have the problems
tracking you down.
Passage 2:
We have over 60% of our employees involved outside of Europe. They work in our
subsidiaries and associated companies overseas. That might give you an indication of how
international our company has become. Furthermore we have just started a new research unit in
the USA, which is inevitable35 given the large size of our operations in that country and the
expansion of our market share there in the past 3 or 4 years.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 consensus epMzA     
n.(意见等的)一致,一致同意,共识
参考例句:
  • Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  • What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?
2 attachment POpy1     
n.附属物,附件;依恋;依附
参考例句:
  • She has a great attachment to her sister.她十分依恋她的姐姐。
  • She's on attachment to the Ministry of Defense.她现在隶属于国防部。
3 unconditional plcwS     
adj.无条件的,无限制的,绝对的
参考例句:
  • The victorious army demanded unconditional surrender.胜方要求敌人无条件投降。
  • My love for all my children is unconditional.我对自己所有孩子的爱都是无条件的。
4 conditional BYvyn     
adj.条件的,带有条件的
参考例句:
  • My agreement is conditional on your help.你肯帮助我才同意。
  • There are two forms of most-favored-nation treatment:conditional and unconditional.最惠国待遇有两种形式:有条件的和无条件的。
5 virgin phPwj     
n.处女,未婚女子;adj.未经使用的;未经开发的
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been to a virgin forest?你去过原始森林吗?
  • There are vast expanses of virgin land in the remote regions.在边远地区有大片大片未开垦的土地。
6 expenditure XPbzM     
n.(时间、劳力、金钱等)支出;使用,消耗
参考例句:
  • The entry of all expenditure is necessary.有必要把一切开支入账。
  • The monthly expenditure of our family is four hundred dollars altogether.我们一家的开销每月共计四百元。
7 improper b9txi     
adj.不适当的,不合适的,不正确的,不合礼仪的
参考例句:
  • Short trousers are improper at a dance.舞会上穿短裤不成体统。
  • Laughing and joking are improper at a funeral.葬礼时大笑和开玩笑是不合适的。
8 practitioners 4f6cea6bb06753de69fd05e8adbf90a8     
n.习艺者,实习者( practitioner的名词复数 );从业者(尤指医师)
参考例句:
  • one of the greatest practitioners of science fiction 最了不起的科幻小说家之一
  • The technique is experimental, but the list of its practitioners is growing. 这种技术是试验性的,但是采用它的人正在增加。 来自辞典例句
9 offender ZmYzse     
n.冒犯者,违反者,犯罪者
参考例句:
  • They all sued out a pardon for an offender.他们请求法院赦免一名罪犯。
  • The authorities often know that sex offenders will attack again when they are released.当局一般都知道性犯罪者在获释后往往会再次犯案。
10 explicit IhFzc     
adj.详述的,明确的;坦率的;显然的
参考例句:
  • She was quite explicit about why she left.她对自己离去的原因直言不讳。
  • He avoids the explicit answer to us.他避免给我们明确的回答。
11 undoubtedly Mfjz6l     
adv.确实地,无疑地
参考例句:
  • It is undoubtedly she who has said that.这话明明是她说的。
  • He is undoubtedly the pride of China.毫无疑问他是中国的骄傲。
12 founders 863257b2606659efe292a0bf3114782c     
n.创始人( founder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He was one of the founders of the university's medical faculty. 他是该大学医学院的创建人之一。 来自辞典例句
  • The founders of our religion made this a cornerstone of morality. 我们宗教的创始人把这看作是道德的基石。 来自辞典例句
13 milestone c78zM     
n.里程碑;划时代的事件
参考例句:
  • The film proved to be a milestone in the history of cinema.事实证明这部影片是电影史上的一个里程碑。
  • I think this is a very important milestone in the relations between our two countries.我认为这是我们两国关系中一个十分重要的里程碑。
14 proceedings Wk2zvX     
n.进程,过程,议程;诉讼(程序);公报
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
15 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
16 untied d4a1dd1a28503840144e8098dbf9e40f     
松开,解开( untie的过去式和过去分词 ); 解除,使自由; 解决
参考例句:
  • Once untied, we common people are able to conquer nature, too. 只要团结起来,我们老百姓也能移山倒海。
  • He untied the ropes. 他解开了绳子。
17 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
18 initially 273xZ     
adv.最初,开始
参考例句:
  • The ban was initially opposed by the US.这一禁令首先遭到美国的反对。
  • Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆虫的翅瓣演化而来。
19 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
20 aerobics Bznzhw     
n.健身操,健美操,韵律操
参考例句:
  • Doing aerobics is a good way to improve one's health.做有氧健身操是改善健康状况的一个好方法。
  • Aren't you going to the aerobics class this morning?今天上午你不是去上有氧运动课吗?
21 anorexia PwozK     
n.厌食症
参考例句:
  • Anorexia can creep up on young girls when they least expect it.年轻女子可能在最没有防备的情況下患上厌食症。
  • Anorexia is a common eating disorder.厌食是一种常见的饮食紊乱症。
22 deficient Cmszv     
adj.不足的,不充份的,有缺陷的
参考例句:
  • The crops are suffering from deficient rain.庄稼因雨量不足而遭受损害。
  • I always have been deficient in selfconfidence and decision.我向来缺乏自信和果断。
23 utilize OiPwz     
vt.使用,利用
参考例句:
  • The cook will utilize the leftover ham bone to make soup.厨师要用吃剩的猪腿骨做汤。
  • You must utilize all available resources.你必须利用一切可以得到的资源。
24 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
25 turnover nfkzmg     
n.人员流动率,人事变动率;营业额,成交量
参考例句:
  • The store greatly reduced the prices to make a quick turnover.这家商店实行大减价以迅速周转资金。
  • Our turnover actually increased last year.去年我们的营业额竟然增加了。
26 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
27 incentive j4zy9     
n.刺激;动力;鼓励;诱因;动机
参考例句:
  • Money is still a major incentive in most occupations.在许多职业中,钱仍是主要的鼓励因素。
  • He hasn't much incentive to work hard.他没有努力工作的动机。
28 favourable favourable     
adj.赞成的,称赞的,有利的,良好的,顺利的
参考例句:
  • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms.这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
  • We found that most people are favourable to the idea.我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
29 joyfully joyfully     
adv. 喜悦地, 高兴地
参考例句:
  • She tripped along joyfully as if treading on air. 她高兴地走着,脚底下轻飘飘的。
  • During these first weeks she slaved joyfully. 在最初的几周里,她干得很高兴。
30 joyous d3sxB     
adj.充满快乐的;令人高兴的
参考例句:
  • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.轻快的舞蹈给这场戏渲染了欢乐气氛。
  • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他们把这一佳音很快地传递给我们。
31 obedience 8vryb     
n.服从,顺从
参考例句:
  • Society has a right to expect obedience of the law.社会有权要求人人遵守法律。
  • Soldiers act in obedience to the orders of their superior officers.士兵们遵照上级军官的命令行动。
32 virtue BpqyH     
n.德行,美德;贞操;优点;功效,效力
参考例句:
  • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  • You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
33 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
34 automate oPLyy     
v.自动化;使自动化
参考例句:
  • Many banks have begun to automate.许多银行已开始采用自动化技术。
  • To automate the control process of the lathes has become very easy today.使机床的控制过程自动化现已变得很容易了。
35 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
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